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FOR THE BALANCE.
FRENCH METHOD OF STACKING WHEAT.
GENTLEMAN who had noticed the modes of agriculture, on the banks of the Rhine, in Flanders and in France, has remarked that the people of thofe countries commonly ftack their wheat and leave it in the field. 1 heir manner of ftacking is as follows: " they fet one sheat upright, with the ears uppermoft, and round that place a circle of many other fheaves with the ears uppermoft, inclining on the firft fheat; and when so placed, they look like the figure of an extinguifhThen they lay an horizontal circle of fherves, with all the ears in the centre, and cover thofe ears in the middle with a loole fheaf or two. Thus placed they are protected from all wet, and may remain fix weeks or two months, as fafe, as in a barn."
Harveft-time is the most bufy feafon, with the farmer, in the whole year: by flacking his wheat and other grain in the field, he can finish his harvest sooner: he may cart the fheaves in at leifure-times; and by reafon of their expofure to the air for feveral weeks, they threfh much easier, than fheaves which, immediately after binding, are housed in a tight barn.
The writer remarks, that this French and German method of ftacking has been adopted in fome of the Southern counties of England, to the great benefit of the farmers and the public.
if that be not at hand, a quantity of the fwindlings of flax, fo as to make a coat of about a quarter of an inch thick when it is well preffed down; then put in fo much clean washed fand, from a beach or road, as will cover about fix or eight inches in depth of your veffel; pafs all your cider from the prefs through a table cloth, fufpended by the corners, which will take out the pummice; and pour the liquor gently upon the fand, through which it must be fuffered to filter gradually; and as it runs off by a tap inferted in your veffel in the vacancy made by the flicks at the bottom, it will be found, by this eafy method, as clear as cider can be expected, after the most laborious process of refining; and all the mucilaginous matter, which caufes the fermentation and fouring of cider, will be fo feperated as to prevent that difagreeable confequence.
GOOD CIDER AS EASILY MADE AS BAD.
To make Cider of early or late fruit, that will keep any length of time, without the trouble of frequent drawing off.
TAKE the largest cafk you have on vour farm, from a barrel upwards; put a few flicks in the bottom, in the manner that houfe-wives fet a lye cafk, fo as to raife a vacancy of two or three inches from the bottom of the cafk; then lay over chefe flicks either a clean old blanket, or,
WO young gentlemen of amia. ble characters and manners, formed a most intimate friendhip for each other during their ftudies in Trinity College in the city of Dublin. After they had taken their degrees, one of them invited the other to his father's in the country, where he became ftrongly attached to the fifter of his friend, a young lady of great beauty, and many fine accomplishments.-Equality of rank and fortune, invited to a match on both fides, and after a few vifits, the day was fixed upon for their marriage. The evening before this event was to take place, the young gentleman who was to be married, invited the brother of his intended bride, and a few more gentlemen, to a neighboring izvern, in order to take leave (as he faid) of his bachelor's life. At fupper, a difpute took place between the two friends, upon a trifling fubje&t. This difpute arofe gradually to fuch a height as to The reft of the intereft their paffions. company, as is too often the cafe, were
filent lifteners to the controversy. At length, the intended groom contradicted his friend in a tone of voice, which one of the company interpreted into giving the lie. The friend would have paffed it by, but the company infifted on its being an affront, and with one accord, faid it required fatisfaction. He was forced to challenge him-which he did by throw. ing him a glove across the table. His intended brother-in-law, returned a glove, and feconds were immediately chofen to fix the time, place, and weapons, for adu el. They met the next morning at fix o'clock, at the place appointed. The fe conds examined and loaded the piftols, and afterwards marked the distance from which they were to fire.
The two friends are fixed by their fe. conds ten feet from each other. The word of command, to FIRE, is given.But no discharge of piftols is heard. A fecond time they are commanded to fire; but a folemn filence ftill continues. At length, one of the feconds cries out, Cowards, both by," mentioning the name of the Supreme Being A third time they are commanded to fire.-The piftol of the intended groom was alone difcharged, and unfortunately lodged is contents in the breaft of his intended brother-in-law. He faw him fall, and ran to embrace him. He preffed him to his bofom-he received his laft look, full of anguifh and affection-and felt his breaft beat for the last time, in his arms!-The agony of the miferable furvivor, could not be defcribed. He attempted feveral times to put an end to his existence, and was with difficulty prevented from doing fo, by the interpofition and pious advice of Dr. Berkley then Bifhop of Cloyne, By the advice of his friends, he was pre vailed to undertake a voyage to upon England, in order to be out of the way of thofe fcenes, which kept alive the anguifh of his mind.
But the diftrefs of this duel did not end here The lady to whom the furviving friend was engaged to be married, was fo much affected by the death of her broth er, by means of her intended husband's hands, that the loft her reafon, and ded foon after in a mad houfe-her afflicted father and mother died in a year after ber, from broken hearts. The miferable au thor of their deaths was no lefs unhappy in this refpect than either of them. He lived twenty years afterwards in obfcu ty, in the city of London; and declared to a friend not long before he died, the he had never put out his candle a finge night after he went to bed, without far cying he faw his bleeding friend, his tracted miftrefs, and their heart brokea parents, around his bed, all reproaching him with being the author of then africs.
FOR THE BALANCE.
AN INDEPENDENT GRAND-JURY.
at their first meeting, will take the matter
In the year 1788, while this deteftable farce was acting in South-Carolina, the grand jury of the diftrict of ninety-fix, in that State, had the honefty and boldnefs to prefent the legislature itself. An extract from this extraordinary prefentment is in the following words.
From Essays on Husbandry and Rural Affairs.
Were grand juries, in fome other states, to act with the fame honefty and noble inNDER the old confederation, dependence, which marked the conduct of the ftate-legiflatures had the power of ethe jurymen of the district of ninety-fix, in OF APERTURES IN HABITATIONS AND mitting paper money, in as large quanti-expofing by prefentment fuch legiflative ties as they pleafed and, in fome inftan- measures as fhould evidently be defigned ces a moft villainous ufe was made of to aggrandize a few at the expence of this power. Intriguing knavifh men in many, it might tend to check the crooked the flate affemblies, leagued with others policy of artful demagogues. who were in the high departments of government, emitted fums of paper money for the purpose of cheating their creditors. After the paper was in circulation, they were among the firft in attempts to depreciate it; and when it had funk to a tenth part of its nominal value, they paid off their specie debts with it, at par. By this fyftem of legalifed iniquity, the honeft, the fimple, the widow, the fatherlefs, were robbed of their property by their republican rulers.
SATYRICAL Advice to YOUNG LADIES.
F kind nature has bestowed its en
IT is a general practice in America, to have many windows in habitations and cellars; and to leave them open in hot weather for letting in the air. When in fuch weather there happens to be a breeze, fome benefit is received by the few perfons who can fit close to the window. But as the air from without, when the within doors, the air looked for brings fun fhines, is full 20 degrees hotter than
with it that increase of heat; yet concentrated in a stream, as it rushes through the
windows, it relieves perfons on whom it
ftrikes with fenfations of coolnefs. But if the house is shut up during the hot funup-fhining part of the day, the family feels
more coolness and comfort than when the windows are open for letting in the wind, which is actually hot. And how is it in the time of calm ? The having a few apertures in habitations is advantageous both against cold and heat,
Are your teeth white? Shew them
Be fure to abuse the drefs of every friend, by declaring fuch a one's gown ill made; fuch a one's handkerchief in a wrong place thus you will appear to poffefs great candour and friendship.
"We prefent as a grievance of the greatest magnitude, the many late interferences of the legiflature of the flate, in private contracts between debtor and creditor. We should be wanting in our duty to our country, and regardless of the obligation of our foleinn oath, and the high truft at this time devolving upon us, did we omit this occafion, between the expi-tion to amufe the company, begin to laugh moft immoderately; thereby you will command the attention of all the fpectators.
WHENEVER you fail in convei fa
ration of one legiflature and the meeting of a new legislative body, to express our utter abhorrenee of fuch interferences.-
We feel ourselves in duty bound to fay, that the many acts of the legiflature, fcreening the debtor from the juft demands
of his fair and bona fide creditor, have had a very pernicious influence on the morals and the manners of the people. They have operated as a check to boneft induftry, and have given birth to a fatal delufion, that perfons by making purchases of property on a credit, and again difpofing of fuch property, would be fure to amafs fortunes; and the pernicious influence of apparent fuccefs in a few, has drawn from labour and the purfuits of mechanic arts, and others their proper and profef. fional callings, a great number, who are now preying upon fociety, and heaping ruin on the credulous, unwary, honeft, and imple part of the fociety.
"We therefore hope that the legislature,
SATYRICAL ADVICE TO YOUNG GENTLEMEN.
beyond your depth, and you be preffed for a remark or a reply, fet up an affected cough or fneeze; and then fay, "Demme, I forgot what I was going to Speak."
Wherever you go, be determined to find
Do you wish to be in love? Vifit
Whenever you are in company with ladies, endeavour to fhow your learning. Ufe as many hard words and learned phrafes as poffible; it will excite great admiration.
able good story, never laugh, but immedi-
Cellar windows are improperly left open during the whole time of the hot feafon, for letting in cool air; when in fact the air let in is heated above 20 degrees more than the nearly flagnant air in the cellar.
The following attentions would be preferable to the common practice: Shut up the cellar during the hot feafon, from and clofe them by fun-rife, it it be a wet May till October, night and day; or open the windows after fetting of the fun,
cellar. From the first of O&tober the win
may be open, night and day, till the end of November, or threatening of freezing weather; then again close them, till about the 20th of March or early in April; when the windows are open to May inclufive, as above. Yet, during winter, a few fmall air holes may be left open immedi ately under the joifts of the firft floor, for preferving fome degree of motion as the life of air, and for a paff, ge to the mufty vapours of the cellar. The less the cellars under habitations, the more healthful the family. For a few purposes a small cellar may be here. For other purpofes in the country, have them under fome detached building. In trading towns they are in too great demand to omit them
Should the converfation happen to get any where.
In the present dearth of News, we cannot better employ those columns generally devoted to "the passing tidings of the times," than by re-publishing the following interesting article.
FROM THE EVENING POST.
WHEN one of the officers of the adminiftration paffed through this city on his way home to New England, he told a gentleman, who communicated it directly to the editor, that they (the democrats) should not leave their caufe to the management of fuch people as the printers of new fpapers, but that, as would foon be feen, a battery would before long be opened upon the federalifts from a quarter they perhaps did not expect, but which would be found to contain heavy metal, directed by experi enced gunners. This figurative ftyle of fpeaking concealed a threat, which, at an unguarded moment, was fuffered to ef cape, that fome perfons of talents, high in office, intended to addrels the public through the medium of the prints, and level a decifive blow at federalifm. Since that time we have kept a vigilant eye on Mr. Jefferfon's paper at Washington, the National Intelligencer, and we have feen these threats attempted to be carried into execution. Firft there appeared three numbers, entitled, "A Vindication of the Meafures of the Prefent Adminiftration, by Algernon Sidney:" Next there came out a series of numbers under the fignature of Publius, entitled, "A Refutation of the Charges against the Prefent Adminiftration, that their views and meal ukes are hoftile to the Eastern States "';' this is believed to be from the pen of Mr. Jefferfon: Thefe have been aided by feveral fingle pieces under various fignatures, all having the fame object in view. Thefe productions have been affiduoufly circulated through all the democratic prints in the United States. We have not been fo forgetful of our duty as to fuffer them to pafs by without notice, and we trufi it will ap pear, that we have not been fleeping upon our post.
With indignation and aftonishment beyond our powers of expreflion, we perufed a paper under the fignature of Greene, which appeared in the National Intelligencer, of the 6th inftant. As this piece has been republifhed in the Morning Chronicle of this city, we would fain hope that the intelligent editor of that paper, fo far from intending to countenance the attro. cious fentiments it contains, is merely defirous of promoting a difcuffion of principles in which honeft men of all parties are interested.
"The condition of freedom and dif. franahifement in the ftate of Connecticut, will be found, on examination, to be a principal fource of danger to republican government. That flate contains about 250,000 perfons. The adult males amount, therefore, to more than 50,000. There are very few foreigners, fcarcely any non-naturalized foreigners, and few paupers from the healthinefs of the country, the cheapnefs of living, the abundance of employment, the refource of navigation, the ftri&tnefs against the drunken and idle, and the facility of emigration. But it is understood that there is no inftance wherein 19,000 votes have been given, at the mofl warmly contefted flate or national election, though they poll in every township. It appears then that out of 50,000 actual freemen, about 31,000 omit or are not allowed to exercife the privileges of freemen. This fact is of the This fact is of the moft dangerous example to the U. States. So far as the votes are prevented by the laws, it is against what they called their conflitution, which gives an equal right to elect and be elected to all "freemen," but the conftitution of Connecticut does not seem to have any regular or formal existence more than that of England. The lawful ftate of things is there called the conftitution of Connecticut. So far as the laws prevent the attendance of more than 19,000 of the freemen at elections, they are againft juftice and natural right, against the principles of the oppofition to
Great Britain, the main one of which was, that "taxation and reprefentation arein. feparable." Thole laws are alfo againt the principles of the confederation, which was founded on the equal rights, in whatever state refiding, of all one people, and they are against the authority and fpirit of the federal conflitution, which declares that it is ordained and established by the people, and guarantees to every ftate in the union a republican form of government. That form of government, by which 19,000 freemen govern 31,000 is manifeftly and certainly not republi can. The attention of the eminent AUTHORITIES of the United States is ref. pectfully drawn to this fubject. THEY are bound to fupport, maintain, defend, and carry into execution, in each and every part, the conftitution of the United States. It ought to be a fubject of early, formal, and trict enquiry, whether Con necticut is now in truth and in fact under a republican form of government? They are a numerous and valuable people, and qualified to make a refpectable figure under republican inftitutions. Il vast num. bers of upright, induftrious, native ci zens, and inhabitants of Connecticut, are in actual flate of disfranchifement; il they pay taxes and duties to the Union and to the ftate; if they are enrolled in the militia, perform duty therein, or pay the lawful fines, in fhort, if they are al numerous and efficient and perhaps a major part of the members of the body politic of Connecticut, and above all if they are friends to the principles of the conftitution of the United States, and have been and are willing to rifk their lives and ferv ces in its defence, then to do justice, duty under the conflitution and prudente require that the legislature and Prefide of the United States fhould take Fecio al cognizance of their cafe, and proce or adminifter the remedy tor the malay, whereof that important member of the American body appears to be difeafed."
Serious queftions indeed are here prefented to the public. Antient and fundamental laws of the State of Connecticut are denounced as a principal fource of danger to republican governments; as being contrary to the principles of the revolution, to the articles of confeder tion, and to the National and State Con flitutions. The Authorities of our coun try are invited to confider, whether t State of Connecticut is now in truth and fact under a republican form of gover ment, and whether-the Prefident of th United States-and the National Legi ture, ought not to procure or adminifter REMEDY for the malady, with which this member of the American Body is faid to be difeafed ?-We reftrain the indignant emotions which this very extraordinary paffage excites, while we give it a difpal
fionate anfwer, by prefenting a fair comparifon between the relative claims of Connecticut and Virginia to the character of Republican States. The fubject was lightly touched in a late paper, it fhall now receive a more ample, and we believe a perfectly fatisfactory difcuffion. Wetrufl the difpaffionate and reflecting reader, of whatever party, will not be difcouraged from accompanying us by the apparent length or ruggednefs of the way. It will, we hope, amply repay him for his labour.
In Connecticut, the electors of the govor, council and reprefentatives, are itiled "Freemen." The qualification of a Freeman is quiet and peaceable behaviour, a civil converfation, and freehold eftate of the value of forty fhillings per annum, or forty pounds perfonal ellate in the lift, certified by the civil authority and fele&t. men of the town." Perfons thus qualifi. ed, on taking an oath of fidelity to the ftate, are enrolled in the town clerk's of
fice, and they continue freemen for
life, unlefs disfranchifed by fentence of the fupreme court, on conviction for mif
The Houfe of Reprefentatives in Connecticut confifts of nearly two hundred members, who are elected twice in each year. The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Councillors, Secretary, and Tieafurer, are annually chofen by the people. The Judges of the Superior and Inferior Courts, and Juftices of the Peace, are appointed annually by the Legislature. Military appointments, under the rank of field officers, are made in purfuance of the nominations of the privates of the reSpective companies.
no validity until they have been approved by the freemen, in public meetings warned by the freemen, in public meetings warned for that exprefs purpose.
[TO BE CONTINUED.]
The inhabitants of all the towns are incorporated with the power of regulating many local concerns. Five fixths of all the taxes paid in Connecticut, are granted by the people themfelves when convened in their townships or fociety meetings. Even in the incorporated cities the bye. laws propofed by the city councils, are of
Be it our weekly task,
To note the passing tidings of the times.
budson, July 5, 1803.
The exifting regulations for defining the qualifications and privileges of freemen, were established foon after the firft fettlement of the country--the right of fuffrage has never been abridged. Albouring man who enjoys health, may, in one year, befides a decent fupport, acquire fufficient property to become a "Freeman." The privileges of a "free-end. man," do not depend on the continued poffeffion of property, as is the cafe in moft of the other ftates: when once acquired they cannot be loft by misfortune. Disfranchifement is only incurred as a punishment for crimes. It is notorious that many individuals who are fupported by public charity, actually vote for all the civil officers of the flate.
LATE AND IMPORTANT.
On the 26th ult. the brig Union, Capt. Gage arrived at Boston from Havre, from which place he failed on the 15th May. The Bofton Palladium of the 28th June contains two very interefting articles of intelligence brought by the Union, in
ftance as follows:
PROBABILITY OF WAR!
Letters from merchants of the firft ref. pectability at Havre announce the departure of the British Minifter from Paris, and the French Minifter from London. Lord Whitworth left the French capital on the 12th May. The expe&tation of the continuance of peace was therefore at an Englifhmen were leaving France with the utmost precipitancy.-We think this news entitled to credit.
LOUISIANA CEDED TO THE U. STATES.
A letter from Paris of April 28, flates that Louifiana is ceded to the United States for a certain fum, of which the American credits are to be in part.
By the King of England, against France, On the 16th May, an order of council, directing letters of marque and reprifal afub-gainst the veffels and goods of the French
A LETTER OF MAY 9, SAYS, "I at laft have the fatisfaction to inform you that the American Creditors are to be paid by the American Government in Exchange for Louifiana-THE THING IS FIXED. Five months are given for the ratification; and fix weeks after those accounts which are liquidated will be paid by Mr. Livingston's Bills on the Treasury of the United States, and thofe unliquidated
within fix months after !"
thing was talked over, and the principles agreed upon. The 12th Mr. Monroe arrived at Paris. Every thing was closed and figned the 30th before Mr. Monroe was prefented at court. A convention has been figned for the payment of the American debt, by France. They are ef timated at four millions, and are to be paid by the U. S. in part of the compenfation for Louisiana.
We are enclined to believe this intelli gence.
By the Sunday's mail, we received the New-York Mercantile Advertiser of the 1ft inft. containing a declaration of
republic, and another laying an embargo on all veffels belonging to the citizens of the French and Batavian republics, were iffued by the English Government.
Morgan, from London, in which came This intelligence came by the fhip John paffenger, Mr. King, our ambaffador to the court of St. Jame's.
The declaration will be given at length in our
A gang of Robbers for fome days past have committeed confiderable depredations in the city and county of Philadelphia.The flore of Mr. Stuckert, in Germantown, of Mr. Dorneck, in North Thirdftreet, Philadelphia, and the dwelling houfe of Mr. J. D. Hafs, in Bufiletown, have been recently broken open, and fundry articles of value taken therefrom. The latter gentleman was robbed of a confiderable quantity of plate.
The United States has lately purchased feveral fmall veffels, to be employed in the Mediterranean.
"Hurl'd from my place by Fower's unfeeiing
"I griev'd-I lov'd my country and I lost my bread,
The truant cow-boy whistled in the vale"I once was happy too," the Patriarch said. My soul was melting o'er his piteous tale, While with my hand I strok'd his hoary head.
Musing a while, he stood entranc'd and sad, Till hunger turn'd his eye from Heaven to me. A poor half-crown I gave-'twas all I had If I had more I'd gladly pay it thee."
Soft nature could no more-I left the place.
"God bless thy feeling soul good youth!" he name of Rodriguez, took a barrel of pow-
ORIGIN OF THE NAME OF THE STATE OF
IN the 15th century the Portuguese at the time of their conquefts in America, were befieged by the Indians in a city of the new world. A Portuguefe, by the
AN excellent character was engraven on the tomb-ftone of a lady, in thefe few words," She was always bufy, and always quiet.'
AN American Newfpaper ftates, with fome degree of exultation, that excellent of Baltimore. Weftphalia hams are now made in the flate [Port Folio.]
THE Stage-waggon that ran between Richmond and Hampton, in Virginia, was driven, fome time fince, by a furly, rude Fellow. A Gentleman who had taken a place in it, being engaged in writing a Letter at the ufual place and time of fetting out, requefted a few minutes delay; but in vain. Mr. Whip was inexorable; he infifted on fetting off; adding, by way of reproach, he was fure no Gentleman would afk him to stay a moment. So the Gentleman was obliged to leave his letter unfinifhed; and the Driver fet off at full speed. When they had run about half a mile, the Waggoner's hat falling off, he ftopped to pick it up. The Gentleman feized the reins and drove away, leaving Surlyboots behind; who humbly requested the new Waggoner to ftop. This was retufed with a fneer, and a remark, that no Gentleman would ask him to ftay a moment. Broth-be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post office ia er Whip was then without remedy, and the state, for 52 cents postage; or to any post-ofobliged to trudge on foot to Hampton, fice in the union for 78 cents. a comfortable walk of nearly 12 miles. [Poulfon's Amer. D. Adv.]
Complete files of the first volume, which bave been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fifty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may
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