Castration and Culture in the Middle Ages

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Larissa Tracy
DS Brewer, 2013 - Всего страниц: 351
Castration and castrati have always been facets of western culture, from myth and legend to law and theology, from eunuchs guarding harems to the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century castrati singers. Metaphoric castration pervades a number of medieval literary genres, particularly the Old French fabliaux - exchanges of power predicated upon the exchange or absence of sexual desire signified by genitalia - but the plain, literal act of castration and its implications are often overlooked.
This collection explores this often taboo subject and its implications for cultural mores and custom in Western Europe, seeking to demystify and demythologize castration. Its subjects include archaeological studies of eunuchs; historical accounts of castration in trials of combat; the mutilation of political rivals in medieval Wales; Anglo-Saxon and Frisian legal and literary examples of castration as punishment; castration as comedy in the Old French fabliaux; the prohibition against genital mutilation in hagiography; and early-modern anxieties about punitive castration enacted on the Elizabethan stage. The introduction reflects on these topics in the context of arguably the most well-known victim of castration in the middle ages, Abelard.

Larissa Tracy is Associate Professor of Medieval Literature at Longwood University.

Contributors: Larissa Tracy, Kathryn Reusch, Shaun Tougher, Jack Collins, Rolf H. Bremmer Jr, Jay Paul Gates, Charlene M. Eska, Mary A. Valante, Anthony Adams, Mary E. Leech, Jed Chandler, Ellen Lorraine Friedrich, Robert L.A. Clark, Karin Sellberg, Lena Wånggren
 

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Содержание

A History of Calamities The Culture of Castration
1
The Archaeology of Castration
29
The Beauty of Roman Eunuchs
48
3 Appropriation and Development of Castration as Symbol and Practice in Early Christianity
73
Castration the Sexualization of Torture and Anxieties of Identity in the South English Legendary
87
Castration and Genital Mutilation in Medieval Frisian Law
108
Social Valuing of the Male Legal Subject
131
Castration in Early Welsh and Irish Sources
149
The Performance of Masculinity and Masculine Identity in La dame escolliee
210
11 Eunuchs of the Grail
229
A Castration Motif in Guillaume de Lorriss Romans de la rose
255
Eunuchry in De Vetula and Jean Le Fèvres La Vieille
280
Early Modern Fear of Castration
295
Select Bibliography
314
Index
345
Backcover
355

Vikings Slave Trade and the Value of Eunuchs
174
Castration and Cruelty in the Old Norse Sturlunga saga
188

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