Early Hominid Activities at Olduvai
AldineTransaction - Всего страниц: 396
The earliest sites at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania are among the best documented and most important for studies of human evolution. This book investigates the behavior of hominids at Olduvai using data of stone tools and animal bones, as well as the results of work in taphonomy (how animals become fossils), the behavior of mammals, and a wide range of ecological theory and data. By illustrating the ways in which modern and prehistoric evidence is used in making interpretations, the author guides the reader through the geological, ecological, and archeological areas involved in the study of humans.
Based on his study of the Olduvai excavations, animal life, and stone tools, the author carefully examines conventional views and proposals about the early Olduvai sites. First, the evidence of site geology, tool cut marks, and other clues to the formation of the Olduvai sites are explored. On this basis, the large mammal communities in which early hominids lived are investigated, using methods which compare sites produced mainly by hominids with others made by carnivores. Questions about hominid hunting, scavenging, and the importance of eating meat are then scrutinized. The leading alternative positions on each issue are discussed, providing a basis for understanding some of the most contentious debates in paleo-anthropology today.
The dominant interpretive model for the artifact and bone accumulations at Olduvai and other Plio-Pleistocene sites has been that they represent "home bases," social foci similar to the campsites of hunter-gatherers. Based on paleo-ecological evidence and ecological models, the author critically analyzes the home base interpretation and proposes alternative views. A new view of the Olduvai sitesâ that they represent stone caches where hominids processed carcasses for foodâ is shown to have important implications for our understanding of hominid social behavior and evolution.
Результаты 1 – 5 из 62
Richard Potts. TABLE 2.1. Information about the Sample of Excavated Sites from Bed I at Olduvai Total Number of Number of weight of Total identified crocodile Number of Minimum Thickness Estimated Number artifacts/ number mammal“ and ...
... specimens attributable to Homo from Koobi Fora, Kenya (Day, 1976; Wood, 1974). A hominid clavicle and hand bones from at least two individuals also were discovered in Level 3 at locality FLKNN (Day, 1976; Napier, 1962). The number of ...
... number of crocodile specimens preserved. Over 85% of these were isolated teeth. Because teeth continually fall out and are replaced during a crocodile's lifetime, isolated teeth are abundant wherever crocodiles live. Such elements may ...
... number of taxa occurred in the DK faunal assemblages than at any other Bed I site— 23 taxa of mammals from Level 3 and 25 from Level 2. This diversity is clearly related to the large number of specimens that could be classified ...
... specimens from Level 6 come from a single individual of the species E lephas reclci. The large number of specimens results from the completeness of this elephant skeleton and extensive breakage of some of its bones. Minor earth ...