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tereft in preventing it for every reason of rivalry will be removed. Then France will command refpect without infpiringly Then France fear to the two nations whofe friendship is the most important for her commerce, and the preservation of her iflands; and all thefe advantages will be obtained without the expense of establishments which ruin the public treafure, and divert capitals from their true object.
But if, on the one fide, France keeps New-Orleans by attempting to colonize Louifiana, fhe will become an object of jealoufy to Spain, the United States and England, which powers will not only dif courage her commerce, but will compel her to make expenfive eftablishments to fecure the pofleflion of it.
In the foregoing obfervations I have confined my felf to obfervations which prefented themfelves, without having recourle to fubtilties, which only ferve to millead the judgment. I have expofed fimple facts with candour and all the fimplicity of language. If a reply is made, it will be by pursuing a contrary courfe. quence and fophiftry they may be comWith elo. batted and obfcured; time and experience will demonftrate their folidity.
Be it our weekly task,
To note the passing tidings of the times.
Dudson, August 2, 1803.
In the cafe of David Dennifton vs. Dennis Cole, both of the county of Orange, the defendant having been arrefted and held to bail in the fum of 480 dollars, cited the plaintiff before his Honor Judge Gardener, to fhew caufe of action. The Plaintiff, in the ufual manner, inade out his affidavit; But Fish, counfel for defendant, objected to Mr. Denniston's oath, on the fcore of his principles, having underflood that he neither believed in a Supreme Being nor in a future ftate of rewards and punishments. The plaintiff was then afked by the Court on these two points; to the first he faid he did believe in a Supreme Being; the fecond queftion he declined anfwering -By the Court: The oath cannot be taken--let the defendant be difcharged from the arreft on filing common bail.-Rofs for plaintiff, Fifk for defendant.
We understand that the Theiftical Societies of this city have had an extra meeting on the above, and have voted to refift the decifion to their utmoft, as an attack upon their religious principles! [Ev. Poft.]
ift, 1803, fays-The American brig A letter received at Peck's Coffeehoufe Baltimore, dated Cape-Francois, JuSuccefs, capt. Novao, arrived here on the 26th June from the Havanna, with 540 blood-hounds,. and the Brigands that have been taken have been given to them, whom they inftantly devoured. Troops arrive daily, but the fever cuts them off beyond befieged. Four French fchooners arrived all defcription. Jeremie has been clofelytion, here from thence full of inhabitants (wobrings the intelligence that the Brigands men and children) but an arrival laft night were defeated with lofs."
Arrived at Alexandria on Wednesday laft, the brig Active, Capt Haines, in 12 days from Cape Francois-When captain H. failed, the Cape was clofely befieged on the land fide by the Brigands, within a mile of the town, and blockaded by four English 74 gun fhips, a frigate, brig and fchooner. It was fuppofed they would furrender the Cape to the British in a few days. Gen. Rochambeau had established his Head-quarters there. The Mole and Port-au-Prince was fo clofely hemmed in by the Brigands, that the inhabitants could not go half a mile out without being murdered.
The war is carried on between the French and Brigands with every fpecies of barbarity their favage minds can invent. When the brigands take a prifoner they put him between two planks and faften him with cords fo that he cannot move, and then take a crofs cut faw and faw him nearly affunder in different places fo as to terminate his exiftence in the moft barbarous manner and the French in their turn when they take a prifoner tie him neck and heels, and throw him into a place where they have a parcel of half ftarved bloodhounds to be torn to pieces by them.
The first act of the war on LONDON, MAY 25. Firft Conful has been, not to meet us manthe part of the fully at fea, not to carry on hoftilities in the way adopted between civilized nations; but to make an attack upon the perfons and feized and imprifoned all our countrymen liberty of thole whom he was bound by all the laws of hofpitality to refpe&t-He has and women in France!!!
The mails between the two countries day from Dover as a flag of truce. Wren having been ftoped, a packet failed on Frifhe arrived at Calais, fhe found that two of the English packet boats had been feized, decree to the following effe&t: and the men imprifoned. She was informed alfo, that the Firft Conful had iffued a
under 18 nor exceeding 60, or bearing a That every British fubje&t of an age not
ately be confidered prifoners of war, to anwho is at prefent in France, fhall immedi commiffion under his Britannic majefty, public, as fhall have been detained and fwer for fuch citizens of the French remade prifoners by the veffels and fubjects of his Britannic majefty."
Talbot, the fecretary to the British lega-
who had arrived at Calais on his re-
English gentlemen have been fent to the Temple, the Conciergerie, and other priAt Paris, it is faid by fome, that the fons, and the ladies to Fontainebleau. Other accounts ftate, that both men and lifh, we understand, have been put in prifon. women have been ordered to repair to Fontainebleau. At Dunkirk all the EngMAY 28.
fquadron under Sir Roger Curtis from the A Letter of this morning from Portfmouth, flates the arrival yesterday of the cape of Good Hope, and of that fquadFrench Eat-India fhip, estimated at one ron having taken yefterday at noon, a hundred thousand pounds value. The fame letter brings an account of the capture of the Hazard floop of war, which eMinerve at fea. vent Sir Roger Curtis learned from La
In this city, on Thursday last, after a short and very severe illness, Mr. EPHRAIM WILLIAMS, aged 36.
"Nay, Dashwood cries, that bloom's not Harriet's
And Ranger sought the lovely maid;
TRAIT OF OLD TIMES.
A LAW to promote and enforce induftry, especially pinning, paffed by the Legillature of Mallachufetts, in the year 1665.
Be it enacted by the authority of this court, that all hands, not neceffarily enployed on other occafions, as women, girls and boys, fhall be, and hereby are, enjoyned to fpinn, according to their skill and ability and that the felect men in every town, do confider the condition and capacity of every family, and accordingly do affefs at one or more spinners; and because feveral families are neceffarily imployed the greateft part of their time, in other bufines, yet, if opportunities were attended, fome time might be spared at least by fome of them for this work, the said felect men fhall therefore affefs fuch at half and quarter fpinners according to their capacities. And every one thus aforefaid for a whole fpinner, fhall for time to come, fpin every year for thirty weeks, three pound a week of linen, cotton, or woolen, and fo proportionably for half and quarter fpinners, under the penalty of twelve pence a pound fhort and the feleƐt men fhall take fpecial care for the execution of the order, which may easily be effected, by dividing their feveral towns into ten, fix, five &c. paris, and to appoint one of the ten, fix, five &c. to take an account of their divifions, and to certify the fele&t men if any be defective in what they are affeffed, who fhall improve the penalties, impofed on fuch as are negli gent, for the encouragement of thofe who are diligent in this work."
whom he deemed to be anti-christian. It once happened that, while a congregation was going out of a church-houfe, Benja min who had ftood at the door, on the outfide, during fervice, loudly exclaimed, How can you, by fuch preaching as you have now been hearing, diftinguish the fheep from the goats ?" A facetious gentleman, ftepping up to him and taking him by the beard, replied, "We diflinguifh the goats, Benjamin, by their beards."
Complete files of the first volume, which baye been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fif ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post-office in the state, for 52 cents postage; or to any post-of fice in the union for 78 cents.
SAMPSON, CHITTENDEN & CFOSWELL,
Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,
86 HAIL SACRED POLITY, BY FREEDOM REAR'D !
66 HAIL SACRED FREEDOM, WHEN BY LAW RESTRAIN'D !"
FOR THE BALANCE.
A POLITICAL CATECHISM.
HUDSON, (NEW-YORK) TUESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1803.
A moft luminous period that was, when all
HAT is the standard of freedom by which the prefs is and ought to be guided, as it refpects the character and measures of Mr. Jefferson ?
Q. On what ground was the previous reftraint attempted?
Anfwer. As it refpects that auguft perfonage, the excommunicated" fe&" is, as yet, allowed a very licentious indul. gence; inafmuch as no previous restraint is laid on the prefs, by binding federal printers, while unconvicted of crime, to A. It is, in a manner, (tho' alas ! too keep the peace and to their good behav-feebly,) fhielded from thofe vile caitiffs, by the British Common Law.-Printers have the licentious indulgence of publifhing what they pleafe concerning Mr. Jefferfon. They are laid under no heavy bonds for their good behaviour: no commiffioners have been appointed to give a previous licence to political publications. Indeed, "they order things better in France," that dear land of liberty. Printers here, I fay, are allowed to publish whatever they please on politics; liable merely to fines, bonds and imprisonment, if they prefume to publifh aught, that may tend to diminish the character of our august chief, or of the other officers of government, whom he delighteth to honour.
iour. A great apoftle of liberty, who contemplates the beauties of the goddefs, with ineffable rapture and daily kneels at her altar and kiffes her fhrine, in vain attempted fuch a previous reftraint. Mortifying defeat! Ah, the blindnefs of certain judges! They had not far ehough advanced in the "march of fentiment" to perceive the neceffity and falutary nature of such a measure.
2. May not printers publish provea
A. It was attempted on the ground of the ftatute of Edward third, a great and worshipful king of England; who lived nearly five centuries ago—indeed long before any printing-press had been known.
Q. Is then the inviolability of Mr. Jefferfon's character and measures, in no manner fhielded from the unhallowed touch of federalifts?
ble truths against the adminiftration, without incurring punishment ?
A. No fuch an indulgence would lead to the moft fatal confequences, and is not to be fuffered in a free country. It would open a door for intolerable licentioufnefs; it would tend to proftrate gov. ernment, by bringing it into contempt; it would expofe the faults of great men to vulgar eyes, and might wound their feelings. Truth is fharper than a ferpent's tooth; it ftings and irritates an elevated mind, ten-fold more than falfhood. Therefore our wife ancestors, some seven or nine hundred years ago, established it as a maxim, that "the greater the truth, the greater is the libel."
Q. Do you then approve the British government ?
A. None can approve it lefs, or deteft it more; it is a fyftem of intolerable oppreffion and flavery; it is a mass of rotten inftitutions. To call it a free government is an infult upon the human underftanding; every good republican is bound to execrate it, and to wifh for its fpeedy downfall: Yet the English common law, as it relates to libels, is, under prefent circumftances, an excellent weapon wherewith to defend the rights of the people; 'tis exactly fuited to the condition of this country.
Q. In cafe that Mr. Jefferfon fhould betray and facrifice the deareft interefts of the nation, and that the facts relating to his perfidy fhould be capable of being fully fubftantiated by proof ;-might they not be published with impunity?
A. Such a thing is impoffible.-The English have a maxim, that "the king
can do no wrong" 'tis ftupid to fay this of a king; but Mr. Jefferson has more wifdom, more virtue, more honour, thar all the kings have put together, who reign in Christendom.-He betray and facrifice the intereft of the nation! The fuppofition is blafphemy.
Q. Inafmuch as the angels of light became foul apoftates, it is furely not impoffible that even Mr. Jefferfon may err and do wrong; and if fuch an incident fhould exift and the public fhould thereby be greatly endangered, ought not the peo. ple to know it?
A. It would be beft that the people fhould not know it: the publication of fuch intelligence would light up the torch of fedition; it would diminifh the people's confidence in their chief magiftrate, and would eftrange their hearts from his facred perfon.
Q. Should a printer publifh any fact of this kind, together with fubflantial documents in proof; what must be the confequence ?
A. The prefumptious wretch must be indicted, and punished according to law.
Q. Should he produce in court twenty fubitantial witnelles, in proof of his allegation, would not this circumftance tend to effect his acquital?
A. If he fhould produce in court an hundred witneffes, it could no wife avail him. The bench would not permit them. to be fworn common law forbids it.
Q. If Mr. Jefferson fhould perfonally appear in court, and acknowledge the fact alledged against him, might not this exculpate the publisher ?
A. It would in no manner tend to his exculpation, but would really aggravate the offence: it would prove that the allegation were a great truth; and confequently, that it were a great libel.
Q. Is this then the perfection of liberty?
A. It is the quinteffence, the very marrow of liberty; it is the facred touchflone of orthodoxy.-Whoever does not believe with all his heart, that to publish all manner of evil against the ex-officers, and allo against the fecond magiftrate in the nation, is highly meritorious; and that to publifh aught against Mr. Jefferson, (tho' true,) is a damnable fin ;-whoever does not believe that the Sedition Law, which admitted the truth in evidence, was an a&i of horrible oppreffion and tyranny ;-and that the common law, which punishes truth as feverely as it does faifhood, is the beft poflible fecurity for the freedom of the prefs ;-whoever does not believe and openly profefs, without any equivocation. or mental refervation, all and every of thefe cardinal points of republican faith, together with all the fubordinate doctrines and principles, which have been now declared in this catechetical creed—is an in.
"We are willing to give ample credit to "Gen. HAMILTON for great talents in his profeffion, great addrefs as a politi"cian, great courage as a foldier, and great "ambition as a fiatefman. His talents, "his address, his courage, and his ambi "tion, we believe, have been ftudioufly "devoted to his own perfonal agrandize[National Egis.]
forded him the means of viewing every thing on a larger fcale than thofe who had only divifions and brigades to attend to:who knew nothing of the correfponden. cies of the Commander in Chief, or of the various orders to, or tranfa&tons with, the general Staff of the army.
"Thefe advantages, & his having ferved with ufefulness in the Old Congrefs, in the General Convention, and having filled one of the most important departments of gov ernment, with acknowledged abilities and and made him a confpicuous character in integrity, has placed him on high ground, the United States and even in Europe. To thefe, as a matter of no small confideration, may be added, that as a lucrative practice in the line of his profeffion is his moft certain dependance, the inducement to relin. quifh it must in fome degree be commen. furate. By fome he is confidered an am.
In answer to this pitiful attempt to defame, it might be fufficient to prefent a fin-bitious man. That he is ambitious, I fhall gle fact-Mr. Hamilton was certainly readily grant, but, it is of that laudable more than any man able to calculate very kind which prompts a man to excel in early on the confequences of funding the whatever he takes in hand. Debt, and it will eafily be feen that he might, directly or indirectly have availed himfelf of his knowledge, to extend his private fortune to any nameable amount. It is well known, however, that an inceffant diminution of that fortune was the refult of his going into the Treafury, and eventually rendered it neceffary for him to refign his fituation and return to his profeffion for a fupport.
But instead of difputing with a pert and faufy jackanapes, whofe impudence is only equaled by his malice, one of thofe egregious triflers, whofe vanity fcruples not to facrifice truth to the rounding of a period, we fhall, as a fatisfactory refutation of this abufe, prefent the impartial opinion of one who will be allowed full credit: One whofe attribute it was to fee more deeply into real character than almost any other man, and who was intimately acquainted with Mr. Hamilton for a long courfe of time both during the revolutionary war and fince. Two years after his retirement from public life, WASHINGTON thus expreffed himfelf in a letter to Mr. Ad.
Extract of a letter from General Wafh ington to Prefident Adams, dated MountVernon, September 25, 1798. s
It is an invidious tafk, at all times, to draw comparifons, and I fhall avoid it as much as poffible: but I have no hesitation in declaring that, if the public is to be deprived of the fervice of Col. Hamilton, in the military line, the poft he was defined to fill will not be eafily fupplied; and that this is the fentiment of the public, I think I can venture to pronounce. Although Col. Hamilton has never acted in the character of a genaral officer, yet his opportu nities, as the principal and most confidential Aid of the Commander in Chief,
"He is enterprizing, quick in his pre ceptions--and in his judgment intuitively great: Qualities effential to a great mili tary character, and therefore I repeat, that his lofs will be irreparable."
Now then let the malignity of age dictate and boyish vanity endite--here is the tel mony of one who could not be mistaken, and who was incapable of deception,
The civilized and the savage man have opposite modes of warfare: the former stands erect in the open field, and bares his bosom to his adversary the latter lies in ambush; and the corroding wounds, pursued to his hiding place, he speeds his flight to which he inflicts, proceed from an unseen hand. If another dark retreat; and plots to ensnare the enemy, that he dares not meet on open ground.
A like difference of characters is observable in the warfare of the pen. Some wage it in an open manly manner, and scorn to shrink from an avowal of any thing they write. Others prefer a busb-fight: in anonymous publications, or under the cover of fictitious signatures, they can, with cool and delib erate malice, commence unprovoked attacks. They can secretly feather their arrows, dip them in pri son, and aim them, with an exertion of every nerve, at the heart of their marked victim. In their hid. den recess, they "grin horrible a ghastly smile," at the wounds on character, which they have se curely inflicted If challenged to avow themselves, they plunge still deeper into their thicket; if vigo rously pursued, they are like the scuttie fish, that, to conceal itself, fouls the water with which it is surrounded ;—if dragged into open light and dared to a fair combat, they instantly cry, "murder."-If their insulted, incensed foe make a free use of the
af-goose-quill, and repay them, with interest, in their
A long article appears under the editorial head of the last Bee, concerning the trial of Croswell, but Holt, we are satisfied, was not the author of it. It does not bear those legible marks of stupidity and dullness which distinguish the productions of that hireling editor, from those of a certain bonourable correspondent. The editor of the Bee is in fact, a mere stalking horse. He is used by men who dare not appear openly as the "bare assassins of reputations."” Incapable himself of rendering satisfaction for injury, he lends his name to cowardly slanderers, who feel sufficiently secure, when secretly intrenched behind his rotten editorial repu. tation. But the author of the article in the Bee 13 well known. His writings cannot be disguised, until they are divested of that malignity and sophistry with which they so much abound.
The charge of wilful perjury, which this writer has made against the junior editor, is too serious for newspaper discussion. He will be called to answer for it in a court of justice. No law will be resorted to, which prevents the truth from being given in evidence. On the contrary, the writer will be chal leaged to prove his charge, and if able to do it, will escape the penalty which must otherwise await him.
The writer says,
We again repeat it, that the objec"tions to the act of congrels called the "fedition law did not arise from any idea "that libellous publications ought to ef
cape with impunity and to go unpunished, but they were directed to the inter"ference of congrefs at all, on the ground of a want of conftitutional jurifdiction."
This is altogether false. There was hardly one democrat in an hundred that objected to the sedition law on account of its supposed unconstitutionality. That was the least objection among democratic printers; and more than half of the people who clamoured the loudest against the law, are wholly ignorant of every article of the constitution: Indeed, it is very doubtful whether one in twenty of them ever read the Sedition law itself. But we will appeal to higher authority. We will turn to the proceedings of the Virginia assembly, and then see what reliance can be placed on the above assertion, The assembly condemned the sedition law, "be"cause it was levelled against the right of freely ex"amining public characters and measures, and of
free communication among the people thereon." Not a word is here said about the constitutionality of the law. The principle which restrains the right of "freely examining public characters" is condem ned. In the report, drafted by Mr, Madison, it is declared that the security of the freedom of the press requires, that it should be exempt, not on"ly from the previous inspection of licensers, but from "the SUBSEQUENT PENALTY OF LAWS if these sentences do not contain an "idea that li
bellous publications [true or false] ought to escape
The writer further says,
"The fedition law protected prefident
was a mere party measure."
This assertion has, several times, been made by
longs to, and is subject to all the rules and regula
Of the case of Frothingham, we are not suffi
Chief-juftice Lewis prefided. Eight federal Lawyers were employed for Crofwell against the Attorney-General, and the Affiftant-Attorney, Ebenezer Foot, Efq.
Coleman owes his prefent enlargement to the forbearance of the Attorney of this Diftri&t. How far he is entitled to the republicans at large, thofe who have the clemency of Mr. Riker, to that of been in the habit of reading his libellous fheets, cannot be at a lofs to determine. guilty of the fame crime and ought to Coleman and Harry Crofwell have been
COMITTED LAST WEEK.]
No recent event has given the democratic editors
productive of good; candid and liberal in-
It is the fingular fate of this fellow, [Cheetham] that when truth and falfhood be both before him, and the former will answer juft as well as the latter, he invariably prefers the latter; one of thofe wretches who are so habituated to lying, that he lies confidently, where truth would anfwer as well. It is falfe that an action of flander was brought against Mr. Crofwell; if there had been he might have given the truth in evidence, by way of defence: but the method taken by the profecutor was by indictment at common law, where it is held, in the very teeth of juftice and common fenfe, that a man is ewickedly published a falfhood, although qually guilty of having maliciously and every fyllable is ftrifily true. Again; cipally of the bafe and unfounded story aIt is falfe that "the flander confifted prinbout Black Sally." Altho' one indi&ment contained five charges, and a fecond indictment a fixth charge, the story of Black Sally is not hinted at in either. We it is our intention, after having obtained a do not repeat the charges here, because correct statement of facts, to take up this trial again, and to make a ftand upon it, and to call upon every Federal printer in the United States to join us, and make a bold ftand againt TYRANNY. prefent we fhall only fay, that we are not For the fenfible of owing our exemption from profecution to Riker, or Spencer, or any other democrat; we fhould defpife the impunity due to fuch a fource- permit us but to juftify by giving the truth in evi The Attorney General, Ambrofe Spen-dence, and we afk no more. Guarded in cer, Efq. much to his credit, thought fit this manner, we challenge the whole hoft to bring an action of flander against Crof- of democracy to take fue with us on well, for publishing the infamous calumny what has been from time to time advanced on the President of the United States. The caufe was tried on Friday laft at Hudin this paper. I falfe, let us fuffer; if true, there is yet good fenfe and spirit efon, and by private letters yesterday recei.nough left in the community to uphold ved we are informed that the attrocious and protect us. libeller was brought in guilty by an im. At any rate, we fhall partial jury. venture to place a reliance on this opinion, and aft accordingly,
"Some time fince, the Attorney General of this ftate brought an action of flander against the noted Harry Crofwell, Editor of the Bilance and a little malignant paper entitled the Wafp. The flander confifted principally of the publication of the bafe and unfounded flory about black Sally, originally invented by Callender and circulated with great avidity by his friend and correfpondent Coleman.
We copy from the Evening Post, the following reply to the above statement :