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After the above-mentioned converfation, I carefully avoided faying any thing to my preceptor concerning the profecution of Crofwell, until fince his trial and conviction. I was prefent at the trial, as well as my preceptor, who, when any opinion was delivered from the bench, prefented a countenance fo marked with fhame and

confufion, that I really pitied him. The next day I met him in the road, and could not avoid accofting him.

Preceptor. No fuch thing. The Attorney-General, than whom a more uprightnough. and candid man never exifted, will let the fellow prove all he can. But he can prove nothing. He will never offer to prove a ny thing-not he. They are all a parcel of infamous lies that he has published. Nothing but lies.

Ploughman. Well, fir-Crofwell was not permitted to give the truth in evidence on his trial.

Preceptor. O Lord, No-he could not do it.

Ploughman. He was not permitted. Preceptor. He could have proved nothing, if he had been permitted. Every body knows he publifhed nothing but lies in that infamous and fcurrilous Walp. Ploughman. He offered to prove his charges. Preceptor. Oh, that was all a hum. Ploughman. But he was under oath.

Preceptor. That matters not. Federalifts would as foon fwear to lies as truth.


Then there could have I been no harm in permitting Crofwell to attempt to prove the truth of his publications.

Ploughman. Are you certain, then, that the charges were false ?

They were all lies.
Preceptor. He could not prove them.

He put fpurs to his horse and rode off.

The form abated-my guest had warm-
ed himself and dried his clothes, and, with-
out the ceremony of even bidding me good
day, he departed.-He had never difcover-plein?
ed fo much paffion and want of candor, as
at this interview. He had generally af-
fected much moderation—and had conver-
fed with decency. But the manner in
which he treated this affair, ferved to con-
Thefe arguments of my preceptor, ridic-
vince me that he confidered it is a moft
ulous as they may appear, are nevertheless
very fimilar to thofe advanced in the de-
defparate cafe. He is not the only demo- mocratic new papers. The party in gen-
crat, however, that attempts to defend the
conduct of his party by abufing the feder-acting worse than the federalifts. But e-
eral take great merit to themselves for not
alifts. If fuch defence is fatisfactory to
others, it is not to me.

ven admitting that this is true-How are
the people to be benefitted by the change
in the adminiftration, if the democrats, in
excufe for their conduct, tell us that the
federalifts have been equally bad? What!
After we have taken fuch extraordinary
pains to remove the old officers of govern-
ment, and to fill their places with new
ones, fhall we be told for our confolation
that the change is none for the worse, nor,
indeed, for the better? When the federal-
its were in power, the leading democrats,
and my preceptor amongst the rest, com-
plained bitterly of monftrous abuses. They
declared, over and over, ten thousand
times, that these abufes could never be cor-
rected until there was a change in the ad-
ministration. For the purpofe of cffecting
this change, the friends of the people have
left no means untried. After defcribing
der the adminiftration of Adams, they
the alarming fituation of the country un-
would paint, in glowing colours, the blef-
reign of Mr. Jefferfon. Above all, thy ex-
fings that night be expected under the mild
tolled Mr. Jefferfon's fentiments with ref-
pect to the prefs. He fcorns (faid they)
"the protection of gag-laws. He invites
"investigation. Nay, he had rather fub-
"mit to the lafcerations of flander than at-


What, then, must be the reflections of my
tempt to trammel the abufes of the prefs."
very leaders apologize for their conduct,
honeft fellow-farmers, when they hear thefe
by declaring it is no worse than that of the
federalists. And how great must be the

Preceptor. Yes-who could believe that Mr. Jefferson would be guilty of fuch

crimes ?

Ploughman. Why not permit him to attempt it, then? His guilt would have been the more apparent.

Preceptor. His guilt is apparent enough. An imfamous wretch-to publifh fuch vile ftuff against Jefferton. He ought to be hung.

Ploughman. I think, however, that it would have prevented the complaints of the federalifts, if permiffion had been giv


ifts? What bufinefs have they to com-
Preceptor. Complaints of the federal-
Have not they done the fame thing?
Surely, they can't complain.


indignation of candid men, when they are informed that for the mild reftri&tions of the fedition law, of which the democrats fo much complained, thofe very democrats have fubftituted the rigorous reftraints of the common law of England, which declares that truth itfelf is a libel. Are not thefe fufficient to convict the party now in power, of hypocrify, deceitfulness, and hollow-heartednels? Let the people decide. I can answer only for

Balance Closet.

"Carlton, Editor of the Salem Regif. ter, a Republican Paper, has been in"dicted for a libel on Mr. Pickering, as "late Secretary of State; and Crofwell, "one of the Editors of the Balance, a Fed"eral Paper printed at Hudfon, has been "indicted for a libel on Mr. Jefferfon pref"ident of the United States. The Com"mon Law principle is adopted in Maf"fachufeits and New-York, that truth


cannot be given in evidence in juftifica"tion of a Libel. The Federalifts, after vindicating and applauding the Common Law doctrine, for years, now complain of it, when one of their "indicted." is party [Pittsfield Sun.]


At his Defk.



In the above paragraph, the reader is presented with a specimen of the unfair manner in which democratic editors treat the prosecutions of Croswell. Not one of them has yet dared, or ever will dare to tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth about the business. The editor of the Sun could not even venture to mention it without surrounding it with two or three falshoods. We believe that the common law principle, that the truth cannot be given in evidence in justification of a libel, is not adopted in Massachusetts. At any rate, on the trial of Carlton, permission was allowed him to justify by giving the truth in evidence. The editor of the Sun must have known this; and yet he attempts to hold up a contrary idea. How near such quibbling borders on falshood, the reader will judge. The next sentence is absolutely false. The federalists never either vindicated or applauded the common law dectrine with respect to libels. To evince their aversion to that law, they passed an act by which the odious doctrine, that Truth is a Litel, was abrogat ed and rejected. To this act, which permitted the truth to be given in evidence as a justification, the democrats, to a man, were uniformly opposed; and, by their means, it was permitted to expire. To prove that the democrats uo ufprese of the common law doctrine, it is only necessary to mention, that,

in the plenitude of their power, they have never thought fit to amend or ameliorate it, as the federalists did, when they had the power.

A developemer of the "Young Democrat" of New Jersey, with sundry other Closet articles are postponed for want of room.




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and defective apples fhould be firft made up and the cider fent to the difti lery, to make brandy, which is a very good cordial, if foftened with a little fugar, and kept until matured with age. The good and found apples, fhould be kept till they begin to grow mel low, then ground fine and the cider preffed out. It should be ftrained through a hair fieve when put into the cafks, which will take out the grofs parts of the apples. The cafks fhould then be removed home, and fet on fkids at the North end of a

building, or fome other cool place, (but not in the cellar,) where being placed a little floping, the bungs fhould be taken out and filled up daily with cider, fo that all the fcum may go off. When the liquor is fine or clear, which will be in four or five days, it fhould be drawn off in clean cafks, bunged up clofe, and ftowed away in the cellar for future ufe.

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were calculated to render him ufeful in his office, at the University, and eminent as a minifter of the Holy Religion. And though exalted attainments in thefe ftudies, excite not that admiration, which their intrinfic excellence deferves; though

none but the wife and good can duly efti. mate that philofophy, which infpires

"The better fortitude

"Of patience and heroic matyrdom,” Yet, thele are most neceffury, to render the individuals happy, and States


The glory of D. TAPPAN'S character fhone with unequalled resplendence in pi. ety to God, and benevolence to man. He pulled an exquifire fense of right and wrong, of decorum of character, and of challuy in conduct. Though firmly attached to thofe fentiments, which he confidered the doctrines of Scripture, his charity embraced the fincere of every de

the "
"terrors of the law," without confef
ing, that the anger of heaven against the
finally impenitent would be juft ?

Deeply is this lofs felt by our Univerfi. ty. Seeing that her fons have loft a father, her patrons an affociate; her feftival is changed into mourning. and her venerable feats are cloathed with the habiliments.of the grave.


No ambition is fo pure, as that which animates men to afpire to excell in deeds of benevolence. Of this fpirit Dr. TAPPAN was poflefled. He was qualified in an eminent degree, to make men wife and good. In pubhc, he was highly accepta-. ble and fuccefstul. His eloquence flowed from a heart deeply impreffed with the truth of that religion which he preached. Who ever heard him defcribe the charms

MANY characters are negatively good; of religion, without feeling, that his good but great virtues are as refolutions had gained fome acceflions of great talents. Arength? Who ever heard him dwell on

uncommon as

Cut down in the midft of his days and ufefulness, his death, though happy for himfelf, is too foon for his country. How he loved her glory, and lamented her wrongs; how he endeavoured to affuage the violence of party, and to vindicate the manners and principles of the pure age of our republic, are in the memory of all who obferved him revolving in his exalted Sphere.

Thofe who feel gratitude ought to ex prefs it. But how inadequate is language, to give life to the fentiments of the heart. While we are humbled under a fenfe of calamity which we fuftain, we must re. joice, that the favoured fervant of heaven is tranflated from toil to glory, and that he is diftinguifhed among thofe

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(Jofephine is daughter of Van Snarl, profper-William a young Dutchman, and fon of a rich and tefly Dutch Merchant : Hans another rich Merchant, is fuitor to Jo phine; and, in order to make his obfer vations to better advantage, bad impofed himself both upon the father and daughter, under a fictitious name and character.)



Containing a good leffon to hufbands and wives; being part of a scene from


Jofephine. Why did you with to impofe on me?

Hans William. I'll tell you-your fa ther and mine have treated our love a little to much in a mercantile manner.

Jof. Our love!

H. Wil. I did not wish to contradict my father, and as my heart was free, I neither promifed nor refufed, but I was determined fieft to take a look at you. If I had not liked you, I fhould have been off again in a moment; but here I am still—and, to own the truth at once-I do like you.

Jol. You're very flattering.

H. Wil. And therefore meaning to be a dutiful fon (advances towards Jofe phine.)

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H. Wil. I love to dine at two.

Jof. I hate to dine till four.

H. Wil. For your fake I can dine an hour later.

Jef. To oblige you I would dine an hour earlier.

H. Wil. Then at three--
Jof. Agreed.

H. Wil. After dinner I take a nap.
Jof. And I take an airing.
H. Wil. Without me?

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Jof. I cannot take your bed in my


H. Wil. But fuppofe I don't fleep? Jof. Then I don't go out. H. Wil. In the evening I go to the club.

Jef. And I invite company.

H. Wil. Company that I don't know? Jof. I cannot afk club into my



H. Wil. Then I fhall ftay at homeJof. And I fhall have no company but those whom you invite.

From the National Intelligencer.

SOME years ago, a clergyman in England, who to the duties of his ftation added the benevolent task of affifting his parish. ioners in the capacity of phyfician, happened to have a number of them ill with malignant fevers. One day upon vifiting a patient (to whom bark and other ufual medicines had been adminiftered without effect, and of whofe recovery there was no hopes.) the curate obferved a veffel of yeaft flanding by the fire-He recollected having heard that meat beginning to putrify, being placed over a veffel of ycaft or fermenting liquor would be preferved from further putrefaction; and the idea ftruck him to try the effect of yealt upon his patient, as he confidered him paft recovery -He ordered a fpoon full of yeaft to be given once or twice an hour-Next day he found him recovering, ordered the yeaft to be continued in like manner; the fick man got well, and the Curate had equal fuccefs in a variety of cafes of putrid and nant fevers in which he administered only yeaft.

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tient not only alive, but in a fair way to recover. He did recover and is, I believe, now living.

Query-What effect may yeaft have in the yellow fever, introduced in as great quantities as the ftomach will bear, and freely adminiftered to the bowels by clyf

ters ?

These circumftances I mentioned to a circle of friends in Ireland. Soon after one of those friends was feized by a fever; his physician, after fome time, deemed it neceffary to have a confultation of the Fac ulty they recommended to my friend's wife to prepare for the worst, as it was fcarce poflible her husband could live through the night. She fent for fome yeaft and adminiftered it to him every half hour during the night; in the morning the docItors found, to their aftonishment, their pa

Every brewer and diftiller knows that the fixed air contained in yeaft will fpeedily kill a man whofe head is held over a veffel containing a quantity of ycaft or fermenting liquor. The fame principle prevents the putrefaction of meat, not only prevents the generation of maggots, but the previous ftage of putrefaction. If then the fixed air contained in yeaft or fermenting liquors, checks putrefaction in animal fubftance deprived of life, will it not check the tendency to putrefaction that exifts in the human frame when feized by a putrid difeafe?

I am not a phyfician, nor is it probable I fhall ever have an opportunity of trying effects of yeaft upon the fcourge of our Seaport towns. The above reafoning upon the fubject feems to me fair, the practice in diforders lefs deftructive than the yellow fever has been fuccefsful, and as the medicine is easily obtained, I wish it may have a trial and prove equally fuccefsful in yellow fevers.

From the New Bedford Courier.


AT Dennis, in the county of Barnflable, common falt is cryftallized from ocean water, without culinary heat or boiling, in confiderable quantity. The amount is ftated at twenty thoufand bushels a year of domestic sca falt. This is estimated at one-fifth of the quantity confumed in the Cape Cod fishery, annually, which is reckoned to be one hundred thoufand bufhels. It is ftated to be excellent in purity, whitenefs and weight. It refembles the first quality of Ifle of May falt, and is as heavy as eighty pounds the bushel. Great im malig-provements have been made in cheapening the erection of the works and in abridging the performance of labour. At the fame place Glauber's falt is prepared in large quantities, to the amount it is believed of fifty tons per annum. It may be made there equal to any in the world, and abundant enough for the whole home market and the Weft-India Ilands.

It is expected that both epfom falt and magnefia will be prepared from the bittern, as foon as the manufacture is a little further advanced, and the artists fhall have had further time to gain practical fkill by experience.

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The following is a translation of a printed paper delivered at his Levee, by Monsieur, entitled, "Publication made by Monsieur, brother to the King of France."

Monfieur, the brother of the king of France, has looked upon it as his duty no longer to obferve filence on an important fact too vaguely understood. The different accounts which have been circulated of it, the falfe reports which an ufurping government has fpread in France, imperiously demand that the opinion of the public, and particularly that of the French, fhould be accurately formed on the true facts.

The Balance.

me to transfer my rights, fo far from that, he will himself ftrengthen them, if they could be queftioned, by the course he at prefent pursues.

This is the confideration which has de. termined Monfieur, in the prefent conjuncture, to publish the details, which particular circumstances, however interes ting, do not fuffer him to enlarge upon more fully than as follows:

On the 26th of February in the prefert year, a perfon fully authorised, waited on the king of France, at Warfaw, and verbally made to his majefty, in the plaineft, but, at the fame time, the most preffing, and, as he thought, the moft perfuafive terms, the propofals of renouncing the Throne of France, and of requiring the fame renunciation on the part of all the members of the house of Bourbon. This perfon added, that in return for fuch a facrifice, Bonaparte would himfelf fecure the King fufficient indemnities, and even a fplendid fupport.-His Majefty, ftrongly impreffed with that fentiment, which miffortune never deftroys in great fouls, and which attaches him as ftrongly to his own right, as to the happinefs of France, inftantly made the following anfwer, and remitted it in writing on the 28th, to the person who had been dispatched to him.


I know not the defigns of Providence But I with refpect to me and my race. know the obligations which are impofed upon me by the rank in which it was his will that I fhould be born.

"As a chriftian I fhall, to my laft moment fulfil thofe obligations; as a defcendant of St. Louis, I fhall, like him, refpe&t myself even in chains; as a succes for of Francis I. I fhall be defirous of faying with him-Nous avons tout perdu, fera l'honneur-" all is loft, except our honour."

At the bottom is written:

"With the permiffion of the King, my uncle, I with all my heart and foul, adhere to this act.


On the 2d of March, the King wrote to Monfieur, an account of all that had pafled, and defired him to communicate it to the Princes of the blood, who were then in England; undertaking himself to

make the fame communication to fuch as were not there.


" do not confound Mr. Bonaparte with those who have preceded him; I efteem his valour, his military talents; I am pleafed with feveral of his acts of adminiftration for the good done to my peo ple will ever be dear to me; but he deceives himlelf if he thinks he can induce

On the 23d of April, Monfieur called a meeting of the Princes, who with equal zeal and unanimity, figned the following inftrument of approbation of the King's anfwer of the 28th of February.

the hands of our king, to live and die, true
to honour and to our lawful fovereign.
"CHA. PHILIPPE, of France.
Duke of Berri.
Duke of Orleans.
LEANS, Duke of Mont-


"We, the under figned Princes, the brother, nephew, and coufins of his Majefty Louis XVIII, King of France and

Navarre :


Deeply penetrated with the same sentiments with which our Sovereign Lord and King fhews himself fo nobly animated, in his anfwer to the propofition which has been made to him to renounce the throne of France, and to renounce their imprefcriptible rights to the fucceffion of that Throne;


"That as our attachment to our duties and our honour, can never permit us to commute our rights, we concur with heart and foul, in the anfwer of our king.

"That. after his example, we shall never fuffer ourselves to be wanting in the flighteft degree in our duty to ourselves, our ancestors, or our poflerity.

"We further declare, that being pofitively certain that the great majority of the people of France, entertain, in their hearts, the fame fentiment which animates us, it is in the name of our loyal countrymen, and in our own, that we renew, before God, on our fwords, and in

"LOUIS CH. D'ORLEANS, Count of Beaujolois. "LOUIS JOS. DE BOURBON, Prince of Conde. "LOUIS HEN. JOSEPH DE BOURBON CONDE, Duke of Bourbon. "Wanftead House, April 231, 1803.



Act of Acceffion of the Duke of Engheim. SIRE, The letter of the 2d of March, with which your Majefty has deigned to honour me, has come punctually to hand. Your majefty too well knows the blood which flows in my veins, to have for a moment doubted in what fenfe I fhould make the reply required. I am a FrenchSire, a Frenchman, faithful to his God, to his king, and to his vows of bonMany others may one day, perhaps envy me this three-fold advantage. Let your majefly then deign to permit me to add my fignature to that of the Duke of Angouleme, as I, like him, adhere, with all my heart and foul, to the contents of the note of my King In thefe unalterable fentiments, I am, Sire, your majelly's moft humble, moft obedient, and mot faithful fubject and servant.




"Louis Antoine Henri De Bourbon.

Ellenheim, in Baden, March 12, 1803."

The Prince of Conde's act of adherence has not yet been received by Monfieur; but there is no doubt of it.

Monfieur has fince learned, that on the 19th of March the fame envoy, in puríuance of orders which he had received, a• gain waited on the king, to request a change, not in the fubflance, but in the form of his majefty's anfwer. It feemed to be apprehended that it might itritate the Ufurper to fuch a degree as to provele him to ufe his influence to aggravate the af fli&tions of the king. His majefty anfwer ed, that " he should make no alteration in his anfwer, which was as moderate as pol fible, and that Bonaparte would be wrong to complain of it, fince, if his majefty had ftyled him rebel and ufurper, he woulday no more than the truth.' The dangers of fuch a reply were then pointed out to the king. What," replied the king, "is ma lice to require that I fhould be driven from my prefent place of retreat ? I fhall pity



the fovereign who fhall feel himfelt obliged to take fuch a part, and fhall be gone.' Oh no! but might there not be reason to fear, left Bonaparte fhould require certain powers to withhold from the Count de Lifle the afiftance which he now receives from them? "I fear not poverty, if neceffary, I shall eat brown bread with my family and my faithful followers. But be not deceived; 1 fhall never be reduced to that; I have another powerful refource which I do not think it my duty to ufe, while I have my prefent powerful friends; I have but to make my condition known in France, and to hold out my hand, not to the ment of the Ulurper; no, never; but to governmy faithful fubjects; and, believe me, I fhall foon be richer than I now am."

The confequence was, that the messenger was obliged to take back the king's anfwer, which had been returned to his majefty, under an expectation that he would have made fome alterations in it.

Faithful fubjects, fpirits truly French, recognife at length a king fo worthy to reign over you, whom the government of an Ufurper feparates from his people.


From Havre de Grace, fay letters, 70,000 men, on board a feet confifting of gun-boats and other veffels of various denominations, fail in a dire&tion, as nearly as poffible, for the Suffex Coaft.-They are to land, it poffible, near Brighton.

From Boulogne, Calais, Dunkirk, Oftend, and Holland, the feveral flotillas are to proceed to the oppofite fhores, without making any junction during the paffage; nor are they to make any attempt to affift each other, in cafe of an attack by the British fleet, but to proceed directly for the English coaft.

We therefore learn, by thefe difpatches the feveral points where it is propofed landing fhall take place, and which feem to be confined to Suffex, Kent, and Effex. Such of the armies as are fortunate enough to get footing on the Englifh fhores are to make a junction with all poffible difpatch, and afterwards fight their way to the Britifh metropolis.

It is likewife pofitively afferted that Bonaparte will command the invading armies in perfon, and that he hath not yet arranged his ftaff, nor appointed the Generals who are to act under him. It is, however, believed, that General Vandame will have a diftinguifhed command in the enterprize, and fail in the fame divifion with the Premier Conful.


P. S-You may be affured the whole of thefe divifions will fail when the evenings increase in length and the nights are


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A letter from Dublin of the 25th fays,

The Balance.

" On Sunday morning the dead bodies of || Hudson, September 27, 1803.

the rebels were taken up in the streets, and carrying them to the caftle-yard to have a great number of cars were employed in them identified. In the number were fevand ftones in their hands. One corpfe eral women, who were found with pikes particularly attracted attention; it was the body of an old man, upwards of 70,.a fhoemaker, well known in the liberty. He was bare-footed and bare-legged. He fhoemaker, well known in the liberty. had been shot through the body, and lay The dead bodies appear to be of the lowupon the ground with a knife in each hand. eft orders of fociety."


"Cornet Cole, of the 12th Dragoons, fell a victim on Saturday night to the fury of the rebels. The Barrier Gates, are every where erecting, and the Caftle is Arengthened by works, fo that it is fafe from any attempt. Several regiments have marched in from the north, fo that we have now here a very fine garrifon. It is faid that Dr. M Nevin and counfellor Emmett are now in Dublin, and a vigilant fearch is making for them. It was fuppofed that O'Conner was alfo here, but that I believe is not the cafe. Some Frenchmen have been apprehended by Major Sirr, upon fufpicion of being fpies. Major Sirr's vigilance, and exertions are beyond ali praife. Many thoufand pikes have been feized in different parts of this city. They are a tremendous weapon, which nothing but Fire-arms can withstand. On Tuef

day I faw a moft fuperb regimental coa feized-it was entirely of green cloth, richly ornamented with gold lace, and I am clear it is of French manufacture. It was intended for a general officer; a hat feized with it was alfo very handfome. The pikes in general are not of fuch good manufacture as thofe ufed in the laft rebellion, they confifted merely of a fimple fpike at the end of a long pole, twelve or fourteen feet in length; but fome of them are almoft too good to be Irifh manufacture-they are evidently French.

"In a Coal-yard near the Coal Quay, another large parcel of pikes was found; thefe and the furniture of the house were burned. Two cart-loads of powder were night a party of yeomanry knocked at the found in another place; and on Monday door of a public-houfe which they fufpected. The woman of the houfe affert. ed fhe was alone; on fearching up stairs, however, two men were found hid in a clofet, who, with 660 guineas, likewife young man was taken prifoner to the Caf. difcovered, were fately difpofed of. A tle, who, it was faid, was the rebel leader on the night of the 23d. He was meanly dreffed.


that a Salem fhip, going from hence to Bofton, was boarded by a boat from a The Salem Regifter fays "We hear Britifh frigate, when off Bofton lightfaid, had he met the fhip a little further off houle-the officer WANTED MEN! and he fhould certainly have taken fome of the crew, whom he GREATLY ALARMED! by his appearance, but he foon went away-without feizing any of the men !!!!!!


We are determined not to be outdone by our democratic editors, in noting the aggreffions and depredations of British


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At Catskill, on Thursday last, Mrs. BETSEY CROSWELL, wife of Mr. MACKAY CROSWELL, Editor of the Western Constellation. Few have lived more respected and beloved-none have died more sincerely lamented. Departing in the prime of life, she has left a fond mother, an affectionate husband, three young children, and a large circle of relatives and friends to mourn their irreparable loss.

"Our dying friends are pioneers, to smooth "Our rugged pass to death; to break those bars "Of terror and abhorrence, Nature throws "'Cross our obstructed way; and, thus, to make "Welcome, as safe, our port from every storm."

At Catskill, JoHN RHODES, in the 19th year of his age, apprentice to the printing business in the office of the Western Constellation.

At Philadelphia, Commodore JoHN BARRY, late of the American Navy.

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