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"Ungracious' assur'd that thou never wilt alter, "I've left thee a shilling to purchase a halter."— "Thank you, father," says Charles, " for my share of your wealth,
"Heaven grant you may live―TO ENJOY IT YOURSELF."
Here Parcus and Moestus, with counterfeit tears, Wish'd to heaven he still might enjoy it for years, "Worthy sons!" says the Sire, "bat, Charles, as for you, "Most extravagant waster! you shan't want your due,
"Who think riches are got to be squander'd away, "Who wou'd spend all my gains in the space of a day;
SIR Robert Wilfon in his history of the British expedition in Egypt, relates that Bonaparte, having carried the tour of Jaffa by affault, many of the garrison were put to the fword; but the greater part flying into the mofques, and imploring mercy from their purfuers, had their lives granted them :-that, three days af terward, Bonaparte, who had expreffed much refentment at the compaffion manitefted by his troops, and was determined to relieve himfelt from the maintenance and care of three thoufand eight hundred prifoners, ordered them to be marched to a rifing ground near Jaffa ; when a divifion of the French infantry formed against them that when the Turks had arrived at the fatal fpot, and the mournful preparations were completed, a fignal gun was fired that vollies of mufquetry and grape inftantly played againt them; and that Bonaparte, who had been beholding the fcene through a telescope, when he faw the fmoke afcending, manifefted his joy and exultation. The hiftorian obferves that the bones of thefe wretched people fill lie in heaps, about a mile from the town of Jaffa, and are fhown to every traveller that arrives. He further affirms
that Bonaparte finding his hofpitals at Jaffa crowded with fick foldiers of his own army, and fearing a peftilence, contrived and caufed to be executed the diabolical project of poifoning them.
the fervice. Accordingly one of them who had an impediment in his fpeech, came up to the captain and made his bow. "What is your objection ?" faid the captain." I ca-nt go," anfwers the man, "because I ft-ft-ftutter." "Stutter," fays the Captain, "you don't go there to talk, but to fight." "Ay, but they'll p-p-put me upon g-g-guard, and a man may go ha-ha-half a mile, before I can say wh-wh. who goes there?" "Oh, that is no ob. jection, for they will place fome other sentry with you, and he can challenge, if you can fire." "Well, b-b-but I may be tata-taken and run through the g-g-guts, before I can cry qu-qu-qu-qu-qu-quarter."
His laft plea prevailed, and the captain, out of humanity, (laughing heartily) dif. miffed him.
Certain coquettes, gaily dreffed, well powdered, and well rouged, being lately at a ball, asked a foreigner prefent, how he liked French beauties. “Ladies, (answered he, with great naivete,) I am no judge of painting.'
TERMS OF THE BALANCE.
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AGENTS FOR THE BALANCE.
IN ADDITION TO THOSE HITHERTO MENTIONED.
J. Simonds, Post Master, Clinton, N. Y.
DURING the late war, when draughts were made from the militia, to recruit the continental army, a certain captain gave liberty to the men who were draughted from his company, to make their objec. WHERE PRINTING IN GENERAL IS EXECUTED tions if they had any, against going into
SAMPSON, CHITTENDEN & CROSWELL,
WITH ELEGANCE AND ACCURACY.
FOR THE BALANCE.
66 HAIL SACRED POLITY, BY FREEDOM REAR'D !
66 HAIL SACRED FREEDOM, WHEN BY LAW RESTRAIN'D !"
No. II. TO AMBROSE SPENCER, Esq. SIR,
MONG all the public knaves who have run the gauntlet of political proftitution, there have been a few only whofe turpitude was of fuch a peculiar nature as to render their names immortal; or as Pope has expreffed it, who have beco "damn'd to everlating fame." Viliainy, however attrocious, muft fail of giving perpetuity to the name of its author, unlels it ftrikes at the dearest interests of millions of people. Sir Robert Treffillian, the chief justice of the king's bench in England, had he acted the public knave merely on a fmall fcale, would long ago have been forgotten. Neither his talents, nor the innate turpitude of his character, nor his private vices and petty oppreffions, had any claims upon the notice of pofterity. But for the circumftance of his having advifed the king, Richard II, to ftifle and defroy the germ of English liberty by the extenfion of his preroga. tives, the name of Treffillian would have been unknown to the prefent age. It was this ftab aimed at the infant liberties of his country, that aroufed the public indignation and brought him to the scaffold; where he expiated his offence with his blood. It was this attrocious deed tending to blast the hopes of unborn millions, that has perpetuated to that corrupt politi. cian a confpicuous place in English hifto
HUDSON, (NEW-YORK) TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1803.
Your plea for fettering the prefs with a previous restraint was founded on a flat
Hume, the most famous among the Britifh hiftorians, fpeaking of the reign of Edward III, fays, "They indeed mistake very ruch the genius of this reign, who
ry. Almoft five centuries have elapfed,
How fupremely gratifying muft it be,
ute of Edward III. King of England; and it is worthy of particular notice that the ftatute was enacted nearly a century before the art of printing was invented, and in a very dark and tyrannical age.--You yourself, it is prefumed, are learned in history as well as in law; but for the fake of the unlearned who are equally interefted, it may be proper and neceffary to give a brief fketch of the fate of civil policy at that remote and dark period.
Hume concludes his hiftory of the reignty, to juftify our government, however well of Edward III. in the following words, difpofed for peace, in fubmitting to be ca"On the whole, it appears that the gov-joled by his affurances; or to use the French ernment at beft was only a barbarous mon- cant, whenever they were injuring and archy, not regulated by any fixed max. fulting any nation, in the perfon of its Amims, nor bounded by any certain indifpu-baffador, his perfect affurances of high conted rights, which in practice were regular-fideration. For our part we declare, that ly obferved. The King conducted him- having viewed the whole of BONAPARTE'S felf by one fet of principles; the barons conduct well enough, we think, to make a (or lords) by another; the commons by a tolerable eflimate of his character, we conthird; the clergy by a fourth." fider the very profeffion of friendship heed, has made, as a certain affurance of his bad intentions. He must be but a paltry politician, and little read indeed in the human heart, who will not be more ftartled at it as
To that dark, barbarous and tyrannical age you have recurred for a flatute with which to punifh and overwhelm a printer in this free country. And is our republic already come to this ?" Be aftonifhed, O Heavens !"
Happily your efforts have failed. The deformed banding that you had conceived was ftifled in the birth, and dropped from you dead born: yet your labours and pangs in its conception and delivery will never be forgotten. It will be held in lively remembrance that you were the firft public officer in this country fince the adoption of the federal conftitution, who openly endeavoured to enchain the prefs by fuch a previous reftraint- as would ex tinquifh all free enquiry refpecting public men and measures, and thus pave the way for national flavery. For this deed, your name, retrefting the noftrils of pofterity, will roll down the ftream of time till time fhall be no more.
The political and historical truth, contained in the following production, ought to ensure it a republication in every paper in the United States.
FROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER.
IT appears by a lester from Washington, that the Prefident has got certain affurances from the French goverment, that they bad" the greateft define to cultivate a good underftanding with the American govern. ment, and that General VICTOR who is to command in Louifiana, had received infructions from the Firft Conful to pursue conciliatory meafures, fuch as would conduce to the harmony and mucual improvement of the interefts and the rights of both countries, and to efpect the rights, territory and perfons of the people of the United States." We hope, and we are fure, that there are none in the United States who would rejoice more fincerely than we fould at hearing this announced, if we could fee in a retrofpe& of the conduct of the French government, and particularly in that of BONAPARTE, any one cafe in which verbal or written engagements, or even oaths, have been obferved with fideli
fentence paffed upon the country, han rejoiced at it as an omen of peace. Let us fee what grounds we have for faith in France! Oh! if we had but half the faith from righteoufnefs in Chrift, that we have for fear in France, we might hope to call down protection and bleilings from Heav. en !
KAWAN PELI-297 KEREKES
other fucceflive exactions to the amount of fix million pounds flerling. The churches were given up to plunder-every re in-ligious fund, and every public treasure was confiscated; and the country was made one fcene of rapine and diforder. At Pa. via, a garrifon of French troops left by BONAPARTE, having wantonly deftroyed the tomb of St. AUGUSTIN, which the inhabitants had always religioully venerat
they collected around and took the garrifon prifoners, but carefully abftained from offering violence to a fingle foldier. BONAPARTE marched back, and carried military execution over the whole coun try-burnt the town of Benafco, and put 800 of its inhabitants to. death in cold blood; and then marching to Pavia took it by form, and maffacreed the inhabi
When the French entered Holland, they iffued a proclamation to this effect
In breach of the treaty and rights of neu
We confider you as friends and allieswe refore you to freedom-week to inSpire you with confidence!" &c. &c. and in lets than two years they fleeced the Dutch of fifty-five millions of dollars; of a whole province of their ftrongeft barrier towns, and of a feaport. They plac-trality, he took poffeflion of Leghorn to ed the country under military commiflionfeize the British property lying there, and ers, and confiscated to their own ufe, the he made the Duke of Tufeany pay the whole of the Belgian Clergy's property, to. expence of his army march ing thither. The amount of 250 millions of dollars. So that the freedom they gave that country, according to promife, was to free them
When they entered Franconia, a proc-
In Lombardy, BONAPARTE iffued a
BONAPARTE figned a treaty with the Duke of Modena promifing neutrality on the payment of twelve millions of livres. When that was paid he arrefted the Duke, and extorted from him 200,000 fequins; on this another treaty was figned, called a Convention de Surete, which, of course, was followed by fresh violations and exactions.
When he entered the territories of Ve nice, he iffued, according to cuftom, a proclamation of "certain affurances."-BONAPARTE to the Republic of Venice."
"It is to deliver the first country in Europe from the iron yoke of the proud Houfe of Auftria the French army come, &c. &c. &c.-Religion, govern ment, customs, and property shall be ref pected, all provided for the army fhall be paid in money." This, like every other, was followed by infamous exactions-He established democracy, and with the new government made a treaty, by which money and naval flores to the amount of fix millions of livres, and three fhips of the line were given to him, in return for which he gave them certain affurances of friendship. This he performed in his own way, by handing them over in four months after, by the treaty of Campo Formio, to the iron yoke of the proud Houfe of Austria.
In Egypt, his proclamation ran thus:"In the name of God, merciful and gracious-There is no God but GOD”—“ He has no fon or affeciate in his kingdom
* * * *
"The French adore the Supreme Being, and honour the Prophet and his Koran.
"The French are true Muffulmen— not long fince they marched to Rome and overthrew the Pope, who excited Chriftians against Ifmfm (Mahomitanifm.") He returns home, eftablishes popery, and at a folemn mafs held on the occafion, in the face of that world who knew of his pretending to be a Muffulman, he takes the facrament of the Lord's fupper, as by CHRIST ordained, according to the rituals. of the Church of Rome.-Infamous, abominable blafphemy !!
After this authentic detail, are we juftified in cafting off all confidence in fuch a man's profeffions? Or will our Execu tive be juftified in repofing any confidence in them?
We are aware, because we hear it every day and fee it before us, that many men are obftinately averfe to war, and would maintain peace at any rate; but have those perfons duly confidered war or peace in all their bearings and relations? War is a thing that relates to fociety, not to individ. uals, and if individual feelings or private felf-intereft enter into the compofition of a man's thoughts on thefe fubjects, they cannot be correct. We must often venture life to fave it and to render it more lecure, and to make it worth the havingand many men have loft their ALL by being afraid to venture ALL in its defence. One has a land fpeculation-another a commercial one. One is afraid that lands will fall-another that infurance will rife. But this does not alter the real nature of the queftion-the queftion of war or peace extends to whole countries, empires, and regions. These fee no farther than the feace of their own eftates, or the walls of their own warehouses; but let them put this queftion to their minds and hearts; and as they themfelves are not concerned, perhaps their judginent will not be warped, and they will anfwer it fairly :-Would it not have been better for the places which I have mentioned to have rifen en maffe, oppofed BONAPARTE, and run the hazard of all the grievances, murders, oppreflions, exactions and plunder of war, in an hon ourable refiftance, with a chance of fuc. ceeding, than to endure them, as they did, with all the ignominy and infamy of cowardly bafe fubmiflion, to arrogant, barefaced impofture; and furely it fpeaks eWhat can we fay nough of BONAPARTE. What can we fay -what could SHAKESPEARE, MILTON, and all the poets in one, imagine of arrogant impofture, worfe than his having the impudence after what he has done, to hold out the language of promife and expect to have it believed. Alas, Alas-farewell the dignity of manhood-it has furely fled from the earth, when the most that we can fay under oppreffion, is, "Let me, oh let me die in peace."
MOCKERY OF JUSTICE. TO many of our distant readers, it may appear extraordinary that we should, in all our remarks on the subject, treat Mr. Attorney-General Spencer as the sole or principal author of the late outrage on the Liberty of the Press; as it is well known that a public officer is bound by his oath to perform his dury faithfully, and that when complaint is made and a bill found against an offender, it is the At torney General's business to carry on the prosecu tion. But we have an explanation to make, which will shew that whatever blame or praise attaches to the attack on the press, belongs almost exclusively to Ambrose Spencer Esq. It is true, indeed, that some of the most violent and unprincipled of the democratic party, have approved or pretended to approve, of his conduct; yet facts evince that the measure was his own; but whether he was insti gated to it by Mr. Jefferson, or by the genius of democracy (well known by several familiar names) it is impossible for us to know. Certain it is, that He Mr. Spencer was informer and public accuser. interfered with the duties of the sheriff and of the grand-jury; and he attempted to dictate and mark out a new line of duty for the judges.
Were we permitted to give the truth in evilence, we might here state facts that would strike every consciencious reader dumb with astonishment and indignation. We might exhibit such a shameful instance of the abuse of power, as seldom, if ever, disgraced the most despotic times. We might expose such a scandalous mockery of justice, as would make every freeman shudder. But the reader will reflect, that the terrors of the British common law are suspended over our heads. The AttorneyGeneral stands forth, threatening the man who shall dare to publish truth, with all the rigors of that law. Our press is, at this moment, more completely shackled than if it were under the control of a licenser. We must, therefore, speak with caution. We will be cautious. Nay, more-we will say not a word of our Attorney-General. We will merely suppose a case, and leave the reader to his own reflections.
in the said little city; and that the said printer takes provoking liberties in the said paper with the said Attorney-General. Let it he supposed that the Attorney-General comes to the laudable resclusion of scourging the printer with the common law of England. Let it be supposed that, for this purpese, HE DRAWS UP, or CAUSES TO BE DRAWN UP, IN HIS OWN OFFICE, A DAY OR TWO PREVIOUS TO THE SIT TING OF THE COURT, A BILL OF INDICTMENT against the printer for publishing a libel on Thomas Jefferson !!! Let it be further supposed that, in order to procure a grand-jury, composed of men who would be re to find (yes, reader, find!) a bill already drawn the AttorneyGeneral places in the hands of a democratic sheriff, a list (in his own hand writing) of the names of twenty-four other democrats, with orders to have them summoned for a grand jury!!!* Let it next be supposed that the grand-jury, thus summoned, appear in court at an early hour, and, with all due submission to, and respect for, the Attorney-General, do actually find (wkat a burlesque on judicial proceedings!) the identical bill against the printer, which the Attorney-General had previously fount in his office!!! Now let it be supposed that all And what will the these suppositions are facts. world say? Did the United States ever before witness such a scandalous, such an abominable mockery of jussice?-For the sake of decencyfor the sake of honor-for the sake of honesty, we hope not.
Let us suppose, then, that a federal printer commences the publication of a little waspish paper, in some little city, in a certain county of one of the largest states in the union. Let it be supposed that the Attorney-General of the said state, resides
*Mr. Spencer reel entertain no suspicion that Mr Van Derpoel, the sheriff, bas disclosed any of bis secreta; tho' Mr. Van Derprel knows that he has not a greater eremy on earth than Mr. Spencer.
In the Aurora of December 24, 1800, we find the following passage, concerning the closing of the doors of the Senate, while the French treaty was under discussion,
Secrecy, at all times, is fufpicious, "in a free government; in Britain, or "in the cabinets of defpots the practice is confiftent, but we have the pro/pect be'fore us now that the plaif fyitem of honest measures wil fupercede flute myllery and cunning."
that no "
The sage editor of the Aurora has lived to see his charming prospect vani: h. He has lived to learn plain system of honest measures" has su perceded "state mystery and cunning." He has witnessed more "state mystery" and more "secrets" under the republican administration of Mr. Jefferson, than ever he did under that of Mr. Adams. And does the Aurora mean to say, that the present serene president is a " despot" lecause he allows of "secrets" in his "cabinet ?" Does he intend to insinuate that democratic "secrecy is suspic us?" or does he think that the present is not a -Oh, No! not at all at all free government ?"-he means to applaud the pre: ent administration, at any rate; remembering, at the same time, to furget all that he formerly wrote against the federal administration.
IT appears from experiments made
formerly in this State, (Pennsylvania,) that a bufhel of fun-flower feed yields a gallon of oil, and that an acre of ground planted with the feed, at three feet apart, will yield between forty and fifty bushels of the feed. This oil is as mild as fweet oil, and is equally agreeable with it in fallads, and as a medicine. It may moreover be used with advantage in paints, varnishes and ointments. From its being manufactured in our country, it may always be procured and used in a fresh state. The oil is expreffed from the feed in the fame manner that cold drawn linfeed oil is obtained from flax feed, and with as little trouble. Sweet olive oil fells for fix fhil. lings a quart. Should the oil of the fun. flower feed fell for only two thirds of that price, the product of an acre of ground, fuppofing it to yield only forty bunels of the feed, will be thirty-two pounds, a fum far beyond the product of an acre of ground in any kind of grain. The feed is raifed with little trouble, and grows in land of moderate fertility.It may be gathered and fhelled, fit for the extraction of the oil, by women and children.
Be contented with what you have; and pieces with expreffions of extreme delight feek at the fame time to make the beft improvement of it you can.
Never upbraid any one with his misfortunes ; for misfortune is common to all, and no body can fee into futurity.
Do all the good you can to virtuous and good men; for a good office done to a man of worth and merit, is a noble treasure.
but not foppilh.
Have a special care how you affociate with men of the bottle; but be fure, if occafion make you fall in with fuch company, to withdraw before the liquor gets the better of you; for he whole mind is overpowered with wine is like the chariot, whofe driver is caft out of the box.
When you have a mind to advife with any one concerning your private affairs, examine well firft, how he has managed his own; for he that has been faulty in the adminiftration of his own concerns, will never be able to advife well with reference to those of others.
Prefer honeft poverty to ill-gotten rich
Take time to deliberate and advife; but
FOR THE BALANCE.
FURTHER SKETCHES OF THE IMMORTAL EARD,
Among the nobility who were his admirers and patrons, the Earl of Southampton prefented him with the fum of one thousand pounds fterling; which, confidering the fcarcity and fuperior value of money, was a fingular inftance of liberality and homage rendered to genius.
In poffeflion of an eftate equal to his wants and to his moderate wishes, the bard returned from London to Stratford, the place of his nativity; where he spent feveral of the last years of his life in ease and retirement. Irreproachable in his morals, and abounding equally with wit and good nature, his company and converfation were much courted by the peo
of diftinction in the neighbourhood. There is no innocent quality that fo much needs the conftant and vigilant ufe of prudence, as wit. Shakespeare, in one inftance, loft a friend by four fatyrical
lines which were the inftantaneous effu
fion of his fportive humour. He was in
N no period of the English hifto-
"Ten in the hundred lies here engrav'd, 'Tis a hundred to ten his soul is not sav'd: If any man asketh, who lies in this tomb.? Oh! oh! quoth the devil, 'tis my John-a-Combe." The old gentleman was fo deeply ftung by the keenness of the fatyre that he nev er forgave the poet.
Shakespeare died in the year 1616, and in the 53d of his age. The following is the infcription on his grave ftone at Stratford.
"Good friend, for Jesus' sake forbear
In the last century, there was raised to his memory in Weftminfter-Abbey, a fu perb monument, on which is this epitaph taken from his own dramatic piece, called the Tempest.
"The cloud-capt towers, the gorgeous palaces,