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from the nuifance and expence.-Outrages of a more ferious nature have taken place at Helvoet, where a corps of French troops appeared, and the Commander intimating that his intention was to take charge of the fortrefs, the Dutch Commandant refufed his admiffion; on which he fhewed a pofitive inftru&tion to do fo from Bon[Mer. Advertifer.]


By a letter lately received in town from Mr. King, it appears that he has concluded not to leave England until his fucceffor fhall have arrived in London. [Daily Advertifer.]

The captain of the Telegraphe informs, that it was underflood at Liverpool, on the 7th May, that on that day Mr. King was to have his audience to take leave of the Court of St. James's, and that affairs were then in a ftate of great uncertainty. This may be true, and fill Mr. King may chufe. to remain in London until the arrival of his fucceffor. War alfo may have been refolved on, tho' the fact was not known at Liverpool on the 7th May.


JUNE 20.

Affairs at St. Kitts prefent a very hoftile appearance, and indicate the actual commencement of war. Letters of a late date, received in town from Guadaloupe and St. Martins, announce that the commanders of the Britifh frigates have received orders from their government to capture all French veffels; and that feveral are cruifing to the windward of Guadaloupe and Martinique exprefsly for that purpose. [Mer. Advertifer.]



This morning the following letter was received by the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, of which he immediately, with becoming zeal, fent copies to Lloyd's Coffee Houle and the Stock Exchange.


Downing Street, Thurfday Morning, Eight o'clock, May 5, 1803. "Lord Hawkesbury prefents his compliments to the Lord Mayor, and has the. honour to acquaint his Lordfhip, that the Negociation between this country and the French Republic is brought to an amicable conclufion."


The joyful intelligence fpread through- || out this large city, with the rapidity of lightning, and it is impoffible to defcribe the demonftrations of fatisfaction and joy which were every where expreffed, though many affected to fear that the honour of the nation had been compromitted, and no little degree of ingenuity was exerted to find out the terms that had been agreed upon between the two Governments for terminating the differences that had taken place.

At the Stock Exchange the effect was fuch as might have been expected from fuch pleafing intelligence. The 3 per cent. Confols opened at 68, rofe rapidly a Meffage came from the Treafury to the to 71 3-8, and were ftill looking up when Lord Mayor, between twelve and one o'clock, to acquaint him that the former letter was an impudent Forgery!

It is impoffible to defcribe the fenfation produced by this notice; the Stocks inftantly tumbled to 63, 62 1-2, 62, and the panic was fuch, that they would certainly have gone lower, had it not been thought advifeable to clofe up the Stock Exchange, which was accordingly done at one o'clock, ipftead of waiting till the ufu

al hour.


[We republish the following, to fhew the American reader what a defperate push English fpeculators are capable of making, for the fake of turning a penny.]ing

The Committee of the Stock Exchange affembled as foon as they received the Lord Mayor's communication. Several of the brokers went over to the Manfionhoufe to confult with his Lordship upon the beft means of tracing the forgery. He fhewed them the letter, with Lord Hawkef. bury's feal; by what means it was procured has not yet been afcertained.

The Stock Exchange Committee have, we understand, declarad that all bargains made fince the impofition was practifed, (hall be void.

Government, anxious to prevent the public from being impofed on, inftantly fent notices to thofe quarters moft likely to give the contradiction a quick and extenfive circulation. Copies of the followwere fent to the Editors of the different newspapers.


Treafury, May 5, one o'clock.


"I have to acquaint you, that the Meffage which was fuppofed to have been fent this morning from Lord Hawkesbury to the Lord Mayor ftating, that the Negocia tions with France had terminated amicably, was a fabrication, and totally deftitute of truth. J. SARGENT." We had received Paris Journals in the morning, and could not help comparing one remarkable circumftance in them, with the contents of the forged letter. At the laft Confular Levee, the Ambaffadors of all the Courts of Europe were prefent, excepting Lord Whitworth. In common

times this might happen without being any way fingular, but at fuch a moment as the prefent, the abfence of our minister from the Levee was remarkable; and comparing it with the general tenor of the private letters from Paris feemed to threaten fomething very different from Peace. Indeed, the pretended communication was at variance with every thing that has tranfpired refpecting the ftate of the Negociation; but who could question the truth of a meffage fent by the Lord Mayor to Lloyd's Coffee houfe?

The proprietors of the Stock Exchange have offered a reward of 5000!. for apprehending the author of this forgery, and have refolved every one fhall give an account of what bargains he had done both yesterday and to-day.-The Lord Mayor has alfo offered a confiderable reward.

It was nine o'clock this morning when the pretended letter was delivered at the Marfion-Houfe. It was brought by a perfon with a foreign accent, in a coarse requelo travelling coat, and delivered at the fide-door to a fervant of the name of Pink, accidentically there at the time.

We believe it not cuftomary for Government Letters, on luch occafions, to be fent by any but fpecial Meffengers, and by thefe delivered into the hands of the Lord

Mayor wherever he may be. It was from adverting to this informality that a doubt firft arole in the Lord Mayor's mind, as to the authenticity of the note which he had received a gentleman was immedi ately dispatched to Mr. Addington, who returned for anfwer, that Mr. Vanfittart had already anticipated his Lordfhip's fufpicion by acquainting him in a letter of the trick that had been practifed upon him.

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clubs before he was one and twenty, and fo improved, in them, his natural gaiety of temper, that you might frequently trace him to his lodgings by a range of broken windows, and other the like monuments of wit and gallantry. To be fhort, after hav. ing fully established his reputation, of be ing a very agreeable rake, he died of old age at five and twenty."

[Port Folio.]

IF a wholesale dealer in Literature can, by an infinuating preface, prevail with people to buy the whole piece, his bufinefs is done, and it is too late for the deluded purchafer to repent, be the goods ever fo flimfy, but a weekly retailer is conftantly bound to his good behaviour. Like cer tain officers he holds his honours and profits only during pleafure, and, whatever may be his firft fuccefs, as foon as he flags in his weekly courfe, he is rigorously ftruck off at once from his two penny tablishment.



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Driginal Ellaps.

Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,
Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind.




No. III.




people will, in fimilar circumstances, gen-
erally act in a fimilar manner.


The country of our forefathers' fepul-
chres, the British ifland, has, in latter a-
ges, been a theatre of very important po-
litical scenes, which cannot be contem-
plated with too much care and attention,
by people who enjoy freedom and wish
to perpetuate the bleffing. English hifto-
ry, till within the period of from two to
three centuries ago, is comparatively but
N abfolute defpotifm, however little interefling; for it was not till then,
eftablished or modified, is as uniform in its that the people had any confiderable weight
operations as it is baneful in its effects: in the government. The celebrated grant
the will of the fovereign, or (what is ftill of English privileges, called Magna char-
more intolerable) of a deep rooted and
ta, which has been the conftant boaft of
clofely combined ariftocracy, moves and the nation, was obtained not by the peo-
directs the whole machine of government;
ple, but by the barons or lords. In the
while the part affigned to the degraded
year 1215, a conference was held between
people is only to ferve and to fuffer. The king John, one of the moft ferocious of
history of nations, under fuch deplorable tyrants, and the barons of England, at the
circumstances, affords much difguft with place called Runnemede; which this e-
but little profit: but in mixed monarchies, vent has rendered extremely famous.-
and especially in free republics, the peo- The two parties (the king and the barons)
ple unfold their faculties and qualities; encamped apart, like open enemies; and
and human nature, through all the varities. after a debate of a few days, the king
of the grades and circumftances of life, is figned and fealed the Great Charter that
developed. The hiftory of free nations
was required of him. The people, whose
is, in fact, the hiftory of the human heart, interests were incidentally promoted and
and is no lefs inftructing, than it is amuf- eventually fecured by the grant of privi-
ing; as it fupplies the best means of judg-leges, which was wrefted from the fove-
ing concerning the operations and final if-
reign, had no voice, no agency in that bu.
fues of various forms of government. In. finefs; but they were then, and long af-
deed no two nations, perhaps no two interward, mere vaffais to the barons. Mag-
dividuals, were ever in precifely the fame
fituations; and therefore infallible con-
clufions concerning the future conduct of
nations, under free governments, cannot be
drawn from the hiftory of paft ages: yet
there is a moral certainty, or a high de-
gree of probability, that great bodies of

na Charta, the foundation of English lib-
erty, that contained a number of import-
ant privileges and immunities, as well to
the public in general as to the barons, was
obtained for the people, but not by them.
As king John, fo his fucceffors, bended
all their efforts to revoke and difannul the



great charter; and there was a conftant ftruggle, during nearly a century, before it was completely established in this ftruggle, the people made no figure;the conteft was merely between the feveral monarchs, in fucceffion, and the nobles.

It was not till the year 1295, that is, juft eighty years after the grant of Magna' Charta was wrefted from king John, that there appeared in England the faint dawn. of popular government, in the commencement of the House of Commons. Before that period, the Parliament of England confifled only of the barons or house of lords; and then it was, that the king, Edward I. lying under pecuniary embarrassments, fummoned reprefentatives and burgeffes from the feveral counties and boroughs, to vote him money. The

Commoners in Parliament, at their commencement, and long afterward, were a fervile body, called together merely for the purpofe of facilitating a replenishment of the royal treafure: they were used with contempt; they were kept apart from the barons and knights, who difdained to mix with fuch mean perfonages; they had no agency in the general business of legislation; and all the part affigned them, was to vote fuch fums of money as the monarch, from time to time, demanded. In that, and in fome other fucceeding ages, a royal fummons to attend parliament was deemed the impofition of a burthen, rather than the bestowment of an honour and a privilege.

Several caufes, however, confpired to give the British house of commons a gradual confequence. The commons adhered to the monarchs as their only de

fence against the oppreffive ariftocracy of the nobles; and the kings encouraged the commons, in order to deprefs the nobles, whofe turbulence frequently shook the throne. The power of the cominons was alfo increased by their feizing every opportunity to avail themselves of the pecuEdward niary receffities of the crown. the third had conceived the mad project of conquering France; and feveral of his fucceffors to the throne were fired with the fame abfurd ambition. France was invaded, from time to time, by English armies, and was laid waste with fire and fword; while England itfelf was greatly impoverished and weakened by thofe fruitlefs and pernicious expeditions: yet they proved highly favourable to English liberty. Their wars abroad having exhaufled the trealures of the English Kings, they were conftrained to have frequent recourse to the Parliament for extraordinary fupplies; which the commons feldom voted, with out wifely bargaining, at the fame time, for fome enlargement of the national privile. ges. Thus it happened contrary to the common courfe of events, that the Englifh nation obtained fome of the most important conceffions and grants in favour of liberty, from fuch kings as were fired with ambition and diftinguished for their courage and talents; who, had they not employed their reftlefs minds and wafted their strength abroad, would have been the moft difpofed and the best able to have eftablished a fyftem of abfolute defpotifm at


It may with juftice be further remarked, that the English houfe of commons acquired a great increafe of ftrength and confequence from the fpirit of commerce, which began, about two centuries ago, to pervade the nation. The difcoveries of Columbus which gave accels to the mines of South America, and thofe of Vafca de Gama which opened a road to the vaft riches of the Eaft, changed entirely the face of Europe. Several of the Europe.. Several of the Europe. an princes, feizing the advantages of the confequent increafe of their revenues, formed and fupported large military establifhments; by means whereof they enlarged their boundaries and enthralled their own fubjects: but the fpirit of commercial enterprize, which the aforementioned difcoveries had awakened in England, was, for fome confiderable time, highly favourable to the nourishment and growth of English liberty. Commerce encouraged and invigorated agriculture and manufactures, fo that many among the middling claffes rose to a condition of great wealth: -a circumftance that added greatly to the weight of the houfe of commons, in which the people were reprefented, and which derived luftre and influence from the people's riches.


[We observe, with pleasure, the enlargement and improvement of the ULSTER GAZETTE." Its appearance is respectable; and, for a specimen of its politics and editorial character, we refer the reader to the following extract :--Edit. Bal]

good words-fine beguiling fweet words are the thing, and they have been in fafh. ion ever fince the the deceiver made fuch fuccefsful ufe of them to our first parents. Thefe go a great deal farther now a days that plain honefty and fair dealing-and when a PATRIOT can be made by word of mouth merely, when any creature in the country can become a good republican, by just calling himself fuch, it is no wonder they are as thick on the body politic as vermin on a beggar. Here is a fellow if you please that wants an office, and tho' his heart is as hard as any flint, and his charity flone cold, yet he talks as feelingof what the poor people fuffered under Adams, and how happy they ought to be now, as if he had ever fhed one fingle drop of oil into the bofom of affliction, as if he had ever wiped one folitary tear from the cheek of mifery. Whip me fuch pa


ATTENTIVE obfervers of men and things, muft long fince have been convinced, that in ambition and intrigue the leading democrats are fecond to no creatures in this world; and that whenever any one individual has it in his power to engrofsly ever fo many offices, neither his fenfe of decency, nor a feeling of juftice to his fellow laborers in the vineyard are able to check his career while the difappointed grumble to be fure in fecret, but ftill perfevere in the old courfe in hopes that " "every dog will have his day." It is diverting enough to hear the plans which are laid and the intereft which is courted for a certain office which for the prefent shall be nameless-and if a certain excellent old man fhall have many years added to his that he may, it life, and we earnestly pray will be the means of feeding many a panting office hunter with hopes at least. We mention no names; if we chofe however we could a tale unfold;" all we thall fay now is, that we hope that this office may not find its way to the shoulders of a certain gentleman, who appears almost weighed down with thofe which are already impofed upon him-poor fellow!


But then the taxes- -that inexhauftible fource of democratic flourishes. Indignant as we feel at the hollow, hypocritical pa rade of unprincipled demagogues, we fhall reftrain our emotions, but we fhall not conceal the truth-we fhall fpeak what the country ought to know; and then we shall at least have done our duty.

During the late flruggle which terminated in the fuccefs of the democrats, it was re peatedly told the people that during Mr. Clinton's firft adminiftration the taxes were low-during that of Mr. Jay they Irad encreased, and now it was confidently faid, now put Clinton in once more, and your taxes will be low again. The magic of this rhetoric was irrefiftable-men were not in a temper to examine the fubject cooly then; perhaps fcarcely yet; but we will try what a little plain truth and fair reafoning will do; we will try to convince our readers who will take the trouble think a little that even Mr. Clinton does not poffefs the power of paying the public expences without money, and that the money with which he does pay

them real.

and truly comes as much from the people as if it was raised from them by taxes they don't just at this time feel it as much -but ftill they may fafely rely upon it that every penny of it comes from their property-Mr. Clinton is neither gener ous enough to pay it. from his own pocket nor is he alchimist enough to make it out of fiones.

Mr. Clinton then in his first reign fold the greatest part of our weflern lands in en ormous tracts and altho' it was fooled at a few pence an acre, yet there were fo many acres, that the treafury was naturally in receipt of more money than wanted. So our taxes were low. But what mighty witchcraft or even fuperior talent was dilcovered in this we have always been too ftupid we confefs to perceive-Nay we

Among all the candidates however who hate and fear, and guard against each other, not one can be found who dares yet to murmur at the inequality which can be fo plainly difcovered in our prefent joyous reign of equality. There is not one of them but talks as nicely of economy, that charming word of witchcraft which enchants the multitude-there is not one of

them but can make as delightful a contraft between the taxes of Jay's time, and thofely of Clinton's time, as if he was cock-fure of an office. Indeed it is no wonder that thofe whofe mouths water for fome fweet crumbs from the fates table should have a mighty parcel of pleafant ftories to tell their credulous fellow-citizens, about the and plainnefs of the prefent day, economy and about that good pure man Jefferfon and his affectionate friend Pain, and that man from Geneva, Gallatin, who can't fpeak plain Englifh yet; but who is en trufted with the care of all our money, as if not an American was fit for the talk. O they can tell you many pretty things--and rely upon it if you believe but one tenth part of them, you are in a fair way to hate all honeft men as long as you live.' But impofure is the order of the day

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even think that if the greateft fimpleton in the democratic party was now afked, whether it would not have been better to have taxed the people a little than to have fold land for eight pence and a fhilling an acre, which will now fetch from fix to thirty dollars an acre; and the intereft might have freed ourselves and our pofterity from taxes for ever, he could not help owning that he had been hummed by mere hollow electioneering cants. So, honeft reader, you perceive it was no fuch mighty wifdom that kept our taxes low during Mr. Clinton's firft adminiftration. Whethlands, er it was unpardonable folly and mifcalculation, or fomething even worfe requires no uncommon fhare of fagacity to difcover.

When the federalifts came into power, the dreadful arm of the Land Office was arrefted-tie hand of the destroyer was ftayed! State fpeculators retired in difmay, and for the first time an attempt was made to establish a regular financial fyftem. As land office fales were difcontinued, the ftream which had hitherto flowed fo abundantly into the treasury, was fuddenly ftopped. And it will never appear wonderful to thofe who have ftudied arithmetic fo far as to know any thing of the fimple rule of substraction, that the neceffary expences of the government gradually took off the money which during Mr. Clinton's administration had been forced into the treafury, by the forced fale of lands which certainly were not yet wanted by actual fettlers, by none but fpeculators, who have in mot inftances made vaft fortunes at the expence of the flate. Mr. Jay then wanted money, and he had the alternative of reforting to taxation, or of following the conduct of his predeceffor, to wit, reliev ing the people from taxes by fquandering away their property. That upright man unawed by confequences, preferring the approbation of the wife and good to the applaufe of the ignorant and the turbulent, preferved our remaining lands to encrease in value, and applied to the people for a little aid. This is what any prudent man would have done in his own cafe, he would naturally pay intereft, rather than have his farm fold under a mortgage at half price.

our affairs-Renegadoes, difappointed tools and hungry partizans all crowded together into the high places.

Among the federalifls it was a matter of curious fpeculation how this promise of lowering the taxes could be kept. For the first year or two there could be no difficulty, because the money, brought into the treafury by recent taxes, would require no new taxes. But how would they imagine atter that period. The real friends of the people could not think that the new party would dare to take hold of our remaining and thus by completely defroying the folid fources of the ftate, entail the curfe of taxation upon ourfelves and our children's children to the remoteft ages. But they were deceived. The LAND OF FICE IS AGAIN OPEN!! and the very deuce will be in it if we have any taxes for the firft while. the firft while. But when those among us who may live a while longer fhall be regularly called upon for heavy taxes, hereafter, we fhall in vain turn our eyes to the gay fields, the cultivated plains and rich gardens which patriots, republicans, economifts, the friends of the people have facrificed to POPULARITY.

Now however the time was come for clamorous demagogues-for reftlef, office hunters-every little thing-yes, every creeping thing in the state was in motion. See now they fay this Jay has loaded you with taxes, making many believe that high taxes were really of perfonal advantage to Mr. Jay-fly once more to the arms of Clinton and you will not have to complain of thefe abominable, odious taxes. The refult is known. The doors of honour and confidence. were burst open. Noify, reftlefs, ignorant beings now took the management of



Holt, in his last Bee, has been guilty of a little more democratic meanness. Finding that he cannot answer our publications as they stand, he has taken it into his head to mangle and misquote them. He gives the following as a paragraph which had

appeared in the Balance :—


"The Balance is enclofed in white paper, while the Bee is covered only with printing paper, and that is the reafon the former reaches its deflina"tion fafely while the latter is loft on the "road."

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Balance Closet.

Mitchell deems it a little curious," that we should, when speaking of him and his productions, make use of such phrases, as "graceless vagabond -wretch-abominable falshood-villain," &c.However "curious" it may appear to him, we can discover nothing remarkable in it. We have ever been accustomed to make use of plain language. When we concisely speak of a beggarly, unprincipled fellow, who wanders from place to place, and has no certain residence, we call him a " graceless vagabond." A miserable, depraved, pitiful creature, we generally term a "wretch." A scandalous tale, without the least foundation in truth, we pronounce an abominable faishood;" and when we have occasion to mention Isaac Mitchell, the word "villain," is certainly the best adapted for the occasion.

for the Barometer editor, we cannot help it.


"The Bees that are fent in the mail, are carelessly rolled together, and have no "other protection from injury than a piece If this is not "polite, elegant and decent" enough "of flimfy printing paper, flightly paft"ed round them. The Balance, on the contrary, is carefully enclosed in white paper, and then fecured by ftout wrappers and ftrong twine. Now let the rea"der judge which of these papers, after "being carried fome hundreds of miles "on horfe-back, expofed perhaps to rain "and fnow-ftorms, are most likely to ar"rive fafe at the place of their destina"tion."

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To show how much our meaning is distorted, we re-publish the original sentence :



A man with half a grain of understanding could not mistake our meaning. We plainly stated that

our paper was "secured by stout wrappers and strong twine," exclusive of a cover of white paper-and that the Bee had "no other protection from injury than flimsy printing paper."-Holt must be a great dunce, if he believes that his paragraph conveyed this meaning;-and he must be wholly destitute of editorial honesty, if he did not believe so, and wilfully misrepresented our statement. He may take

his choice.

"One good turn deserves another."

We find, by an article in the Evening Post, that "Richard D. Croucher, who was convicted before a court of Oyer and Terminer, held at the cityhall of the city of New-York, on Tuesday, the 8th day of July, 1800, for a rape, and for which crime he was sentenced to the state prison for life, but was afterwards pardoned by his Excellency Governor Clinton, has found his way to Virginia, and, as appears by one of their last papers, has become a man of considerable standing in society."-Thus has our humane governor given sister Virginia one good democratic vote; and the governor of Virginia cannot better return the favor, than to release a few convicts from the prisons of that state, and send them to New-York. Indeed, this project of playing into each other's hands, might be carried so far as to leave the prisons of both states entirely empty; and this would save much expence, and greatly subserve the cause of democracy. Whether the governor of Virginia really thought of this plan, when he delivered his condoling and sympathetic address to the state prisoners in the penitentiary, we know


Proposals have been issued for a democratic paper at Portland (Maine.) Some opinion may be formed of the modesty of the editors, from the following passage in their prospectus :

"All those who love their countryall thofe who prefer truth to falfhood"all thofe who wish to encourage politic"al orthodoxy--will unite in patronizing "the Eastern Argus."


Who ever saw a better imitation of the stile of a patent-medicine inventor;

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