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A fcheme has lately been fet on foot in New-York, which, if carried into effect, will probably refult in the ruin and degra dation of the refpectable body of mechanics in that city. The mayor and fome of the leading democrats, have petitioned the legiflature for aid in erecting and establishing large public workshops, in which idle vagabonds, and difcharged convicts from the State Prifon, are to be employed and placed on a footing, little, if any, inferior to the most relpectable, induftrious and independent mechanics of the city. It ap. pears to be a renewal of an old project of that prince of fcoundrels, Tom Paine. A fpirited remonftrance or counter-petition has been drawn up by the mechanics; and the editor of the Evening Poft has taken up the bufinefs with laud ble firmneis and ability. If, however, the Work-Shop is eftablished in defiance of reafon and juftice, we propofe for it a fign, with the following enticing infcription :

"An Affylum for Oppressed Humanity."

The Poft-Mafter-General has removed the Poft Office from Wallkill, in this ftate, to Little-Britain, a diflance of about fix miles. Whether this is done for the pur. pofe of accommodating a greater number of people, or merely for an excufe to remove a federalift, and appoint a democrat, we know not.-Mr. John Kerr is the new Poft. Mafler.

Almost every mail brings an account of the removal of fome federal Poft-Mafter, and the appointment of democrats. It would occupy too much room to men. tion the whole of them.

Thirty right acts were poffed during the loft feffion of Congress. The follow. ing are the titles of thofe of general



A brig of 239 tons burthen, called the KENTUCKY, was launched at Louifville, Ken. on the 12th ult. A fhip of about the fame burthen was lately lauched at Pittsburg, Penn.

An act in addition to an act, intituled "an at fixing the military peace eflabhh. ment of the United States.”

An act fupplementary to the " act con cerning Confuls and Vice-Confuls," and for the further protection of American feamen.

An act to provide an additional armament for the protection of the feamen and commerce of the United States. #1

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military establishment of the United States for the year one thousand eight hundred

and three.

An act to alter the time for the next meeting of Congrefs.

An act directing a detachment from the military of the United States, and for erecting certain arfenals.

An act making a partial appropriation for the naval fervice during the year 180g.

An act making further provifions for the expenfes attending the intercourse between the United States and foreign nations.

An act to make provifion for perfons that have been difabled by known wounds received in the actual fervices of the United States, during the revolutionary war.


The Aurora fays, that Meffrs. Lowndes, Huger, Winn, Cafey, Moore and Hampton, are elected reprefentatives for the next Congrels, from South-Carolina.The two firft are federalifts-the others, are claimed as democrats, by the Aurora,

From the National Intelligencer.

By the following letter we poffefs the IMPORTANT fact, that the Dey of Algiers has declared WAR againit France. Malaga, Feb. 1, 1803;


I profit of two veffels on the departure for Philadelphia, and Saem, to acquaint you, that the French commercial agent, in this place, has juft received advice, that the Dey of Algiers had declared war against France. This intelligence is tranfmitted to him by his colleague in Barcelo. na, where a veffel had arrived with the news, and difpatches for the French gov ernment, which were immediately sent on by exprefs. I haften to communicate to you this important information, and am, with much refpect and regard,

Your obedient humble fervant,

Extract of a letter from a Merchant of
Cape. Francois to his correfpondent in
this city, dated March 3d, received via

"On the 19th ult. the Blacks proceeded in four columns to attack the Cape. One of them took poffeffion of the hofpital and Fort Belair; the fecond of the Gate Bouteille; and the third and fourth, who came 'down by the Plantation D'Estaing and the Fort Bourgois, were to affail Haunt-deCap and the pofts that lay on the north fide of the city but acting without concert, the two firft columns (which were waiting for the other to commence the attack) were defeated before the arrival of the third and fourth. Having no way to retreat, because

Haut-He-Cap was untouched, they were the floor of the fenate, but did not fuppofe
ultimately obliged to fly by the top of the that they were thereby authorized to pub-
Mountains, whither they were clofely pur- lifh lies. He then read a paragraph ref-
fued as far as the rocks and precipices per-peating himself from the Walhington Fed-
mitted our troops to go. Their lofs on this eralift, and declared that it was utterly falfe.
occafion cannot be eftimated, becaufe the Mr. Jackfon was proceeding with great
greater part have carried their death-blow zeal, when
along with them. One hundred and fifty
dead bodies have been found on the field of
action, and on the paths through which the
fugitives retreated. Amongst the prifon-
ers (who were immediately fhot!) were five
officers, four of whom were hanged in the
market-place; the fifth has not yet under-
gone the fate of his companions, because he
exprefled a willingness to make fome im-
portant difcoveries refpecting a number of
the friends of the blacks in the city, who
are daily arrefted, and dealt with according
to their deserts.

"Tortuda has experienced another crifis, occafioned by a gang of invaders, who ceeded in croffing the channel. They were joined by the negroes of Labatut and fome others, and have done much mifchief. Troops have been fent against them. Mr. Labatut and his wife are faid to be detained in the woods by these brig ands.

"Several parleys have been held lately
between the Government and a number o'
negroes in the country who protest against
the conduct of Chriftophe, Clervaux, &c.
live peaceably on their refpective planta.
tions, and folicit the protection of the
whites. Without relying on thefe pro-
feffions, the General takes the advantage
of them by gaining time until he is able to
take the field, which will fhortly be the
cafe, as the reinforcements from France
begin to arrive.
begin to arrive. We expect foon to fee
better times."

[Evening Poft.]

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Mr. Jackfon raised his voice, and looked another way. He faid he was not going to propofe any refolution, nor did he take that method of obtaining fatisfactionhe merely wished to put the gentlemen upon their guard as to what they published, and to inform them that he fhould demand fatfuc-isfaction in a differentisfaction in a different-[Here Mr. Jackfon was effectually interrupted by a general call to order from every part of the fenate he lat down faying, he would appeal to the houfe whether he had not a right to be heard.]

The Vice prefident faid, that before entering upon the difcuffion of that fubject, he wished to fubmit to the difcuffion of the fenate a queftion of construction.

Mr. Jackson rofe and said, that before any thing was done upon that fubject, he wished to make a few remarks.

The Vice prefident hefitatingly fat down. Mr. Jackfon proceeded by faying, that he wifhed to make a few remarks refpecting ftenographers. He faid, he never wifhed for any honor through the newfpapers which he did not deferve. He had formerly voted for admitting stenographers upon li

The Vice-prefident rofe, and called him to order.

Mr. Jackfon faid, he must be permitted to proceed. He had only a few obfervations to make.

The Vice-prefident flood, and called to order.

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J. Simonds, Post Master, Clinton, N. Y.
I. Thomas, jun. Printer, Worcester.
Samuel Colt, Geneva, N. Y.
Mr. Dodd, Printer, Salem, N. Y.

To Readers & Correspondents.

An Article explanatory, from an obliging corres. pondent, shall be duly attended to in our next.

"A Young Slan," who sent us a communication through the Stockbridge Post-Office, is either a knave or a dunce. If he scribbled thirteen lines of nonsense merely to make us pay ten cents postage, he must be much given to knavery ;-but if, on the contrary, he really thought his communication worth ten cents, we must pronounce him a silly youth On the whole, we are inclined to believe that this is the same " Young Man," that lately embellished the columns of the Boston" Republican Gazetteer," with his productions.

"Liberty of the Press," No. 6, is emitted for want of room.

The present number of the Balance, completes one quarter of Vol. 2.

The Wreath.



I am told, that, because the weather looks a little squally, we shall, probably, be ordered to take all the rigging off their mast-beads, and haul up our vessels: this is not at all sailor-like. The Spaniards have shut us out of port, and we have dispatched a bomb-boat woman to ask the reason. I don't pretend to know much about these kind of matters; but I must say, that if a ny lubber chuse to be running foul of me, without reason, I should not stand palavering with him about it.

For your part, I know you to be an honest fellow, and that you would scorn to quit your ship, while a single timber of her floated; therefore, whenever you think it necessary to pipe all hands, you may give the following to my brother sailors, as the advice of their shipmate, BOB BUNTLINE.

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(bands the can to the next.) What say ye, lads! do ye approve the notion, To haul our ships ashore and quit the ocean, And tamely see a Frenchman or a Spaniard, Who scarcely knows a bowline from a lanyard, Insult our country, and heap wrongs upon her, Without one broadside for Columbia's honour ? Shall we, who've weather'd many a stubborn gale, Dowse our top-gallants at a lubber's hail ? Or, when the scud drives fast, and billows roar, Sculk in our hammocks, till the squall be o'er ? What! quit the sea, because where one tar wins, Mayhap a dozen lose their tops or fins! And carry (to our country's glory strangers). A press of sail to fly from trifling dangers ? No, damme! and your tempers well I know, Ye'll ne'er crowd canvass to avoid a foe ; Nor will ye, 'cause a few chance shot may fly, E'er wish to lay our vessel high and dry, Where ne'er again we'll to our quarters stand, Unless the Dons or Monseers come by land.

Once she gets in that bight, 'twixt you and me,
Columbia lags to leeward, do you see;
And, much I fear, if this report be true,
Will ne'er claw off with honour to her crew.

Who minds a squall? Our vessel's tight and trim, Give her but sea-room, and no fear-she'll swim: Or should an enemy our rights oppose, Lie board and board with any of her foes.

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But hold, avast!-don't think I'd mutinize; No-mutineers I heartily despise ; Lee lurches oft will happen to the best, And, spite of skill, the ship may be distrest. As yet we're safe-but ere a timber starts, Coil up, my lads, this council in your hearts. Without a cause, when sudden squalls assail, Endanger not your spars by pressing sail : But yet, mistake not catspaws for a gale.

We're told, that some on shore, who have direc-

Say, Commerce is not worth a state's protection ;
And that 'twould much increase Columbia's riches,
To haul her navy into docks and ditches!

When gloomy clouds the sea and sky deform,
When, loudly roaring, comes the furious storm;
And mountain surges threaten to overwhelm,
Let Resolution firmly take the helm ;

By Prudence' chart your course forever steer ;
Mind well that pilot, should he cry-no near;
O'er all the crew let Reason have command;
Keep your ship snug-all useless canvass hand.
But, for a foe, when sharp the yards you brace,
And hank for hank she weathers while you chace ;
Though topmasts crack, and each sail seeks relief,
Ne'er fear, my hearties, to shake out a reef.
When HONOUR pipes, the ship may safely heel,
'Tis worse, by far, to shew her stern, than keel.

If such the course our country should pursue, Give us but sea-room, and her foe in view! Her flag shall ride triumphant on the waves, Or we, lamented, sink to noble graves.



CHARLES VII. King of France, hav.. ing given his miftrefs or concubine, Agnes de Sorel, the caftle of Beaute, fhe was called the Demoifelle de Beaute. This introduced the term in France, and afterward in England. Thus it appears that the word Beauty had but a fcurvy origi


THE following Epigram appears in a late Port Folio, and is faid to have been written by Mifter DUANE, to be published in the next edition of the Age of Reafon.

What joy to live in this blest age,
No devils now affright us;

And REASON, such her mighty power!
Has made e'en Paine delight us,

From a correfpondent in Paris we have received the following inventory and eftiImate of the Great Man's Drefs, as furnished by the Great Nation :

A velvet embroidered fuit,*
full drefs uniform of a
French general,
Half-boots with gold em-

A military hat, best bea



IN the time of Henry IV. of France, a famous phyfician having abjured Calvinifm, and embraced the Catholic faith, the King said to Sully:-" Sully, my friend, thy religion is very fick; the physicians abandon it."

ver, Diamond button for the hat, weighing 277 car


A fabre with beft Damafcus blade,

Hilt of fabre of folid gold, 27 oz. Diamond in the mouth of Crocodile, called the Regent, Diamond eyes of Crocodile,

Epaulets of best brilliants,

£126 0 0


1 10 0


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108 OO

126,000 0

1,500 00 30,000 OO Total value, £397,741 10 0 Analisis of the aboveClothes and useful articles, including embroidery, gold hilted fabre, &c.

251 10 0

Ornamental part, £397,490 o o [London Paper.]

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No. V.


HE pathetical appeal to the moral fenfibilities of the nation, which Mr. Jefferfon used as an enforcement to his recommendation of a speedy and almost immediate admiflion of foreigners to the rights of fuffrage, is worthy of particular notice." And fhall we refufe (he fays) to the unhappy fugitives from diftrefs, that kofpitality which the favages of the wilderness extended to our fathers arriving in this land ?"

HUDSON, (New-York) TUESDAY, APRIL 5, 1803.

The real force of this argument would operate in a direction entirely oppofite to the intention with which it has been urged. The various measures of hospitality which have been extended to Europeans by the favages of the wilderness, have generally been meted to them again in fuch a manner as to have given them caufe, in the bitterness of their hearts, to curfe the day when those ftrangers were received with • affection and confidence to their bofoms. In the islands of St. Domingo and Cuba, in South America and in Africa; many millions of the wretched natives have been either murdered or en flaved within the three laft centuries by European adventurers whom at firft they had received with unfufpecting confidence. And let the immenfe plains of Indoftan, watered with the tears and fertilized by the blood of its na



PAGE 105

It is no wife, however, the design of
thefe effays to oppofe or difcourage, in a
general view, a hofpitable reception and
ufage of foreigners coming among us.—
This point has never been contested. The
great and only queftion is, fhall foreigners
be fpeedily admitted to the rights of fuff-
rage, and to a confequent participation in
the national fovereignty.-Mr. Jefferson
certainly must have known that hofpitali-
certainly must have known that hofpitali-
ty and naturalization are things effentially
different; and that the former may
be ex-
ercifed in its utmost extent, even where
the latter is refufed. A man that receives
a neceffitous stranger into his house, finds
him bed and board, employs him and pays

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tive children, bear witness to the requitals || him liberal wages, does every thing toward of.avaricious Europeans, for the hospitali- || him that hofpitality requires; and if this ty they had received, and the kindneffes ftranger, after a fhort refidence, fhould which had been heaped upon them. In- infolently demand a participation in the deed it is granted with pleasure and with government of the family, he would depride, that our fathers arriving in this ferve to be turned out of doors. Now land requited the hofpitality of the favages this feems to be an exact miniature of the whofe territories they intended to possess, subject that we have been viewing on a with a degree of equity; and that the firk large fcale. This whole nation is, in a European fettlements in New-England, as fense, but one great family, diftinguished well as in Pennsylvania, under the direc- from all the nations and families of the tion of the excellent William Penn, were earth by the ftructure of its government made by a fair purchase of the Indians. and by the peculiar nature of its regulaYet the pofterity of those Indians have ex- tions, laws and cuftoms.-Far be it from perienced the rueful effects of the easy crethe writer of this, that he fhould feel or dulity of their fathers: overwhelmed by a aim to excite any prejudice, much less fuperior power, loaded with fcorn and animofity against the people of other nacontempt their hunting grounds feized, tions or that he should wish to abridge. their spirits broken, their health impaired them of any rights which they can enjoy and their morals corrupted by the poifon in this country, confiflently with the pubthat flows from our diftilleries; they have lic peace and fafety. It is not forgotten been conftantly and rapidly wasting in that the brave Montgomery, a native of numbers and ftrength, and are threatened Ireland, led an American army to the with a total and speedy extinction from plains of Abram, and was flain while valiantly fighting for the liberties of this country. It is not forgotten that feveral deferving officers and many brave foldiers in the armies of the immortal Wathington, were of foreign extraction, and fome of them, then but lately come over. not denied, but readily granted, that there are now many excellent people in this country, who emigrated, and fome of them lately, from the various parts of Europe : but ftill our arguments against the speedy admiffion of émigrants from foreign nations to the rights of citizenship remain

the face of the earth.

It is


Emigrants from foreign countries who have lately landed on our fhores, are moftly of two oppofite defcriptions. Some

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perfions might be a fufficient antidote to their poifon. It might be enough to declare publickly that they have flown from the pen of Ambrofe Spencer,-a name already notorious-a name, the ravishing flavour of which will fill be further diffused abroad till the whole American atmofphere fhall be loaded with its fweets.

In your fingular production in the Bee, figned Scrutator, you have beftowed very high compliments and encomiums upon yourfelf. You have daubed the varnish of flattery upon your own dear perfon, not with the skill of an artift, but as a bricklayer throws on mortar with a trowel. In removing this varnish fo that the genuine features of your fweet vifage may feast the eyes of an admiring public, I fhall be compelled hereafter to use the inftrument called a fcraper :-at prefent, I will merely notice, and that with great brevity, your allegations and calumnies against myself. The first crime with which you have charged me, is, that I am the fuppofed writer of ftri&tures in the Balance Clofet, entitled "Liberty of the Prefs." Thofe ftrictures I highly approve. They do not lavifh on the Attorney-General "the rarcorous ebullitions of wrath," but are fair appeals to fubftantial documents, which prove to a demonftration that the Attorney-General has acted totally inconfiflent, as well with himfelt as with the republican principles which he oftentatioufly profelfes. I have not, however, the merit of their compofition-I was not their writer. This circumftance I do not mention to foothe your animofity, or to conciliate your favour; for your entity and your friendfhip I equally defpife.

Intrenched in the privileges of your office, you may have indulged an idea that, with one hand, you could brandifh the terrors of the British common law, and, with the other, could empty your quiver of its envenomed darts, and hurl them with im. punity at the bofoms of your marked victims.-Deluded man!-Already are you feized with an arm that you can neither refift nor elude; already are you dragged before the awful tribunal of public opinion, where you fhall be held till you experience a proper meafure of the feelings of Belshazzar when he faw the hand-writing Your next accufation which I fhall deign on the wall. Be not furprized that my to notice at prefent, reprefents in fubabhorrence of your political character ftance, that the paper, whereof I am one (which I frankly own is quickened into of the editors, commenced with fair proaction by the grofs and unmerited perfon- feflions of moderation and candour, but al abufes I have received) fhould cause me, has degenerated into a corrupt and abomin this correfpondence, to hold a language inable vehicle that weekly diffufes abroad of feverity and reproach to which I had the moft malicious revilings, falfhoods and not been accustomed. The character of flanders against the prefident of the Unitmoderation I claim and challenge to my- ed States, and against the officers generalfelf; and confidently appeal to the gener-ly in and under the prefent adminifiraal tenor of my paft behaviour and to my writings; but I now give fair warning to dif-yourfelf and to the public, that in my addreffes to you I fhall depart from my ufual moderation, but not from truth. I will pourtray your political character in true, but vivid colours.


of them bring with them a ftrong and in-
vincible attachment to the monarchical
and aristocratical governments they leave:
and thefe will naturally defpife our re-
publican inflitutions; and are therefore
unfit to have an agency in our elections.
The other clafs, which is unfpeakably the
moft numerous, confifts of those whofe
minds are fet afloat from all reftraints, by
having imbibed the diforganizing princi-
ples of revolutionary France; and who
bring with them an implacable hatred of
the civil inflitutions of the nations they
have left. And are thefe proper materi-
als for building up our republic; or can
it be expected that men who have attempted,

ed to tear the bowels of their own coun.

try, will inftantly become quiet citizens by being adopted in this ?-As well might we expect to gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thiftles.-The fubject that I have been difcufling is of vaft importance to the people of the United States; and it is folemnly enforced by a recurrence to ancient hiftory. Not to mention other fallen republics, the page of hiftory informs us that one immediate caufe of the lofs of Roman liberty was the incorporating of vaft numbers of aliens with the republic.

These were made fubfervient to the ambi tion of Cæfar. That arch-demagogue, that fly hypocrite and flatterer of the people, fubdued the Roman Senate, fubverted the republic and annihilated the liber ties of his country, by the help of an army compofed principally of defperate adventurers from abroad. This article of Roman hiftory fhould be improved as a Beacon to direct the councils of our nation. The foreigners now in our country are no fewer, it is faid, than feveral hundred thousands ;-their numbers are conftantly and rapidly incre:fing; and amid the conflict of parties, their influence is peculiarly dangerous. It a predominant party fhould facilitate their naturalization with a view to obtain their fuffrages, it will be ufing a terrible machine that would moft certainly recoil upon the hand that holds it; for the next fucceeding party that fhould predominate might try the fame expedient; and fo proceed in fucceffion, till our elections having become utterly corrupted and our public councils tracted, fome Cæfar, crafty, bold and energetic, erecting his own popularity by flattering the vileil of the people, and aid ed by foreign adventurers and unprincipled naives, fhall fuddenly overthrow this republic, and establifh, as in France, a military defpotifm.


A VERY fenfible writer, once compared a jacobin to a heg in a flower garden.


No. I.
"Who has not heard of Reynard's crafty tricks,
His pride, his rapine and his politics?"




OU have conftrained me at laft to perform to the public an important du. ty, which, but for the fimulants you have adminiftered, would have been delay.


and perhaps might finally have been neglected. That fin of omiflion you have prevented; and it will never be recorded againft me. Partial evil (Pope fays) is univerfal good." Whether this be or be not a general truth, the fentiment as it ref pects the particular cafe between us will correct; at least I will ufe my endeavours that benefits may accrue to the public from the grofs infults which I have experienced from you.


The Balance was inftituted in the month

of May, 1801, very foon after we had firft received the fmooth and foothing inaugural fpeech of the Prefident. Foftering at that time a ftrong hope that his adminiftration would confiderably accord with his profeffions, and that he would fhew himfelf the patron and common father of the nation, our paper had the complexion almoft of neutrality, as it refpected the two political parties. Soon, however, the dif-pleafing illufion vanifhed. With afton

Juftice to myfelf demands, that I fhould beflow fome particular attention on the calumnies vented against me over the fig. nature of Scrutator. This part of my tafk, which will fall principally within the compafs of this addrefs, I fhall patch as fpeedily as poffible. Indeed a mere annunciation to the public of the name of the author of thofe malicious af


fhment we heard one half the nation denounced by the higheft authority, as fectaries-doomed to bear the opprobium

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