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RECEIPTS FOR PRESERVING TURNIPS FROM
By the attendance of Stage Plays and other Theatrical Exhibitions, to which peo ple are invited by public adventilements and otherwife, and by which a number of perfons are fupported at the expenfe of thofe who yield to the temptation, much pre. cious time is foolishly fpent, and money
URNIPS are fo frequently deftroyed by a finall fly, which feeds on them while quite young, that farmers are, in
to cultivate that valuable root. The fol-
a great mealure, deterred from attemptingquandered, to the injury of families, and
ty by their prolanenefs. They are ap "to inftil bad principles in the minds of men, and leffen that awe and reverence "which all men ought to have of God and Religion and by their lewdnels they "teach vice, and are apt to infect the mind"of men, and difpofe them to lewd ani "dillolute practices."
To a quart of turnip feed add one ounce of brimstone finely powdered; put both into a bottle, large enough to afford room to shake them well together every day, for four or five days previous to fowing, keeping the bottle well corked.
Take fuch a quantity of clover leaves, as when bruited, will yield juice fufficient to cover the turnip feed you intend to fow, in which let it foak about twelve hours; the next day, mix it with the bruised leaves and low altogether.
that to this fource many of the predominant like this is very derogatory to the nature
[TO BE CONTINUED.]
The fubje&t of Dewelling has alfo claimed our very ferious confideration; it being || a crime of great magnitude, which, with its late frequency, mult be viewed by every ferious refleting mind, and particularly fo by thole who believe in the mild and benign datirices of the Goipel, with much regret and abhorrence. We wish to arreft the attention of thofe who have fuch falle and delufive ideas of honour; we with them deliberately to reflect on the confequences that may refult to themfelves, and that must refult to fociety, by an indul gence of that ferocious difpofition that can, that dare, premeditatedly deprive a fellow being of life, and plunge him into an endlefs eternity, in an unprepared ftate; the prefumption being very frong, that men who are in fuch a difpofition of mind as to give way to a practice fo barbarous, in order to obtain revenge of a fellow creature, are not likely to be in a fituation prepared to meet their God. And while we are defirous of fhowing, if poffible, that a conduft ||
FOR THE BALANCE.
WAS lately amufed in reading an extract from the proceedings of the 1787. The queftion before the houfe general affembly of Connecticut, May 12,
was, whether delegates fhould be fent from the ftate of Connecticut to the general con vention, to be held at Philadelphia, for the purpofe of revifing and altering the articles of confederation. The members generally were in favour of fending delegates; and feveral of them, particularly General Huntington, Colonel Seymour, Colonel Wadfworth, and Mr. Davenport powerful arguments evincive of the neceffity of fuperfeding the old confederation by a government that thould be fficient and adequate to the exigencies of
"Mr. Granger declared himself to be oppofed to fending delegates to the cor. vention: he conceived it would be difa. greeable to his conflituents; he thought the liberties of the people would be en dangered by it; that the conflitution of this tate (Connecticut) was already fufficient for every purpole, added to the articles of confederation, in which fufficient power was already delegated to Congress; and concluded by faying that he imagined thefe things would have a tendency to produce a regal government in this country.' This fpecimen of Mr. Granger's early profellions and artifice afforded a fure prognoltic of his fubfequent political conduct. From the days of Abfalom to the prefent generation, artful cunning demagogues have always cloaked their ambitious views with the plaufible pretence of a violent love to the people. This is the hobby horfe whereon they have ever mounted in -order to rife to power; which, when once obtained, they never fail to ufe with viclence and tyranny. The nation, it is well known, was at that time beginning to fuffer the horrors of anarchy and the con tempt of imbecility; under the lofs both
of public and private credit, it had become contemptible even in its own eyes: but Mr. Granger was oppofed to fending delegates to revife and alter the articles of confederation; becaufe "he conceived it would be difagreeable to his conftitu. ents;" becaufe he thought the liberties of the people would be endangered by it;" becaufe, in the old confederation, fuffi cient power was already delegated to congrefs;" and becaufe that giving congrels more power" would have a tendency of producing a regal (or royal) government in this country.'"
dolls. 2,256,895 less than the year preceding.
"The funds annually appropriated to the difcharge of our debt are by act of the difcharge of our debt are by aft Congrefs under the direction of the VicePrefident, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, the Attorney-General, and the Chief Juftice of the United States, who are filed the Commiffioners of the Sinking Fund.' Of thefe Commiffioners the Secretary of the Treafury is the agent, the power of the others is barely nominal. The Commiflioners have laid before Congrefs at the prefent feffion, a report of the Secretary of the Treasury made to them, containing a detail of the meafures purlued in the year 1802, in relation to their duty. It does not appear that the Chief Juftice of the United States had been confulted on thefe proceedings; his name does not appear to the report.
"This report of the Secretary of the Treasury states that during the year 1802, there has been drawn from the Treasury of the United States on account of principal and interest of the domestic debt, the sum of 9,372,752 20
"That of the money drawn from the Treasury in the year 1801, which remained unapplied at the expiration of that year, and was applicable to the Dutch debt, there was guilders 2,313,846 10 stivers, equal to 40 cents each guilder, to
Forming the sum in their hands in the year 1802, Dolls. 10,298,290 68
"Of this sum the Secretary renders the following account:
1. That to the payment of interest on the debt accrued in the year 1802, there has been applied, "2. To the reimbursement of principal of domestic debt,
"Dutch debt, due in 1802,
"From these facts I am led to remark, that the aft of laft feflion, placed among the proudeft plumes of the prefent adminofiltration, entitled" An Act providing for the redemption of the whole public debt of the United States, makes it exprefsly the duty of the commillioners of the finking fund to apply annually the fum of dolls. 7,300,000 to the difcharge of the debt-and that it appears the fum of dollars 6,699,738 47 only has been applied in the year 1802-leaving a deficit of dollars 600,261 53. As to the large fum of dolls. 3.483,711, drawn from the Treafury, and not applied, it would have been more fatisfactory to" that jealoufy which, however deteftable in private, is the lovlieft trait of political character," had we been informed. in whole hands as agents this immense fum was refting. As to myfelf, I fhould be glad to have been informed what neceflity induced the drawing fo large a fum from the treafury, fo long before it was to be applied. Why money was remitted to Europe (if the fact be fo) to meet a debt not vet due, At a time that a balance of dolls. 600,000 remained, as it ftill does, unpaid of the fum exprefsly required to be paid in each year. and I cannot reprefs the expreffion of my aftonishment and alarm, that the Secretary of the Treafury in an official report, profefling to account for the due application of dolls. 10,298, 190 63, after vaguely flating dolls. 3,483711 77 to be unapplied and in the hands of agents; thould, notwithstanding, leave a balance wholly unaccounted for of dolls. 114. 749 44."
"S That to meet the installment of domestic debt, first due in the year 1803, they have retained the sum of
Making the sum actually applied, to the discharge of the debt, in the Dolls. 6,692,733 47 year 1802,
"The Secretary further states, that at the close of the year 1802, there remained (exclusive of posted bills outstanding, and of unippli ed balances in the hands of agents) an unapplied balance of guilders, 5,914,606 10 stivers, applicable to the payment of Dutch debt, in the year 1803, equal to
1,290,000 0) 1,341.000 00
dolls. 2,365,842 40
"Making the sum drawn from the Treasury in the year 1802, but not applied in that year,
"If to the sum which is stated to have been applied to the reduction of the debt in 1802, viz. dolls. 6,699,738 47 Be added the last sum, stated to be in the honds of the agents, and not applied, viz.
The sum accounted for in some way or other, is
dolls. 3,463,711 77 dolls 10,183,450 24
Which deducted from the surt in their hands, dolls. 10,298,250 68 Leaves a balance, which the report does not account for in any way, dolls. 114,730 44
dolls. 3,483,711 77
The Prefident in addreffing the prefent Congrefs after a review of our revenue, and the payments on account of the debt, remarks, "When effe&ts to falutary refult from the plans you have already fanctioned; when merely by avoiding falfe objects of expenfe, we are able without a direct tax, without internal taxes and with out borrowing, to make large and effectual payments towards the difcharge of our public debt, and the emancipation of our pofterity from that mortal canker, it is an encouragement of the highest order to proceed as we have began in fubftituting economy for taxation, and in procuring what is ufeful for a nation placed as we are, rather than what is practifed by others under different circumftances." The conftitution requires of the Prefident that he fhould give Congress information of the ftate of the Union, and recommend fuch meafures as he may judge neceffary and expedient. Perhaps it would comport better with the dignity of the fit Magiftrate, if in difcharging this duty he should not feel himfelf emancipated from the obligations impofed by official propriety.
If he thould refrain from fuch reflections as are evidently intended to establish his own reputation by cafting reproach on
JARE, MATSKI LIS NEZI
his predeceffors, or avoid fuch a difplay of of the fales brought back into the treafury, measures and profeffions as argue a thirst for popularity. As his own feelings muft meffage fuggefts to be the refult of the to form a part of that aggregate which the regulate his conduct in this particular, it is at his option to adopt or reject fuch ftale penfe." The great object, therefore of "merely avoiding falfe objects of exinftruments for procuring popular favor. expenfe, upon which much money was -So far, however, as I deem them difin- expended by the former adminiftration, are genious or unfounded, it is my duty and a right I feel difpofed to ufe, to examine histions-fuppreffing infurrections; eftabthe erection of light-houfes and fortifica. ftatement. The remarks I have quoted lifhing nava! fites and arfenals; the purfrom the meffage are predicated on the ftate chafe of arms and ordnance; establishing of our revenue, " refulting (fays the Prefi- armouries, and protecting commerce a. dent) from the plans you have already fanc-gainft Algerine and French pirates by tioned." Now it is an indifputable truth, building a navy. Let any candid man rethat the plans adopted under the prefent adminiftration have been to diminish and not flect whether under the fame circumftanto increafe the revenue. ces, the prefent adminiftration ought not the internal taxes (in which I concured, to refort to the fame measures. Whether though I wished to retain fuch parts of them the injuftice and violence of foreign na as fell on luxury and wealth) the revenue tions may not compel us at any time, and was fellened near one million of dollars per however pacific the difpofition of the adyear. No one meature has been adopted, ministration, to refort to meafures of deor in the language of the meffage, "fancfence, and then let him fay whether thefe tioned" in the prefent adminiftration which were falfe objects of expenfe. There are ad is one cent a year to the revenue of the dopted, or rather " however other objects of expenfe not aUnited States. The regulations of com- fent adminiftration--fuch as the reducavoided," by the merce, under which the duties from im. pre. pols and tonnage arife and are collefted, tion of the expenfe of the judiciary deremain as eftablifhed by the former adminpartment by the repeal of the judiciary fyfiftration. The progreffive increafing poptem adopted February 1801-the-reduculation, wealth and commerce of the U. tion of the army, and the difmiffing the ofnited States, occafioned the regular annuficers employed in collecting the internal al increafe of this revenue, and in the uThe expenditure retrenched by fual courfe, the receipts of the last year the repeal of the judiciary was furely not were greater than the former. But fays prefent wealth, because the fyftem repealthe caufe of our former poverty or of our the meffage, this flate of things is the refult merely of avoiding falfe objects of ed had been in operation but one year, expenfe." Some diminution of expendi-thousand dollars, a fum lefs than the exand the faving does not exceed thirty ture has indeed been made under the pref- penfe of repealing it. The reduction of ent adminiftration, but they have in a very the army was juftified in my eftimation great degree refulted from a change in our fituation and circumflances, not produc- opinion, that while our differences fubfiftand fupported by my vote; but I am of. ed, I prelume to fay by the prefent adminiftration. Let it be remembered, that ed with the European powers with whom in the few years preceding the acceffion we were contending the force retained of the prefent adminiftration, millions guard our frontiers. The restoration of was necellary to gatrifon our forts and were neceflarily expended for fecuring harmony, which authorifed a reduction guard our frontiers. The refloration of and protecting our commerce, to which of the navy, juflified a like reduction of not only the agricultural, but every other the army. intereft owes its profperity. Light-houfes had in this inftance rendered that force A change of circumftances and fortifications were erefied-infurrec-ufelefs which a few months before, had tions, Indian and Algerine wars exhauf- been indifpenfible. By repealing the ined large fums; by depredations of the English, French and Spanish nations propternal taxes the expenfe of collection was ery fappofed to exceed thirty millions of pedite the difcharge of the debt, or replen. difpenfed with. This meafure did not exdollars, was loft, and the revenue confequently greatly diminished. Naval fites ifh the treafury; for while it faved the exand arienals were established, arms and penfe of one hundred thousand dollars, it ordnance to a large amount purchased; I cherish the hope that neither the public prevented the receipt of ten times that fum. and armories for manufacture of arms fet in operation. A navy was not only built faith or public fafety may require a refort which reflored our commerce and reven to direct or internal taxes, or to loans. But ue but when on the return of peace its however fincere the prefent adminiftralonger fupport on the fift eftablishment certainly is not correct to claim as a meri: tion may be to avoid thefe measures, yet it was rendered unneceffary, most of the fhips were fold, by which measure the ato them, that they have replenished our mount of the annual expenditure of the natreasury, and reduced the debt, "withvy was greatly leffened; and the proceeds from the treasury department show, that out" thefe aids; because the documents
they have received from the direct tax, and internal taxes, the large fum of two inillions, leven hundred and fixty thousand dollars. The arrears of taxes yet unpaid, are eftimated by the Secretary of the Treaf ury, at upwards of one million of dollars, which will alfo be at the difpofal of the prefent adminiftration. It appears then, that the prefent. adminiftration have the benefit of near four millions of dollars from the direct and internal taxes.
The prefent adminiftration have done much. With the happy fortune of receiving the government and every branch of its revenue, "in the full tide of fuccefsful experiment;" unembarraffed by foreign diffenfions; relieved from the nejects which their predecellors had comceffity of great expenditure on national ob. pleatty or greatly advanced. With an en creafing population, commerce and wealth; and a revenue yielding them in two years the immenfe fum of thirty-one millions of dollars; much was to be expected. Let any candid and intelligent American review these things; he will fee with pleafure and with pride the profperous fituation of our country; but he must admit that we do not owe it to the "plans fanctioned" or false "objects of expenfe avoidplanter who fucceeds to the poffeffion of ed" by the prefent administration. The a farm already well improved and planted, fhould be content with reaping the profits of the induftry and fkill of his predeceflor, without detracting from his merits. He derives no merit from the boat-I have gathered an harvest which I might have deftroyed.
The Prefident recommended to congrels, to appropriate a fum of money for erecting at this city a dry dock, in which, by employing water drawn from a fource above the level of the tides, as practifed might be placed on a dry and feltered bed, in lock navigation, the fhips of our navy in which fituation the progrefs of decay would be arrefted. The eftimate of this work fubmitted by the Prefident, was lour hundred and twenty thousand dollars.No fubject can more juftly merit the attention of the legiflature than the preferhim; but unfortunately the project, by vation of our navy: the folicitude of the Prefident on this occafion is honorable to perience, was judged not to be adapted to every light afforded by philofophy or exto the prefervation than to the deftrucits object, and would be lefs conducive tion of the navy. After fome difcuffion fion it was agreed without a diffenting voice, to permit the fubject to reft without a decifion.
At the laft feffion of Congrefs, a propoa&s of Congrefs, by which foreign fhips fition was made for repealing the feveral arriving in our ports are liable to higher tonnage duty, than our own, and goods.
length the friends of the project confent- 11
[TO BE CONTINUED.]
imported in them subjected to an additional duty of 10 per cent. The repeal to take effect whenever it fhould be ascertained that any foreigns nations had adopted the fame policy towards us, by a repeal of their difcriminating and countervailing duties. The queftion was not decided at that feffion. It is underflood that our minif :ter at London, was inftructed to propofe - this fubject to the British government, and that in confequence of this communication, the Britith parliament paffed an act, authorizing their King to abolith their difcriminating and countervailing duties, upon the event of the United States concurring in the ineafure. At the opening of this feflion of Congrefs, the Prefident fays he communicates with fatisfaction" the act of the British parliament, and fubmits to Congrefs the propriety of meeting them in the abolition of thefe duties. The committee of commerce and manufactures, to whom this fubject was relerred, made a detailed report, which concludes by recommending a refolution, for repealing the acts impofing difcriminating du.ly ties. While this refolution lay on the table, the chambers of commerce of Philadelphia and New-York, and fome other cities, and the mechanics of New-York, petitioned against the meafure. They ftate in fubftance, that experience under thefe acts had proved their benignant effects: that our fhipping had increased to an a mount fufficient for carrying all our productions, intended for exportation, and the importation of luch articles as are neceffary for our home confumption.-That by a repeal of thefe duties the thips of Great Britain would be permitted to bringably true, we believe, that the federal inaus the products and manufactures of alí jority, in Maffachusetts, has increased countries, while by the operation of their fince the laft election." navigation act, we fhould be reftricted in our trade to that nation to the carriage of goods, the growth or production of our own country only, that the velfels of all nations would be allowed equal privileges with American built fhips, without an equivalent on their part. That the Euro-giflature. pean nations not only build and equip their fhips much cheaper, but alfo navigate them at much less expense than we can, which advantages in their favor muft pre. vent our competition with them in navi. gation, and leave American veffels idly to rot in our docks. They all conclude with expreffing a confidence that repealing our difcriminating duties would difcourage fhip-building, deprive us of the profits at prefent derived from the employment of American veffels, and make us dependent on foreign nations for the exports of the products of our foil: that it must be prej. udicial to various important interefts in the community, detrimental to the revenue of the country, and in a national point of view extremely impolitic. The fubject was poftponed from day to day, and at
Hudson, April 26, 1803.
It is with the greateft pleasure we lerrn that federalifm is increafing in every part of the United States. From the various election returns which we have received, it appears that our country is rapidly returning to the right way.
The latest accounts from Malfachusetts give Gov. STRONG a majority of upwards of 12,000; and the final majority is liketo be larger by fome thoufands than it was last year.
The Bofton Centinel, after flating the
The editor of the Ægis, after declining
In New-Hampfhire, the majority for
On Friday evening laft, the honorable the Attorney-General called an electioneer ing meeting in this city, and delivered an harangue, with his ufual eloquence and moderation, having probably entirely forgotten that he once gave, as a reafon for removing a federal cfficer, that he had endeavored to influence elections: We do not learn that the fpeech of Mr. Spencer was taken in fhort hand; it is therefore impoffible to know whether he faid any thing about giving the truth in evidence, or whether, amongst his other charges against the federalifts he accuied any one of them of attempting to bribe a man to ele&ioneer, at the price of a FIVE DOLLAR BILL.
In Connecticut, Cov. Trumbull, is re-elected by a vaft and unprecedented majority; and it is expected that there will not be more than 40 democrats in the le
By the arrival of the fhip Mercury, capt. Sterling, at this port yeflerday evening in 31 days from Liverpool, we have intelligence from thence to the 10th, and from London to the 8th March, both inclufive. -From this it appears that the British government were taking fteps which are strongly indicative of war. Orders had been iffued for a general impreffment of seamen, and were in actual execution at Liverpool when capt. Sterling failed. The Militia were also directed to be embodied, and held in readiness to be called into fervice. The caufe of thefe preparations was faid to be owing to a difagreement between England and France refpe&ting the furrender of Malta. It is not unlikely that the retention of connected with thefe meafures of the adthe Cape of Good Hope by the English, is [Ev. Poft, 15th infl.]
AT Hartford, Con. on Monday evening, the 18th. inst. Mr. CHESTER PARSONS of this city, to Miss PHEBE TURNER, of that place.
In New-Jerfey, as far as accounts have To Readers Correspondents. come to hand, federalifm progreffes; And even in Virginia we have the most flattering profpe&ts.
With thefe examples before them, it is
Smce printing the piece in the first side of this paper, signed Investigator, we have been certified that the Mr. Granger in the Connecticut assembly, who opposed the sending of delegates to the general convention, could not have been the same who is now Post-Master General of the United States; but must
have been an older man. Had this circumstance been known in season, the piece would have been suppressed.
We have one objection to publishing the poetical essay of "SYJ.VANUS." The ideas of Thompson cannot be expressed in better language than his own. It might, however, be of use to the " Young scribbler" to versify the writings of that celebrated poet for private amusement.
Liberty of the Press," No. 9, is omitted for want of room.
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