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by his Spirit; we are the subjects of his spiritual • kingdom,' we are his peculiar people; in one word, we are his church, and succeed, as such, to all the titles and privileges formerly conferred on Israel.

3. The sea saw it and fled ; Jordan was driven back.

Although forty years intervened between the two events here mentioned, yet, as the miracles were of a similar nature, they are spoken of together. In the passage of Israel through the Red Sea, we may contemplate our passage from a death of sin to a life of righteousness through the waters of baptism ; as our translation from death temporal to life eternal, is figured by their entrance into the promised land through the river Jordan. The waters in both cases are poetically represented as sensible of their Creator's presence, and by their retiring, and opening a path for the people of God, we are taught, that if we continue faithful, all obstructions will be removed in our way to heaven.

4. The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.

The tremours of Mount Sinai and the neighbouring hills, when the law was given, afforded some specimen of that power which was afterwards exerted in the overthrow of idolatry, and the casting down of every high thing that exalted itself against the gospel at its publication. See, therefore, that ye refuse not him that speaketh : for if they escaped not, who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven; whose voice then shook the earth; but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.' Heb. xii. 25.

5. What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest ; thou, Jordan, that thou wast driven back? 6. Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams ; and ye little hills, like lambs? 7. Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob.

If the divine presence hath such an effect upon inanimate matter, how ought it to operate on rational and accountable beings ? Let us be afraid, with an holy fear, at the presence of God, in the world by his providence, and by his Spirit in our consciences; so that we may have hope and courage in the day when he shall arise to shake terribly the earth; when every island shall fly away, and the mountains shall be no more found. Rev. xvi. 20.

8. Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.

He who brought water out of the sacramental rock in the wilderness, hath since caused rivers of living water to flow through the world, from the rock of our salvation; nay, he hath dissolved the stony hearts of sinners, and made to spring up in them fountains of this water of life. For these great instances of his power and his love, we are taught to bless his holy name, when we sing this Psalm, as an evangelical hymn, on the day of our Lord's resurrection.

PSALM CXV. ARGUMENT.-The church, 1, 2. prayeth that God would

glorify himself in her salvation ; 3. she declareth her faith in him; 4-8. exposeth the vanity and folly of idolatry; 9-11. exhorteth her children to rely upon Jehovah; 12-15. foretelleth how he will bless, prosper, and increase his people, 16_18. never suffering the voice of praise and thanksgiving to cease upon the earth.

1. Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto thy name give glory, for thy mercy, and for thy truth's sake. 2. Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is now their God ? .

From these two verses it is evident that the Psalm is not a thanksgiving for victory, but a petition for deliverance. God is entreated to‘give glory, by such deliverance, 'not to us,' to our works or endeavours, but' to his own name;' he is requested to vouchsafe salvation, not on account of our merits, but of his ' mercy,' which inclineth him to be gracious; of his truth,' which disposeth him to fulfil his promises; and of his ' honour, that the enemy may not have occasion to blaspheme him, and reproach his servants, as if their Master either could not or would not help them in the day of their distress. “Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is now their God?'

3. But our God is in the heavens : he hath done whatsoever he hath pleased : or, he doeth whatsoever he pleaseth.

Should the insulting adversary ask the above question, Where is now their God ?' the faithful are ready with their reply, “Our God is in the heavens;' he is, where he ever was, upon his glorious throne, high over all the kingdoms of the world, and the powers of created nature; from thence he observeth and ordereth all things here below; what we suffer is by his appointment; and, at his good time and pleasure, he both can and will relieve us : 'he doeth whatsoever he pleaseth.'

4. Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands. 5. They have mouths, but they speak not; eyes have they, but they see not. 6. They have ears, but they hear not ; noses have they, but they smell not. 7. They have hands, but they handle not ; feet have they, but they walk not; neither speak they through their throat.

A beautiful contrast is formed between the God of Israel and the heathen idols. He made every thing, they are themselves made by men; he is in heaven, they are upon earth; he doeth whatsoever he pleaseth, they can do nothing; he seeth the distresses, beareth and answereth the prayers, accepteth the offerings, cometh to the assistance, and effecteth the salvation of his servants; they are blind, deaf, and dumb, senseless, motionless, and impotent. Equally slow to hear, equally impotent to save in time of greatest need, will every worldly idol prove, on which men have set their affections, and to which they have, in effect, said, · Thou art my God.'

8. They that make them are like unto them ; so is every one that trusteth in them.

Idolaters, like the objects of their worship, are rather lifeless images than real men. What our Lord said of the Jews is applicable to them, and indeed to all who reject the knowledge of the true God, and the doctrines of salvation : ' Having eyes


they see not, having ears they hear not the things which belong unto t hear not the word of instruction they speak not of religion and heaven; they work not the wo. charity; they walk not in the pa commandments; they are spiritu dumb, lame, and impotent; and are destroyed, they will perish in

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9. () Israel, trust thou in the help and their shield. 10. O hou in the Lord; he is their help and that fear the Lord, trust in the U help and their shield.

Let the men of the world n gods, and vainly trust in the wor or heads; but let the church dence in Jehovah, her Saviour alone can be her defender an especially let her ministers, the Aaron, do this, who are the pecu God, employed continually in signed to build up others in f let all who have been instructe in the fear of the Lord, trust suffer any apprehension of da separate them from him.

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12. The Lord hath been, or, i will bless us; he will bless the he bless the house of Aaron. 13. H fear the Lord, both small and g shall increase you more and mor dren. 15. Ye are blessed of th heaven and earth.

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