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manent good has been effected by the measures thus pursued : they have the satisfaction of stating, that a considerable proportion of the youths to whom assistance has thus been rendered, have since conducted themselves meritoriously, and given strong reason to believe, that they have entirely abandoned their former vicious courses, and will eventually prove honest and valuable members of society. The Committee have met with obstacles and some disappointments, as might naturally be expected in a novel and difficult undertaking, when their exertions were to be employed amongst the ignorant and vicious : but they can truly state, that the result has equalled their most san. guine hopes, and stimulated them to continue, with increased activity, their endeavours to rescue from crime and misery the numerous youthful offenders who still infest the metropolis. Convinced that their efforts, however strenuous, could never effectually repress the evil, they have maturely considered and arranged a proposition for a Reformatory for Boys ; * and, having procured a plan which has un. dergone the strictest examination, they have laid the whole before Lord Sidmouth. They are confident that a measure of this description is absolutely necessary, and they feel pleasure in announcing to the public, that the Noble Secretary of State is impressed with che propriety of adopting some steps to attain this end, and they enter. tain, therefore, well-grounded hopes that its commencement will take place at no distant period.' pp. 20—21. · Nor have the useful exertions of the Committee been confined to this country. In a distant empire, through the medium of one of their members, they have been able to promote the reformation of prison discipline on an extended scale, with a degree of success exceeding their most distinguished expectations.

Mr. Venning, a Member of the Committee, has laid before the Government of Russia a Memorial upon Prison Discipline, pointing out the defects which were generally prevalent, and the measures best calculated to remove them. The greatest attention was paid to this representation. Mr. Venning was furnished with a passport into all the prisons of Petersburgh, and requested to make a Report on their condition. Prince Galitzin, upon every occasion, manifested sincere interest in the success of the undertaking, and afforded the most cordial assistance. The Emperor not only patronized these exertions by his authority, but set a noble example to all his subjects, by personally inspecting some of the prisons. A Report was sent in by Mr. Venning, containing a detailed account of the different places of contine

* The Committee have been diligently engaged in considering the plans of the best constructed Prisons, both in this Kingdom and in foreign countries; and the plan of the Reformatory which they have felt it their duty to recommend, will be found to combine in an eminent degree those most important requisites--the power of complete and constant inspection, classification, and facilities for carrying on various branches of labour. This Prison is intended for the confinement of six hundred boys. Every class has a distinct dining room, workshop, and airing ground. Each prisoner has a separate dormitory. ment he had so visited, accompanied with suggestions of various improvements which appeared most necessary. This Report was immediately taken into consideration, and his Imperial Majesty issued orders for the prompt introduction of the reforms which the present state of the prisons rendered practicable. Under the same authority, Mr. Venning then proceeded to Moscow, where similar measures were adopted. Thus has this great work commenced in Russia, under the happiest auspices, and no reasonable doubt can be entertained of the inestimable advantages resulting from it. The new prisons to be erected in that country, will have the advantage of all our latest improvements, the Emperor being desirous of adopting whatever is really beneficial. To promote this end, the Committee are about to forward some of the best and most complete plans, which the ingenuity of experienced architects, assisted by the advice of persons practically acquainted with gaols, can furnish' pp. 28, 29.


'We must refer, for a further explanation of the objects of this Society, to the Report itself, in which the Committee invite the communications and local cooperation of all whom they may succeed in interesting. The collecting and diffusing of information, is the great means to which they look, as facilitating the accomplishment of the ends they have in view. They disclaim any intention to excite clamour by exaggerating the abuses which have been found to prevail, seeking only to speak the truth in • plain language, yet with that energy which becomes men • deeply impressed with the importance of the subject and the necessity of prompt exertion.'

His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, who has given his personal attention to the subject, and himself visited some of the London gaols, has become the Patron of this Society. It is a satisfactory circumstance too, that on one of the last days of the Session of the dissolved Parliament, a motion for the production of returns of information froin the several prisons throughout the country, was made by the Marquis of Lansdown, and seconded by the Secretary of State for the Home Department.


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