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"HAIL SACRED POLITY, BY FREEDOM REAR'D !
Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,
HUDSON, (NEW-YORK) TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1803.
FOR THE BALANCE.
No. VI.-AND LAST.
A COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE DISADVANTA-
LOUISIANA OR THE FLORIDAS.
Suppole the fertility of the foil of Louifiana equals or even furpaffes the florid defcriptions which have been given of itthat it is capable of producing" fugar, coffee, cocoa, pimento, molaffes, canejuice, fpirit or rum, cotton, indigo, gums, fatfron, rhubarb, and in general moft of the precious articles of produce, which the Weft-India Iflands do or can yield"-what avails all this to a nation that has neither money to spare for the purchase of slaves, nor labourers for the cultivation of the newly acquired foil. "The cultivation of Louifiana, Mr. Livingfton obferves, (and his remarks are indifputably accu
It has, I conceive, been clearly shown, in the course of these effays, that the United States already possess vastly too much territory for their prefent intereft; that OT to prejudge the treaty, that the annexation and Speedy fettlement of is foon coming before the Senate of the Louisiana would tend to impoverish and = United States-not to impeach the moweaken our nation, by difperfing its poptives and views of the executive, or the ulation and dipating its capitals; and conduct of the diplomatic agents-not to would be extremely injurious, particular-rate, refpe&ting that part of it which can excite alarm and irritation in the publicly to the Eastern and Middle States, -drawmind, has the writer undertaken thefe ef fays his objects are to point out the injurious effects, especially in a young and thinly-fettled country, of draining away from it vaft fums of cafh; and also to check the currency of mifreprefentations and efface erroneous impreffions, by proving that an acquifition of Western territory, more or lefs, can be conducive to the interests of the United States, no farther than as it should tend to fecure the free and uninterrupted navigation of the Western Boundless applause has been waters. bestowed on the wifdom of the executive, manifested in the recent inftance of the purchase of Louisiana. The cheapnefs of the purchase has been noticed with feeming wonder and aftonishment. Fif teen million dollars have been confidered as a triding fum, compared with the im
be expected to yield the aforementioned ing from them a confiderable portion of articles of produce,) is to be carried on, their money and of their enterprizing and as in all warm climates, by flaves."--" On induftrious inhabitants, who are greatly their arrival at Louisiana, (he further says) needed at home.-Hence it plainly fol- the flaves will be employed in the barren lows, that arguments drawn from the conoccupations of felling the large forefts with fideration of the vaft extent and fuppofed which this immenfe country is covered, a fertility of Louifiana, are totally inappli- labour but little fuited to flaves, for it recable because, on the fuppofition that quires being long accustomed to the axe; Louisiana were as extenfive even as all and force and activity are feldom found in Europe, the poffeffion of it for the mere flaves. They must be clothed, fed and purpose of forming fettlements, could be maintained, during whole years, before ano valuable object to a nation that has not ny profit can be derived from them." attained to the twentieth part of a full pop"Who then (exclaims Mr. Livingston) ulation, within its domeftic territory. By will cultivate Louisiana with flaves? Who the government of the United States and is the citizen willing to beftow large capby the individual States, there are now itals upon fo precarious a property with owned waste lands more than enough, it is the profpect of a distant return ?". -Be believed, to cover all the domeftic terri- it added, will the citizens of the United tory of France; immense tracts of uncul-States enter afrefh into this horrible spetivated lands, within the limits of the Un- cies of speculation? Is it not enough that
menfe magnitude of the worth of the ob- || ion, are alfo owned as private property.
-In the name of wonder, what need is
ject for which it has been pledged. The
already there are from five to fix hundred 1 thoufand African flaves in this country? My God! fhall thousands and hundreds of thousands more of our fellow creatures be robbed of their liberty-be fnatched from the bofoms of their friends, and from all the nameless endearments of country and of home, and be forced to the houfe of bondage, there to confume their miferable exiftence that We, forfooth, may be furnished, at nearer markets, with most of the precious articles of produce, which the Weft-India iflands do or can yield -Will republicans, who glory in their facred regard to the rights of human nature, purchase an immenfe wilderness for the purpose of cultivating it with the la bour of flaves!-The idea is too horrible to be indulged.
[TO BE CONCLUDED NEXT WEEK ]
FOR THE BALANCE.
AST year I addreffed feveral letters to you for publication, in which I pointed out, in my plain home-fpun way, the various acts by which defigning politicians deceive and mislead thofe upright and well-meaning men, whose means of 1 information are neceffarily limited. gave you to underftand, that I was, in the time of the revolution, a zealous Whigthat I had formerly held the character of George Washington in the highest ellimation; and that I generally approved of the measures of his adminiftration: But that, notwithstanding this, I had been induced, by an artful demagogue, who had undertaken to act as my preceptor, to renounce my former principles, and give my vote to the democratic fide. I alfo informed you of the advancement of my preceptor to office. I further mentioned my fublequent doubts concerning the charg. es he had made againit the federal adminiftrations; and, finally, my conviction of their fallity. After writing a few letters, in which I briefly fet forth the wide dif ference between democratic profeflion and practice, I began, once more, to have my doubts. My preceptor, it is true, did not vifit me as often as he had formerly done. For this there were two reafons-firft, He had obtained his office, which was his main object, and therefore had but little more ufe for me-fecondly, My fufpicions induced me to treat him with unufual coolness and referve. But, on relection, I began to fear that I had not neld to the democratic faith, a fufficient
THE flate of Switzerland must fill evheart not entirely bereft of feeling, manhood, integrity, and grace, with indignation and abhorrence for the moniter who has trampled on its independence, and with grief and fympathy for its fufferings. To form a clear conception of the extent of the villainy perpetrated by the one, or of the depth of the mifery enduring by the other, it is neceffary to think of Swit zerland as it was before the French revolution. If there was ever a spot on the face of creation where man was blessed with unmingled happinefs, tranquility and content, that fpot was Switzerland. The country and its inhabitants were the admi. ration of Europe, the conftant theme of poets. Thither men of tafte repaired from the fineft parts of that quaater of the globe to tafte beauties of a fuperior kind. Free. dom and plenty gladdened every cottage;
time to become acquainted with all its excellences. I was really apprehenfive that my treatment towards Madam Democracy had been too much like that of an overjealous lover, who abandons his miftrefs after a few vifits, becaufe he imagines he difcovers fomething wrong in the fhapeery of her mouth, the colour of her eyes, or the tone of her voice. I, once more, be. gan to miftruft that the federalifts were as corrupt as my preceptor had reprefented them; but then, again, I had a hard !ftruggle to believe that Washington had been plotting against the liberties of his country. Thus I flood wavering-with one foot refting on the folid rock of federalifm -the other flumping to the ankle in the quagmire of democracy. On one hand tood honeft old federalifm, beckoning me to his fide-on the other, the capering genius of democracy, fquinting, leering, winking, and inviting me to her arms. But, to drop metaphor-I fometimes half repented that I had written a fingle fyllable for your paper: And, now and then, under the influence of a fhocking fit of the hypo, I have pictured to myself the hor-and fecure on the one hand in religion and rid fituation to which our country would rigid moral virtue from the contamination of the wicked world about them, and on have been reduced, if the federalifts had remained in power. I beheld John Ad. the other in their mountains and impreg ams on a throne. I faw noblemen fpringnable fortreffes from the affaults of an enup in every village as thick as mushrooms.emy, they stood as it felected from the na I heard the dreadful found of martial mu- tions of Europe by Providence to fled as monuments of purity, happiness, and infic, and faw the bayonets of mercenaries país by my windows. I faw a "gag" put dependence, which fcarcely knew alloy, in the mouth of free enquiry-the prefs in and which promiled to have no end. chains, and our printers in dungeons; and But the plagues and peftilence of hell with the ferpent's-tongue feduction of the I imagined that I had already mortgaged my houfe and farm to the collector for the Rights of Man, crept in upon them and payment of my taxes. After being fuffi- betrayed them to the destroyer, ciently tortured by fuch a fit, the fcene would change, and I could plainly perceive that all thefe difmal fantasies had been raifed by the lathoods and mifreprefentations of my preceptor, who, being exalted to office, the reward of his difhoneft exertions, now laughed at my folly, and mocked at my credulity.-Under all thefe circumftances, I refolved to lay a fide the pen and to fearch after truth. Since that time, I have conftantly received newspapers on both fides of the question, and have been a watchful, filent and attentive fpectator of paffing fcenes. At length I am convinced. I return with delight to the paths of federalifm, fully confident that every inch that I have deviated therefrom, has been a departure from the great line, marked out by Washing-thofe were mixed and enjoyed equal rights ton, and faithfully followed by every true and privileges. All this harmony and Whig. happiness however is flee-The rights of man, with the GAUL who throws his word into the fcale" to back them, has frightened virtue and felicity from that delightful country for ever.
In fome future letters, I propofe to ftate briefly, fome particular acts of the democrats, which have ferved to confirm me in my prefent mode of thinking.
At his Defk.
FROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER.
The natural beauties of Switzerland have always been the admiration of Europe, but never did the face of that or any other country prefent a more delightful pic ture to the phyfical, than its government and laws did to the moral eye. Interefts, fects, and opinions, religious and political, in all other places held to be at irreconcil able variance with each other, here coalefced for mutual advantage. Of the thir teen cantons seven were ariftocratic-fix democratic; yet without diflike, jar, cr fufpicion, they remained for centuries u nited in ftri& alliance. The fame wife and beneficent fpirit of toleration extended to religious matters. Some of the cantons were Roman Catholic, fome Proteftant, fome Calvini. And in fome of them,
In the above fhort tranfcript of the po litical concerns of Switzerlend, the people
In the attachment of GIBBON, the celebrated hiftorian, to that country, and in the fentiments which he expreffes refpecting it in his private letters to Lord SHEFFIELD, there is more conveved than there would be in volumes fuch as we could write. For years he had made it his refidence; and at laft, in contradiction to the defires of his friends, who wished to have him at home in England, he had written to have his property in England fold, in order to purchase an estate in Switzerland; but he too was chafed away by the French freedom, and the Rights of Man. Of the judgment, erudition, fagacity and taste of GIBBON, there is but one voice; what he fays of a country and its means of promoting the happiness of its people, may pretty fafely be relied upon. Hear then what he faid juft at the period when he wrote to Lord SHEFFIELD, to countermand or rather fufpend the fale of his property in England !!
of this country might find a useful lesson if they would but profit by it. They would fee the falfhood and wickednels of those demagognes who would endeavour to per. fuade them that there can be no freedom under any but one form of government; and that the controul of any government in any hands but that of the people, is inconfiftent with happiness or independ
pear to be infected with the gallic fren. zy-the wild theories of equal and "boundless freedom. I am fatisfied that "the failure or fuccefs of a revolt would equally terminate in the ruin of this "country. While the aristocracy of "Berne protects the happinefs of its peo
ple, it is fuperfluous to enquire wheth"er it be founded in the Rights of Man. "The economy of the ftate is liberally fupplied without the aid of taxes; and "the magiftrate must reign with prudence "and equity, fince they are unarmed in "the midst of an armed nation. For my
THE Port Folio, pointing out the difference between Duane, and certain federal editors, fays, "he is only a certificated citizen of the United States, while they are natives. They have never been com. pelled, either by their neceffities or their
graceful fubfiftence; they have a country.
"Within the last two or tranquility has been clouded (at Lau-crimes, to roam about the world, like vayears our fanne) by the diforders of France. The "Revolution, or rather the diffolution of "that kingdom, has been heard and felt "in the adjacent lands. Our domeftic harmony is embittered by the infufion of party fpirit. Our ladies and gen"tlemen affume the character of Jelf"taught politicians; and the fober dic"tates of wisdom and experience, are fi. lenced by the clamour of the trium. phant democrats. fionaries of fedition have fcattered the The fanatic miffeeds of difcontent in our cities and villages, which had flourished above "two hundred and fifty years without fearing the approach of war, or feeling "the weight of government. Many in"dividuals and fome communities, ap
"felf (may the omen be averted !) I can
Those Americans who read the above
The following communication appeared in the last Hudson Gazette; and, to make some amends for our neglect of the illustrious subject of it, we readily give it a republication :
Citizen, left town on Sunday laft, for Al-
If it is really true that Cheetham is in pursuit of the Sheriff's Office, we have never witnessed a
more complete burlesque on democracy. That he can obtain the office, even backed with all the inAluence of our Attorney-General, we do not believe; but the mere attempt serves to shew how high he conceives himself to stand with the party. serves to shew how much his expectations have It been raised; and it is possible-nay, even probable, that Cheetham thinks the council dare not refuse him any thing he asks. If any threats about "the bottom of bis ebest," should operate in his favor, and he should be appointed to the sheriff's office, it is to be hoped that one short interrogation will be put to him- -"Is he honest ?"
It is said that a certain candidate for the office of Sheriff of the city and county of New-York, has been much agitated at the sight of a whipping post, ev. er since the punishment of Burbridge for letterstealing.
The following paragraph actually appeared in the Bee, in the year 1800.
"Guilt is more galled by truth, than innocence by lies: and hence it has been faid by a fet of worthies, that they do not care what falfhoods are published concerning them, but will never forgive one who meddles with facts!"
We dare not add a syllable by way of comment; because some folks (in 1803) are for adopting the maxim-"The greater the truth, the greater the libel."
The Bee says "the Balance editors frankly confess they dare not speak all the truth."-Since Mark Anthony gives us credit for our frankness, we sincerely wish we could return the compliment, and say, that the Bee frankly confesses it has no inclination to publish any truth.
"We think the Balance has two max-
appears in the Bee to be true.'
It has, indeed, been a standing maxim of ours,
It is not true, as asserted in the Bee, that we ever said the French would give laws to the United States, as soon as they got possession of New-Or. leans. We stated it as the declaration of a French officer.
To aid the cause of virtue and religion.
FOR THE BALANCE.
REFLECTIONS ON THE TERRIBLE EPIDEM-
Wasting, forth Walks the dire Power of pestilent disease, Sick nature blasting, and to heartless woe, And feeble desolation, casting down
The tow'ring hopes and all the pride of Man."
reafon of any favour thewn him, as they muft furely reflect, that it was owing to certain caufes and circumflances, that will not apply to them. We prefume to make this intercellion for him, and to hope that it will not prove fruitlefs, from the know. ledge of your difpofitions in particular, as well as from the reflection in general, that humanity is rarely feperable from courage, and that the gallant foldier feels as much reluctance to caufe, by deliber. ate decrees, the infliction of death on men in cold blood, as he does ardour in the day of battle and heat of action, to make the enemies of his country perifh by the fword. He may rejoice to behold his laurels fprinkled with the blood of armed and re. fifting adverfaries, but will regret to fee them wet with the tears of unhappy or phans, mourning the loss of a tender, ami. able, and worthy parent, executed like a vile and infamous felon. To the praifes that men, who have been witnesses and fharers of your dangers and services in the field, may found of your military virtues and prownefs, we truft you will give the ladies occafion, to add the praifes of your milder and fofter virtues, by furnishing them with a ftriking proof of your clem ency and politenefs, in the prefent inftance. May the unhappy object of our petition owe to that clemency and polite. nefs-to our prayers and to his own merits in other refpe&ts--what you may think him not entitled to, if policy and juftice were not outweighed in his hehalf. To any other men in power, than fuch as we think you both to be, we should employ on the occafion more ingenuity and art, to dress up and enforce the many pathetic and favourable circumftances attending his cafe, in order to move your paffions, and engage your favour; but we think this will be needlefs, and is obviated by your own fpontaneous feelings, humane co fiderations, and liberal reafoning: thall we dwell on his molt excellent char after, the outrages and exceffes, and per WE thould have reafon to reproach innocent and unarmed individuals were haps murders, prevented by him, to which ourfelves with having omitted a proper ocexpofed in an extenfive manner; nor fhail cafion of manifefting the tenderness pe- we here lay any ftrefs on the most grievous culiarly characteriflic of our fex, if we fhock his numerous and refpectable con. did not profefs ourselves deeply interested nections muft fuftain by his death, which and affected by the imminent and fhocking will be aggravated by the mode of it; nor deom of the most unfortunate Mr. Hayne, fhall we do more than remind you of the and it we did not intreat you, in the most complicated diftrefs and fufferings, that earneft manner, gracioufly to avert, pro-muft befall his young & promifing child. long or mitigate it. We do not even think, much lefs do we intend to imply in the remoteft degree, that your fentence is wrath-unjuft; but we are induced to hope, that every end it propofes, may be equally anfwered as it carried into execution: for to us it does not appear probable, that any, whom it is intended to influence, and deter from fimilar delinquency, will be encouraged with the hope of impunity, by
OF THE LADIES OF CHARLESTON IN FA-
ren, to whom, perhaps, death would be
ANHATTAN,* mart of nations and queen of cities-the dircful angel, alas revifits thee;
And, "o'er thy splendid domes He draws a close incumbent cloud of death."
Fair feat of wealthy commerce, lately crowded with the bufy and the gay, how art thou changed! The cup of bitterness is in thine hand; the garment of fackcloth covereth thee. Lurid disease mars thy beauty, wastes thy ftrength and blights the flower of thy glory. "Death has come up into thy windows." Smitten are thy fons and thy daughters. Where youth bloomed and beauty thed her charms, there
now are witnelled
"The deep-racking pang, the ghastly form, The lip pale, quiv'ring, and the beamless eye No more with ardour bright."
Mute is the voice of joy;" the found of mufic ceafeth; the harp is fufpended on the weeping willow groans, that pain the ear and pierce the heart, echo from thy gilded chambers. The hum of bufinefs is hufh'd to filence; the mournful hearfe, unattended and folitary, traverses thy lately crowded and bufy streets. Thy children flee; thy "trafficers" keep aloof; thy acquaintance and thy lovers bemoan thee afar off. "How doth the city folitary that was full of people !" How has fhe become as a widow! She weepeth fore in the night, her tears are on her cheeks; atnong all her lovers fhe hath none to comfort her." Her priefts figh, her virgins are afflicted, and fhe is in bitternefs."
Eternal fountain of mercy! arreft the hand of the Destroyer, repel the ful vapours," and difpenfe the balm of health.
Minifters of Grace! defcend, and hov
er round the couches of disease and mife-
* Manhattan was the ancient name of York. Island.
Mortals! be warned, and be wife: if fleep vifits your pillows, if health cheers your habitations-prize and improve the ineftimable blefling; " rejoice with trembling," and "boaft not yourselves of tomorrow."
FOR THE BALANCE.
HE extract in the Balance of laft week, from Dr. Ramfay's hiftory, refpecting the barbarous execution of Col. Hayne, mentions a petition of the ladies of Charleston in favour of the unhappy of Charleston in favour of the unhappy fufferer. Having a copy of that petition, I communicate it for republication. It was figned by all the ladies in Charleston, except four; and it does much honour to the female character..
Lord Rawdon is now the Earl of Moira. Rawdon and Balfour, by that inftance of favage barbarity, incurred great odium, as well in England as in this country. In the eloquent fpeeches of Burke and fome others, in the British Parliament, that black deed was painted in all its horrors. Z.
TO MR. JOHN FIRTH.
It is true that God fometimes makes ufe || midity, or by boiling water and it has a!.
I must conclude one of these two is
▲ new and valuable Styptic, which will stop Bleeding,
METHOD of recovering the writing upon parchment decayed by time, and of making it legible.-Dip the parchment, obliterated by time, into a veffel of cool water, fresh drawn from the well; in about a minute take it out, and prefs it between two papers, to prevent its crumping up in drying. As foon as it is moderately dry, if it be not legible, repeat the operation two or three times. The fkin will then refume its priftine colour, and appear all alike.
A MANUFACTORY of cloth impermeable to water, has lately been eftablifhed at Paris. Veffels are made of it capable of containing liquids, extremely light, and not liable to accidents. It is likewise used for covering sheds, for horfe cloths, water-fpouts, bags, and even great coats. It is not affected by dryness or hu
TAKE brandy or common fpirits two ounces, caftile foap two dramchs, pot
VIN BSERVING in the Bee of the 30th ult. certain extracts from the Methodift conferences, made by you, refpect. ing the great increase of that body of people, under the adminiftration of Mr. Jefferfon; and being an old standing member WITH additional improvements, is now of that feet of chriftians (both under the publifhed-a work neceffary for all feamen federal and republican adminiftrations) and others who are interested in the imtake the liberty to question your authority provement of navigation, making the long (whoever you may be) for traducing the defired problem of finding the LONGIMethodit name, and throwing fuch high TUDE AT SEA fo ealy as to be learnt contempt on the author of our religion.ath one drachm, fcrape the foap fine and in a few hours. This almanac will be conThe Methodists, Sir, I well know, are a diffolve it in the brandy, then add the tinued annually, and it is intended to pub defpifed people; and would humbly hope pot-afh and mix it well together, and keep lifh a complete fet of NAUTICAL TAthat much of the declamation against them it clofe in a phial-When you apply it, BLES, instead of a repetition of the exis falfely beflowed on them, for their finwarm it in a veffel and dip pledges of lint planations ufually given; that of 1805, gular piety, and according to the words of in it, and the blood will iminediately con- which will be ready in a few weeks, will our Lord-as they hated me, fo they will geal upon the application. It operates by contain a table of Logarithms to 6 places of hate you. Your fingular attack on us is Coagulating the blood, both a confiderable figures on an improved plan-CLARK'S as novel as it is ridiculous; and I muft way within the veffels, as well as the ex- SEAMAN'S DESIDERATA with the neceflary conclude, fir, that you have. no part or travafated blood, and reftraining at the fame tables to be used with this almanac, and a lot with us, although you approach us un- time the mouths of the veffels.. A few simpler method of clearing the lunar difDid der the feigned garb of brother. dreffings of this medicine may be neceffa-tance than has hitherto been given is also you not know, vain man, that our mas ry if the wound is very deep, or when a ter's kingdom is not of this world? Diclimb is cut off. you not know that we are not dependent on Adams, Jefferson, or any of his friends, for the increase of our church? If not, it is high time that you ftudied our difcipline, and there fee in what relation we hold ourselves to civil government. are taught there, as well as in our Bibles, to refpect the powers that are above us; and pray God to give his grace and wif dom to our rulers-not vainly puff them up as you do the infidels and twenty-God. profeffors, that the increase of the church is owing to them.
From the NEW-BRUNSWICK GUARDIAN.
THE NAUTICAL ALMANAC,
FOR 1804-PRICE ONE DOLLAR.
As no emolument is expected from this work, printed at the loweft poffible rate, at a confiderable expence, for the public benefit, it is requested the printers in the United States will endeavour to make it generally known to all American naviga.
New-Brunswick, N.5J;) Sépt. 8, 1863.
A few copies of the NAUTICAL ALMANAC, are for fale at the Balance Office.