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CLASSES.

The school-rooms, which lay im- the class, and the hour upstriking mediately under the dormitories on loud that it should not be defrauded of the ground floor, consisted of a num- its dues. No glazed globe, gliding ber of detached chambers, each of round on easy axis, spun under its which issued upon a corridor. They brassy equator to the antipodes on its were airy-there was plenty of air at sides being touched. No bright zodiac Yverdun - and lofty as became so was there to exhibit its cabalistic venerable a building; but they were figures in pleasing arabesques. In unswept, unscrubbed, peeled of their place of these and other well-known paint, and, owing to the little light objects, here stood a line of dirty, that could find its way through two much-inked desks, with an equally very small windows punched out of dirty row of attendant forms subjacent the fortress walls, presented, save at alongside. There was a scantling-it mid-day, or as the declining sun illu- seldom exceeded a leash-of ricketty mined momentarily the dark recess, rush-bottom chairs distributed at long as comfortless a set of interiors as you intervals along the walls ; a coal-black could well see. It required, indeed, slate, pegged high on its wooden horse; all the elasticity of youth to bear a keyless cupboard, containing the many hours' daily incarceration in various implements of learning, a such black-holes, without participat- dirty duster, a pewter plate with ing in the pervading gloom. Such cretaceous deposits, a slop-basin and dismal domiciles were only fit resorts a ragged sponge ;-and then, unless he for the myoptic bat, who would occa- had included the cobwebs of the ceilsionally visit them from the old tower; ing, (not usually reckoned up in the for the twilight horde of cockroaches, furniture of a room,) no other which swarmed along the floor, or the movables remained. One conspicueight-eyed spiders who colonised the ous fixture, however, there was, a ceiling. The tender sight, too, of a gigantic Dutch stove. This lumberpatient just recovering from ophthal- ing parallelogram, faggot-fed from mia would here have required no the corridor behind, projected several factitious or deeper shade—but merits feet into the room, and shone bright like these only rendered them as un- in the glaze of earthenware emgenial as possible to the physiology blazonments. Around it we would and feelings of their youthful occu- sometimes congregate in the intervals of pants. If these apartments looked class : in winter to toast our hands and gloomy in their dilapidations and want hind quarters, as we pressed against the of sun, the sombre effect was much heated tiles, with more or less vigour heightened by the absence of the or- according to the fervency of the cendinary tables and chairs, and what- tral fire; and in summer either to tell ever else is necessary to give a room stories, or to con over the pictorial

habitable appearance. Had an ap- History of the ible, which adorned praiser been commissioned to make its frontispiece and sides. We canout a complete list of the furniture and not say that every square exactly the fixtures together, a mere glance squared with even our schoolboy had sufficed for the inventory. In notions of propriety in its mode of vain would his practised eye have wan- teaching religious subjects; there was dered in quest of themes for golden a Dutch quaintness in the illustrations, sentences, printed in such uncial char- which would sometinies force a smile acters that all who run may read; in from its simplicity, at others shock, vain for the high-hung well-backed from its apparent want of decorum chart, or for any pleasing pictorial and reverence. Pre-eminent of course souvenirs of Æsop or the Ark- among the gems from Genesis, Adam neither these nor the long “coloured and Eve, safe in innocency and "naked Stream of Time," nor formal but use- truth," here walked unscathed amidst ful views in perspective, adorned our a menagerie of wil beaststhere, sorry walls. No old mahogany case dressed in the costume of their fall, clicked in a corner, beating time for they quitted Eden, and left it in pos

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session of tigers, bears, and crocodiles. some purpose; they know what they Hard by on a smaller tile, that brawny are about ; they help one another; “knave of clubs," Cain, battered they work orderly and to one end, down bis brother at the altar; then

“How skilfully they build the cell, followed a long picture-gallery of the How neat they spread the wax, acts of the patriarchs, and another And labour hard to store it well equally long of the acts of the apostles.

With the sweet food," &c. &c. But, queer as many of these miscon- In none of these particulars did we ceptions might seem, they were no- resemble the “ busy bee.” This being thing to the strange attempts made at admitted, our object in offering a few dramatising the parables of the New words upon the course of study purTestament~e. g. a stout man, stag- sued at the chateau is not with any gering under the weight of an enor- idea of enlightening the reader as to mous beam which grows out of one eye, anything really acquired during the employs his fingers, assisted by the long ten hours' session of each day; other, to pick out a black speck from but rather to show how ten hours: the cornea of his neighbour. Here, an imprisonment may be inflicted upon unclean spirit, as black as any sweep, the body for the supposed advantage issues from the mouth of his victim, of the mind, and yet be consumed in with wings and a tail! Here again, the “profitless labour, and diligence good Samaritan, turbaned like a Turk, which maketh not rich;" to prove, by is bent over the waylaid traveller, and an exhibition of their opposites, that pours wine and oil into his wounds method and discipline are indispenfrom the mouths of two Florence flasks; sable in tuition, and (if he will accept there, the grain of mustard-seed, be- our pathemata" for his “mathecome a tree, sheltering already a largemata" and guides in the bringing up aviary in its boughs; the woman, of bis sons) to convince him that edudancing a hornpipe with the Dutch cation, like scripture, admits not of broom, has swept her house, and lo! private interpretation. Those who the piece of silver that was lost in refuse to adopt the Catholic views of her hand; a servant, who is digging a the age, and the general sense of the hole in order to hide his lord's talent society in which they live, must blame under a tree, is overlooked by a mag- themselves if they find the experipie and two crows, who are attentive ment of foreign schools a failure, and witnesses of the deposit :-and many that they have sent their children others too numerous to mention. So " farther to fare worse.” much for the empty school-room, but And now to proceed to the geography what's a hive without bees, or a school- class, which was the first after breakroom without boys ? The reader fast, and began at half-past eight. who has peeped into it nntenanted, As the summons-bell sounded, the shall now, if he pleases, be intro- boys came rushing and tumbling in, duced, dum fervet opus full and alive. and ere a minute had elapsed were Should he not be able to trace out swarming over, and settling upon, the very clearly the system at work, he high reading-desks : the master, will at least be no worse off than the already at his work, was chalking bee-fancier, who hears indeed the out the business of the hour; and as buzzing, and sees a flux and reflux this took some little time to accomcurrent of his winged confectioners plish, the youngsters, not to sit unentering in and passing out, but can- employed, would be assiduously ennot investigate the detail of their la- gaged in impressing sundry animal bours any farther. In the Yverdun, forms-among which the donkey was as in the hymenopterus apiary, we a favourite-cut out in cloth, and well swarmed, we buzzed, dispersed, re- powdered, upon one another's backs. assembled at the sound of the bell, When Herr G- had finished bis flocked in and flocked out, all the chalkings, and was gone to the corner day long ; exbibited much restlessness of the room for his show-perch, a and activity, evincing that something skeleton map of Europe might be seen, was going on, but what, it would have by those who chose to look that way, been hard to determine. Here the covering the slate: this, however, was comparison must drop. Bees buzz to what the majority of the assembly

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never dreamt of, or only dreamt they coth ;" or, finally, have to cover a were doing. The class generally large sheet of foolscap with a prothough ready when called upon to gressive survey of the spread of give the efficient support of their Christianity during the three first tongues-kept their eyes to gape else- centuries—and he will easily enter where, and, like Solomon's fool, had into our feelings. To return to the them where they had no business to class-room : The geographical lesson, be. The map, too often repeated to though of daily infliction, was accuattract from its novelty, had no claim rately circumscribed in its duration. to respect on other grounds. It was Old Time kept a sharp look-out over one of a class accurately designated by his blooming daughters, and never that careful geographer, old Homer, suffered one hour to tread upon the as “pay ou Kata Koopov.” Coarse heels or trench upon the province of and clumsy, however, as it necessarily a sister hour. Sixty minutes to all, would be, it might still have proved and not an extra minute to any, was of service had the boys been the the old gentleman's impartial rule ; draughtsmen. As it was, the follow- and he took care to see it was strictly ing mechanically Herr G 's wand adhered to. As the clock struck ten, to join in the general chorus of the geography was shoved aside by the last census of a city, the perpendicular muse of mathematics. A sea of dirty altitude of a mountain, or the length water had washed out in a twinkling and breadth of a lake, could obviously all traces of the continent of Europe, convey no useful instruction to any and the palimpsest slate presented a

But, useful or otherwise, such clean face for whatever figures might was our regime,-to set one of from next be traced upon it. fifty to sixty lads, day after day, The hour for Euclidising was arweek after week, repeating facts and rived, and anon the black parallelofigures notorious to every little reader gram was intersected with numerous of penny guides to science, till all triangles of the Isosceles and Scalene had the last statistical returns at pattern ; but, notwithstanding this their tongue's tip; and knew, when promising début, we did not make all was done, as much of what geo- much quicker progress here than in graphy really meant as on the day the previous lesson. How should of their first matriculation. Small we, who had not only the difficulties wonder, then, if some should later have inseparable from the subject to cope foresworn this study, and been re- with, but a much more formidable volted at the bare sight of a map! difficulty-viz. the obstruction which All our recollections of map, unlike we opposed to each other's advance, those of personal travel, are suffi- by the plan, so unwisely adopted, of ciently distasteful. Often have we making all the class do the same yawned wearily over them at Yver- thing, that they might keep pace todun, when our eyes were demanded to gether. It is a polite piece of folly follow the titubations of Herr G-'s enough for a whole party to be kept magic wand, which, in its uncer- waiting dinner by a lounging guest, tain route, would skip from Europe who chooses to ride in the park when to Africa and back again-qui modo he ought to be at his toilet; but we Thebas modo me ponit Athenis; and were the victims of a much greater our dislike to them since has increased absurdity, who lost what might have amazingly. Does the reader care to proved an hour of profitable work, be told the reason of this ? Let him out of tenderness to some incorrigibly -in order to obtain the pragmatic idle or Bæotian boy, who could not sanction of some stiff-necked examiner get over the Pons Asinorum, (every -have to “get up” all the anasto- proposition was a pons to some asinus mosing routes of St Paul's several or other,) and so made those who journeyings; have to follow those were over stand still, or come back rebellious Israelites in all their wan- to help him across. Neither was derings through the desert; to draw this, though a very considerable the line round them when in Pales- drawback, our only hindrance-the tine; going from Dan to Beersheba, gnides were not always safe. Someand “meting out the valley of Suc- times he who acted in that capacity

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would shout “Eureka" too soon; presto—in came Mons. D—, to reand having undertaken to lead the lieve the meek man who had acted as van, lead it astray till just about, as coryphæus to the music class; and he supposed, to come down upon the after a little tugging, had soon proproof itself, and to come down with a duced from his pocket that without Q. E. D.: the master would stop him which you never catch a Frenchmen short, and bid him-as Coleridge told

-a theme.

The theme being anthe ingenious author of Guesses at nounced, we proceeded (not quite Truth" to guess again." But sup- tant bien que mal) to scribble it down pose the “guess” fortunate, or that a at his dictation, and to amend its boy had even succeeded, by his own orthography afterwards from a corindustry or reflection, in mastering a rected copy on the slate. Once more proposition, did it follow that he the indefatigable bell obtruded its would be a clear expositor of what he tinkle, to proclaim that Herr Roth was knew? It was far otherwise. Our coming with a Fable of Gellert, or a young Archimedes — unacquainted chapter from Vater Pestalozzi's seriwith the terms of the science, and ous novel, Gumal und Lina, to read, being also (as we have hinted) la- and expound, and catechise upon. mentably defective in his knowledge This last lesson before dinner was of the power of words—would mix up always accompanied by frequent such a “ farrago" of irrelevancies and yawns and other unrepressed symprepetitions with the proof, as, in fact, toms of fatigue; and at its conclusion to render it to the majority no proof we all rose with a shout, and rushed at all. Euclid should be taught in into the corridors. his own words,-just enough and On resuming work in the afternoon, none to spare : the employment of there was even less attention and less must engender obscurity; and of method observed than before. The more, a want of neatness and perspi- classes were then broken up, and cacity. The best geometrician amongst private lessons were given in accomus would have cut but a bad figure plishments, or in some of the useful by the side of a lad of very average

arts. Drawing dogs and cows, with ability brought up to know Euclid a master to look after the trees and by book.

the hedges ; whistling and spitting Another twitch of the bell an- through a flute; playing on the panounced that the hour for playing at tience of a violin ; turning at a lathe ; triangles had expired. In five mi- or fencing with a powerful maître nutes the slate was covered with bars d'armes ; – such were the general of minims and crotchets, and the occupations. It was then, however, music lesson begun. This, in the that we English withdrew to our general tone of its delivery, bore a Greek and Latin ; and, under a kind striking resemblance to the geographic master, Dr M- acquired (with cal one of two hours before; the only the exception of a love for natural difference being that “ut, re, me history, and a very unambitious turn had succeeded to names of certain of mind) all that really could deserve cities, and “ fa, so, la ” to the pum- the name of education. ber of their inhabitants. It would be We have now described the sedenas vain an attempt to describe all the tary life at the chateau. In the next noise we made as to show its ra- paper the reader shall be carried to tionale or motive. It was loud the gymnasium; the drill ground enough to have cowed a lion, stopped behind the lake; to our small menaa donkey in mid-bray-to have ex- geries of kids, guinea pigs, and rabcited the envy of the vocal Lablache, bits; be present at our annual ball or to have sent any prima donna into and skating bouts in winter, and at hysterics. When this third hour had our bathings, fishings, frog-spearings, been bellowed away, and the bell had and rambles the Jura in rung unheard the advent of a fourth- summer.

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THE CROWNING OF THE COLUMN, AND CRUSHING OF THE PEDESTAL.

It was said in the debate on the power of Hindostan had been subNavigation Laws, in the best speech dued by its force, the sceptre of the made on the Liberal side, by one of the ocean won by its prowess. It had ablest of the Liberal party, that the planted its colonies in every quarter repeal of the Navigation Laws was of the globe, and at once peopled with the crowning of the column of free its descendants a new hemisphere, trade. There is no doubt it was so; and, for the first time since the creabut it was something more. It was tion, rolled back to the old the tide not only the carrying out of a prin- of civilisation. Perish when it may, ciple, but the overthrow of a system; the old English system has achieved it was not merely the crowning of mighty things; it has indelibly affixed the column; but the crushing of the its impress on the tablets of history. pedestal.

The children of its creation, the AngloAnd what was the system which Saxon race, will fill alike the solitudes was thus completely overthrown, for of the Far West, and the isles of the the time at least, by this great triumph East; they will be found equally on of Liberal doctrines? It was the sys- the shores of the Missouri, and on the tem under which England had become savannahs of Australia; and the period free, and great, and powerful; under can already be anticipated, even by which, in her alone of all modern the least imaginative, when their states, liberty had been found to coexist descendants will people half the globe. with law, and progress with order ; It was not only the column of free under which wealth had increased trade which has been crowned in this without producing divisions, and power memorable year. Another column, grown up without inducing corruption; more firm in its structure, more lastthe system which had withstood the ing in its duration, more conspicuous shocks of two centuries, and created an amidst the wonders of creation, has, empire unsurpassed since the beginning in the same season, been crowned by of the world in extent and magnificence. British hands. While the sacrilegious It was a system which had been fol- efforts of those whom it had sheltered lowed out with persevering energy by were tearing down the temple of prothe greatest men, and the most com- tection in the West, the last stone was manding intellects, which modern put to the august structure which it Europe had ever produced; which had reared in the East. The victory of was begun by the republican patriot. Goojerat on the Indus was contempoism of Cromwell

, and consummated rary with the repeal of the Navigation by the conservative wisdom of Pitt;. Laws on the Thames. The complewhich had been embraced alike by tion of the conquest of India occurred Somers and Bolingbroke, by Walpole exactly at the moment when the sysand Chatham, by Fox and Castlercagh; tem which had created that empire which, during two centuries, had pro- was repudiated. Protection placed the duced an unbroken growth of national sceptre of India in our hands, when free strength, a ceaseless extension of na- trade was surrendering the trident of tional power, and at length reared up the ocean in the heart of our power. a dominion which embraced the earth With truth did Lord Gough say, in in its grasp, and exceeded anything his noble proclamation to the army of ever achieved by the legions of Cæsar, the Punjaub on the termination of or the phalanx of Alexander. No hostilities, that “what Alexander had vicissitudes of time, no shock of ad- attempted they had done." Supported verse fortune, had been able perma- by the energy of England, guided by nently to arrest its progress. It had the principles of protection, restrained risen superior alike to the ambition of by the dictates of justice, backed by Louis XIV. and the genius of Napo- the navy which the Navigation leon; the rude severance of the North Laws had created, the British arms American colonies had thrown only a had achieved the most wonderful passing shade over its fortunes; the triumph recorded in the annals of

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