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FROM THE U. S. GAZETTE.
TOM PAINE has recommenced his
ufeful labours," and again addreffed the citizens of the United States through the medium of the Aurora. In that paper of this morning we are favoured with his Letter the Sixth" to the citizens of the
in a pamphlet, and under your own name. ces required. Mr. Monroe was entrusted
for a letter, will be better developedering
United States. This letter, like most of
letter itfelf. Here it follows.
WASHINGTON, MARCH 18, 1801.
Your letters of O&. ft, 4th, 6th 16th, came duly to hand, and the papers which they covered were according to your permission, published in the news-papers and
by Mr. Dawfon. I am in hopes you will
not in what fit of intoxication the Blafphe-afford
fent ruling party were the minority, they u-
Thus he wrote to the committee of pub. lic falety Oct. 25. 1794
It is my duty to inform you that I "am under no inftruction to complain of, "or requeft the repeal of, the decree authorifing a departure from the 23 and
24 cles of the treaty of amity and conimerce;" [thefe articles ftipulated, that free fhips fhall make free goods, and that all goods thall be free except thofe that are termed contraband; and specified what articles fhall be deemed contraband. The French government had palled a authorizing their fhips, privateers, and cruizers to pay no attention to these arti cles, and thus let loofe their whole naval force upon our defenceless commerce.) "on the contrary I well know, that i
upon confideration, after the exper ment made, you should be of opinion, "that it produces any folid benefit to the Republic, the American Government "will not only bear the departure "patience, but with pleafure !"
The plain language of all this is, break your treaty with us-capture o fhips-plunder us of our property, beat and imprison our feamen, and if, on confideration, it is of any benefit to the R PUBLIC, we fhall bear it with PLEASURE. This was the language of an Americas Minifter !-and that minifter is, again fert to the fame country, with two millions of dollars to purchase-what ?-the perm fion of enjoying our own rights !!!!
But again-Mr. Monroe wrote thus to the Secretary of State, on the 20th No vember 1794.
"I was invited by the diplomatic mem"bers of the committee of public fatetv " to a conference on a new topic: I was
"informed it was their intention to prefs || "the war against England in particular;
but that they were diftreffed for funds, " and asked could any aid be obtained "from the United States? I told them I "was fatisfied if it was in their power, it "would be rendered." This, it will be noted, was after our declaration of Neutrality.
In his fubfequent communications to the diplomatic members of the committee of public fafety, he observes,
It is the with of the French Repub"lic to obtain, by loan, a fum of money "from the United States of America to
enable it to profecute the war.
"This is to be expected from three four"ces; the General government, the State "governments, and from individuals.
"The French cause and the French na"tion are greatly regarded in America, " and I am perfuaded fome money may be "obtained, and perhaps a very respectable "fum from the three fources above men"tioned."
Thus it was that Mr. Monroe's communications to the French Government conftantly encouraged the hope, that the United States would contribute to fupport the expenfes of the war, and in the reprefentations to his own government he strongly and conftantly urged the measure. He fays to the Secretary of State-"I fincere
ly with we may affift them if poffible, " and am perfuaded the people would cheerfully bear a tax, the product of "which was to be applied to the French
Republic," and then tells the commit"tee of public fafety, that "the fum which "might be raifed in America, would in his judgment, be confiderable."
All this Mr. Monroe well knew, was a direct departure from our neutral declaration, and the courfe we were bound to purfue; but it was a favorite plan of the Jef. ferfon party to lend money to France, and involve the country in the war. The faccefs of this plan' however, was fruftrated by Prefident Washing on, and the mortification and regret of the party have been eminently confpicuous. Now raised to power they feem determined to perfevere in their fyftem, fo far as circumftances will allow, and Mr. Monroe has already departed with two million of dollars to be expended, as he fhall judge proper, among our "good allies" and "generous friends,' the French.
MR. GROVE, one of the Reprefentatives of the State of North-Carolina, in the late Congrefs of the United States,
having declined a re-election; a number of candidates have offered themselves, as ufual, to the notice of their fellow-citizens, through the medium of the newfpapers. One of these is Mr. S. D. Purvi ance, who appears to be a man of talents and independence; and a Federalift of the "old school.". He thus gives his opinion in an addrefs to the electors :
"If preferring the form of government adopted by the people of the United
defignates the Republican character, I am to other form of government, then a Republican, for I think the rules of action refulting from that form more fafe for the liberties. and more advantageous to the interefts of our country than any other. But if a determination to fupport the conftitution, which is the great bond of our union, and the only pillar on which our government ftands, be Federalifm, I am a Federalift. If "with reverence I deem" the fage and politic counfels of Washington, and the prudent and wholefome adminiftration of Adams, preferable to the chimerical vagaries of a fublimated fancy," or the vifionary fpeculations. of an unpractifed theorift, be Federalism, I am a Federalift. If preferring "that firm and energetic fpirit," which, while it preferved" pure and undefiled" the civil and religious liberties of the people, mainica, and raifed her political confequence, tained alfo the national dignity of Amerto a height before unknown-If, I fay, preferring this fpirit of adminiftration, to that feeble and temporifing policy which would proftrate the dignity of our country--If preferring it to that narrow minded felfifhnefs, which would hazard the intereft of five millions of people, from a fear and dread of injuring its own-If preferring it to that infatiable thirst for anarchy, which, not contented with def troying the fence which the conftitution had erected around the liberties of the people, would alfo tear off the laft hold which they had upon happiness, by im porting and cherishing in the bofom of our country the wretch who had calum niated the illuftrious Washington, and blafphemed his God-If this preference, I fay, be Federalifm, I AM A FEDERALIST.
"But although I am, and ever have been, in these relpects a Federalist, I will take the liberty of repeating a fentiment which many of you have heard me frequently exprefs" that I will always be willing to fecond and fuftain any propofition, from whatever fource it may derive its origin, which I might think conducive to the intereft of my country, and will never be found advocating, from the mere fpirit of party, any mealure which might be prejudicial to its welfare."
What! Is Connecticut shaking like Calabria in the neighbourhood of some hidden Volcano ?-Is the earth all around falling in -Is the crust on which the people stand, continually growing thinner ?-Is an extensive subterraneous fire kindled?-Are its flames increasing -Are several volcanoes exhibiting ebullitions; and are many more operating in secret?All this must be truly tremendous.
While we suspect that citizen Babcock, scorched in his imagination by the sulphurous fires which he so feelingly describes, has rather overcharged the picture, we are constrained to acknowledge the aptness of his similies. His comparing Jacobinical principles, the general diffusion whereof would be subversive of the bonds of civil society, to volca. noes, is a thought entirely just, tho' not new.
From a statement which appears in the last Bee, it would seem that the elections in Connecticut are conducted much after the manner of legislative business-that the votes are not given for two rival candidates, but that a single candidate is held up, and the votes taken in the affirmative and in the negative-for and against his election.
We should like to know what the Bee means by against Trumbull." We aver there are no such votes given in Connecticut. If it means, that the candidate who was held up in opposition to, or
against" Trumbull, received 8,071 votes, the statement is absolutely false. The whole number of votes for Kirby, was but 7,848.
I don't know how to remove these large stones," said a labourer on a turnpike-road. "Call them federalists, and they will soon be removed," replied a by-stander.
"The past feafon I planted my potatoefields chiefly with eyes, and had, in fome parts, a prodigious increafe, and in the field throughout, full as large a crop as any of my neighbors, although they planted from eight to ten bushels on an acre; and I plantted a short half bufhel on an acre, and if I had cut the eyes carefully, I am fure there would not have been a peck to an acre. In this method there will be an immenfe faving of more than nineteen-twentieths of the feed which is well worth the attention of every farmer who dares to differ from the practice of his father. My overfeer, wanting faith in this method, planted a fingle large potatoe, with many eyes, in a hill, and it produced only thirty-four potatoes of all fizes."
To aid the cause of virtue and religion.
Events have frikingly correfponded to thefe predictions. Five hundred and thirty eight years before the christian era, Babylon was taken by Cyrus; when Belfhazzer the king was lain. By a series of fubfequent calamities, that fuperb city was laid in ruins; and has long fince become a den of ferpents. In the time of
AND RUIN OF BABYLON.
THE GLORY AND THE PREDICTED FALL Auguftus, the city was almoft deferted.
mented together with bitumen, crumbled
FOR THE BALANCE.
ABYLON, fituated on the banks of the Euphrates, within the limits of the prefent Turkish empire, and at no great distance from the city Bagdad, has afford, ed a moft illuftrious infance, as well of the truth of fcripture prophecy, as of the perifhing nature of all worldly grandeur.This city was founded by Nimrod, a grand
fon of Ham, who was one of the fons of
men and bowed their necks beneath his
quefts, was.poured into this refervoir :-
the ferpents and fcorpions." Another who visited the ruins in the year 1574, faid,
They are fo full of venomous creatures that no one dares approach nearer than half a league from them, except for two months in the winter, when these animals ftir not from their holes." More modern travellers have given a fimilar account; adding that the ruins are fo effaced and fo widely spread, that it is impoffible to tell exactly where the city ftood."
THE public has been lately gratified by a valuable performance from a young clergyman of great abilities in this city. It is a difquifition on the character of Socrates, in which, though the fubject is not wanting in antiquity, there is nothing trite and threadbare ; on the contrary, the views which are taken in this performance, of the character of Socrates, are as new and orig. inal, as they are candid and ingenious.
While Babylon was at the height of her power and grandeur ;-while, in the confident expectation of endless profperity, fhe was finging like an harlot," the holy Seers of Palestine predicted her fall and ruin. Jeremiah prophefied concerning Babylon, "It fhall not be inhabited, but
These opinions of the Doctor have been
it fhall be wholly defolate." Ifaiah fore-weighed, with a learned and candid hand,
by the author of this pamphlet. The character and conduct of Socrates, are arraigned at a much more fevere tribunal, than ever fat in judgment on them before. The great difference between Socrates and Jefus, as well as between Socrates and fome other eminent teachers of wildom, are here exhibited in ftriking colours, and every impartial reader will probably rile from the perufal, with his veneration for Socrates confiderably diminished.
This effay was fuggefted by a late pub. lication of Dr. Prieftly, in which a com parifon is drawn between Socrates and Je fus. The Doctor is inclined to afcribe to Socrates all the merit which it has, for ages, been the fashion to afcribe to him, but he is not content with this. He is even
difpofed to doubt, whether the thoughts and actions of this fage were not in fome degree dictated by infpiration; and to raife him in this refpect, to the level of the Hebrew prophets and the apoftles.
In thefe times of political fervour, it is pleasant to turn from the fcene of eternal wrangle and abufe, to the verdant fields of claffical literature, and the writer of this pamphlet deferves the public gratitude in an eminent degree, for this as well as for his former publications.His merit, indeed, will be very hih, t he fhall appear to have executed friet jul tice upon Socrates, fince he will thus have rooted out as important and inveterate an error as ever infected the hiftory of ancient times.
[Relf's Philadelphia Gazette.]
ST. MICHAEL's CAVE.
ANCIENT writers have greatly cele
"After refreshing ourfelves, we found to the eastward a fecond entrance, fimilar to the one in which we had been admitted. Our journey was foon interrupted by difcov. ering that we were on the very brink of precipice, which prefented to our view (by the affiftance of large rolls of greafed AMONG the natural curiofities of paper lighted, and thrown down) a fecGibraltar and its vicinity, the Cave of ond circular room; its perpendicular deSt. Michael holds a diftinguished rank.-- fcent about 25 feet. On returning, we Superftition has made it the fcene of many difcovered a mall opening in the rock, frange occurrences, and tradition has conwhich admitted but one perfon to creep nected with its hiftory adventures fuited in it was with difficulty and danger, we only to the fictions of romance. The purfued this narrow winding paffage for fanguinary contefts that formerly fubfifted about 30 feet, (in fome places 3 or 4 feet between the Moors and the Spaniards, a. perpendicular) when we were received bounded in events which, with a little into the apartment we had just been view. coloring from faney, are fuppofed to haveing from above. This was alfo handfomeoriginated thefe tales. ly arched, and curioufly wrought, but prefented few columns; its length 50 feet, breadth 30, heighth 35 or 40. At the fouthern extremity, we were again carried into a third narrower entrance, which al-brated this particular kind of dye for its fo led to a precipice; its depth unknown; excellence in dying fearlet, crimson and the light of our torches and fire-balls of purple, but unfortunately for the world, greafed paper, gave us a view of almoft the knowledge of procuring the materials greafed paper, gave us a view of almoft go feet perpendicular. On our return of this dye has been long loft, perhaps for from this narrow paffage we difcovered near two thousand years. Yet writers on two pools of water, the largest about 9 feet the fubject have mentioned feveral circumin diameter, depth uncertain: the chryf ftances refpecting it that may lead to a retal ftreams of the golden age, could not difcovery of the method of procuring it, have furpaffed them in purity. to wit, That it was procured from the fea and from fome kind of fifh; and that it was attended by this peculiar quality or property that the oftener any fluff dyed with it was wafhed, the more bright and beautiful the color grew. Directed by thefe circumftances and reflecting on them when I often visited the fea fhore for the benefit of the air when I was in a bad ftate of health, I tried fome experiments on the large fea-nettle, which were caft on the fhore by the fishermen, and thereby as they lay on the beach in the fun exhibited fome appearances of being the fame of that excellent and celebrated dye, by dying fev
"From this fecond apartment, we de-
fmall pieces of wollen, cotton, filk and linen cloth in a liquid which abounds. in thofe creatures. The liquid dyed all thofe articles a bright and beautiful ple; and upon having them frequently wafhed afterwards, I found the color grew more bright and beautiful every time they were washed, fo that I was thereby induced to believe thefe creatures to be the true fource of the Tyrian dye, and if fo there is little doubt but our country will afford an ample fupply of it, for all the manufacturing world, as thefe nettles abound in many of cur bays along the fea coaft. And I hope that thefe hints will induce fome perfon fkilled in dying, and dye ftuffs, to examine and fully afcertain, whether thofe large fea nettles, are or not, the true genuine fource of the Tyrian dye. The importance of this article to the manbe-ufacturing nations, and particularly to our own country, renders it worthy of a full in
From the N. Y. MORNING CHRONICLE.
The following defcription is from the journal of an American gentleman, by whom it has been lately vifited.
"The entrance into St. Michael's Cave is about 11 feet wide and 9 high, immediately opening into an irregular circle, the diameter of which is probably 60 feet, height 70. From your first entrance you defcend an inclined plane 25 or 30 feet, by steps formed from the clay of the care
here you view huge columns fufpended from the top of the cave, formed by the inceffant dripping of the waters, and which being highly charged with calcareous matter, petrifies as it falls, giving a variety of dufky fhades to the maily fupporters of the roof. One of these columns must have been at least 40 feet in length and 10 in circumference, and in whole formation the tardy hand of petrifaction might vie with the finest architecture; whilft their beanty not only defies, but is heightened by the ravages of time. The columns of the Saint's Cave alone rife fuperior to this common deftroyer. Nearly in the centre of the first apartment we found a vafe handfomely formed, and filled with remarkably fine water, which, filtering through, and dripping from the upper part of the rock, becomes perfectly pure and cold, affording a delightful refrefhment. 'Tis thus that nature, even in her moft fportive moments, eviaces her friendfhip for the curious and enterprising. Many imali arched chapels are feen on either fide of the apartment, and the gloomy magnificence of the whole was much increafed by the reflection from The light of our torches.
"My imagination carried me into the Douldering ruins of a gothic cathedral, here, against that column which now pported me, the enthufiaft has opened
nightly orifons; but the exceffive Amps chilled my fancy, and powerfully Tailed my piety, forcing me to acknowlge my unwillingness to attend vefpers ith my imaginary NUNS.
"At 6 P. M. we left the Cave of Saint Michael, refolving to pay it a fec. ond and more fatisfactory vifit when we hould be better prepared to explore its receffes."
An obliging correspondent has furnished the editors
FOR PURIFYING A LOADED SHIP WITHOUT
TAKE a cafk that will hold 100 gal-
cafk one bufhel of unflacked lime-add to this 60 gallons of boiling water, after diffolving 30 pounds of pot or pearl-afnes therein-this thould be done as quick as poffible-then shut the hatches, and make the fhip tight-in this fituation, let the veffel remain until the next day, and then difcharge the air by means of the AirPump Ventilator. By this time the lime will be fettled in the cafk, and the water or ley, will be very clear-dip it out carefully, and, after drawing the boxes out of one of the fhip's pumps, fend it thro' that channel into the pump-well.
From the WILMINGTON MIRROR.
THE TYRIAN DYE.
"On the refult of the Election we congratulate the friends of the genuine principles of the adminiflrations of Washington and Adams. Connecticut, always unfhaken in her elevated courfe, has again given a fignal proof that neither the artifices of the leaders in revolution, nor the execrated vengeance of thofe who "feel power and forget right," can turn her to the right hand nor to the left from the path wherein fhe has fleadily progreffed in honor and prosperity.
The Meeting-Houfe in Weftfield, Masfachusetts, was recently fet on fire by fome incendiary, and confumed. This is excellent encouragement for Tom Paine to purfue his "ufetul labors."
NEW-YORK, 16th May, 1803. [ ed it ftill; he was then taken before the police, and there he confeffed his guilt. He added, that had Mr. Bauman proceed. ed far enough he would have found the money upon him at his firft examination, as he had it then concealed in the knee of his paraloons, but that in his perturbation he had feized the first moment after he reached home to throw it into the fire to prevent detection. This was found to be true, by queftioning a little girl, who faw him burn paper directly after he came in. The name of this unhappy young man is William H. Burbidge, fon of a foreigner who refided fome time fince in Hartford, Connecticut. [Evening Poft.]
Sir, I am requested by our Minister in France to communicate publicly, that he had on the 11th March received the most flattering letter, in anfwer to one addref fed by him to the First Conful, on the fubject of our debts, &c. in which the most full and complete affurances are given, that every letter of the convention fhall be punctually complied with. That their fi nances are in the best fituation, and capable of meeting all engagements; and that even were it otherwife, though it fhould fubmit them to partial inconveniences, he would flrictly comply with the demands of justice; and calls upon the Minister to make out the accounts of American claims, for which he promises a full and ready payment. The minifter adds, that he gives this early intelligence, because it will probably come through other channels, as he intended to call the Americans at Paris together, the next day, and communicate it to them, in which cafe he feared that interested perfons might fpeculate on the wants of thofe who have already fuffered too much by the delay. He concludes by faying, that without being ab. folutely certain, he thought he might confide in thefe promifes fo folemnly made, and that he would prefs eagerly for their execution.
"The two firft Magiftrates, every member of the first branch of the Legiflature, more than three quarters of the Houfe of Reprefentatives, and a majority of the freemen in four fiths of the towns are decided Pederalifts. On fuch a phalanx, we rely with entire confidence for the prefervation of our great and invaluable inter-ter, efts."
EDWARD P. LIVINGSTON.
THEFT IN THE POST-OFFICE.
NEW-YORK, MAY 16.
The fhip South Carolina, captain Steele, in 39 days from Havre-de-Grace, arrived at this port yesterday. We have received by her a file of Paris papers to the third of April, but they furnish no news. An intelligent gentleman who came pallenger in the South Carolina, and who during his refidence in France, has employed himfelt in noting, with much precifion, the " paffing tidings of the times," has obligingly favoured us with the following particu
Mr. Monroe had not arrived at Havre on the 6th of April.
General Bernadotte had received inftructions to be in readiness to take his departure for the United States in the month of May, as minifter plenipotentiary. His retinue will be very numerous; and the (plendour of the embaffy will, it is thought, be without any previous example in this country.
After the first day of Germinal (March the current coin of the French Republie will bear the "image and fuperfcription" of the First Conful.
Mr. John D. Martin had put into the
thrown into the proper pigeon hole; but
purporting to contain Soo dollars.he He haftily returned to the office with it in his hand, and it was recollected that one of the affiftants, who had gone to breakfast, had taken occafion to go into the yard foon after the alarm was The preparations for war on the part of given. He inftantly fent for him, and the French progreffed flowly and from confronted him with the letter; he deni-this circumftance as well as from the fup
The number of Englishmen in Paris was computed at 15,000. They were leaving that city with much precipitation.
Malta remained in poffeffion of the Britifh; and it was faid by fome, that the French had relinquished it for feven years.
The Ifland of Sardinia, according to report, had been purchafed by the English government for thirty millions of livres; but the French had expreffed their deter mination to prevent the taking poffeffion
Couriers between England and France were frequent. Mr. Wright (a meffenger) paffed through Havre on the 28th March, on his way to Paris. On being queftioned, What he thought of the prefent crifis? anfwered, It will be decided in a few