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<s HAIL SACRED POLITY, BY FREEDOM REAR'D !
66 HAIL SACRED FREEDOM, WHEN BY LAW RESTRAIN'D!"
Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,
FOR THE BALANCE.
HUDSON, (NEW-YORK) TUESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1803.
the foil exceeding rich, on the banks of
A COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE DISADVANTA
LOUISIANA OR THE FLORIDAS.
Louisiana is moftly a foreft: the greater part of its white inhabitants are Roman catholics, of French and Spanish extraction; but neither their number, nor that of the negroes whom they hold in bondage, is known. The metropolis of Louifiana is New Orleans, which is fituated on the Eaft bank of the Miffiffipi, one hundred and five miles from its mouth.
convenient and effablifhed place where to unlade and depofit their cargoes. In the year 1796, Spain, by a folemn treaty, flipulated that New-Orleans fhould be open and free for the people of the United States, as a place of depofit. In 1802, Louifiana was ceded by Spain to France; and the Spaniards, after this ceffion, and while ftill holding poffeffion of New-Orleans, denied to the people of the States the privileges of depofit, which they had facredly pledged. The treaty having been thus violated, on the part of Spain, many thought the national honour required that the perfidy and infult fhould be resented and punished; and that New-Orleans ought to be wrefted from the hands of its
"The Floridas (according to Mr. Liv. ingfton's defcription) are a narrow ftripperfidious poffeffors. The administration of barren land." Lying Eaft of the Mif- purfued an oppofite course. Mr. Monroe, fiffippi, they extend in length about one furnished with two millions of dollars, was thousand miles; and in no part are more dispatched to France to open a negotiation. than a hundred and fifty miles wide. Previous to his arrival, Mr. Livingston, They are fituated South of Georgia; and refident in France, favoured by a most forare bounded by that State, by the Atlantic tunate concurrence of circumstances, had Ocean and by the gulph of Mexico; and already presented his memorial to the first conful, and was negotiating for the purchafe of Louifiana; which purchase was finally made, for the fum (it we have it correct) of fifteen million and about a quarter of a million of dollars. Report fays, that Mr. Monroe has repaired to Madrid, to negotiate with the Spaniards an exchange of Louifiana, or fome part of it, for the Floridas.
LOUISIANA is a
OUISIANA is a vaft tract of
from its mouth to the Georgia line. The
ern parts of Louifiana; which are expof-
The river Miffiffippi, together with its Eaftern branches, (as Doctor Morfe fays, in his Universal Geography,) waters fiveeights of the United States. That noble river being the only road to market for a vaft and fertile country, whofe inhabitants are rapidly increafing; its free navigation is of primary importance to this nation t and almost equally important and neceff. ary is it that the people of the States, paffing down the river, fhould have fome
This is a concife hiftory of the fubje&t; and in this authentic fhape it comes before the public.-It is a fubject of vaft importance, and applies to the intereft and bofom of the whole nation. In the en
fuing difcuffions, it fhall be canvaffed coolly and candidly, on the grounds of
Liberty of the Press.
T will be proper, before we give a
its own merits, and without any irritating.
HARRY CROSWELL's TRIAL.
The question for a new trial, in the prosecution against the Junior Editor of the Balance, is not to be argued and decided until November next ; and, from the disposition which is shewn by democratic printers to misrepresent and distort the facts, it is evident that the public mind will be
misled on the subject, unless a fair and impartial
account of the whole transaction is
the most false and unfair statements and animad-
Croswell. The publishers of those papers seem to feel (for what reason we know not) a kind of security in such conduct. They seem to believe that they may transgress the rules of decency, decorum and justice with impunity. We, there fore, caution the public against placing any rell. ance whatever on their assertions. They are made with a design to deceive. They are the last paltry refuge of men who are afraid of fair investigation-who dare not let the people know
We shall spare no pains to render our statement correct in every particular. All the facts are drawn from authentic sources. After having the whole truth before them, we beg our readers to weigh the matter well, and judge for themselves.
It will also be recollected for what purpole the paragraph in queftion was inferted in the Walp. Holt, the editor of the Hudfon Bee, had publifhed a paragraph beginning with the following fentence ;-
The burden of the federal fong now is that Mr. Jefferson paid Callender for writing against the paft adminiftration." As the Wafp was established for the particular purpofe of correcting Hok's habitual deviations from truth, it was thought proper to expofe this, moft palpable falfhood. Accordingly the paragraph in question was publifhed, viz.
out them; and his trial was preffed with fuch vehemence that a poftponement was with difficulty obtained.
"Holt fays, the burden of the Federal fong is that Mr. Jefferson paid Callender for writing against the late adminiftration. This is wholly falfe. The charge is explicitly this-Jefferfon paid Callender for calling Wallington a traitor, a robber, and a perjurer-For calling Adams a hoary headed incendiary; and for moft grofsly flandering the private characters of men, who he well knew were virtuous. These charges, not a democratic editor has yet dared, or ever will dare to meet in an open and manly difcuffion."
It will be recollected that a violent at.
tempt was made to bind Mr. Crofwell in thoufands, to his good behaviour, and thus, in the very face of law and liberty, to im pofe a previous reftraint in the form of furety" upon the prefs, which, in England, at this day, would doom its projector to
It will be recollected, that at the June feffions, an attempt was made to prevent the allowance of Cercioraris-to keep the indictments in a court no way competent to decide the various points of law which muft neceflarily have arifen on the trial; and that, on account of fome verbal, though immaterial error in the recognizance, Mr. Crofwell was forced to ftipulate to bring the cause to trial at the next Columbia circuit, which was to be held on the 7th of July fucceeding
By this ftipulation, every thing which the public profecutor could defire, was ob tained. The fpace was too fhort before trial to afford any probability that witnell es might be obtained from Virginia, even if permiflion had been given to introduce them; and no application could be made to the fupreme Court, because in the interval there was to be no term of that court.
Hence, on the 12th day of July, when Mr. Crofwell appeared at the Circuit, i was well known that he appeared deftitute of that proof, which, had time and permiffin been given, he might eafily have obtain
Before we proceed further,, it will be proper alfo to give a copy of the indic ment. This is done, verbatim, as well that the public may know the names of that Grand Jury who found the first bill in this ftate, under the common law of England, States, as that they may judge more correctfor a libel on the prefident of the United ly of the fubfequent decifion and proceedings.
[COPY OF THE INDICTMENT] Columbia County, to wit.
AT a Court of General Seffion of the Peace, holden at Claverack, in and for the County of Columbia, on the tenth day of January, in the year of our Lord one thou fand eight hundred and three, before Stephen Hogeboom, Jared Coffin, Jonathan Warner, and others their aTociates, Juftices of the People of the State of New York, affigned to keep the Peace of the faid People in the faid County, and allo to hear and determine diverfe felonies, trefpaffes and other mifdemeanors, in the faid County, committed by the oaths of Peter I. Vofburgh, Abraham Vofburgh, Bartholomew I. Van. Valkenburgh, Rob ert Folger, James Wyngart, Lambert Claw, William Dickie, Thomas Law
E. FOOT, District Attorney.
rence, Cornelius Van Allen, jun. Stephen President of the faid United States) a
New Ark Aug; 5th 1803
To answer, at once, the enquiries of our friends, and to correct the false statements of our enemies, it may be proper to mention, that the suits brought against the editors of the Balance, by Foot and Spencer, are mere civil actions, on the trial of which the truth cannot be shut out. On account of these suits we feel no apprehension. Let us give the truth in evidence and we shall never be heard to complain.
OR A NEW SPECIES OF THEFT.
A YOUNG DEMOCRAT and an enemy to dirty rafcally and villainous flanderers
Tender my refpe&ts to the parfon.
This << young democrat" has been a conspicuous writer in the Newark Centinel of Freedom, and, as such, his exposed himself to our ridicule. He has seogh revenge by robbing us of a shilling, in a Maner which shews that he has strong claims to a
birth in the gate prison. For we hesitate not to
declare, that a fellow who would purloin even a single cent in such a way, would rob on the highway or steal sheep, should opportunity offer. Yes, the unprincipled wretch who would draw money from one man's pocket, would, with equal readiness, draw a watch from the fob of another. But perhaps this " young democrat" thinks it a laudable thing to steal money to " support government.” Yes, yes-this is patriotism-this is democracythis is genuine economy! Rob the federalists to "support government!" Serve 'em right !—Êxcellent plan! Well worthy the attention of a NewJersey democrat.
But, to be serious. Is it possible that a "young democrat" could be so hardened in villainy, as to sit calmly down, and commit a crime, which, in point of principle, falls nothing short of burglary. Or is this pretended "young democrat" some old experienced knave, whose back is already marked with stripes, the reward of former crimes. Or, was the deed committed in some moment of intoxication or delirium. Let the "young democrat" answer. And, if he thinks he is paid the principal and interest of his sbilling-let him repent, and sin no more.
In the year 1803, H. Croswell had his trial for
of age--It does me good to draw money
tion, the truth of which he offered to prove, but was not permitted.Now put this and that together, and learn to admire the consistency of de
That ridiculous fib-maker, who amused himself, a few weeks since, in manufacturing "three falshoods" for the Bee, concerning our affairs, will still insist upon it, that he knows more about the Balance-office, than the proprietors themselves. It is a little laughable to hear him complain that we declare his assertion false, merely because—it was
From a Memoir of the Honourable ROBERT R.
N an excurfion I lately made
at the rate of about six bufhels the acre.
ic acid fcattered over weeds with a view to
FIRE.-On Saturday, the 30th of A-
felled, Lewed, and framed, timber for a
under the direction of Mr. Abel Leaven-
merit of fuch conduft is, the confideration
Had it been fome great man's great barn, and the work undertaken for a great barn, and the work undertaken for a great fupper, and much rum, the whole would have worn quite a different appearance. I have been the more particular, as I have
Your correfpondent appears to be offend ed that the word flavery thould be applied to the English nation; and altho' he acknowledges there is much corruption and abufe in the English government, yet de. clares there are no vaffals or flaves: that as foon as a flave fets toot in England, he is free; but in this land of boafled free. dom there are more than 600,000 flaves
bought and fold annually. Without en
Paffing over bribery, corruption, op preflive taxes, &c. what will your cor refpondent fay of the law (if there is one authorizing the imprefs of leamen,* which expofes the fubject to be torn from his family, and to be put under the dominion and difcipline of a boatfwain, during the King's pleasure? Oh, he is paid for it.
ye, true; but does he enter the fervice oluntarily; or is his compenfation an euivalent for the lofs of his freedom ?And his freedom gone, how far is he from eing a flave ?With what propriety, 1 would ask, can that be called a free coun- . ry which tolerates fo flagrant an act of oppreflion ?
It is not my bufinefs to enquire, Meffrs. Editors, whether the author of thofe lines fo "incorrect in point of fentiment," wishes to fee a Cromwell or a Bonaparte on the throne of George third; I fee noth ing, however, in them to convict him of fuch a wifh-from the fulfilment of which, every good man must revolt with horrer. The picture is given with a ftrong coloring; it is not, however, altogether unjuft. MARCELLUS.
Though press-warrants have in times of war, been frequently issued and executed in England, they are viewed there as illegal and directly opposite to the spirit of the British constitution: and it is believed that if a man, in defence of his own liberty, should kill one or more of a press-gang that should attempt to carry him off, there is no English law which could condemn him.
Press-warrants are not signed by a civil magis. trate, but by an officer of the admiralty. In the year 1770, the Lord Mayor of London was requested to back a press-warrant by his signature: the mayor refused, and presented to their Lordships a bold and spirited remonstrance. The same year a press-gang entered the house of one Lewis, a plate-glass grinder in London; and, on his refusing to go with them, they dragged him into the street, and otherways abused him. Lewis afterward apprehending one of the gang, was by letter from the admiralty-board, offered reparation; which he refused, and carried the matter before a civil court: how it finally terminated the writer of this article has not the means of knowing.
and began to read the piece figned EUSEBIUS, defcribing a grand morning fhow, which was to be exhibited on the 23d July, in the morning, and at Hudfon. had but just removed from table, and lit my pipe, when fhe began to enquire if I had any bufinefs which would make it neceffary for me to be in Hudfon about that time, and expreffed unufual folicitude for my gratification. It was not hard to perceive her drift, and I refolved to humour it. So according to her wifh, and to ufe her own words, we agreed to put the best foot foremoft, and go to Hudfon. She even helped, on the 22d, to trim, with her fciffars, our beft horfes; and in our best apparel and high fpirits, we took our fland on the high grounds adjacent to your city, in good feafon : And as we expected foon to be furrounded with fwarms of gaily dreffed citizens, we endeavoured to take a ftand as confpicuous as poffible, expecting ourselves to cut fomething of a figure.' I fay we, for I was now as enthufiaftic as herself. The concert of mufic had already commenced, and the charming tints of the Eaftern Horizon announced the approaching fublimity: have never been indifferent to the fublime beauties of this fcene, nor was I now. My wife, I obferved, eyed the road to the city, and feemed eagerly to enquire for the crowd at length an herd of cows appeared, feeding towards us, and her animation returned. But by the time her clothes were properly adjufled, the light was fufficient to undeceive her, and difcovered that your cits all wore horns! Yes, and ate grafs.
RELIEF AFFORDED TO PERSONS INJURED BY LIGHTNING BY COLD WATER.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE N. YORK ADVERTISER.
By giving the following a place in your paper, you
will perhaps and the cause of Humanity. HAVING beard by common report that the houfe of Mr. Martin, of Augufta, was ftruck with lightning on the night of the 25th of June laft; and that he and his wife were much injured by the fhock ; and that by fome means or other were relieved, but could not learn how: I fent to them, requesting them to write to me a ftatement of facts, which attended that event with as much precifion as poffible. In due time I received a letter from Mr.
Gilbert, who is father-in-law to Mr. Martin, in which he wrote as follows:
"On the night of the 25th of June, the houfe of Mr. Wm. Martin was ftruck Iwith lightning, at the north ridge. It
fhivered the ftud which flood directly under the ridge; rent the boards off the gable end; entered the room where Mr. M. and his wife were afleep, and dafhed a looking glafs to pieces, which hung at the foot of the bed. The lightning paffed from where the looking-glafs hung in a direction to the axis. Mrs. M. was affe theted acrofs her brains, and particularly her
right arm the other, however, was alfected, but in a lefs degree. Mr. M. was affected in his head and fhoulders: they both were afleep. A child which lay on the back fide of the bed, it is fuppofed, was awaked by the thunder, and being greatly frightened, cried out. This awa
Without undertaking to keep her in fpirits, I continued my reverie with but little interruption, until the rednefs of the fky plainly declared that the fun was about to rife, and no company appeared for my poor wife! She began now to attack me for my ftupidity." Here, however, we continued till the waggons began to roll and rattle, and the fun blazed in full fplendour over the far diftant hills-when, fadly chagrined, we began to enquire which way we should go; and at this inftant fhe recollected to have feen announced in the Balance, the death of
ked Mrs. M. and the found herself in a fituation in which the was unable to move her limbs; but after two or three exertions, the rolled herself off the bed-and then difcovered the curtian over her head to be on fire. Before the got off the bed, the difcovered that her husband was fpeechlefs and fenfelefs. When he had got off the bed to the floor, and the child alfo, the fome confiderable perfonage in your city, crawled to the forefide of the bed. Here, or vicinity; and thinking it to be a late on the floor, the water flood a fmal! death, he advised to go into Hudfon. depth, being driven in at the door: upon Perhaps we might be prefent at a city Fu-putting her right hand, which was moft neral. Accordingly we rode in, and wait- affected, into the water, fhe felt immedi ed till a very late hour for breakfaft; but ate relief. Her arm and hand remained to our extreme mortification, we found weak; but the infenfibility or numbnefs that the "LIBERTY OF THE PRESS," had was immediately taken away. By fome actually been buried for feveral days. I extraordinary effort the now dragged her flail fay nothing of our journey home-hufband off the bed to the floor; but how ward, or of our converfation on the way fhe did this, the cannot relate-and wond -but you may hear perhaps fomething of erful indeed is it, for fhe had not firength the effect our ride has had upon my wife to ftand on her feet. She had called her in another number. two little fons who flept in the chamber, and reputting her hand into water, as men