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JULIENNE is aware of the difficulty of writing any thing new on such a subject as a Beggar-Boy. The following was written long since, and is now submitted to the Editors, either to reject or pub. lish,

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A SEA captain, going a foreign voy-
age, was requested by a number of ladies
of his acquaintance, to purchase them
filks; and they gave him their memoran-
dums; but, except one, enclofed him no
money. After returning from the voyage,
the ladies waited on him, and enquired
whether the filks were brought. No,
replied the captain, an unlucky accident
put it out of my power to oblige you: as
foon as we had arrived within fight of port,
I took out your memorandums and laid
them on the binacle, that I might arrange
them in fome proper order; when a fud-
den guft of wind fwept them off and fcat-
tered them over the water.
odd indeed," exclaimed one of the
ladies, in an angry tone; "However, you
had the kindness to purchafe for Mrs.
the filk that fhe fent for."
replied the captain, I purchased filks for
; which was owing to a pecu-
liarly fortunate circumftance; for fhe had
the precaution to enclofe a number of
guineas, which, by their weight, faved her
memorandum from being blown away with
the others."

"That was




THESE two eftimable qualities ufually accompany each other, at leaft real piety and true bravery. Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Sir Humphrey Gilbert, an English Admiral in Queen Elizabeth's time, was an inftance of this; he was feen in the dreadful tempeft which fwallowed up his ship, fitting unmoved in the ftern of the veffel, with a book in his hand; and was often heard to fay, "Courage, my lads, we are as near heaven at fea as at land." He always wore on his breaft a golden anchor,


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climate of France has been very variable THE French phyficians tell us that the lately, and to this is afcribed the late mortality. The political climate, we all know, has been very variable; and it certainly cut off great numbers!

[London paper.]

CHARLEVOIX relates, that where

the river Miffiffippi, at point Coupee, payable in quarterly advances.
made a great bend, fome Frenchmen, in
the year 1722, by deepening the channel
of a small brook, turned the waters of the
river into it. The impetuofity of the
ftream was fo violent, and the foil of fo
rich and loofe a quality, that in a fhort
time the point was entirely cut through;
and travellers faved fourteen leagues of
their voyage. The old bed is left dry; and

the new channel cannot be founded with a
line of thirty fathoms.

QUIN the comedian, and another gentleman, riding one fummer's day upon Lanfdown, obferved, at fome diftance, a perfon on horfeback, whofe filver laced coat and waistcoat fhone prodigiously in ed, refpecting the quality of the the fun. Several conjectures were formenough to difcover that he was a Bath ing meteor; till at length he came near approachapothecary, famous for finery and drefs. quick filver doctor at laft. Oh, faid the gentleman, 'tis only the Quin, in his dry manner, all is not gold Aye, faid that glyfters, you lee.


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AN, weak by nature, is able to increase and multiply his force a thoufand fold, by the mechanical ufe he learns to make of the elements; particularly fire, air and water. He is the only animal upon earth, that has any power over fire, or that knows how to kindle it. Lions, tigers, and other ferocious beafts, are afraid of fire, and will relinquish their prey, rather than venture near it and tho' dogs, having been accuftomed to fire, are fond of lying afide of it, they never learn any thing concerning its ufe. They fee fire daily kindled, but they never attempt to kindle it themfelves. They never offer to roaft their meat over the coals, tho' they

often fee their mafters or their miftrefies do it. Why not ?-The dog is both fagacious and imitative, and is capable of doing many things feemingly more difficult than this.-When he lies upon the hearth, during a long winter night, what hinders him from laying the adjacent fuel upon the embers, and kindling a fire for his own comfort ?-Heaven, in wisdom and benevolence, has chained his nature. If brute creatures had the faculty of enkindling fire, the habitations of men could never be safe therefore this faculty is denied them. The knowledge of the uses of fire is one impaffible barrier, that feperates the human from the brutal nature. There




PAGE 153

But for the use of fire, only a small part of the globe would be habitable to


is probably no animal upon earth, except || man; nor could he ever rife above the man, that can fubfift, & propagate and per- favage flate. The fingle article of iron, petuate its fpecies, in both the oppofite which receives its confiftence, its temextremes of heat and cold. Some of the per, and its various forms, from the ainferior animals are peculiar to the torrid, gency of fire, were it entirely loft to the and fome to the frigid zone: while others world, the whole race of mankind muf delight in a temperate climate: and when inevitably, in a fhort time, fink into the they are removed to distant regions, where favage condition: because on this article they are made to breathe an atmosfphere there depend architecture, navigation, tyof an oppofite temperature to their native pography, all agricultural and mechanical air, they are found to languifh; and quick- operations; and indeed almost every thing ly become extinct. But man is an inhab- that railes civilized man above the foritant of all climes. He lives under the lorn favan of the wilderness. blaze of a vertical fun; and, by the help of fire, he lives amidst the tremendous trofts of Iceland and Siberia. While the earth is locked up and the rivers are chained with froft, he fits comfortably by his fire fide, and defies the tempeft that howls around him. By means of fire, he refines the precious metals, and extracts, from the ore, iron, which is infinitely more precious than gold he beats it into plough-fhares and other inftruments of hufbandry: he forms it into weapons of defence and annoyance; he fashions it into tools and inftruments for the conftruction of habitations and fhips, which traverse the oceans and bear his commodities to diftant countries. By means of fire, he clears the forefts and turns a wilderness into fruitful fields. Furnished with inftruments, or aided in his exertions, by the agency of fire, he subdues, as well the leviathan of the fea, as the beafts of the foreft he breaks up quarries; rives the hardest rocks; turns the courses of waters; and dykes up the ocean itself, and robs it of a part of its domain.


Messrs. EDITORS,


HE influence of family government in forming the manners, and if I may fo fay, the minds alfo of the governed being fo great, has led me to reflect that parents, and guardians, who have fo important parts to act, fhould endeavour to confider whofe mode of governing is beft calculated to promote happiness, and strive to adopt the best.

People in all fituations of life, manifest fyftems are best in every case. a ftrong propenfity to believe their own He who governs with a rod of Iron, is apt to def pife the mild, and eafy way of his neigh


Perhaps a better opportunity to obferve the effects of thole different fyftems never presented itself, than I lately had. Mr. is frequently out of humour with his family, and ftrange as it may seem, he appears to pride himself in


having all about him fo fubje&t to his law
and rule, that they will " fly" at his word.
It is a maxim with him never to “lofe a
command," and he even perfeveres in a
determination, when convinced of its in-
utility because he will not lofe a com-
inand." His children are generally obe-
dient when he is prefent, and are prompt
in their attention to his orders; but if he
chance to leave them to execute his com-
mmands in his ablence, the impulfe of fear
is weakened by diftance, and they are apted, dare not fhew its front again in the fame

i petually watching the fame mill-horfe
round of public deception, of repeatedly
detecting the fame impofture, and of meet-
ing at every return the pertinacious repeti-
tion of the fame dull, bungling cheat upon
the people, is certainly vexatious-Yet it
is a talk to which every honeft man is
bound by his civil duties, and from which
the uranagers of public Journals above all
others cannot fhrink without guilt. Some,
time ago, when falfhood, if once detect-

to be unfaithful. The elder brother has
difcovered the convenience of fetting a
younger to perform his talk, and he dom-
ineeringly acts over the scenes which he
takes from high authority. Thus each, as
opportunity offers, acts the tyrant. This
is a true picture, and is it pleafant ? Can
it be profitable? Let any one live in thofe
fcenes, and then go with me to Neighbour
-'s. He puts up with the follies of
youth, and does not fcold at every little
accident; and if his children do not "fly"
like those of his neighbour, ftill he feems

fhape, this kind of care would have been
fuperfluous; but now, when it returns to
the charge, unabashed by fhame, uncheck-
ed by remorfe, when it attempts to weary
one part of the people into acquiefcence,
and cajoles another into belief, fociety and
every thing valuable in it must crumble
to ruins, if fuch things, though they return
a thousand times to the charge, are not
as often encountered, and driven back.
Wearifome and odious to ourselves as the

tafk of repetition must be, we will perform this duty ftrictly and confcientiously. Our to convince them of the reasonableness of readers cannot be furprized, if in answerhis commands, and they obey without re-ing luch tautologous nonfenfe, tautology

luftance. I have never heard of his SWEARING at his wife, or any of his family, or even of an expreffion in anger at any time. His boys are remarked for their industry, and are certainly more fprightly than his neighbour's boys. They labour together in the field without wrangling; and it is no bar to their pleasure in their recreation, that their parents are fpectators; while thofe of the other family will always fteal out of their parents' fight, or they cannot enjoy themselves.

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Thus I have partly delineated a contraft actually exifting in two of my neighbours, and which prefents a picture to my mind of the moft melancholy kind. If this could be inftrumental to a reformation, I fhould confider it the happieft act of my life. If I could prefent the contraft to the public as ftrikingly as it exifts, all would yield to the neceflity of mild government. Yet government may be too mild, or rather too lax; and as there is a mean in all things, fo he who can hold the reins fo as to be felt, and spare severity, deserves to be remembered as a model.




TO be continually in a ftate of active hoftility against public impofition and falfhood, however laudable it may be in itself, to an ingenuous mind must be painful. To be condemned to the drudgery of per

labours which employ the bleed inhabi tants of the Pandemonium erected in A. merica by the difciples of France, Robefpierre, and the Rights of Man.


What mind, not tainted or preverted by the arts of the ruling party, can fail to turn with abhorrence from the weekly reiteration as ftupid as it is falfe, and as fhameless as ci fent, and the cenfure caft upon our former, ther, of the applaufe lavished upon our prefinanciers. Already it has been proved that those who now keep the key of the treasury, not only have not the merit of bringing into it a fingle cent, but have to anfwer for having oppofed almost meafure, and of having avowed open hoftil. ity to the whole of the fyftem of finance of their predeceffors, the productiveness of which fyftem, nevertheless, they and their agents have now the impudence to boat of as if it were their own-Already it has been proved to their teeth that the caufes during the former adminiftrations not only of the expenditure of the public money during the former adminiftrations not only went hand in hand with the public will, but were called for by the publie voice, as a defence against foreign infult and fhould appear; for invention must be exhaufted where its labour is great, and its wrong; proved too that a part of it was food but little. The purveyors of falfhood, incurred by the fuppreflion of two infur rections, abetted by fome of thofe very fo far from being afhamed of dulnefs, canmen who blame that expenfe. If every not be alhamed of any thing! and impudence confers upon their affertions a fpufegar, and every glafs of grog or wine drank in the Union, were known to be tarious air of authority, and impofes attenken from the banks and the waters of tion where modeft virtue can scarcely obLethe, thofe democratic agents could not tain a hearing. So that though they are think the people of America more ftupid, far from being worthy of a reply, they muft be anfwered, that they may not be dangemore left to all recollection of the paft, more obliviously drunk and infenfible than rous. At the fame time we declare, that they must think them when they imagine if it were not that the ingenious, who are them to be capable of fwallowing luch always unwary, too often unthinking, might become the dupes of thofe tricks,downright, direct contradictions of truth and matter of fact as they offer them, not clumfy and bungling as they are, we should be rather difpofed to laugh at the grave once, but decies repetita. Thus though over and over again anfwered, though rollconfidence, or to turn with difgust and ed like Sifyphus down the hill with their contempt from the cold, torpid, phlegmatfalfhoods on their heads, they come for. ic difregard of fhame, difplayed by thofe ward with the ftale, democratic flang flory, who advance fuch things, and repeat them that the former adminiftration was extrav again after they have been refuted, than to confider them as worthy of ferious refutaagant, compared with the prefent, when any man who has brains enough in his pate tion. Thole worthy democrats feem as if to fill the cranium of a gander, knows condemned for their fins, like Sifyphus of that the caufes for that expenditure ceafed old, eternally to labour in rolling up a hill before the prefent adminiftration came in. the huge ftone of falfhood, which rolls down again upon their heads, and keeps otherwife than retrenched it, would have to office, and that therefore to have done them in the endlefs, fruitlefs labour of the been committing a fraud upon the public damned. -For not committing a fraud in this in lance, they are welcome to the merit claimed for them. Honefly, or at leaft the femblance of it, is the best policy. And here, for once, the policy of the party is of use to the public.

"Then Sisyphus, the nearest mate in woe
Drew my regard; he with distended nerves
Aye rolls a ponderous stone up a rugged rock :
Urg'd up the steep cliff slow, with hand and foot,
It mounts; but bordering on the cloudy peak
Precipitous adown the slopy side;
The rapid ofb devolving back renews
Eternal toil, which he, with dirt besmear'd,
And dew'd with smoking sweat, incessant plies."
Thefe, or fuch as thefe, are the Tartarean

As they act upon the fuppofition that the American people have no intellect or memory, fo they feem to imagine that the American Almanacs have no dates by which the periods of particular events çar

be ascertained, elfe furely they would not it from these refources. Then from what
propound fuch an extravagant propofition did it come, but from the refources crea-
as that Mr. Gallatin's abilities had effen- ted by the wifdom and financial skill of
tially ferved and filled the treafury. In the federal governments, which were of
April he came into office; in the De-courfe more productive in seven months
cember following his puffers ftate the of 1801, than they could have been in
treafury to have had an increase, by his fi- feven months of 1800. Oh wonderful!
nancial exertions, of one million one hun-wonderful! As Shakespeare fays, "fuch
dred and fifty four thousand fix hundred a deal of wonder is broken out that ballad
and feventy three dollars. Probably they makers cannot be able to exprefs it."
mean the public fhould beleive by this that
be had procured to be adopted, carried
into execution, and reaped the fruits of a
new plan of finance, benefiting the nation
to that amount.

But let us afk thofe grave tale writers of the weft, what thefe miraculous means were, by which they pretend their treafury friend performed this extraordinary fervice? Have he and his western alfociates been feized with a fit of contrition for

their whiskey freaks, and in penance paid the fum ftated, or even a large part of it into the treasury, as an expiation of their fins against the flate, and as a reimbursement, fo far, of the expences of fuppreffing their infurrection? Or has it, upon the fame principle of guilt awed by conscience into remorse, been refunded to the

treafury by thofe democratic defalcators who were expected from the office upon a proof of delinquent peculation-not falfely accused nor heaped with calumnies, which were afterwards controverted, as has been the cafe of federal officers, but actually expelled upon incontrovertible, damning proofs of delinquency, peculation, and official guilt and default, proots from which even the hardened heart and brazened front of Gallic democracy fhrunk appalled, fkulking from the light, and like a facred fifh hiding its head not abashed with fhame, but aftonifhed with fear. We rather think they will not fay that the treafury drew this mighty fum or any part of

Extract of a letter from a gentleman in
London to his friend in Philadelphia
dated March 17, 1803.

Readers! have you ever read the Arabian Knights Entertainments--a book of profeffed miracles and falfhoods? If you have not, pray do read it that you may have the fatisfaction of knowing how much that far famed work of the east is furpaffed in one fort of invention by our democratic agents of the weit. Turn to the wonderful flory of Aladdin ! read that! and then lay your hands upon your bofoms and fay, can the wonderful lamp of Aladdin be thought very much to furpafs the wonder-working heads of our financiers, it this affertion of theirs were true. In our minds the impoftor Mahom-meffage et's flory that he went from Mecca to Jerufalem, from Jerufalem up to the feventh Heaven, where he held an interview of feveral years with God, and then returned again to Mecca, all in the Space of one night, is little lefs worthy of credit.

"I reached London on the evening of the 8th inft. from France. At the very moment of fitting down at my friends house, a manufcript copy of the King's war meflage was received at his office. Nev. er was my aftonishment greater. It was but three days fince I had left France in a perfect ftate of peace and tranquility, and as far as I could difcern, without any idea exifling in the minds of the French people, as to a profpect of a rupture with this country. Sure I am that they do not with for fuch an event. Next morning I was at all the coffee-houfes in the neighbourhood of 'Change. The King's engroffed all the converfation, and deep confternation was pictured on the faces of moft of the flock-jobbers. It is impoffible to ftate what is the public opinion relative to the prefent profpect of war. One portion of the people are guided in their judgments merely by interested motives: others are open mouthed for war at all hazards; while others a

tent to war.

gain are ftrongly oppofed to it, under a
ny circumftances, and infif that anewal
of hoftilities will totally ruin the country.
For my own part, I cannot think that the
government of this country is carneftly in-
In her prefent fituation, the
idea appears to me too prepoferous for a
moment's reflection. The army agents
have commenced purchases of many ar-
ticles a warm prefs has exifted ever fince
the meffage, and new warrants are iffuing
every day, and yet, as I obferved before,
Great Britain is in earnest for war.
I cannot bring my mind to the belief that
It is
true, the exports have diminished fince
the peace, and
a great diffatisfaction pre-
yails because the French refuse to enter in-
fufficient motive for war?
to a commercial treaty; but can this be a

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Balance Closet.

It will be recollected that we accused the democrats of using dishonorable means for the purpose of furthering their election. This has given rise to the following paragraph in the Bee :

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"The editors fay fomething about means ufed, &c. The federalifts will not thank them for touching on fo del"icate a subject. There is a double en"tendre in the Spirit with which they are "faid to have come forward, that would "make their leaders rue the day in which "the hint was fuggested, were we to ex"plain and expofe the allufion. People "who live in houses of glass should nev


er begin to throw ftones at thofe whose "dwellings are made of iron."

A man must certainly have a head of “iron,” and a face of brass, to pen such a paragraph without blushing. We now repeat, what we have often declared, that the federalists never desire to shrink from investigation. Instead of double enter dres and inuendoes, we invite the Bee, to state its accusations in direct terms; and, with a hope of inspiring it with a little spirit, we now declare that the despicable trick which the democrats attempted to play off upon a respectable class of citizens

(we mean the society of Friends) at the time of the

election, ought to cover them, and their "iron house" with infamy.

The Bee says that we gave an incorrect statement of the number of votes which Mr. Van Ness lost by mis spelling, &c. We founded our state. ment on the best information at that time in our possession; and we have not since had access to the elerk's office. Believing, however, that the Bee, for once, has told the truth, we return it our sincere thanks for " performing the friendly office of correcting an error," which we inadvertantly made.

And we now beg leave to ask the Bee whether it is not more honorable and honest to acknowledge an error candidly, than it is to persist in it, and even go through the ridiculous formality of procuring extracts of letters without signatures to prove it? Has the Bee forgotten the Litchfield e

ection? Has it already lost the recollection of its baseness and injustice towards Major Ten Broeck?

A respectable correspondent has communicated to us a bill of mortality, for Portsmouth, NewHampshire, for the year 1802.

Portsmouth is situated 43 d. 5 m. North latitude, and contains about 5,600 inhabitants. It was visited with a constant succession of different epidem ics throughout the whole of last year; and the whole number of deaths, during the year, was one hundred and fifty two; eleven whereof died of the measles, and twenty eight of the consumption.

Our correspondent observes, that in the year 1801, there were a hundred deaths only in that town; and what is very remarkable, just one fifth of them was by consumption,

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Monitorial Department.

Mrs. EXTON and family, of New. Jerfey, last year made 800 Cheeses, which fell in Philadelphia at the fame price as cheese imported from England. They milk 40 cows. Their farm is 600 acres, of which the one half is wood land. An example of fuch well directed induftry & good management may be imitated by others with great advantage; and fhews that farming in the United States, when well conducted, is one of the moft profitable objects to which a man can direct his attention. [Mer. Advertifer.]

To aid the cause of virtue and religion.


HE chevalier de Bienenberg of Prague, we are told, has difcovered a method of effectually preferving trees in bloffom from the fatal effects of those frofts which fometimes in the fpring deftroy the moft promifing hopes of a plentiful crop of fruit. His method is extremely fimple. He furrounds the trunk of the tree in bloffom with a wifp of ftraw or hemp. The end of this he finks, by means of a ftone tied to it, in a veffel of fpring water, at a little diftance from the tree. One veffel will conveniently ferve two trees; or the cord may be lengthened fo as to furround feveral, before its end is plunged into the water. 'It is neceffary that the veffel be placed in an open fituation, and by no means fhaded by the branches of the neighbouring trees, that the froft may produce all its effects on the water, by means of the cord communicating with it. This precaution is particularly neceffary for thofe trees the flowers of which appear nearly at the fame time as the leaves; which trees are peculiarly expofed to the ravages of the froft. The proofs of its efficacy, which he had an opportunity of obferving in the fpring of 1787, were remarkably ftriking. Seven apricot elpaliers in his garden began to bloffom in the month of March. Fearing that they would fuffer from the late frofts, he furrounded them with cords as above directed. In effect, pretty fharp frofts took place fix or eight nights: the apricot trees in the neigh-her bouring gardens were all frozen, and none of them produced any fruit, whilft each of the chevalier's produced fruit in abundance, which came to the greatest perfec



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HRISTIANITY is fuppofed to have been introduced into Britain, either by St. Paul or by fome of his companions and difciples, a few years after the middle of the first century. In the 5th century, the Britons, invaded by the Picts and Scots, called in the affiftance of the Saxons, who were led by two brothers, Hengift and Horfa. Thofe foreign auxiliaries, as might have been expected, after vanquifhing and expelling the Picts and Scots, turned their arrows and fpears against the natives;-difpoffeffed them of their lands, natives;-difpoffeffed them of their lands, deftroyed the lives of multitudes, and reduced the reft, except those who fled into Comwall and Wales, to the most abject flavery. The Saxon conquerors, who began in that island a new line of kings, were pagans and they established paganism; which continued predominant, almost four centuries. It was by the influence of a Woman, in the first inftance, that those idolatrous princes, together with their nobility and the nation in general, were converted to the chriftian faith..

Clovis, King of France, in the year 496, embraced chriftianity, which then begun. in that kingdom. In the 9th century, Ethelbert, King of England, of the Saxon line, married Bertha, the only daughter of Caribert, King of France, who was a defcendant of Clovis. Before Ethelbert was admitted to this alliance, he was obliged to ftipulate, that the princefs fhould enjoy the free exercife of her religion. While Bertha was zealous for the propagation of chriftianity, fhe fupported the credit of

faith by an irreproachable and amiable conduct; and employed every art of infinuation and addrefs to reconcile her hufband to her religious principles. The fuperiority of her education, the purity of her morals, and the engaging fuavity of her manners, gave her an afcendency over Ethelbert; and, at the fame time, rendered her extremely popular with the courtiers: and thus paved the way for their reception of the christian doctrines.

Ethelbert, not fuddenly, but after taking a confiderable time for examination, renounced paganifm and embraced the chriftian fyftem; and his courtiers and nobility followed his example.-A most noble conquefta conquest of hearts, for the purpose of forming in them the principles of virtue and piety.

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It was a great overfight in the Convention of 1787, that they did not give a name to the country for which they devil. ed a frame of government. Its citizens are fuffering every day for lack of fuch a generic term. Deftitute of a proper name for their own foil and region, they exprefs themselves vaguely and awkwardly on the fubject. By fome it is termed


United States;" this however is a political, and not a geographical title. By others it is called America," and the inhabitants "Americans." But these ep

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