Dismantling the Bomb and Managing the Nuclear Materials
DIANE Publishing, 1994 - Всего страниц: 135
Experts have been investigating how to use, control, or dispose of nuclear materials -- plutonium & highly enriched uranium -- that are recovered from dismantled warheads & could pose long-term environmental, safety, & health risks. This report analyzes the current programs & policies & evaluates the prospects for future success. Policy initiatives were presented: a national dismantlement policy; strengthening Dept. of Energy management; nuclear materials storage, & disposition; a new materials management organization; information access; & cooperation with Russia.
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agencies agreement Atomic Energy brieﬁng bunkers classiﬁed concerns containers Defense Nuclear Facilities Defense Programs deﬁned Department of Energy develop difﬁcult disassembled dismantled warheads dismantlement activities dismantlement and materials disposal DNFSB DOE’s environment environmental evaluate explosives Facilities Safety Board ﬁssion health and safety identiﬁed implementing involved issues materials disposition materials management ment MINATOM MOX fuel National Laboratory nium Nuclear Facilities Safety nuclear materials nuclear warheads nuclear weapons Oak Ridge Ofﬁce of Technology ofﬁcials operations options oversight Pantex Pantex Plant pit storage plans plutonium pits plutonium storage procedures production protection radiation radioactive reactors reduce retired Rocky Flats Plant Russian HEU Sandia National Laboratories Savannah River Savannah River Site signiﬁcant Soviet Union special nuclear materials speciﬁc stockpile storage facility stored surplus technical Technology Assessment tion U.S. Congress U.S. Department ultimate disposition United warhead dismantlement waste weapons dismantlement workers
Стр. iv - NOTE: OTA appreciates and is grateful for the valuable assistance and thoughtful critiques provided by the advisory panel members. The panel does not, however, necessarily approve, disapprove, or endorse this report. OTA assumes full responsibility for the report and the accuracy of its contents.
Стр. 117 - Restricted Data" means all data concerning ( 1 ) design, manufacture, or utilization of atomic weapons; (2) the production of special nuclear material; or (3) the use of special nuclear material in the production of energy, but shall not include data declassified or removed from the Restricted Data category pursuant to section 142.
Стр. 110 - special nuclear material' means (1) plutonium, uranium enriched in the isotope 233 or in the isotope 235, and any other material which the Commission, pursuant to the provisions of section 51, determines to be special nuclear material, but does not include source material ; or (2) any material artificially enriched by any of the foregoing, but does not include source material.
Стр. 199 - Plutonium, uranium enriched in the isotope 233 or in the isotope 235, and any other material which the Administration, pursuant to the provisions of Section 51 of the Atomic Energy Act determines to be special nuclear material, but does not include source material: or (2) any material artificially enriched by any of the foregoing, but does not include source material.
Стр. 185 - Finland and the Government of the Russian Federation, hereinafter referred to as the Contracting Parties...
Стр. 199 - high-level radioactive waste" means— (A) the highly radioactive material resultIng from the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, including liquid waste produced directly in reprocessing and any solid material derived from such liquid waste that contains fission products in sufficient concentrations; and (B) other highly radioactive material that the Commission, consistent with existing law, determines by rule requires permanent isolation.
Стр. 187 - Agreement shall enter into force upon signature and shall remain in force for ten years. It may be modified or extended by mutual agreement of the Parties. 2. The termination of this Agreement shall not affect the validity of implementing protocols and contracts concluded under this Agreement between interested organizations and institutions of the two countries.
Стр. 187 - July 3, 1974, in duplicate, in the English and Russian languages, both texts being equally authentic. FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...
Стр. 110 - special fissionable material" means plutonium-239; uranium-233; uranium enriched in the isotopes 235 or 233; any material containing one or more of the foregoing; and such other fissionable material as the Board of Governors shall from time to time determine; but the term "special fissionable material" does not include source material.