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TO

JOHN BACH,

AND

PHILIP DURYEE MCMASTER

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OF THE

UNITED STATES

BY

JOHN BACH MCMASTER

PROFESSOR OF AMERICAN HISTORY IN THE UNIVERSITY
OF FENNSYLVANIA

NEW YORK.:. CINCINNATI .:. CHICAGO
AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY

HARVARD COLLE - LIPRATY
CIFT OF

W. SUMNER APPLETON
FEB 19 1935

COPYRIGHT, 1897, 1912, BY AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY.

MCM. HIST

E-P 60

Revised to 1917.

PREFACE

IT has long been the custom to begin the history of our country with the discovery of the New World by Columbus. To some extent this is both wise and necessary; but in following it in this instance the attempt has been made to treat the colonial period as the childhood of the United States; to have it bear the same relation to our later career that the account of the youth of a great man should bear to that of his maturer years, and to confine it to the narration of such events as are really necessary to a correct understanding of what has happened since 1776.

The story, therefore, has been restricted to the discoveries, explorations, and settlements within the United States by the English, French, Spaniards, and Dutch; to the expulsion of the French by the English; to the planting of the thirteen colonies on the Atlantic seaboard; to the origin and progress of the quarrel which ended with the rise of thirteen sovereign free and independent states, and to the growth of such political institutions as began in colonial times. This period once passed, the long struggle for a government followed till our present Constitution - one of the most remarkable political instruments ever framed by man was adopted, and a nation founded.

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