The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy
In the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. a new kind of thinker appeared in Greek city-states, dedicated to finding the origins of the world and everything in it, using observation and reason rather than tradition and myth. We call these thinkers Presocratic philosophers, and recognize them as the first philosophers of the Western tradition, as well as the originators of scientific thinking. New textual discoveries and new approaches make a reconsideration of the Presocratics at the beginning of the twenty-first century especially timely. This handbook brings together leading international scholars to study the diverse figures, movements, and approaches that constitute Presocratic philosophy. More than a survey of scholarship, this study presents new interpretations and evaluations of the Presocratics' accomplishments, from Thales to the sophists, from theology to science, and from pre-philosophical background to their influence on later thinkers. Many positions presented here challenge accepted wisdom and offer alternative accounts of Presocratic theories. This handbook includes chapters on the Milesians (Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes), Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Empedocles, the Pythagoreans, the atomists, and the sophists. Special studies are devoted to the sources of Presocratic philosophy, oriental influences, Hippocratic medicine, cosmology, explanation, epistemology, theology, and the reception of Presocratic thought in Aristotle and other ancient authors.
Отзывы - Написать отзыв
Не удалось найти ни одного отзыва.
Другие издания - Просмотреть все
according Anaxagoras Anaximander Anaximenes ancient appears argument Aristotle Aristotle’s atomism attributes basic beginning body called Cambridge cause century claim clear clearly clouds conception concerned context criticism Democritus Derveni Diogenes discussion divine division earlier early earth edited elements Empedocles everything evidence explanation fact figures fire four fragments further give gods Greek Heraclitus human idea important interpretation kind knowledge later least Leucippus limit lines material matter means Metaphysics moon motion namely nature observation original Parmenides passage philosophy physical Plato position possible present Presocratic principle problem provides Pythagorean question reading reason reference reports result seems sense separation Socrates sophists stars suggests Thales theory things thought tradition translation turn understanding University University Press what-is whole wisdom writings Xenophanes