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(My heart, I'm sure, gains much more heat,
The Loves and Graces keep at home;
Your QUEEN will not walk forth to day:
Lying Bards! go, do so tooShe's a pattern, sure, for you; Eurn each tabor, reed, and lyreWarm your fingers by the fire; Hang, the livelong day, the headSay your pray'rs, and sneak to bed; Tune no more the love-sick laySing no more the charms of May:' None your idle trash believes, While ICE hangs pendant at his eves. DIOGENES, JUN.
ling a caricature, in their ftall upon the Boulevards, reprefenting Gen. Leclerc in purgatory, furrounded by a hundred thou fand blacks, and fifty-thousand white flaves, who are reproaching him with their deaths, and telling him if he had, like his ancestors, meddled only with hair inflead of gun-powder, they fhould not have met
BLESSINGS OF LITIGATION.
At the last fupreme court in Newcastle, Delaware, a contention about a sheep worth three dollars was clofed without trial, and the united cofts and expences of the parties were more than 300 dollars!
A Fair Cyprian in Richmond, having, in a fit of industry, applied herself to the bufinefs of Mantua making, affixed over the window of her lodging, a painted board, which, by a trifling orthographical error, was infcribed thus-" JANE SMITH, Man. tormentor."
RABELAIS tells na a flory of one Phi lipot Placut, who, being brifk and hale, fell dead as he was paying an old debt; which perhaps caufes many, fays he, not to pay theirs, for fear of the like accident. [Port Folio.]
TERMS OF THE BALANCE.
To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, payable in quarterly advances.
To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above.
To those who receive them by the mail, Two Dellars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance.
A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table of Contents, will be given with the last number of each volume.
Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom panies the Balance.
Complete files of the first volume, which have been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fif ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post-office in the state, for 52 cents postage; or to any post-office in the union for 78 cents.
AGENTS FOR THE BALANCE,
IN ADDITION TO THOSE ALREADY MENTIONED.
Peter Edes-Printer-Augusta, District of Maine, Daniel Wood-P. M.-Pompey, N. Y.
SAMPSON, CHITTENDEN & CROSWELL,
Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,
FOR THE BALANCE.
"HAIL SACRED POLITY, BY FREEDOM REAR'D !
HUDSON, (NEW-YORK) TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1803.
their voice would be unerring like the
On thefe principles, the clofet-vifiona-
PECULATIONS on civil government often prove fallacious from the circumstance of their being founded on too flattering an opinion of human nature. Man is regarded as a creature, that loves the light of truth and is obedient to the dictates of reafon :-every movement of his foul (unless clouded with ignorance) is in a fuppofed harmony with the focial and general interefts; every cord of his heart vibrates in unifon with the public good. The people labour under no contamination, but fuch as has proceeded from bad forms of government and from vicious rulers. “Unfhackle them, fays the theorist, from fyftems of monarchy and hierarchy; free them from the abfurd prejudices with which they have been leaded by villainous politicians and priefts, and they will never fail to judge and to act correctly. Give them but freedom and the means of political knowledge, and, with undeviating fteps, would they tread the path of wifdom. The public good would be their pole-ftar. The divinity would flir within them ;-from a ftate of "perfectability," they would foon mount up to the proud pinnacle of perfection itfelt all their deeds would wear the amiable marks of justice and humanity, and
Rulers, from the beginning of the world to the present day, especially if they have been called by the odious name of kings, he believes to have been little better than
incarnate devils; while the people he clothes with the attributes of deity.Hence, from his own diftempered imagination, and in a totally wrong view of human nature, he fpins out political theo. ries, which are ingeniously abfurd. The wife-headed people, he thinks, can demolifh, build up, alter and regulate forms and fyftems of government, with as much facility and accuracy as an ingenious mechanic may take in pieces a watch, fcour its wheels, renew its fprings, correct its regulator, and put it together again without misplacing a fingle pin.
Godwin's Political Juftice and the writings of the French philofophifts are fraught with visionary ideas such as have now been mentioned. They have circulated extenfively; they have been read with avidity; and millions have drunk
the intoxicating poifon. Flattery is delicious among all delicacies, this is the fweetest morfel to the human palate. It is with raptures of delight, people hear that they are "wife as ferpents and harmless as doves;" that their judgment is correct and their difpofitions equitable and amiable; that, in their collective capacity, they can do no wrong, and that their voice is the voice of God. Yet let the truth be told, tho' it be to unwilling ears. In the auguft prefence of truth, thefe mental vifions are diffipated like mifts before the fun. Upon Herschel, Saturn, Jupiter, or fome other of the furrounding planets, there poffibly may be a fuperior order of creatures whofe nature and character comport with the flattering defcription of the difciples of the new School; but in vain might we fearch for fuch an order of creatures upon this earth..
There is a monftrous principle of selfishness in human nature, that is the fource of all thofe bitter waters which great flow over the world. It is this, that poifons focial happiness and rents in pieces those fyftems of government, which are moft friendly to the general rights of mankind. A curious mechanic may make a watch, whofe movements fhall be exactly regular and uniform; becaufe he adjufts each part to its proper place, and each part keeps the place affigned it but if the feveral parts of the watch, by fome magic locomotive faculty and with the difcordant power, were feemingly endowed with a principle of felfifh nefs, infcmuch that the pins fhould thruft themselves into the place of the regulator, and the wheels into that of the main fpring, it is eafy to fee that the machine would be thrown into disorder
and confufion. Thus, comparing fmallitor of this paper to attempt to give a comthings with great, a fyftem of tree govern- plexion, when the facts fpeak fo loudly and ment the beft that human wisdom could fo eloquently for themfelves. By this redeyife; nay, one that fhould proceed from mark we do not mean to foreftall public o the immediate dictates of divine infpira-pinion as to thofe editors or writers who
tion, would be liable to be quickly arreft-
may follow a different track. The first du-
Were human nature purged of its drofs and poffeffed of angelical purity, it would be easy to fence against all invafion of the rights of man; or rather, no attempts to invade his rights would ever happen: but as in all preceding ages, fo in the prefent ftate of the world, the general predominance of selfishness and the dark intrigues. and the violent and difcordant gufts of paffions which it engenders, lead directly from the utmost extreme of liberty down to the gloomy and horrid abyfs of defpotifm.-Craft eafily enlifts ignorance in its party and fervice; hypocrify leads fimplicity in its train. Knavery out-wits honefty. Rapacious ambition, in the fair guife of patriotifm; concealing its poinard under its fkirt; fmiling, and nodding, and cringing, and ufing words fmoother than oil,❞—wins the hearts of the mul. titude; and is borne along on the tide of popularity and faluted with applaufive fhouts. Faction is fuperfeded by faction: demagogues alternately vanquish and are vanquished; and the people, the sport of villainous intrigues, each one ardently
pursuing his own little felfiih interefts;
and furrender themfelves at difcretion.
Thefe re hard fayings ;" but their truth is fanctioned by the folemn teftimony of history and experience.
FROM THE VIRGINIA GAZETTE.
any fum within my power to lend, fhould have rifked his reputation, and attempted to requite my friendship, by repaying the paltry fum of fifty pounds and intereft, with fomething lefs than one fourth of the real legal intereft then due thereon; which I thought not worth receiving, and there. fore, on the return of Mrs. Harvey, re-enclofed to Mr. Jefferfon the faid paper money, together with his bond, in a piece of blank paper, leaving him to his own reflections; refolving at the fame time, not to expofe him until I should be advised of the refult of his deliberations on the fub
Rockingham, March 17, 1803. fome imperfect statements, unauthorised Having feen in the Ricmond Recorder me, relative to a tranfaction which tock place fome years ago, between Thomas Jetplace fome years ago, between Thomas Jet ferfon, efq. the prefent chief magiftrate of the United States, and myfelf, I have thought it proper to fet the matter in a fair point of view by giving a true ftate of the facts; which fhould have been done ere this, had my health permitted. The facts are as follows, viz.
ject-Of which I heard nothing until the
eft confidence in him as a man of honor,
difcovered it, I have never yet been able to
be intended never to reach my hands.
I propofed, that if his convenience requir-
However, after fundry evafions, and re-
"Monticello, April 29, 1779.
Mr. Jefferson's Paper Money tender to
"By Mrs. Harvey I inclofe to you the principal and intereft of the money you were fo kind as to lend me fome years ago. It furnishes me alfo with an occafion of acknowledging, with this, the many other obligations under which you have laid me, of which I fhall always be proud to fhew a due fenfe, whenever opportunities
THE following statement of facts, relating to this tranfaction, are inade to the Edito of this paper in a way which has obtained his entire confidence. It is a tranf. action concerning which much has been I confefs that on veiwing the decepwritten much has been published-much tious afpe&t of the foregoing letter and its has been faid. Thofe who have in any enclosure, I felt great furprife and difapway intereffed themfelves, will be pleafed pointment, that a perfon who flood fo to fee it reduced to precifion. To a com- high in the public eftimation as to be, at munity of fo much intelligence,which con- that time, the governor of Virginia, and tains fo many individuals of great endow- who had shared fo much of my private conments, there can be no neceffity for the ed-fidence, that he might have commanded
"I am, dear fir, with much efteem, your friend and fervant.
FROM THE EVENING POST.
IT may be recollected, that in one of our laft papers, we gave an extract from the Washington Federalift, headed Gallatin and Mathew Lyon. From this article it appeared that this imported bear in human fhape, has been appointed agent of the United States for furnishing fupplies to the army, to the exclufion of men of character and refpe&tability. And it further appear ed that the imported Secretary of the Treaf ury had honored his draught in an uncom mon degree, by paying it about five month before it became due, while the bill of M Steele, late Secretary for the Miffiffipp Territory, an American and a federali was, under the moft trifling pretences, d honored and expofed to a proteft; na that more than fourteen months had no elapfed fince the money became due, a
fill the Genevan contrived to find excufes for declining to pay it. Two reasons have already been given why Lyon fhould meet with this extraordinary favor and preference in the fight of Monfieur Gallatin; we shall finish this article by furnishing a third, as contained in the following extract.
"HEAD QUARTERS, Oct. 16, 1776-Ticonderoga.
"At a General Court Martial of the Line, of which Brigadier General St. Clair was Prefident
Capt. Jonathan Faffet, Capt. John Faffet, Lieut. Rufus Perry, Lieut. Jonathan Wright, and Lieut. MATHEW LYON, were tried for deferting their posts on Onion River, without their being attacked or forced by the enemy, and without orders.
"The Court having duly confidered the evidence for and against the prifoners, are of opinion, that Capt. Jonathan Faffet, Capt. John Faffet, Lieut. Jonathan Wright and Lieut. MATHEW LYON, are guilty of deferting their pofts without orders, or without being attacked, or forced by the enemy, and they are alfo, with Lieut. Rufus Perry, guilty of a breach of the fixth article of the rules and regulations publifhed by the Honorable, the Continental Congrefs, for the better regulation of the ArAnd do adjudge that Capt. Jonathan Faffet Capt. John Faffet, Lieut. Jonathan Wright, Lieut. Rufus Perry, and Lieut. MATHEW LYON, be caihiered, and forfeit all their pay, to be appropriated towards making good the damages fuftained by the inhabitants on Onion River, on account of their unfoldier like behavior; and that they be all, and each of them, declared incapable ever hereafter holding any military command or employment in the States of A
"And that their names and crimes be publifhed in the newspapers."
This now is another of the war-worn foldiers of the American revolution. We fancy the democratic editors will be a little tender in future how they touch on the revolutionary fervices of" fpitting Mathew Lyon," or " poor Luther Baldwin."
We obferve that the fentence incapacitates Mathew from holding" any military command or employment in the States of America." We will not undertake to say that the employment he now holds, that of
Agent for furnishing fupplies to the army," is a military employment; but we will venture to fay, it is an employment that he never would have received from General Washington. He was a man of honourable lentiments, and would have felt the difgrace of having such a creature em ployed in the most menial office in his gift. But, aha! the diftribution of honour and office has now fallen to the lot of quite an
other fort of man-one who affures us, under his own hand, that "of the various executive duties, no one excites more anxious concern than that of placing the intereft of our fellow citizens in the hands of honest men, with underftanding fufficient for their ftation," and that "time is taken, and information fought, to feek out the best through the Union." Certainly it muft be admitted, that our Prefident is fingularIv happy in making fuch difcoveries who are "the belt inen through the Union."
Yes, the likeness is indeed excellent; and nothing is wanting to complete the similitude, but the ship, on board of which "the shipwrecked and unhappy mariner, Federalism," is about to meet such an horrible fate. This ship is the Constitution. She is cast forlorn and desolate upon the boisterous billows of the ocean"-upon Mr. Jefferson's tempestuous sea." Federalism (says this democrat)" in vain looks around for some friendly arm to wrest him from a watery tomb."-" In excrutiating agonies, he loudly calls upon his God "-Yes, for Federalism has not yet become sufficiently versed in modern philosophy, to give up his dependence upon God. But, after "struggling for a while," is the Constitution to "sink," and federalism to "die "So says this democrat. But we trust not. The goodly ship, we confess, has been dreadfully shattered. Federalism is alarmed for her safe. ty. But, relying on the goodness of his cause, he will never despair while a spar or a plank of the Constitution remains afloat.
The Bee is a cunning insect. It complains bitterly of the numerous prosecutions for slander which have recently been instituted against Cheetham ; and would make these a set-off for indictments a
gainst federal editors. This is not a mere simple blunder-it is an intentional misrepresentation; for even Holt knows, that the prosecutions against Cheetham were all by private action, and a part of them instituted by democrats. Private suits for slander are always justifiable. If a printer slanders
is neighbor, let the injured citizen appeal to the laws of his country for redress. Let him prosecute the offender-and let him recover such damages, as a jury shall pronounce adequate to the injury sus. tained. In this case, the printer has an opportunity to give the truth of his charge in evidence; and if he fails in doing it, he is punished by fine alone. But how different is the case of an indictment. The printer is arraigned as a public offender. He is not permitted to prove the truth of his charges. And if he is convicted, he is finel, imprisoned, and bound over. If the Bee has a single particle of honesty, it will in future make a proper distinction between
A Jeffersonian philosopher, who writes in the New-York Commercial Advertiser, has set up a very handsome defence of cowardice. He says "it is a deficiency of mental energy, and frequently the effect of physical constitution;" and then, after mentioning a lady who trembled on seeing a broom, and a man who fell into convulsions at the sight of a cat, he declares that he "now knows a very great person, whose legs set off at full speed as soon as he smells gun powder." He closes his essay in a manner which must be highly gratifying to our "serene President :"-" Happy will that age be (says he) when a man may take to his heels at the sight of an enemy, and be as honorable as those who stand in front of the battle."
We admire the following sentiment in the dedication of Junius to the English nation. Its truth will be felt and acknowledged by every man who believes that a solemn and written compact affords better protection to the life and property of the citizen, than the whims, the freaks, the passions and the prejudices of a jacobin club. Americans boast of enjoying more real liberty than any nation in the world. Time only can shew, whether they have virtue and independence enough to protect their constitution from violation.
"Let me exhort and conjure you (fays Junius) never to fuffer an invasion of your political conftitution, however mi"nute the inftance may appear, to país by, "without a determined, perfevering re
fiftance, One precedent creates anoth"er. They foon accumulate and conflitute law. What yesterday was fact, to-day is doctrine. Examples are fuppofed to justify the most dangerous "measures; and where they do not fuit "exactly, the defect is fupplied by analo"gy. Be affured that the laws, which "protect us in our civil rights, grow out "of the conftitution, and that they muft "fall or flourish with it. This is not the "cause of faction or of party, or of any individual; but the common intereft of every man in Britain."
We hope that every MERCURY is not a thief, although we observe in that of Mr. Babcock, production stolen from the Balance.
FROM THE COMPLETE FARMER.
ENGLISH MANNER OF MOWING WHEAT.
Mr. De Lifle introduced in England the mowing of Wheat, according to the following method.
HE fcythe is at leaft fix inches fhorter in the blade than the common fcythe; and inftead of a cradle has two twigs of ofier put femicircular wife into holes made in the handle of the fcythe,
near the blade, in fuch a manner that one femicircle interfects the other.
By this method of mowing wheat, the ftanding corn is always at the left hand. The mower mows it inward, bearing the corn he cuts on his fcythe, till it comes to that which is ftanding, against which it gently leans, After every mower follows a gatherer, who being provided with hook or flick, about two feet long, gathers up the corn, makes it into a gavel, and lays it gently on the ground. This must be done with fpirit, as another mower immediately follows.
T has been remarked by a celebrated writer, that it is easier for one father to maintain ten children, than it is for ten children to maintain one father. Indeed this is not univerfally true; moft willingly is it acknowledged that there have been many inftances of filial duty and attachment ;-many inftances of children who have cheerfully fupported their aged and helpless parents, even by their own labour. In a general view, however, filial gratitude bears no proportion to paren. tal love. The love of parents toward their
offspring is fo intenfe, that they think
The following anecdote has a good moral, and was declared to be a fact. While a man, of confiderable property, was employed in fcooping out a wooden difh, he was afked by his little boy that ftood by him, what he made it for. "I am making it, he replied, for your grandfather; he is old and flavers fo, that your mother fays he muft leave the table and eat by himself in a wooden difh." "Well then, faid the little boy, I fuppofe, father, that I too must make a wooden difh for you to eat in when you grow old." Such, it was faid, was the force of this fimple, but pungent remark, on the mind of the father, that he laid afide his work, and never affumed it again.
FOR THE BALANCE.
This being the natural ftate and courfe of things in the world, inftead of repining at it, we fhould endeavour to cure our. felves of the foolifh defire to Ipin out life to an undue length. There is a period, when it is proper that we fhould feel an entire willingnefs to retire and make room for others; -a period, when death is not only neceffary, but defirable. And indeed nothing can be more irrational than to wish to out-live one's usefulness, and even to live beyond the wishes of one's nearest connections. In two conditions
N no country, perhaps, fince man begun to till the ground, has there been fuch a rapid progrefs in turning a wilder nefs into fruitful fields, as in this. It is no more than one hundred and twenty. that William Penn obtained from Charles three years ago, namely, in the year 1680, II, partly by purchase and partly in reward of his father's fervices, a grant of the territory called Pennsylvania; which was then a vaft foreft-the dreary haunt of wild beafts and of favage man, who lived folely by the chafe. It was Penn's inten tion to have given to the territory, of which he had become the proprietor, the name of New Wales: this name having been refused, he propofed to call it Sylva efpecially men fometimes live too long, The king (Charles II.) ordered Penn to be nia, fignifying a wood-land or forefl. even in the opinion of their own chil-affixed to Sylvania, in honour to Wil dren. The first is the condition of pov. liam's father who had been a famous admierty, when they become chargeable and ral in the British navy." The proprie. burthenfome. The other is the condition tor, it seems, was diffatisfied with this of great wealth, when their children are in mark of honorary diftinction, left it fhould hafte to take poffeffion of their estates, and have the appearance of vanity in himself. are apt to grow uneafy, if the period of Thefe circumftances appear in the fol enjoying their legacies be deferred beyond enjoying their legacies be deferred beyond lowing letter of that great and good man. their reasonable expectations.-Gripus, who, already rich, "rifes early, fits up late, eats the bread of care ;"-ufes every effort to add to a heap, that is but too large, might refpite his avarice a little, if he would confider that he is laying before his children a ftrong temptation of wishing him out of their way. On the other hand, children, who have the care of aged help lefs parents would lighten the burden, by remembering that they alfo may be old and helpless, and may themfelves need, from their children, the like kind offices. People frequently find the fame measure meted to them, in old age, which they themselves had meted out to their aged pa
OF WILLIAM PENN TO RICHARD TURNER.
MY true love in the Lord falutes the
and dear friends that love the Lord's preand for my bufinefs here, know, that after cious truth in thofe parts. Thine I have, many writings, watchings, folicitings, and difputes in council, this day my country was confirmed to me under the great fel of England, with large powers and privi. leges, by the name of Pennfylvania: a name the king would give it, in honour father. I choofe New Wales, being as this a pretty healthy country; but Penn being Welch for a head, as Pen manmore in Wales, Penrith in Cumb land, and Penn in Buckhamfhire, the high eft land in England, called this Penny vania, which is the high or head woo land: for I propofed, when the fecretary a Welchman, retufed to have it call! New Wales, Sylvania, and they adde Penn to it and though I much oppo
* In the year 1655, William Pent father, in conjunction with admiral Ve able, made the conquest of Jamais, which valuable ifland has ever fince b annexed to the British government.