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FOR THE BALANCE.
of the Meffiah. The famous Socrates, of
Among the fufferers on this fcore, the illuftrious Col. Hayne, ftands confpicuous. During the fiege of Charleston that gen. tleman ferved his country in a corps of militia horfe. After the capitulation, there being no American army in the flate, and the profpect of one being both diftant and uncertain, no alternative was left but ei. ther to abandon his family and propery, or to furrender to the conquerors. This baddilemma, together with well founded information, that others in fimilar circum. ftances had been paroled to their planta.
either become a British fubject, or submit utaflonifhment he was told," that he mut To be arrested to close confinement." and detained in the capital, was to himfelf not an intolerable evil: but to abandon both his family to the fmall-pox, a difeate then raging in the neighbourhood, and which in a fhort time after proved mortal to his wife and two children, and to the infults and depredations of the royal ar my, was too much for a tender bufband and a fond parent. To acknowledge himfelf the fubje&t of a King whose govern ment he had from principle renounced, was repugnant to his feelings; but with out this he was cut off from every profpe&t of a return to his family. In this embar raffing fituation he waited on the author ci this hiftory, with a declaration to the fol lowing effect: "If the British would grant me the indulgence which we, in the day of our power, gave to their adherents, of removing my family and proreny, I would feek an afylum in the remoteft corner of the United States rather than submit to their government; but as they allow no other alternative than fubmiffion or confinement in the capital, at a distance from my wife and family, at a time when they are in the most preffing need for my ESIDES the infpired prophets obtained repoffeffion of the country, the prefence and fupport, I must for the pref inhabitants after returning to their former ent yield to the demands of the conquer af Paletine, feveral others, in different aI requell you to bear in mind, that, allegiance, refolutely pucall to rifk in fupges and countries, have either really or feemingly predicted the coming of the port of independarce. Though the Brit-previous to my taking this fep, I declare, ifk, in the career of their conquefts, had that it is contrary to my inclination, and Great Reftorer of human nature and teachor of mankind. The remarkable prophe- inculcated the neceflity and propriety of inculcated the neceflity and propriety of forced on me by hard neceffity. I never transferring allegiance from the vanquish will bear arms againft my country. My cy of Balaam, concerning a brilliant Star transferring allegiance from the vanquithnew mafters can require no fervice of me that fhould rife from the progeny of Jacob, ed to the victor, yet they treated with the but what is enjoined by the old militia law is recorded in the facred volume. Virgil, utmoft feverity thofe unfortunate men, when in their power, who, having once of the province, which fubfiitutes a fine the celebrated Roman poet, in fome of his accepted of Britifh protection, acted on in lieu of perfonal fervice. That I will rapt admirable lines, feems to have been “ ipto future fcenes," and to have depicted, thefe very principles in afterwards re-join-pay as the price of my protection. If my condu&hould be cenfured by my coun as by infpiration the coming and the reigning their victorious countrymen.
S foon as the American army
A RECENT EXPERIMENT ON PICKLING
A MAN, in this ftate, in pre
paring his feed-wheat for fowing, steeped one bufhel twelve hours in pickle, and then rolled it in plaifter, and fowed it through the middle of a field containing eleven or twelve acres; on each fide of this throughout the field, he fowed wheat that had been rolled in plaifter, but not pickled. Soon after the grain began to vegetate, he perceived a ftriking difference, and that, during the whole growth, the ftems of the pickled feed were much fuperior in thriftinels and luxuriance.
After reaping, threshing and measuring the grain, and making a comparifon between the produ&s of the pickled and unpickled feed, (which was done the prefent year,) the owner has affirmed it as his opini, that, it he had pickled the whole of the feed which was fown in that field, his crop would have been increased thereby not less than feventy or eighty buthals.
To aid the cause of virtue and religion.
FOR THE BALANCE.
A REMARKABLE CHINESE PREDICTION.
"How fublime are the ways of the
rites and facred folemnities! But how
[While the melancholy fate of Major Andre, has
ACCOUNT OF THE
COLONEL ISAAC HAYNE,
FROM RAMSAY'S HISTORY OF THE REVOLUTION
trymen, I beg that you would remember
ally retufed. Had he been confidered as right to trial-if an American officer, to a British fubje&t, he had an undoubted ciple of the conftitution, he was ordered his parole; but in violation of every prinfor execution by the arbitrary mandate of Lord Rawdon and Lieutenant-Col. Balfour.
In this ftate of diftrefs Col. Hayne, fub-
Loyalifts and Americans, interceded for
tendant of the British police, affured him,ally figned a petition in his behalf, in which
that this would never be required, and ad-
After his fate was fixed, he was repeat
was introduced every delicate fentiment children, accompanied by fome near relathat was likely to operate on the gallantry of officers, or the humanity of men. His Having fubmitted to their government, knees, as humble fuitors for their farther's he readily obtained permiffion to return to tions, were prefented on their bended his family. In violation of the fpecial con-made in his favour as touched many an undition under which he fubfcribed the decla- feeling heart, and drew tears from many an life. Such powerful interceffions were ration of his allegiance, he was repeatedly hard eye; but Lord Rawdon and Lieutencalled on to take arms againit his countrymen, and was finally threatened with clofe ant Col. Balfour remained inflexible. confinement in cafe of farther refufal.edly visited by his friends, and converfed This open breach of contract, together with the inability of the late conquerors man, a philofopher and a chriftian. He to give him that protection which was on various fubjects with the fortitude of a as a compenfation for his allegiance, the particularly lamented that, on principles Americans having regained that part of would probably be an introduction to the the state in which he refided, induced him hedding of fo much innocent blood. of reciprocal retaliation, his execution to confider himfelf releafed from all engagements to the British Commanders. His children who had loft their parent, The inhabitants of his neighbourhood, who had also revolted, fubfcribed a peti- dying advice of an affectionate father. were brought to him in the place of his tion to General Pickens, praying that Col. On the laft evening of his life he told a confinement, and received from his lips the Hayne might be appointed to the command friend, "that he was no more alarmed at the of the regiment. Having refumed his arms, and the tide of conqueft being rence that was neceffary and unavoidable." thoughts of death than at any other occurfairly turned in the fhort space of thirteen months after the furrender of Charleston, He requched thole in whom the fupreme he was fent in the month of July, 1781, mode of his death to his feelings as an offiwith a small party to reconnoure.-They power was vefied, to accommodate the penetrated within feven miles of the capicer; but this was refufed. ial-took General Williamfon prifoner,ceiving his fummons to proceed to the On the morning of the fatal day, on re
and retreated to the head quarters of the regiment. This was the fane Williamfon, who, having been an aflive and uleful officer in the militia of South Carolina, from the commencement of the war to the furrender of Charleflon in May, 1780, hacame, foon after that event, a British fubject. Such was the anxiety of the British commandant to refcue General Williamfon, that he ordered his whole cavalry on this bufinefs. Col. Havne, unfortunately fell into their hands. Tho' he had conducted himfelf peaceably while under the British government, and had in. jured no man, yet for having refumed his urms, for accepting Brith protection, he was, when brought to Charlefton, confined in a loathfome provoit. At fitfl he was promifed a trial, and had counfel prepared to juftify his conduct by the laws of nations and ufages of war; but this was fin
When the city barrier was paft, and the inftrument of his catastrophe appeared full in view, a faithful friend by his fide obferved to him, "that he hoped he would exhibit an example of the manner in which an American can die!" He anfwered with the utmoft tranquility, "I will endeavour to ftep and ferene afpe&t. He enquired of the do fo." He afcended the cart with a firm defign the Col. replied, "I will fave you executioner, who was making an attempt to get up to pull the cap over his eyes, what that trouble," and pulled it over himself. he wanted? Upon being informed of his He was afterwards afked whether he withed to fay any thing, to which he answered, I will only take leave of my friends, and be ready.' He then affectionately flook hands with three gentlemen-recommended his children to their care-and gave the fignal to the cart to move.
Thus fell, in the bloom of life, a brave officer, a worthy citizen, a juft and upright man, furnishing an example of heroifm in death that extorted a confeffion from his enemies, "that though he did ing fo." not die in a good caufe, he must at leaft have acted from a perfuafion of its be
Few men flood higher in the eftimation of their countrymen than the illuftrious man whofe exit has been juft defcribed. General Greene demanded from the Britledging, that it took place by the joint ifh commanders their realons for his execution. To which he received a written anfwer, figned by N. Balfour, acknoworder of Lord Rawdon and himfelt, but in confequence of the most expreís direction from Lord Cornwallis, to put to death thofe who fhould be found in arms, after being at their own requefts received as fubjects fince the capitulation of Charleston, and the clear conqueft of the province in the fummer of 1730."
place of execution, he delivered fome pa-
The regular officers of the continental army prefented a pe...on to General Greene, sequeling that he would retaliate for the execution of Col. Hayne. By this they voluntarialy fubjc&ed themfelves to all the confequences to which, in cafe of capture, they would be expofed. threatening to make British offiGeneral Greene foon after iffued a prociaCouraged the revolted inhabitants to concers the object of retaliation. This en Hayne. The British intereft gained no tinue in arms, and effaced every impreffion that was expe&ted from the fate of Col. permanent advantage, while pity and revenge harpered the fwords of the countrymen and fiends of the much loved fufferer.
Had this execution taken place four or five months fooner, the policy of the meafure, as tending to prevent a revolt,
would have been fome apology for it; but after Lord Rawdon was driven from almost the whole of his pofts in the country, and the people had generally refumed their arms in favour of America, it had more the appearance of the revenge of a difappointed favage, than of the political feverity of a conqueror.
FROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER.
THE term jacobin, is fometimes taken in a more general and extenfive fenfe than is meant. It is by no means applicable to the whole body of anti-federalifts; fome of whom in the best virtues that honour the human race ftand as high as any men exifting. It is however believed that it is as impoffible for a ray of virtue to brighten the gloomy bofom or warm or foften the cold flinty heart of a jacobin, properly fo called, as a mountain of ice to emit heat, or a fire to flame harmless an inoperative in a barrel of gun-powder. Although differing in political opinions with anti-federalifls, we can refpect what we think their errors, becaule we can readily conceive them to be fometimes founded in fincerity and good motives. We know that in that body there are degrees even of error, from the man who first farts off from the whole mafs of federalism down to him who is deceived into the opinion that pure democracy is the best government. To the very laft of those we declare that our molt inimical feeling is re- : for their errors. Who are they, then, gret it will be afked, against whom are levelled the fhafts of reprobation? We answer, against their deceivers-gainst what we call the democratic agents. Against that wicked, defigning character, which by indefatigable industry and activity under the guidance of low cunning, does more mifchief in a day than wifdom can repair in a week-which by the avowed cooperation and undiftinguished inftrumentality of unabashed falfhood, puts truth and all her army of virtues to rout, and tramples them under foot--which pampers up the people with falfe notions into a bloated, morbid plethora of felf opinion, and endeavours to flatter every individual that he is a king only in order to make him a ilave -which by the dexterous management of the influence over the public mind thus difhoneftly obtained, is gradually mouldering away the cement of the conflitution, tumbling down all the ramparts which it has in its provident wifdom thrown up for the defence of the citizen's rights, and actually fcaring away juftice from its appointed fanctuaries; which pretend to the
Icience of government, while they know that our democratic editors are right not its very firft rudiments, and build that.punky about their wrongs. Will it fat. pretence upon a fuperficial sketch taken isfy the American people generally? By from the common-place books of fuperior no means. They look to the government malcontents of the abuses only to which in for a "correction of the procedure."common with every thing of human infti- Why do the democrats complain, when tution government must be liable. In the power of redreffing the grievance lies fhort, the unprincipled demagogue, that in their own hands? All parties condemn character which has laid France particu- the British commanders for impreffing our larly, and all the finer parts of Europe in citizens. Nobody attempts to justify their ruin, perhaps irreparable ruins-which has conduct. Every true American regrets let loofe the furies of Pandemonium upon the evil, and depends on the government the civilized world, and fpread far and for a remedy. Perhaps meafures are al wide a conflagration that ages will not ex- ready taken by our executive for an ex tinguifh-which is regarded now in everyplanation. Perhaps foreign minifters have enlightened country of Europe, even been furnished with inftru&tions on the where it was once moft favorably receiv. fubje&t. At any rate, we hope and truft ed, with horror and deteflation, and which, that fomething will be done, by the favor. hooted with one general fhout of execra- ite mode of negociation, or otherwife; for tion from the fhores of the old world, fcat. furely, if our prefident cannot devife fome ters itself over this free land, fpreading the plan for the fecurity of our veffels and fail. peftilent contagion it is no longer able to ors, the fooner he lays them up in a dry. fpread there- Corrupted itself and cor- dock, and betakes himself to the mountains, rupting all about it." The Jacobin-this the better. We think the democrats ought is the character aimed at, when reproba- to rely with full confidence, on his wif tion is urged with warmth. The anti- dom and firmnefs. It is very unfortunate federalifts in the lump are not pointed at ; that any thing fhould have happened to it is their crafty agitators who are objects difturb his " ferenity;" but his philof phy will undoubtedly carry him fately through all his troubles.
We obferve feveral accounts of the impreffment of American feamen, by British Thips of war. Though none of them come very well fubftantiated, ftill we have reafon to believe that many infances have happened; and we fincerely hope the men in power, however inimical they may be to commerce, will nevertheless have fufficient humanity to induce them to take immediate meafures for the fecurity of our feamen.We have obferved much nonfenfical and boyish gafconading on this fubje&t, in the democratic newspapers; as it fome great object was to be gained by fuch trash. But, for our part, we cannot conceive what good purpose it is to anfwer. Will it have any influence on the conduct of the British Certainly not. They have feen too much hard fighting to be frightened by paper fhot; and they have had too much to do with Frenchmen, to be palavered by fuch trumpery. Will it afford any relief to the unfortunate feamen who have been impreffed? No. It will be but a mif erable confolation to them, to be informed
Among the inftances of impreffment, mentioned in the papers, are
David Getchell, an American feaman (but unfortunately without a protection) taken out of the floop Hiland, Hand, from Philadelphia, while standing out of Delaware Bay, and within one and an half leagues of Cape Henlopen light-houfe.
fever at Norwich, Connecticut.. The foltowing is copied from the Norwich Centinel of the 30th ult.
The public mind has been fomething agitated and alarmed from exaggerated and erroneous ftatements of the Yellow Fever prevailing and being very mortal in this city. From the editors having been led to conclude, that fuch exaggerated reports would in fome degree prove injurious to the interefts, of the citizens of this, and the adjacent towns; he has ufed the utmost of his endeavours to procure a true ftatement, from which it appears that the first cafe was that of Capt. William Davifon, who took it at New-York, fickened on his paffage, and died in a few days after his arrival; the next was Mr. Timothy Filmore, who alfo took it at New-York, fickened and died in the fame way; Mr. John Story, alfo took it at the above mentioned city, and died in a few days after being landed from on board a packet. There has been a few other cafes, and fome deaths of the above malady, but it appears fully demonftrated, that there has been few or no cafes, which can literally be faid to have originated in this city. At prefent we believe the town to be uncommonly healthy."
After the 15th day of February next, by a law of the United States, "coins or pieces what loever; except cents "No copper " and half cents fhail pafs current as mo. ney, or fhall be paid or offered to be paid or received in payment for any debt, demand, claim, matter or thing "whatsoever, and all copper coins, which
fhall be paid or offered to be paid or "received in payment contrary to the prohibition aforefaid, fhall be forfeited, "and every perfon by whom any of them "have been fo paid or offered to be paid "or received in payment, fhall alfo forfeit the fum of Ten Dollars, and the faid forfeiture or penalty, fhall and may be "recovered with cofts of fuit for the ben"efit of any perfon or perfons by whom "information of the incurring thereof "fhall have been given.'
At the diftrict court of the United States for the New-York diftrict, held yefterday at the ftate prifon, William H. Burbridge was indicted for feloniou fly ftealing a letter which was committed to his care, as a clerk in the poft office in this city; in which letter were three bank notes (one of 500 dollars, one of 250, and one of 50) the property of M. John D. Martin, of this city, merchant; and which notes he was charged with deftroving. To the indi&tment the prifoner pleaded guilty; and the cour, in confideration of his youth, (with al which perhaps could not have been ex. from the enormity of the offence)
ordered him to receive thirty lashes upon
Extract of a letter from an officer on board
the morning the gunners mate had been re-
in the first houfe he could find, which wasthat of Mr. Ifrael Moore, where he lodg ed that night. On the following mornpetrator, and by the activity of the people ing a warrant was iffued by Andrew Reeder, Efq. for the apprehenfion of the percourfe of the day, and a number of the of the neighbourhood he was taken in the been ftolen; he was of courfe committed articles found upon him alledged to have to Flemington goal to take his trial at the next court of Oyer and Terminer. [Trenton Federalift.]
extremely formidable; and the better to LONDON, JULY 21. The preparations making on the coast of France for the invafion of this country, are Boulogne, &c. are ordered to England in France, even though they fhould have reficonceal them, all the English at Calais, 48 hours, or to retire into the interior of ded in thofe towns the most lives. part of their
An annual meeting of the BERKSHIRE AND COLUMBIA MISSIONARY SOCIETY, is to be holden at the South School House, in Stockbridge, (Mass.) on Tuesday the 20th inst. at 11 o'clock, A. M. A Sermon will be delivered by one of the Members. The Trustees of the Society meet on the same day, at 9 o'clock, A. M. at the house of Deacon STEPHEN NASH, In Stockbridge. Sept. 1, 1803.
bery was committed on the person of
On Thursday last, at Loonenburgh, Mr. Joun FOLGER, to Miss MARIA VAN LOAN, both of that place.
"In the township of Cocksackie, on Sunday the
ON THE GOVERNMENT OF OUR PASSIONS.
SAY, Love, for what good end design'd
Wert thou to mortals given? Was it to fix on earth the mind? Or raise the heart to Heav'n?
Deluded oft we stil! pursue
The fleeting bliss we sought, As children chase the bird in view, That's never to be caught.
O! who shall teach me to sustain
To go thro' life, nor suffer pain,
Thou, blest indifference, be my guide,
Teach me to see, thro' Beauty's art,
A base, a lewd, a treacherous heart,
Nor lat my gen'rous soul give way,
And shew where duty ends.
If to my lot a wife should fall,
If lasting, 'tis too great for peace,
Calm let me estimate this life,
When Nature calls, may I steal by,
I've had my fill of life, and why
ALL you that come near, upon Tom drop a tear,
men of his genius, but as a late effufion It is printed verbatim :
JEAN Bon St. Andre had a guillotine on board the Admiral's fhip on the 1st June, when they were beat by Lord Howe, and his excufe for running away was, to prevent the facred guillotine from falling into the hands of the enemy. He termed
SIMPLE METHOD OF TRYING THE QUALI- it in his letter to the Affembly La Sainte
TY OF GUN-POWDER.
FILL a thimble full of the powder you wish to try. Pour it upon a dry white paper; fire the little heap with a burning coal, lightly touching the powder. If it be excellent, every grain will inftant-flattery. In this, as in every thing elfe, ly rife in smoke, only leaving on the paper the Conful feems fuperior. a round fpot, pearl colour. If bad it burns the paper. The mean effects between thefe two extremes will exactly show the quality. The powder burning paper but little, may be pronounced better than that burning it a great deal; and if it only blacken it, of a fuperior quality to the
Pity a quire or two of this kind of
HE that artificially raifes his fpirits by drinking, will find them link and flag in proportion and then they must be raised again and fo on till he has no fpirits to raife.
W-i-n, June 27, 1809
[The subjoined lines, from a late London paper, are
and they will come A great way hence
THE venerable Clerk of a parish in Somerfetfhire, who conceives that the gods have made him poetical," always addreffes his Rector in rhyme. The following is given, not as the brighteft fpeci
So now no more theres to be Sed