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pen arms, nourished and fupported by our government whilft thofe foreigners whofe refidence is really beneficial, and native Americans, are fpurned with indignation by our rulers, and ruined by reliance on the faith and honor of government. Such are the men felected by the chief magiftrate to conduct your affairs; not because they are better qualified, but because they feel none of thofe fympathetic emotions, none of thofe unphilofophical weakneffes, which arife from being the children of one common country and from thofe tender endearments and early affociations, which form the ftrongest cement to fociety, the firmeft foundation of government, and the mof fruitful fource of friendship and patriotifm. The man who fanned the flame that threatened to conflagrate our country, could not be fuppofed very warmly attach. ed to its profperity or happiness-Nor fhould we look for noblenefs or generofity from him who could lead thofe deluded by his artifice and fophiftry to the brink of def. truction, and upon the leaft appearance of danger, leave them a facrifice to his turbulence and ambition.
When a man is appointed to office, who, tho' a ftranger among us, commenced his public career by an avowed hoftility to our laws, and by countenancing and perfuading an opposition to our government, who threatened infamy and deftruction to thofe officers who dared to perform their dutywhen fuch a man is placed as the fecond officer under the prei lent, what can we expect but contempt of our laws, and infult to our citizens?
[The following article was omutted last week for want of room.]
We long since gave up the hopes of ever discov. ering any thing like truth, honesty, candor or ingenuousness in Isaac Mitchell, editor of the Barometer. His editorial conduct alone, if we knew nothing else of him, would sufficiently pronounce the character of the man. As he commenced his labours with a Proem," it was natural enough for him to close his first year with an epilogue; but why this epilogue was not given in rhyme, we know not, unless Mitchell thought, with almost every body else, that the Proem alone was sufficient to entitle him to everlasting fame as a poet.
In the first paragraph of the epilogue, the editors say they are conscious of having acted as their duty appeared to dictate, even though they should have failed of obtaining public approbation." Mercy on us! What an heterodox sentiment is here! We thought that the democratic notion was, that the people knew every thing, and could do nothing wrong. But Mitchell says, he may do right and still "fail of obtaining public approbation."
Next, the editors say, or seem to say, they are no egotists and every body believes them, no doubt.
Next come what the editors call "the leading articles of their polical* creed," one of which is, "never to publish an untruth, knowing it to be such."-The only answer we have to make to this, is, that the whole tribe of democratic editors does not afford a wretch more bold, more daring, more hardened in falshood and misrepresentation than Isaac Mitchell,
Mitchell has long pretended and he now pretends, that he is in possession of means to injure the pri vate reputation of one of the editors of the Balance. He does, indeed, possess the heart of a villain—the tongue of a slanderer, and the pen of a calumniator; but, that he is acquainted with any fact, of the most trivial nature, that could, if disclosed, cast the least shade on the character of either of the editors, is a most abominable falshood. He has been challenged and invited to produce any fact of the kind. Nay, he has been offered a four-fold remuneration for any expence he might incur in substantiating any charge against us. And now the graceless vagabond can talk of forbearance and candor.
We certainly do not expect that Mr. “Echo," alias Holt, will ever become an honest editor. He will doubless continue to publish a great number of faishoods, and never perhaps acknowledge or retract one of them. He will probably make it a rule of his conduct, to slander and calumniate every officer who is removed by the petty tyrants now in power; and nobody can be so unreasonable as to expect, after the specimens that have been exhibited, that he will ever consent to do those officers justice. But, notwithstanding this, we must do our duty. If we cannot reform the Bee, we must constantly watch I have an honest deg (said a farmer) but I am obliged to watch him.”
We observe in a late paper, under the head of "London Fashions, for April," the following remark :
Several dashing fair ones have lately "appeared in Perfian trowfers, edged "with white lace, peeping beneath the bottom of the petticoat, and thewing vifibly through a thin upper garment."
It has been feared that modern fashionable refinement would finally come to this. Without pretending to believe that any very serious plot or conspiracy is on foot, we would merely suggest, that if the ladies succeed well in wearing trousers, the time is not far distant when they will boldly assert their right to put on the breeches.
The Bee, kind thing, wishes us to prove a negy itive. What a deal of trouble the pitiful insect wil take, rather than tell the truth. We only deirel it to prove one of its assertions; and this it premised to do, in a legal way, &c. The promise has never been fulfilled. The fact has not been proved in any way. Let this be done, and then
Mr. C. PRENTISS, late editor of the Ealtimore Anti-Democrat, has disposed of the establishment to Mr. GEORGE L. GRAY.
Though the lines communicated to us by TROJACULUS, which are declared to have been writ.en "extempore by a lad of 16 years of age, on the death of his brother," are too incorrect for publication, an esteem for the youthful writer is excited by the ingenuity of his composition, and still more by the vein of goodness and piety that runs through
OBSERVER, ON Consideration, is omitted.
To the perfen who fhall analyze the conftituent parts, of feveral fertile foils refpectively, and in like manner of feveral poor foils, fo as to difcover the defects of the latter, and fhew by actual experiments, how the defects may be remedied, by the addition of earths or other ingredients, in a manner which may be practifed upon by common farmers, 50 dollars, and if it appears to the truflces, that upon an extenfive practice, the improvement of the foil, would be more than equivalent to the expence of the improvement, the addition of 100 dollars. A minute defcription of the feveral foils, and all the circumstances relative to the proceffes, cultivation and refults will be required-claims before 1ft Nov. 1804.
For the discovery of any fpecies of Grafs not commonly cultivated or known, and of a quality for food of neat cattle or horfes, fuperior to thofe now in ufe-50 dollars claim aft O. 1804.
To the perfon who fhall exhibit diftin&t fpecimens, of the greateft variety of graff es now in ufe, and fpecify their respective qualities, produ&tivenefs and ufefulness for food, for different kind of animals-50 dollars-claims, ift Oct. 1803.
The communications must be accompanied with proper certificates, from felc&t men, magiftrates, clergymen and other vouchers to the fatisfaction of the truflees; the names to be in a fealed paper, with a mark or device, correfponding to the fignature of the communication.
To the perfon who fhall produce from leed, the best growth of thrifty trees, not lefs than 600, and in the proportion of 2400 to the acre, if the following kinds of forelt trees, oak, afh, elm, fugar maple, beech, black and yellow birch, chefnut, walnut or hickory, 25 dollars, or if all of oak, 50 dollars-claims, 14 Oct. 1806.
By order of the Trustees,
JOHN AVERY, Sec.
To aid the cause of virtue and religion.
FROM AN EDINBURGH PAPER.
HE late publication, purporting that the Tyrian dye, which, in old time, was celebrated above all colours, is recently difcovered to have been made from the Sea Nettle, induces me to communicate a defcription of that fingular production of nature. Doftor Morle, in his Geography, fpeaking of the curious animal, fometimes called Animal Flower, fometimes Sea-Nettle, from its fuppofed property of flinging, but more generally by the name of Sea-Anemone, from is réfemblance to the flower of that plant, has the following remarks. "The firft di.. covery to our knowledge of these animas on this part of the American coaft, was by the Rev. Dr. Cutler, Rev. Mr. Prince of Salem, and others, at Nahant, in the montà of June, 1791. of June, 1791. They found them in a
URING the late unhappy com. motions in Ireland, a private foldier in the army of Lord Cornwallis, was daily obferved to be abfent from his quarters and the company of his fellow fuldiers. This gave rife to a fufpicion that he withdrew for the purpofe of holding improper inter-place called the Swallow Houfe, which is courfe with the rebels. The poor man was brought to trial, and by a court marThe tial was condemned to fuffer death. marquis hearing of this, wifhed to examine the minutes of the trial; and not being fatisfied, fent for the condemned prifoner rogated by his Lordship, he folemnly dif to converfe with him. Upon being interrogated by his Lordship, he folemnly diffign, declared his fincere attachment to his avowed every treafonable practice or deSovereign, and his readinefs to live and die in his fervice and affirmed that the real caufe of his frequent abfence was for the purpose of fecret prayer, for which his Lordship knew he had no cpportunity among his profane comrades, who, on account of his religious profeffion, had become his inveterate enemies. This, he informed his Lordship, was the whole de- I
a cavern in the rocks, on the fouth side of Nahant. When the tide had receded, great numbers of them were difcovered at. tached to the fides of the rocks. Their general appearance was like that of a great number of flowers, of different fizes, with fix expanded leaves in each bloffom, and fupported on fhort, thick flower flems, growing from the rocks. When t
leaves or arms of the animal are contracted, it resembles a truncated cone, with s bafe adhering to the rock; but it ha the power of affuming a variety of fhapes. as that of a large flower with a nun.ber petals, or flower leaves; or of a full blow anemone; or of a large role or poppy &c. When the arms or leaves of the lar ger ones were extended they were five er fix inches in circumference, and exhibited
fence he made on his trial; but the officers judging it very improbable paid no attention to it.
The Marquis, in order to fatisfy himfelf as to the truth of his defence, obferved, that if fo, he must have acquired fome confiderable aptnefs in the exercife of prayer. The poor man replied, that he could not boaft of his ability in that exer. cife. The Marquis then requested him to kneel down and pray aloud before him ; which he did, with fuch copioufnefs, fluency and ardour, as fully fatis fied the Marquis, that no perfon could pray in that manner, who did not live in the habit of daily intercourfe with God. The Noble Marquis then took him by the hand, revoked his fentence, and placed him among his perfonal attendants.
FOR THE BALANCE.
a great variety and brilliancy of colours, as purple, fieth, green, violet, delicately fhaded with brown or black. On touching the leaves, or arms, they inftantly contracted, and when fmall mufcles were offered them, they grafped them in their arms and conducted them to their mouths, which are fituated in the centre of the bloffom, and directly fwallowed them. Pieces of fhells thus fwallowed, were afterwards difcharged by the mouth, perfectly cleared of their contents."
The American Geographer further obferves, that the Sea Anemone, or Nettle, is faid to be viviparous, and to produce five or fix young ones at a time: and that the Abbe Dicquemarre has fhewn by a courfe of curious but cruel experiments, that these animals poffefs, in a most extraor dinary degree, the power of reproduction; fo that fcarcely any thing more is neceffa ry to produce as many Sea Anemones as we please, than to cut a fingle one into fo many pieces.
FROM A YORK (Penn.) PAPER.
Mr. KIRK, who lives in this Borough, we understand will give a faller defcription of this valuable machine, to any perfon defiring it by directing a line to him, post paid.
Mr. W. Close has made a great variety of experiments in order to afcertain the best method of making ink, which fhall not be discharged by time or chemical proceffes; as the refult of his enquiries, he recommends for black ink :-Oil of lavender 200 grains, copal in powder 26 grains, lamp black from two and a half to three grains with the affiftance of a gentle heat diffolve the copal in the oil of lavender in a fmall glafs phial, and then mix the lamp black with the folution upon a marble flab or other imooth furface. The compofition is to be put in a bottle and kept from the air. If, after a few hours, it be found too thick, it must be diluted with a little
It the Sea Nettle is plenty on the Amer. hol. For red ink-"Take of oil of lavenican coafts, and fhould be found capable der 120 grains, copal powder. 17 grains, of producing the genuine Tyrian dye, the red fulphur of mercury 60 grains." Both difcovery will be no inconfiderable acqui-thefe compofitions poffefs a permanent thefe compofitions poffefs a permanent fition. The curtains of Solomon were colour; the oil of lavender diffipated with tinged with colours from Tyre. When a gentle heat, colour is left on the paper furhe was building the famous temple, he fent rounded with copal a fubitance infoluble in to Hiram, King of Tyre, to fend him a water, fpirits, acids, or alkaline folutions. man cunning to work-" in purple, and A manufcript written with them, may crimson," &c. therefore be expofed to the procels commonly used for reftoring the colour of printed books, without the fmalleft injury to the writing; and, in this manner, all inter-prefent a concile retrofpect of them, parpolations with common ink ed.
oil of lavender, oil of turpentine, or alco-particuiar attention to important facts of "The defign of the Queftions is to call and types of Chrift, and to prophecies, the facred hiftory, to undoubted promifes already verified by events, or now accomplishing before our eyes. The defign of the Notes is to caft light on the fubjects of fuch queftions, as it might be difficult for the young and perfons not verfed in the facred criticism, to anfwer; and alfo to urge the application and improvement of inftructive facts and affecting examples. The Reflections, placed at the clofe of each of the five books, are intended to
ticularly comprifing evidences of their di vinity. This part has appeared important to the author, as he believes that incidental evidence, or a few arguments occafionally preffed, has often fucceeded to convince and to confirm, when a profeffed and more extended attempt has been ineffectual.
TO THE FARMERS.
THE ingenious TIMOTHY KIRK, who is well known for his fkill in mechanifm, has lately conftructed a machine for threfhing Clover feed, that tends very much to leffen manual labour. The machine may be seen in operation at Caleb Kirk's farm about two miles from this Borough. It will readily occur to every intelligent perfon, that a damp atmosphere, will increafe the difficulty of threfhing. With this machince, however, a Man, a Boy and a Horfe will threfh ONE HUNDRED BUSHELS of Clover Seed in a month. The Horfe's draught will not be greater, than is required for ftirring fallowed ground. It is adjudged by thofe who have feen the operation, that it will at leaft fave the labour of fifteen hands per day, from the common practice of threfhing.
It is fuppofed that the machine will not coft more than Twenty or Thirty Dollars, including the Patent-right. Hand mills on the fame principle, will come confiderable lower.
Whatever tends to promote the manufac
PROPOSALS haye been iffued, at Haverhill, Maff. for publifhing by fubfcription"An Effay on the Pentateuch, in queftions, notes, and reflections of a practical nature; defigned particularly for the young."-By Abiel Abbot, Paflor of the firft Church in Haverhill.-The work will contain from 200 to 250 pages fool'scap octavo.-Price 75 Cents, bound and lettered. The following is the publisher's PROSPECTUS.
The original intention of the author was a little work to aid him in the inflruction of the youth of his own parifh, on a plan, which, with encouraging fuccefs, he had been practising several years. An extract from the preface explains the title of the book.
On Monday, the fixth day of June, the counsel of Mr. Crofwell, prefented Certioraris to the Court of Seffions of the county of Columbia, then fitting, for the purpose of removing the Indictments. Mr. Spencer objected to fome defect in the recognizance prefcribed by the ftatute. After a long argument, both parties being unwilling to rifque the opinion of the court, it was accommodated. The Certioraris were allowed, and it was ftipulat.fure, ed that the indictments fhould both be tried at the next Circuit in this county, which fits on the leventh day of July. Mr. Spencer's object in attempting to retain the indictments in the Court of Common Pleas is evident. Crofwell must be convicted, or his reputation as a lawyer must materially fuffer. Would not his fuccefs be far more probable before a court, a inajority of which were blown into official life by the breath of his noftrils, and whofe official existence depends not on their good behaviour, but upon his fovereign will and pleafure? His attempt, however, at the January Seffions, to bind Crofwell to his good behaviour, convinced him that men, whatever may be their difpofitions, may fail in ftrength of nerves. Did he not fear that his prefent attempt to drag Crof well to trial before the Court of Seffions, was too barefaced? Did he not fear that his friends, the judges, would again want nerves? And was not this thecaufe of the accommodation ?
fered for apprehending Mr. Benjamin | gands, it is fuppofed, are on fome fecret
Extract of a letter from Liverpool, dated
In the Wilmington N. C. Gazette of the 12th ult. a reward of twenty dollars is of
Our Collector had orders on Thuriday last to defift from taking the countervailing duties on American fhips, and goods imported in them, after the 25th inftant, (March) which we fuppofe is the cafe with you.'
Extract of a letter from London, to a
"It is ufelefs to difguife impreffions
s difappointed and bewildered. His meafures are unflcady, and he feems rather to be governed by daily circumftances as they turn up, than giving a direction to folid and fixed meafures.'
Extract of a letter from Cape-Francois,
The markets in general are low, except) lumber, which is in demand 45 dolls. by the cargo. The town is rapidly rebuil ing, and every thing wears a favorable ap. pearance. There is at prefent in port, two one 64, and two frigates. derftand that Clarve, a diftinguished officer among the brigands, is mortally wounded in fome late attack."
"Every thing remains tranquil here, and there is no profpect of a commencement of hoftilities at prefent. The bri
Extract of a letter from a gentleman at New-Or. leans, to a respectable gentleman at Lexington, dated April 21.
Since I had the pleasure of writing you from Natches, I have lately come down the river to this place, and have been here two weeks without accomplishing much bufinefs-indeed there is no fuch
thing as felling merchandize at prefent; and many goods can be bought much cheaper here than in Philadelphia. The French adventurers who are coming over in crowds with the idea of making rapid fortunes are most fadly disappointed; they are obliged for their own fubfiftence, and for the purpose of paying the freight, duties, &c. to raise money, they fend their goods to auction, and are oftentimes obliged to facrifice them at one fourth the first coft.Such is the gloom in the mercantile horizon, and I fcarcely think the political one is much better. What will be the fate of this as well as of all the western country, I am at a lofs to imagine, though I think they depend one on the other, and that they muft ftand or fall together. There can be no doubt but that a confiderable body of French troops will very thortly arrive here -the prefect is turning the custom houfe, flore houses, rope walk, and even the alfembly room into barracks for foldiersin the mean time, he finds confiderable difficulty in making contracts for provií. ions, &c. The American merchants have refused to enter into any engagements with him, as he wishes a credit of one and two months-The French and Spanith fettlers are equally backward. After the example of Le Clerc's bills in St. Domingo, I do not at all wonder at this refufal; but I am afraid that a requifition will be the conte
quence as foon as General Victor arrives. I You can eafily imagine what will be the ituation of American produce in that cafe.
been told, within a few weeks, for advice
If these things be fo, and that they are,
animals, are certainly more to be
nefs was feen to bite feveral others laft
"When a perfon hath been bit by a dog
The conduct of the American government in regard to New-Orleans, has degraded us in the opinion of every nation.
I lodge at a French Hotel-they laugh is to fcorn, and openly fay it is the intenion of the French government to poffefs ll the Weftern Country. I always defpi-thefe ed the idle boafts of the great nation, and ruft they are miftaken. But what does ur executive mean to do? does he with raise the paffions of the Western People Entil they are forced to throw themselves to the arms of France? he furely takes he only means of accomplishing fuch a roject.
Nothing but depriving a people of their means of fubfiftence, can make them think fdifuniting themfelves to be governed by haughty French prefect, and to fee the ayonets of Bonaparte's mirmadons, glit-ly ring in their towns. The people of the Veftern Country, have as yet acted with almnefs and propriety, and I hope they ill continue fo to do-they ought to reember that it is a Prefident of their own articular chooling, who treats them thus -that it is their own beloved heroes of deocracy & no taxes, who fupport him, & at it is the federalifts of the Atlantic ates alone, who with and endeavor to aintain the rights of the Western trade. think there can be no doubt, but that the rench mean to keep poffeffion of Louifiaa. They are endeavouring to purchafe e Floridas, alfo of Spain. We thall then in a manner furrounded. Difpatches from our government, arri. d here about a week ago-Tue fubje& them was the opening of the depofit. at whether they contained any difpatches m Spain or their minifter at Wathing. , is not known-however our conful
e was told by the governor, that nothing uld be done at prefent, with regard to oing the port. It will therefore reft with e French, who no doubt occafion it to fhet.
CHILLICOTHE, MAY 21.
Tis morning, about three o'clock, an exprefs arrived in town from old Chill cothe. with information, that yesterday afternoor Capt. Herod, while at work in his field, had been fhot and fcalped by the Indians,
and who was not dead at the time he was
difcovered by his family, but was able to
relate fome of the circumftances and died
foon after, having had two balls through his
ELIZABETH TOWN, MAY 31.
Have within a few days paft become a
alarm through the country being general,
ations committed by one in Bridge'n; fince which we have heard of fev inftances of others having been feen in ious parts of this neighbourhood—one Springfield, a few days fince, bit a man moft fhocking manner; he immediate, applied to Dr. Steele, at Belle-Ville, pronounced it the worft wound he ever feen occafioned by the bite of a I; this man is the FORTIETH patient has applied to the fame doctor, we have
fent them in the next Congrefs, and he is a friend and political adherent of the prefent adminiftration.-He cannot be mistaken as to facts and his opinions are highly worthy of credit."
New-Orleans, 14th April, 1803. "I have been here eight days, and find will not open the port or give us a depofír. our affairs in ftatu quo-The intendant that the depofit fhall not be granted while He wears in the moft folemn manner, he remains in the office.-Many of his friends are well affured that he wishes to furnish a pretext to the Americans to make and that he is fecretly inftructed by the mina defcent upon this port and country; ifter of his Catholic Majelly to purfue this
The Spaniards and Americans here are fend down an army without delay. They inceffantly wifhing the United States may deteft, they deprecate the government, the faftidious pride and tyranical contributions of the French.
"The French Perfe&t has arrived. His profeffions to the Americans are amicable at prefent; but I think on the establishment of the French government be will change his tone. He is waiting for General Victor and the French troops before he begins his adminiftration. Every expedient will be tried to inveigle our government and fink it into fupinenefs. Now is merican to feek redrefs and future fecurity. the crifis, the important crifis for the AThe people here (a few Creoles excepted) would rejoice at prompt and effectual mealures being ufed by the people of the weft
place is faid to be ordered for St. DominThe French army deftined for this go: a place of depofit is still refused to us; the mat favourable opportunity in the world now prefents itfelf, and it loft, I fear take this place for they would meet with can never be regained. A few men would little or no efiitance. It would furprife you to fee the lively intereft which the people here take in the future well being of they read, and re-echo the fpceches of the our nation; and the rapture with which fenators who were in favor of taking im mediate poffeffion of this country.
I hope in God's name that our weftand put in readinefs, and that no time may ern militia may be immediately equipped be loft in purfuing the means of our tafety. By our enemies we are charged with want of public fpirit. The Spaniards view the French with horror and difguft. They fee their own government on the brink of ruin
PITTSBURGH, MAY 27.
The writer of it is high in the confidence
the intrigues of French policy and like confequences. They feem impatient of a man in defpair are regardless of further delay, and often utter their furprife at the taménefs and pufillanimity of the wefiera country."