« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
DURING the Seffion of the General
Allembly the prefent fpring, the Federal members of the Houfe of Reprefentatives, and a number of perfons from different parts of the State, met to confider the fituation of public affairs. After converfing freely on the fubject, it was unanimously agreed to publifh a lift of names for the nomination to be made in September next, and with that, an Addrefs to the Freemen of the State. Such an Addrefs was drawn by a committee appointed for that purpose, and reported to an adjourned meeting, by which meeting it was unanimoufly accepted, and ordered to be publifhed. The objeft of it will be found in the Addrefs itfelf. It is trufted that no man who wifh
es well to the government and inflitutions of the State, will read it with indifference. That the times require UNION and EXERTION on the part of the friends to good order, and the freedom and happiness of the State, no man will deny. If this Addrefs 'fhall have any effect in producing that UNION and EXERTION, the object of thofe by whofe directions it is publifhed, will be ful ly answered.
miration to our neighbours. They have
Impreffed with thefe fentiments, the members of the Houfe of Representatives, and a number of other perfons from vari ous parts of the State, who are friendly to the government of Connecticut, have thought proper to meet at the State House in this place, to deliberate on this novel fit. uation, and fo afcertain, by a free commuig-nication of opinions, whether it might not be requifite, to adopt fome meafures for im preffing on our fellow citizens the necefl. ty of refifting this combination, by a gene. ral and united exercife of the right of fuff rage in the choice of our State officers. It could not efcape the confideration of any perfon prefent, that a proceeding of this nature was a deviation from the ancient
To admit the poffibility, that a majority of the people of this State would confent to exchange the fyftem, which has produced exchange the fyftem, which has produced fo much good, for vifionary theories, or the fo much good, for vifionary theories, or the mad projects of defigning men, would be an infult to the good fenfe and information for which they have been fo juftly charac-practice of the State-That it would be terifed. It is neceffary only to be appri- tar better, that all the freemen fhould exer zed of a danger, to induce them to unite cife their elective rights without any inter and defeat it. ference whatever. But although the re.
The combination, which has been form-fult
FREEMEN OF CONNECTICUT. Fellow Citizens,
THE political diffentions which have difturbed the tranquility of this State for the two laft years, have been felt and regretted by every virtuous and well informed man. The origin of thefe diffentions is fo well known, that it cannot be neceffary, at this time, to examine or explain it. It is fufficient to fay, that they have produced a combination, which threatens to fubvert the established inftitutions and habits of the. State. This is an unufual state of things, and in every refpe&t greatly to be regretted.
From the first fettlement of Connecticut, our form of government has been substantially the fame. The bafis on which it refts, is civil and religious liberty. These have been, in a great measure, fecured and perpetuated by a mild, yet fteady direction of government to the fupport of thofe Ichools and inflitutions, which tend to diftule knowledge and virtue-by confiding the management of affairs to men of integ. tity and experience, and by the free and unbialle, exercife of the right of fuffrage.tivity. The benefits which have refulted from this fyftem and thefe habits, have been felt by all. They have been the fubje& of our fondent recollection, and the object of ad
of the late election has proved, that a large and decided majority of our fellow citizens were determined to fupport the Government of the flate, yet the form of our election was known to be fuch, that the will of the majority might ultimately be defeated, fhould they not be united in their candidates. It is not a majority of votes, which decides the nomination for Affiflants. And a fmall minority, when active and united, may prevail again a large majority, who are negligent or divid.
The effect of this combination has been seen in the refult of the late clection. It was to be expected, that an organised oppofition against the government, extending it into every fmall corporation of the State, would produce confiderable effect. The mifreprefentations which have been circu. lated, and the perfeverance with which they have been diffufed, muft for a time make an impreffion on individuals who had never before particularly attended to public tranfactions. Thefe individuals it cannot be doubted, would ultimately form correct opinions of the flate of our affairs, if left to their own good fenfe, unbiaffed by party. The events however, which have taken place within our view, are fufficient to prove, that this will not be the cafe, and that the favorite project of revolutionizing Connecticut will not be relinquifhed. Exertions will be continued, to prevent the misinformed from obtaining correcting information, and to increafe the profelytes of democracy. It is to be expected, that a nomination, formed as has heretofore been done, will be circulated with unceasing ac- If any other mode to accomplish this And fuch is the difcipline which object on the part of the majority, could be prevails in this party, that the vote of eve- devifed, which would be lefs exceptiona ry man, who is hoftile to our State govern-ble, it will be regretted that it was not pur ment, will be given in fupport of the de- fued. But it is well known, that no collection mocratic ticket. of perfons from the various parts of the
But how to form a lift of Candidates, which fhould be unexceptionable with ref pect to the manner of making it, and which would probably unite the fuffrages of the freemen, is a fubje&t novel in this State and of great difficulty. If the people could univerfally affemble, and deliberate on this fubject, they might afcertain the opinions of each other, before the day of election. But this, in the nature of things, is impof fible. Any attempt by a few individuals, to direct the public attention to a particu lar lift of Candidates might be confidered as an officious interference with the right of fuffrage. But, under the peculiar circumftances of the times, it was believed, that the people of the State would not deem it improper for the Reprefentatives of the towns, with fuch other perfons as were prefent, during the feffion of the Legifla ture, to fubmit to the freemen, a lift of candidates to compofe the nomination for Alfiftants in September next. In this proceeding, it must be evident, that we are ac
only on the defenfive. Thofe who are attempting to deftroy the government of the State, have led the way-They form their lifts, and they unite to a man.
ftate equally numerous, will take place before the next election. And it was believed, that a meeting compofed of the Representatives, and others, who happened to be prefent, if they could act with perfect unanimity, would be as fatisfactory to the community as any body of men who would probably affemble. Under thefe circumftances, we have thought it proper to fubmit a lift of names to the confideration of the freemen. In this measure we are united without a fingle dif fentient. Our meeting has confifted of two hundred and thirty individuals; and our opinions have been formed from the beft information which could be obtained from every part of the ftate. We have determined nothing on this fubject in fecret our meeting has been public; and without any other view than the prefervation of the government and inftitutions which are equally dear to you and ourselves, we publifh the refult of our deliberations. Nothing, we are fenfible, but that neceffity which all muft feel, will justify this meafure. If it meets your approbation, we fhall be fatisfied.
The perfons, whofe names we have fubmitted to your confideration, are all known to us. We are fatisfied, that they will be moft generally approved by the freemen. The lift contains thole who now compofe the Council, five others. who are in the prefent nomination, and three additional names from various parts of the flate. We fhall not contraft this with any oppofite lift. You are the judg es of its merit. If you approve of it, you will give it your fupport Many of the gentlemen have long ferved the State in the Council. Their virtues, their wif dom, and their experience have been known and felt.
Whatever opinion may be formed of the proceeding we have adopted, there is one point to which it can never be improper to call the attention of our fellow citizens:It is the importance and neceffity of exerciling the right of fuffrage. This right is of ineftimable value. It is equally the fecurity against power, and against difor
But it is in vain that we poffefs it, it we forego the privilege from indolence and inattention. To exercife this right with freedom and with judgment, is a folemn duty, which we owe to the community and ourselves.
In this day of tumult, when fuch efforts are made to deftroy the principles of that government which has been transmitted to us by our fathers, it cannot be im. proper to urge our fellow citizens, to attend without exceptions at the freemen's meetings, and to continue their attendance until the whole bufinefs is completed. Let no man excufe himself with an
Again-Will not Holt feel an unusual glow of shame, on re-perusing the following article, which appeared in the Bee of the 12th of August, 1801,
"When fome one mentioned to an "ancient monarch the vile and fcanda"lous libels that were daily uttered a"gainst him, and wifhed their authors to "be punished, "No (replied the fage
prince) let them alone I am pleafed "to fee these proofs of the liberty enjoy. "ed by my fubjects."
"Our worthy prefident muft undoubtedly feel the fame fentiment when he " contemplates the foul and unfounded "abufe that is conftantly poured upon his
character in every part of the continent. "He must rejoice, with all good men, that "no unconftitutional fedition law exifts
"to impofe filence on the citizens-that 'the reign of terror is no more'-and "that the liberty of fpeech and the prefs "is freely enjoyed by us, though fore "of us fo vilely abufe thefe privileges."
As a proper comment, we need only mention the indictments against the junior editor of this paper, on charges of libelling this same "worthy president," who " rejoices that the cign of terror is no more, and that the LIBERTY OF SPEECH AND THE PRESS IS FREELY ENJOYED."
Again-An "Ode to Jefferson" in the last Bee, among other curiosities, has the following:
"No standing armies shew their heads,
"And free election, "Heav'n's best gift,
No standing armies shew their beads,] Nor their tails-O, strange!
Selition bills expire.] No wonder that democrats rejoice at the expiration of the Sedition law. If that existed, a printer might publish truth concerning our "worthy president," without fear of punishment; and that would never do. But the common law against the liberty of the press, which ought to have died of old age long ago, seems to afford Mr. Jefferson exactly that kind of protection which the nature of the case requires. It is extremely inconvenient for some men to have the truth told of them.
Admitting this to be true, which, by the bye, we do not believe, we cannot conceive that there cau be any great difference, as far as it respected Mr. Jefferson's conduct, whether Mr. Jones was a whig or a tory. A man who intends to pay his debts honestly, will hardly take the trouble to enquire whether his creditor agrees with him in political sentiments or not; or, at least, if he does differ with him, he will not consider this as a reasonable cause for cheating him out of his money -Perhaps, how. ever, this is democratic morality--it may be philosophy But it is something very different from oldfashioned honesty.
If Mr. Jones was actually a tory, during the rev olution, how the deuce came Mr. Jefferson to write to him that he was, with much esteem, his friend and servant?"-Mercy on us! Could Mr. Jefferson esteem, and be the friend of, a tory?
FOR THE BALANCE.
SPUR IN RYE.
R. DEANE, in the New England Farmer, obferves that the grains of rye, which are affected with this noxious distemper, are thicker and longer than the found ones, commonly projecting beyond their hufks, and moftly crooked. They are dark coloured, have a rough furface, and appear furrowed from end to end. They are bitter to the tafte; and will fwim in water at first, and then fink to the bottom. But they are easily distinguishable by their extraordinary bulk.
The pealants of Sologre, (in France) it is faid, fift out thefe grains, when corn is plenty; but in a time of fcarcity, being loth to lofe fo much grain, they neglect it and in confequence of fuch neglect, they are attacked with a dry gangrene, which dry gangrene, which mortifies the extreme parts of the body, fo| that they fall off, almoft without any pain.
In Duhamel's culture des Terres, it is remarked;" The Hotel Dieu, at Orly leans, has had many of thefe miferable objects, (poifoned by spurred rye,) who had not any thing more remaining, than the bare trunk of the body, and yet lived in that condition feveral days.
As it is not every year (fays Duhamel) that the fpur in rye produces thefe dreadful accidents, Languis is of opinion, that there may be two kinds of this distemper ; one which is not hurtful, and the other
which occafions the
It is how
ever probable (fays he) that there is but - one kind of fpur; and that it does not hurt, when fufficient care is taken in fifting the grain; nor aifo, when only a fmall part of the grain is diftempered."
To aid the cause of virtue and religion.
THE is a drama, which fometimes clofes in fuch tragical manner as none could have expected. Croefus, king of Lydia, after making before Solon a difplay of his vaft wealth, vainly afked the philof opher, whether he did not think him a moft happy man. Solon replied, much to the difpleafure of the king, that no man could juitly be pronounced happy, till his death. Shortly afterward, Crafus, vanquished in battle and taken prifoner by Cyrus, was condemned to the flames; and while he was fitting on the fatal pile whereon he was to be burned, he thrice repeated, with a loud and mournful voice, the name of Solon. Cyrus, whofe curiofity was of Solon. Cyrus, whofe curiofity was wakened by this incident, ordered him to be taken down from the pile, and afked him the reafon of his calling upon Solon : and when the condemned prince informed him that Solon's declaration, that no man could justly be pronounced happy till his death, and which he had regarded with contempt while in profperity, had fo deep
affected him in the extremities of his affliction as to occafion his lamentable outcry; Cyrus, touched with a sense of the uncertainty of human greatnels and grandeur, as well as with compaffion for his royal captive, granted him pardon and freedom and received him to favour.
FOR THE BALANCE.
THE FATAL EFFECTS OF DISSIPATION IN
pardon, figned by twenty thousand people-but in vain.
The following affecting letter was writ ten and fent, a fhort time before the war. rant for his execution received the royal fignature.
TO THE EARL OF MANSFIELD. MY LORD,
But a few days-and the lot of the most unhappy of created beings will be decided forever! I know the weight of your Lordship's opinion. It is that which will undoubtedly decide, whether I am to die. an ignominious death; or drag out the reft of my life in difhonourable banish. ment. O, my Lord, do not refuse to hear what I in my humility dare to oppofe to the feverity of the laws.
I feel how frightful my crime is; the fentence which condemns me is but too
juft: I however flatter my felf, that, am dit all the reproaches caft upon me on account of my crime, it will ftill be remembered how ufelul my charitable endeavours have been to that very fociety which I have injured. I afk nothing but the preferva. tion of my life,-a life which I fhall drag cut in difhonour, and perhaps in mifery! Have compaffion, my Lord, on a man covered with intamy, without fortune, and without refource, but not however with out fear at cafting his eyes towards the abyfs of eternity.
However great that mifery which will my lot, yet ftill allow me to live. That very mifery under which I fhall languish the rest of my days will forewarn all those who were witneffes of it, to beware of indulging their paffions, and to guard against a fatal vanity and a fpirit of diffipation.
For the last time, I conjure you, my Lord, to fuffer me to live; and when you fee me paffing from the frightful dungeon a which now enclofes me, to an ignomini ous be affured that will be
him who is,
It ufually cofts a long feries of conftant efforts, either to raife a fortune, orto eftablish a great and good name; whereas a fingle faife ftep may deftroy both, and precipitate the poffeffer into the depths fufficiently fatisfied by the fufferings of of wretchednefs, and infan.y. Dr. William Dodd was a remarkable and most melancholy inftance. He was a popular preacher in London, and had been a chaplain to his prefent majefty: many deeds of benevolence had marked and exalted his character; but vanity was his great foible. The company and careffes of the nobility, fome of whom had employed him in educating their fons, led him to a tyle of living far beyond his means. Diftref. fing embarraffments enfued; and in the fatal hour of temptation he committed the crime of forgery, for which he was condemned to fuffer under the gallows. Powerful folicitations were made in his behalf
to the throne.
Lord Piercy presented a petition for his
My Lord, Your Lordship's
IT has, by fome, been fuppofed that the British ifland was once united to the con. tinent. St. Pierre has attempted to dif prove this fentiment, and to fhow that it has never belonged to the continent. It is, fays he, a remark of Julius Ceafar in his commentaries, that during his ftay in
that island he had never feen either the beach tree or the fir; tho' thefe trees were very common in Gaul along the banks of the Seine and the Rhine. If therefore thofe rivers (fays St. Pierre) had ever flowed through any part of Britain, they Livingston Ville, Schoharie County. must have carried with them the feeds of the vegetables, which grew at their fources, or upon their banks. The beech and the fir, which at this day thrive exceedingly well in Britain, muft of neceffity have been found growing there in the time of Julius Ceafar, as they are of the genus of fluviatic trees, the feeds of which refow themselves, through the affiftance of the
FOR THE BALANCE.
ERHAPS there is not a more aftonining inftance of petrifaction in the western world, than is to be feen about half a mile fouth-eaft from the Court houfe in Schoharie county. And, what is al moft as astonishing, it has never been noticed by any geographer or naturalift. It is a hill, whofe fize almoft entitles it to the appellation of a mountain, which may be pronounced, a mere mafs of petrified thells. I went to the top of the bill (which is fome thoufand feet higher than the ground where the Court houfe ftands) and examined the rock as I went up, and then along the top of the ridge tor half a mile. The rock is generally covered with a thin foil, but lies bare at different intervals, not far diftant from each other, in its whole extent and in fome places projects from the ground ten or twelve feet. Every inch of the rock exhibits petrified fhells in their perfect form. In one place I broke off a piece of the rock, in a deep fiffure, ten feet from the furface of the rock, and found it to be of the fame compofition. Wherever the rock is expofed to the fun, it resembles brimftone; where it is hid from the fun, it is dark, coarse and rough. It feems to be compofed wholly of river fhells; I could find no oyfter-fhells, but I found fome very large clam-fhells.There is one thing particularly worthy of remark. Although it is a ridge fo elevated, that no water of a petrified quality, or otherwife, can poffibly run there, I faw a bunch of mofs, which a gentleman had found there, perfectly petrified.
naturalift, to do juftice to the subject. on; but I hope this communication will excite the curiofity of fome ingenious PUER.
I have no leifure, neither am I enough of a naturalift to investigate and make due reflection upon this wonderful phenomen.
publifhed from the Virginia Gazette, an IN the Balance of the 17th ult. we re account of a remarkable phenomenon which was obferved in Richmond. The fame appearance of innumerable meteors or fhooting stars, has alfo been announced from various parts of Maffachusetts; and we have juft received a communication from a gentleman of veracity and tability, who refides in Schoharie county, in this flate, which gives in fubftance, the following particulars :
He was returning home from a journey, late on the fame night that the meteors were obferved at Richmond, when he was aftonifhed at the immenfe number of fhooting ftars which fell in all directions around him. Some of them approached fo tinguifh them, between the high hills on near the earth, that he could plainly dif the east and weft fides of him, which were diftant not more than half a mile. Those that feemed to fall neareft, were apparently as large as a barrel, and had tails of from 12 to 20 feet in length. He judges there was no intermiffion (as to numbers and the whole hemifphere was illuminated. motion) for two hours, during which time
FROM THE SALEM REGISTER.
EXTRAORDINARY LIFE OF MALKIN.
ftyle and expreffion which difcovered original genius, and knowledge of his models. But what diftinguished him was, a force of mind, and a readinefs to comprehend all fubjects, even fuch as were moft foreign from his ftudies. With all his love of ftudy, he ftill looked in health; was active and full of life. At his ftudies only he appeared more grave, but it was not difficult to detach him from any ftudies, by propofing any active fports to him. He had even formed in his imagination, a country which he called Allestone, of which he was to be King. This was a kind of Utopia to him, though he never had heard of that celebrated political romance. hiftory of this country, and drew a curious He wrote the refpec-mountains, and rivers. and as he had a and ingenious map of it, giving names of his own invention to the principal towns, fondness for fcience, he founded Univerfities, established profeffors, and gave statwhich he fupported with patience and courutes ard rules to them. His laft fickness, age, gave him an opportunity to fhew that he knew how to employ the treasure he employed himself in bed reviewing what he had amaffed, for his own confolation, and to fortify his mind against diftrefs. He had read, feen or done while in health. The molt indifferent objects paffed as diftinctly before his mind, as if they had appeared for the first time. One day when he was very ill, he wished to know the fenfe of the words, ftill-born, which he patience. The triumph of his mind over had read upon a grave ftone. He fpoke often of his recovery, but never with imthe body was fo conftant and fo complete, that half an hour before his death, he appeared perfectly engaged with his maps of Geography. Without entering into the minute circumftances of the fickness of this youth, of such extraordinary powers, we cannot agree in the opinion that an early developement of the faculties of mind is made at the expence of health and life. The head of young Malkin was opened afin the ftomach. This youth, with his perter his death, and examined attentively. in good order. The feat of the evil was The brain was of an extraordinary fize but pect organization, might hope for the age of man, had he not fuffered from thofe accidental evils to which man is expofed in all periods of his existence.
in England, a youth of fix years and an half THERE has died lately at Hackney, old, who was a prodigy of learning and genunderflood his own language, and fpoke us, named Thomas William Malkin. He and wrote in it with uncommon facility in his ftudy of the Latin language as to read and correctnefs, and had fo far advanced He had alfo made fome progrefs in rench, eafily the most familiar works of Cicero. and knew fo much of Geography, that he not only was able to reply without hefitation to all questions refpecting the fituation of the principal countries, rivers and towns,
but he could execute charts with a neat
nefs and precifion, quite furprifing. Without any leffon, he had pufhed his talcopies of the heads of Raphael, if not with ents for painting fo far, that he had taken the fucceefs of the firft fcholars, yet with a
honorably through life. Like bad money, IN public affairs, cunning, let it be ever fo well wrought, will not conduct a man be cried down. It cannot confift with a it may be current for a time, but it will foon liberal fpirit, though it be fometimes united with extraordinary qualifications.
Be it our weekly task,
To note the passing tidings of the times.
Budson, June 28, 1803.
THIS number of the BALANCE Completes one half of the fecond volume. The editors find themfelves under the neceffity of demanding trom fome of their customers more promptitude in payment. The weekly expence of publishing the BALANCE is upwards of thirty dollars. When this is duly confidered, our cuftomers will fee the propriety of our requir ing of them, payment in advance. Neither paper, types, nor ink can be had without cafh; and that, too, before a fingle paper can be issued. Who, then, that wishes to be confidered as a patron to the paper, can be fo unreasonable as to afk a credit of fix, twelve, or eighteen months? Some, we are forry to say, have contrived to obtain fuch a credit, contrary to our exprefs terms; but we fincere. ly hope that they will make amends for it, in fome measure, by paying up their ar rearages on fight of this notice. If we had not fulfilled our part of the contract, we should have expected cenfure; but, believing that we have not failed to perform every thing that we promifed, we demand punctuality, not as a favor, but as a right. If, with a fubfcription lift, honored with near Seventeen hundred names, we cannot obtain money enough to keep out of debt, we fhall be compelled to look upon many of our patrons as mere" duft in the fcales."
We wish to prefs the confideration of one point. The indictments recently found against the junior editor, have already coft him much time and money. His trial is at hand. What will be the refult, it is impoflible at prefent to know. At beft, it will be an expenfive and troublefome affair. Under fuch circumftan
ces, our friends would do us a great piece of injuftice to retain in their hands a fingle cent that is honefly due us.
"The King being informed of the edict that you have publifhed, prohibiting the depofit of the goods and effects of the citizens of the United States, granted to that nation by the 22d article of the treaty of 1795, his Majefty has thought fit to order, that you permit the faid Depofit in NewOrleans without prejudice to what the two governments may agree upon between themselves, refpecting the conftruction to be given to the faid treaty in what relates to changing the cftablishment of New-Or
leans, for another on the borders of the Miffiffippi, in order that the depofiting of the merchandize and effects of the United