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start, he had been fuffered by Congrefs and the councils of war to follow the dictates of his own judgment, he would have faved to his country nine-tenths of all those brave fellows who are now unfortunately in their graves-for his aim from the beginning was to fave lives and not to murder--and to conquer the enemy by difarming, not by deftroying them."

[It has been reported that General Washington was obstinately opposed to the evacuation of fort Washington; and that his pertinacious endeavours to defend it, contrary to the maxims of prudence, originated in a principle of vanity, and was owing to the trivial circumstance that the fortress bore his If the foregoing anecdote be correct, it utterly invalidates these censures and reproaches. Edit. Bal]


Be it our weekly task,

To note the passing tidings of the times.


Hudson, June 7, 1803.

We mentioned, fome weeks fince, the probability that every county in this flate except two, would fend Democrats to the Aflembly. We have fince learnt, that the opinion was erroneous; as two or three other counties, have, unexpectedly, elected federalifts. Notwithstanding this, there will be afweeping majority" of democrats in the houfe; and, if one tenth part of their promifes are true, the people will be wholly releafed from taxes next year. We have not yet been informed whether any of the "friends of the people," who have lately obtained offices, have offered their fervices cheaper than the "proud, extravagant, ariftocratical federalifts," who formerly held them. This intelligence, however, is expected anon, and when it arrives, we fhall pron.ptly lay it before our


DOWN WITH THE "OLD TORIES." Gideon Granger continues to drive his trade of turning-poft-mafters out of ot fice. Among the late removals by this "petty tyrant" we obferve that of Capt. Burnett, Newark N. J. On this tranfaction, the Evening Poft remarks as follows:


Capt. John Burnett, who has now been dilplaced, was one of our brave rev. olutionary officers; he was found in the field, ready to devote his life and facrifice all its comforts and conveniences to the fer

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A Louisville (Ken.) account of May 5, announces that the following veffels have lately paffed the falls at that place.-April 28, Schooner Indiana, of Marietta. May 1, Schooner Go-By, of Frankfort. May 2, Schooner Dorcas & Sally, of Wheel. ing. May 3, Ship Pittsburgh, 268 tons, and Schooner Amity, 103 tons, both of Pittsburgh. May 5, Brig Minerva, of Marietta, 150 tons.


We have received verbal information from New-Orleans, as late as the 29th of April. On the 23d there arrived at that place a courier from Old Spain. It was fanguinely expected there, by the Americans, that this veffel was the bearer of fome fatisfactory explanation on the fubjet of the right of depofit-Unfortunately however, when the contents of her advices were known, it appeared, that the intend. ant had indeed received answers to his fift difpatches, forwarded foon after the occlu fion of the port; BUT THAT THESE ANSWERS WERE UNACCOMPA. NIED BY ANY ORDERS OR EX. PLANATION ON THE SUBJECT! This filence on a matter which involved the good faith, and confequent tranquilry of the Court of Spain, could not be contrued into any thing less than a tacit approbation of the conduct of the Intendant: and fo it was generally understood at NewOrleans. Our informant is further of opinion, from an intimate acquaintance with the character and principles of Mr. Mo. rales, the intendant, that he would not hazard his reputation by committing an act of this magnitude without he were well affured of the fupport of his governmentIndeed circumitances were daily difclof ing at New.Orleans, which more and more evinced, that this unprovoked attack on our rights was the refult of cabinet intrigue between Spain and France.

The above information we received from a gentleman of unquestionable veracity. [Philad. Gazet.]

Another Proof of Mr Jefferson's Sincerity.

To evince his averfion to a "politica! intolerance, as defpotic as wicked," Mr. Jefferfon has removed from his fituation as Naval Officer of the Cuftom Houfe in this city, Mr. Richard Rogers, and has appointed in his place Mr. Samuel Ofgood.

Of Mr. Rogers, fees as well as friends muft unite to declare, that an officer of more competent ability, more unimpeach able integrity, or more unwearied industry, was not to be found in the United Statesbut he was a Federalist. Of Mr. Ofgood, his fucceffor, toes as well as friends muft unite in the acknowledgment,—but why fay any thing that may ufelefsly irritate?


The democrats have not long fince had the imprudence and contempt of truth to declare, that notwithstanding the removals, the federalifts hold ftill a greater number of offices than they do themfelves! in anfwer to which we have fomtimes replied, that in point of value there was no comparison, and that every office of any value in this city at least if not in the United States, excepting one, had been transferred to the Jefferfonian feet, and that one is now gone. By way of producing" a proportionate fhare," a due participation in office" therefore, as Mr. Jefferfon fo plaufibly pretended to the New-Haven merchants, he has fhifted every office of any value into the hands of his own felt. But then you are not to think he is a man of " political intolerance," my friend; no, no, he hates that from his foul. In his own words, "political intolerance," is both" defpotic and wicked;" and furely Mr. Jefferfon is no defpot, he loves the people fo dearly! What would he not give to cram the mouth of labour? And as to his being a wicked man, he is too much of a modern philofopher to be wicked; to be fure, he is fometimes, as the ladies fay, a little naughty, but la! fo are all philofophers that have been to France. We could mention one or two. but de mortuis nil nifi bonum-fo there's an end of that..

The name of this Mr. Ofgood, reminded us that we had feen fomething relpecting him in a pamphlet which appeared in the fummer of 1801, entitled, "An Examination of the Prefident's Reply to the NewHaven Remonftrance." There we found an allufion made to a former tranfaction, in luch a ftyle of myftery, as has induced u to enquire into it. Our information amounts to this that Mr. Ofgood when he formerly belonged to the party, fince called federal, was the firft man in the Uni

ted States who is known to have difcover.

ed any fymptoms of that deteftible" polit. ical intolerance" which requires the removal of every man from office who will not truckle to the party in power." The name of the late Abraham Yates, formerly commiffioner of loans, will at once fug. geft to Mr. Ofgood what is meant," and let him, if he dare, appeal for his innocence. to either Governor Clinton or Chancellor Lansing, or to Abrahan G. Lanfing or Peter Yates, as to what they know or have heard of this tranfaction. Now then, with what confiftency is this man fo repeatedly fele&ted to fucceed federal officers removed on account of their political fentiments? First, Col. Fish, a revolutionary officer, was turned out in order to prefent Mr- Of good with the office of fupervifor; that of. fice expired the next year, and now Mr. Rogers, another officer appointed by Prefident Washington, is turned adrift to make way for this fame meritorious Mr. Olgood.

Thus, under pretence of revenging himleli on the federal party, becaufe as he faid, though not with truth," thofe who were not of their particular fect of politics were excluded from all office," he has twice provided an office at their expence for the very man who was really active in introducing this excluding fyftem-This is another fpecimen of the confiftency of a good leading democrat. [Evening Poft.]


Capt. Shillaber, from Mogadore, has favoured us with a depofition taken at the office of the American Conful in that place, office of the American Conful in that place, of which the following is an abftract :


John Brodie, (the deponent) of Green Briar County in Virginia, a leaman on board fchooner Betfey, of Norfolk, Samuel Shore, mafter, failed in faid fchooner from Norfolk the 18th of April, 1802, on a voyage to Madeira, loaded with indian corn and pipe ftaves, and had favourable the maiter fufpecting that they were to the weather for the first three weeks, and then caftward of Madeira, put about, and beat to the weftward for about a fortnight, when finding they were not to the eastward of put about again, and for the first two or three days had favourable winds from N. and N. W, and then it came round to E. and N. E. On the 17th day of June, as the water was nearly out, the mafter called all hands aft to advife with them, as they could not fetch Madeira, whether it would not be beft to bear away for Teneriffe. This was agreed to, and on the 20th they found themfelves in latitude of Ten. eriffe, but no appearance of land; the last of the water was that day ferved out, and they had no fresh provifions on board; the wind from N. to E. N. E. and they kept ftanding on for land. The day following they killed the dog, and ferved it out. On the morning of the 28th they got foundings, and faw land about midday. The mafter then fent Thomas Beck and

David Evan afhore in the Boat to feek for water, and the fch'r flood in till about 2, P. M. and then came to anchor, and remained there till the evening of the 19th, when as there was no appearance of the boat, they cut the cable, and ran the veffel afhore on a fandy beach. The furf here was violent, and Charles Rivers, the mate, attempting to fwim afhore, was drowned in it. Shortly after, the mafter and two remaining feamen, who affifted him, went overboard, and reached the fhore in fafety. They laid on the beach that night, and in the morning the mafter was fo weak as not to be able to walk, but the deponent and Ihomas Lewis went different ways to look for water; the former returned about noon, without any; Lewis never appeared again. The deponent then laid down by the fide


of the mafter, who was unable to rife; and fhortly after, a body of Moors came upon them, and ftripped them of all their cloaths. The deponent made known to them, by figns, that they wanted water; and fome of them conducted him to a well about two miles off, which he had before paffed, without obferving it. He drank, and they gave him a fkin of water to carry to the mafter who drank a little.

By this time the Moors had been on board the veffel, and had brought on fhore what of the rigging they could cut away, or find loofe. The deponent went to them to fee if he could find any thing to eat; but found what bread there was quite fpoiled by the falt water, and that a cafk of beef and another of pork had been washed over, and all the meat loft. He ate a little of the bread and then went to the master, but found him dead. He made a hole in the fand and buried him. He then returned to the Moors, and found them roafting indian corn, and eating it, and he ate fome alfo. The Moors made tents of the fails, and staid there about eight days; during which time they got every thing from on board which they could and then burnt the veffel. After this they travelled to the fouthward, taking with them to a place where they remained about a month. Here he found the oars of the boat, which he underflood had come on fhore there, and the men had been carried away to the no thward. A Moor then came with fome camels, and took the deponent away with him, travelling nothward three days; and after stopping there five days, another Moor took him, and travelled northward four days more; he was then delivered to anoth other who kept him four months, and then brought him to within fight of Santa Cruz, where he ftaid about three weeks; and af

ter keeping him travelling about and flopping occafionally, he was fent to Mogadore, where he arrived the ad of March laft".

About the 8th of April, the American Agent at Mogadore received intellegence from Sallee, that Beck and Evan, who went afhore in the boat, were there, on their way from Morocco to the Conful General of the U. S. at Tangiers, to be fent from there to Gibraltar.

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LA wretched looking old man is well remembered by many in the neighborhood of Bath and Lew. es, to have long wandered about without indicating a wish of becoming a resident any where.When pressed to disclose the cause of his uneasiness, he invariably declined assigning the slightest reason for it. Indeed, in all his migrations, he was never heard to utter any thing but "Poor Jog's alone! Poor Joe's alone!" His manner was unimpassioned, his expression without variety of tone, yet his voice was rather tremulous. This circumstance gave rise to the following original stanzas. The vulgar, who are always superstitious, knew him only by the appellation of the "Wandering Jew."- -London Paper.

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WHEN Fielding had finished his Nov-
el, being much diftreffed, he fold it to an
obfcure Bookfeller for 25. on condition
of being paid on a certain given day. In
the mean time he fhewed the MS. to
Thomfon, the Poet, who was immediately
ftruck with its great merit, advised Field-
ing by all means to get from the bargain,
which he did without much difficulty, as
the Bookfeller was moft capable of efti-
mating the value of his purchase. Thom-
fon recommended the work to Andrew
Miller, and the parties met at a tavern over
a beef fleak and a bottle. Miller began
with faying, "Mr. Fielding, I always de-
"termine on affairs at once, and never
"change my offer. I will not give one
farthing more than 200 pounds." Two
hundred pounds? (cries Fielding) "yes,"
fays the other, and not one farthing
more." Fielding, whofe furprise arofe
from joy, and pot difappointment, fhook
him by the hand, fealed the bargain, and
ordered in two bottles of wine. Miller
got a very large fum by the fale of the
book. He at different times during his
life, affifted Fielding with 2,500l. which
debt he cancelled in his will.

[Poulfon's Amer. Daily Advr.]

THE prophetic fpirit in which the following lines, clofing a poem, addreffed to the notorious blafphemer and flanderer, Tom Paine, by Governor Burke, then a member of Congrefs from North Carolina, were written and publifhed upwards of twenty years ago, will occafion them to be read with increafed intereft at the prefent day.

"Such as has been thy life, such be thy fate,
"To war 'gainst virtue with a deadly hate,
"By daily slanders earn thy daily food,
"Exalt the wicked, and depress the good,
"And, having spent a lengthy life in evil,
"Return again unto thy parent Devil."

We hope to be able, in a fhort time, to place the whole of this poem before our readers-it exhibits in juft and glowing colours, the wretch, who has fince be come the calumnior of Washington, and the reviler of Christ.

[Philad. Gazette.]


IN proportion to the ignorance and emptiness of Cneetham and Duane, is the turbulence they excite. The worlt wheel in a carriage, it has been faid, always makes the moft noife. [Port Folio.]

A WIT, defcribing the univerfal Em. pire of Love, drolly defcribes its onfets a mong the finny race.

--Love assails

And warms, 'mid seas of ice, the melting whales,
Cools crimped Cod, fierce pangs to perch imparts,
Shrinks shrivell'd shrimps, and opens oysters' hearts

KOTZEBUE, in his Benyowfki, avers that fifh are mute for no other reafon that

they drink nothing but water.


A Paris paper fays, "The American& and English educate their children in the fear of God, and the love of money."


To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, payable in quarterly advances.

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above.

To those who receive them by the mail, Two Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance.

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table of Contents, will be given with the last number

of each volume.

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom panies the Balance.

Complete files of the first volume, which have been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fif ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post-office in the state, for 52 cents postage; or to any post-of fice in the union for 78 cents.


Warren-Street, Hudson.





Original Ellays.

Hither the products of your closet-labors bring, Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind.





cause, in the event of an invafion, it would
require five hundred thoufand free people
to awe the flaves and prevent their infur-




HE exiftence of flavery, in a free republic, inverts a general rule of political arithmetic. The ftrength of a commonwealth ufually bears a direct proportion to the number of its inhabitants; but, as far as its number is augmented by flaves, the operation or effect of fuch increase is in an inverfe ratio, by weakening the force of the whole aggregate body. Slaves in a community are like prifoners of war in a fhip, who, in proportion to their numbers, weaken and endanger the crew and render them an eafy prey to an invading foe. Any given number of flaves, thirsting for freedom and inflamed with animofity, would require, at leaf, an equal number of freemen to curb their reftles paffions and to keep them in fubjection: therefore, on the fuppofition that the flaves in the bofom of this country are an eighth part of the nation, it has loft by Their means a full eighth of its ftrength; or it is in fuch a degree weaker than it anight be, if it were difburdened of this wretched clafs of people. Suppofing, for inftance, that the whole number of the people of the United States were four mil-cond, and that of a third; and fo the feions, and that five hundred thousand of || ries continues to an indefinite extent; the them were slaves; the nation, in this cafe, difficulty of retreating or flopping conwould be only three millions ftrong; begrowing ftill greater. Of this our

As with individuals, fo with nations, the first step in the path of iniquity often feemingly occafions a neceffity of a fe



PAGE 185

The number of flaves compared to that
of freemen, in the five fouthern States, is
nearly in the proportion of fix to eleven ;
thofe ftates are therefore in a condition of
great weakness. The whole number of
whites and blacks, in that diftrict of coun-
try, is about one million feven hundred
and ninety thoufand: fubftracting from
this, the fix hundred and thirty thoufand
flaves, together with an equal number of
free people to guard and reprefs them, it
would appear that the flrength of the South.
ern States, as it refpects numbers, is only
about five hundred and thirty thousand.
Indeed thofe ftates, in the prefent reflefs
and turbulent condition of the negroes,
who, from a variety of concurring circum-
flances, have become strongly imbued
with the principles of liberty and equality,
are, in point of ftrength, almoft annihila-mingo.
ted. In the event of an invafion of the
middle flates, little or no affiftance could
be drawn from the diftri& South of the
Potomack; while an invasion of the
South even by a finall army, acting in con-
cert with a general explosion of negro-
fury, might be productive of the most fa-
tal confequences, unlefs powerful relief
were given from the Northern parts of the


ber of African flaves in this country is fo prefent fubje& is an inftance. The num vaft and formidable, that the rights, of which they had been robbed, are now withheld from seeming neceffity; and the plain dictates and ftrong feelings of humanity are forced to yield to the all-powerful plea of felf-prefervation and public falety.Were there only a few thoufand of thofe wretched people among us, it would behove the nation, on every principle of juftice and humanity, to ranfom them immediately from bondage and to provide means for their inftruction and fubfiftence; but, under prefent circumftances, this would be impracticable. If the whole frightful hoft of negroes, at the fouthward, fhould at once be let loofe upon fociety, by the removal of the yoke from their necks, the country every where would quickly fuffer difturbance and convulfions; and the fouthern ftates, in particular, would become another St. DoIgnorant, incapable of self-direction, extremely debafed in their difpofitions and habits, knowing no law but the will of their maflers,-no government but that of the fcourge, which had been conftantly hanging over them-finarting in the fenfe of paft wrongs, and animated with a thirst of vengeance; a general li centioufnefs and the moit horrible diforders, rapines and murders, would be the inevitable confequences of their general emancipation. Liberty to them, until prepared by previous education and difcipline, would be a cup of intoxication, and might prove even to themselves a curfe rather than a bleffing; while the whole nation would be conftantly expofed to their ravages and depredations.-Is then


-Such are even the most tolerable evils, which can be expected from the curfed traffic of human flesh.

801 Political.

negro flavery, as it refpects this country, an evil without remedy, and that will be without end? Muft this foul ftain forever continue on the character of our nation? Are the children of the wretched Africans, even down to remoteft generations, doomed to drink the bitter draught of bondage and to bleed under the fcourge of oppreffion and tyranny? No: their eventual emancipation is morally certain. If this fhould happen fuddenly and violently by a gen eral infurrection of the blacks, incited by the intrigues and aided by the arms of a foreign power, (a thing not impoffible, as they are materials already but too well Knight of the Wooden Sword, and of MATTHEW LYON, the famous prepared for combuftion) the confequen-fpitting memory, is agent to the United ces would be awful far beyond defeription. States for furnishing fupplies to the ArBut fhould the country efcape this awful cataftrophe, the gradual emancipation of my. A bill drawn by him on the Treafthe flaves and their compleat emanury of the United States was lately forcipation eventually may be confidently exwarded to this place to be prefented for pected. Not only is domeftic flavery ab acceptance, or payment, if it could be horrent to the genius of our free govern. had. The bill was drawn in February laft, ment and to the opinions of a great maand the money was not due from the Unijority of the nation; but even the Southted States until October next. The bill ern ftates are now fat fettling with people was prefented, and paid immediately, who have a deep-rooted oppofition to it : though the credit of the United States or under thele circumilances, the evil canof the Drawer would not have been innot be perpetuated. Time will work its jured by delay, because it was mentioned by Matthew when he fold the bill, that the money was not due from the United States till O&tober. We have been thus particular in this tranfaction, not from any great importance attached to it, but to contraft it with the fate of another bill drawn under very different circumflan




In one important refpe&t, however, this country feems doomed always to fuffer a great inconvenience and to wear a foul flain; it must forever be loaded and deformed with a vaft and increafing number of people, whofe colour, features &c. exhibit a ftriking and difgufting contrast to the other inhabitants. When the Romans were at the zenith of their power, the number of their flaves nearly equalled that of their freemen. Thefe flaves were prifon-ers of war from the neighbouring nations, which had been conquered by the Roman arms they were gradually manumitted ; and their pofterity intermarrying with thofe of the natives, ali finally were melted down into one mats. But Heaven forbid that fuch a general comm.xture fhould ever happen between our pofterity and that of the negroes; or that the fkin of the Ethiopians should be changed by a fexual intercourfe with the Whites. The bot that can be hoped, is, that the negroes in this country may always continue a diflinct people and full bad is this heil.-They may probably increafe to the number of feveral inillions. Denied the privilege of intermaniage and degraded in fociety, their views and interefts will always clash with thole of the white people. Envy, wounded pride, inveterate rancour, and all the dark and dangerous paflions, will, from time to time, inflame their breafts; while our nation will, to endless ages, exhibit the deformed, chequered, motley appearance of black and white.

Such is the reward of national iniquity.




Mr. Steele, the late Secretary for the
Miffiffippi Territory, drew on the Treaf-
ury of the United States for money which
was due to him, under an act of Congress,
for fervices performed in collc&ting the
direct tax. When the bill was prefented
to Mr. Gallatin, he acknowledged the
money to be due, but would not pay
bill until all the returns under the dire&
tax had come in, and the accounts fer-
tled. This was in November 1801-in
this fituation the bill lay unpaid, until the
accounts were fettled, which was near
fourteen months after it was firft prefented
when the bolder called again for payment
on Mr. Gallatin. To his unfpeakable af
tonishment, the bill could not be paid be-
caufe-hear the Genevean-becaufe all
the money due for thefe fervices was not
drawn for at the fame time.* The bills

The money was not all due to Mr. Steele, his agents being entitled to a part. The bill of one of his agents he forwarded with his own, and it met the same fate. The other agent living probably at a great distance, and not wanting his money, has not thought proper to draw for it; therefore both the other creditors must wait the pleasure of this one. If he should not call on the United States for his money, those creditors who have no connexion with, or controul over him, must lose their debts for his folly or negligence. This doctrine has certainly the merit of novelty to recommend it. It may have been considered as very just and equitable in France or Geneva, but not in this country.

FOR 1803

prefented were therefore protested, and returned to the drawers, the fair and hon. eft creditors of the United States, who are fubject to all the expences and damages of a protefted bill, befides the long delay of payment. The balenefs of this tranfaction can only be fully understood by comparing it to the one first detailed, and feriously reflecting on the confequences which muft and might refult from it. In the first, we fee a man defpifed by every perfon of character in the United States made the agent of government, and fuch anxiety fhewn to render him service and to honor his drafts, that they are paid many months before they are due. On the other hand, we fee a faithful and good officer univerfally refpected and esteem. acknowledged to be due him.-The Seced, drawing upon the Treafury for money retary, inftead of paying it, puts it off on frivolous pretext for more than a year, and then fubje&ts the drawer to very great expence, trouble and delay, which might have been avoided, by ftating the objections at fift. The damages occafioned by the proteft are regulated by the different flates. In few are they leis and in fome than 15 per centum on the whole amount, befides interefl, coft and charges. A pretty little fum for an American to pay for the whim or caprice of an infolent foreigner.


very common

We are not acquainted with Mr. Steele's circumstances: but let us now put a very natural fuppofition, and a cafe-Suppofe Mr. Stecle, being emploved by the governmect, had neglected all other bufinefs, depending folely on his offi. cial emoluments to fupport his familyrelying on the promptitude of government to pay its debis, he enters into engage, ments on the credit of his public bills, to provide for the future fupport of his fam. ily-moft of his fortune and all his credit, reft on these bills-they are forwardedwhen prefented at the reafury fuch an anfwer is given, as to keep alive hope, and delay and anxious expeétation, the bills to fupport credit. After feveral mors are fuddenly protefed, the unfortunate, though fair creditor, relying on the faith and himfelf and family reduced to beg of government, is irretrieveably ruined,


It may be anfwered, perhaps, that in the prefent inftance, the confequences will not be as injurous as expreffed-Of this we cannot certainly peak-but every perfon will allow, that there are thousands on whom fuch conduct would operate as fa, tally as above defcribed; and towards any perfon it would be in the highest degree unjut.

Such, Americans, are the glorious effects of placing imported patriots at the head of your affairs. The dregs and outcafts of every foreign nation, are received with o

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