Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

Kind and sympathetic, without any assumed Treasury, and from March, 1894, was Lord condescension, always ready to give a word of Privy Seal, and from May of the same year was advice, and possessing sufficient precision of also Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster down temper to prev nt bores taking too much ad- to the fall of the Roseberry Government last vantage of his kind-heartedness and affability, year. For Lord Tweedmouth one cannot doubt he is really such a model Whip that no one that further political triumphs are yet in store. He wondered, when the Government last came into is deserving of them all. power, and when his long services justly earned His Lordship entertains an active and increasa higher place, that Mr. Gladstone showed his ing interest for all that pertains to the Border shrewdness in this respect as in so many others, as country from which his ancestors sprang, to insist on Mr. Marjoribanks becoming first and of which he is practically a native. He has Whip, and being content not to claim a higher had his residence for many years in the snug position, to which we are sure everyone con- mansion-house of Ninewells in Berwickshire, the sidered him entitled.”

property of the Humes, of which family came

[graphic][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Very early in Mr. Marioribanks's political career David Hume the greatest of Scottish philosophers. ne found favour in the eves of his chief, a favour When David Hume spent his early days at which developed into a feeling of profoundest Ninewells the place was vastly different from confidence in the ability of the young Scottish what it is now. Then it was a small plain buildmeniber. When difficuries arose in a con- ing, nothing more than a very modest farmhouse stituency, or some important party

party problem had with the pigs and poultry round about the doors. * to be solved, it was no uncommon

on thing for Mr. Hutton Hall, in the same county, a quaint Gladstone to say " WOU toke Marjoribanks's specimen of a Border fortalice, strongly situated

ion." He was even heard to say at a certain on a steep bank overlooking the winding Whit

ar juncture, “ Marioribanks has never misled adder is Lord Tweedmouth's own property. He me." To be so trusted was certainly no mean- also owns the charmingly picturesque residence ingless compliment In Cladstone's second of Guisachan, near Beauly, in Inverness-shire, a le administration, Lord Tweedmouth

* For a view of the old building see Chambers' Book of Days for u the office of Patronage Secretary to the April 26, Vol. 1. page, 555.

Home Rule administration, L held the office of Patronage

region of fine hills and waving woods. Both in of the glorious reign of the Good King Robert Berwickshire and in the North his Lordship is vanished for ever. It seemed as if the great held in high esteem by tenantry and servants, aim and purpose of his life were doomed to and in no less degree by the general body of the utter and absolute failure. Nothing could be people where his lands lie. He occupies several more fatal to the hopes and aspirations of the public posts in the two counties,

Scottish people in their struggle for national As President of the Edinburgh Border independence ; nothing more subversive of that Counties Association-an Association which has mutual feeling of peace and good-will which done much to foster education and literature in had begun to manifest itself in the relations of the different Border districts, Lord Tweedmouth the two kingdoms. is exceedingly popular. At the annual meeting An interval of four years elapsed between the and dinner his genial presence is always most death of Bruce and the Battle of Halidon Hill. cordially welcomed. There Politics, for the time During that short period Scotland suffered many being, are laid aside. All party distinctions are and serious reverses. The later years of his lost sight of in the good cheer and kindly spirit reign were like a gleam of sunshine, scattering that surround the social board. Men meet for a while the gloomy shadows of war. His there as brother Borderers. The speech and song death, however, witnessed a sudden turn of pass round in merry glee. Toasts are pledged affairs. One misfortune after another crowded with a right Border heartiness. It is a patriotic upon the unhappy country. In place of that assembly, and when you once attend it, you prudent and sagacious monarch, a boy of nine cannot resist the temptation of going again the years filled the Scottish throne. Her bravest next time, and truth to tell, you somehow or other and most experienced knights were either dead don't want to miss it. Lord Tweedmouth looks or prisoners in the hands of the English. The upon this gathering as one of the delights of his Good Sir James Douglas, faithful friend and life. By the puff of his manilla and his twinkling follower of the late king, lay dead on the moors eye, you have no difficulty in discerning that the of Spain. Lord Randolph Moray, appointed chairman for one is in an element of pleasurable regent of the kingdom on the death of Bruce, enjoyment. Long may he grace this yearly was also dead. Sir William Douglas, the brave festival ! and long may the diligent and persever- “Knight of Liddesdale," was a prisoner in the ing Mr. Usher “whip” him to it!

hands of the English, and Sir Andrew Moray, Lord Tweedmouth in company is a most who succeeded Randolph as regent, was also a sociable and likeable man. He can tell a good prisoner. Internal quarrels prevailed, which story and crack a good joke even though it is at split up the country into petty factions. his own expense. He is not in any way of the All these misfortunes combined to make Scot“standoffish ” character, but is frankness itself. land a ready prey to English intrigue and His public career has been devoted to the people, usurpation. That Edward was not slow to and in private he does not belie the deep-set embrace what appeared to him a fitting opprinciples that have made him what he is. Political portunity to re-establish the old claim of life for such a man should surely pass smoothly supremacy will appear as our narrative proceeds. enough in spite of all its cares, for he is hardly The year 1328 forms an interesting epoch in of the material out of which bitterness could Scottish affairs. An English parliament, asemanate, and in his presence as a true-born sembled at York, drew up an agreement, aftergentleman, unworthiness and craft might well wards ratified at Northampton, which is known seek to hide their faces.

as the Treaty of Northampton. In this, Robert Bruce was acknowledged as king of Scotland ;

and Scotland itself recognised for ever as a free Border Battles and Battlefields : and independent kingdom. It was declared by BY JAMES ROBSON,

Edward III., in the solemn words of this treaty,

that as he and his predecessors, kings of Author of * Churches and Churchyards of Teviotdale," etc.

England, bad sought to obtain a right of NO. 1.---BATTLE OF HALIDON HILL.

dominion and superiority over Scotland, and Fought 19th July, 1333. .

thereby caused grievous wars and bloodshed, HIS event of Halidon Hill bears a dis now renounced all further claims of superiority C astrous and melancholy significance not over the kingdom of Scotland for them, and their

to be measured by a death roll or the heirs for all time to come. With what fidelity conquest of a kingdom. Its effects were far Edward observed the terms of this treaty reaching, beyond the immediate issues of the remains to be seen. contest. With it, that peace—the consummation Taking advantage of Bruce's death, and the minority of David II., Edward Baliol con- by Robert Bruce, Berwick was restored to its sidered the present a favourable opportunity for rightful owners. That while they would refuse seizing his father's throne. In this enterprise, no terms of accommodation, provided they were though a distinct infringement of the Treaty of honourable, if he (King Edward) attempted any Northampton, he was secretly encouraged and unjust violence they, in defence of the guardianaided by Edward 111. Baliol succeeded in ship of the king committed to them, would several engagements against the Scots, and was rather die an honourable death than consent to crowned at Scone, 24th September, 1332. In any peace disgraceful to themselves and to the a subsequent engagement at Moffat, in Annan- kingdom.” dale, he was defeated, and, in a miserable and On the 4th of April, 1333, the siege comhalf-naked condition, driven out of the country. menced both by land and sea. Edward himself Though rid, for a time at least, of a troublesome did not arrive till the 16th of May. Several enemy, the state of the country was not attempts were made to take the town by assault, reassuring. Deprived of her best leaders and but these failed. Thus hemmed in, the Scots her bravest knights, without a regent, and with indulged in frequent sallies against the besiegers, only a weak youth of nine years on the throne, and in one of these, a son of Seton, having the prospect was gloomy enough. Edward III., ventured too far, was taken prisoner by the as they well knew, was only waiting a favourable English. Otherwise, the latter fared badly, their opportunity for invading the country, and a ships being either burned or driven back to sea.

[graphic][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small]

plausible pretext for the violation of a treaty, which to him was sacred only as it served his own ambitious ends. In view of this, the Scots fortified and strongly garrisoned the town of Berwick, and appointed as its commander Alexander Seton, a noble and illustrious knight.

This precaution had no sooner been adopted than Edward declared war against Scotland. As a pretext, so that his breach of treaty might have some show of justice, he sent an embassy to Seton demanding the town of Berwick, which he claimed as having been possessed by his father and grandfather. The governor's reply was worthy of himself as a noble and patriotic Scot ; worthier still of the cause he espoused:“Berwick," he said, “had always belonged to the Scots until the first Edward seized it by foul means; and that when Scotland was recorered

" That toun straitly assegede be
Bathe be land and be the se,
And fast assaylyd it a day:

Bot thai were dwngyn welle away.”
The king on his arrival subjected the town to
a strict blockade, thus cutting it off from all
provision of men and victuals. He then offered
terms of capitulation, which the besieged,
hemmedin and exposed to all the horrors of hunger
and famine, accepted. The terms of capitulation
were that, unless aid in the form of men and
provisions arrived within a certain time, the
town should be given over to the English on
condition of life and limb to the inhabitants.
Hostages were given by the Scots as a guarantee
of good faith, amongst these being a son of
Alexander Seton, governor of the town.

Within a few days of the time agreed upon, a

Scottish army appeared on the south side of the to the north west of the town of Berwick, Tweed and threatened the besiegers in that distant from it about a mile and a half. From part. The attention of the latter being thus its great height and steepness the place is almost diverted, Sir William Keith, with a party of unassailable. The view from the summit is one Scots, entered the town and thus saved it from which, for beauty and extent, can scarcely be immediate and inevitable surrender. Edward, surpassed, embracing no fewer than five however, would not admit that this amounted to different counties. Here the English army was a relief party, and, on the expiry of the time arranged in four large divisions, each of which stipulated for the surrender of the town, he was flanked by choice bodies of archers, led by declared that, unless it were immediately given knights of great experience and skill. up, he would put to death Setcn's son. Keith On the morning of the 19th July, Douglas, who had succeeded as governor, acting on the having consulted with the other nobles on the advice of the elder Seton, refused to surrender; plan of battle, drew up his forces on a small and so young Seton was executed for breach of eminence opposite Halidon Hill, and separated agreement. A second agreement was then from the English host by a low marsh. They entered into between the besiegers and besieged, also were arranged in four companies ; the first the terms of which were more explicit. These led by the Earl of Moray, the second by the were that free access should be given to Edward Steward of Scotland, a youth of 16, under the on the 19th July, unless the garrison were to be inspection of his uncle, Sir James Stewart of previously relieved by the entrance of two Rosyth, the third by Douglas hiniself, and the hundred men, or the Scots had defeated the fourth by the Earl of Mar, (Hailes, in his Annals English in a pitched battle.

of Scotland, names the Earl of Ross as the While these things were taking place in and leader of the fourth.) around Berwick, the Scois were making active Let us for a brief moment glance at the preparations to enable them to cope with the relative positions, and consider the chances of forces of Edward. The Scottish Parliament success or otherwise, of the two armies as they appointed Sir Archibald Douglas, brother of the now stand facing each other. The English host “Good Sir James,” as guardian to conduct the stood on ground which was almost impregnable, campaign. Having collected a considerable, and so elevated above their opponents as to force, he crossed the border, ravaged Northum- afford them enormous advantage, whether acting berland, and laid siege to Pamborough Castle, in the defensive or in the discharge of arrows where the English queen was then residing. It upon the approaching columns of Scottish was this same arıny that attracted the attention infantry. On the other hand inevitable disaster of the besieged when Keith and his few seemed to be the only possible fate of the followers entered the town.

Scottish host on the lower ground. Since it was According to the terms of treaty, the governor, apparent that the English meant to remain Sir William Keith, was promis d a safe conduct where they were and not descend to the plain to enable him to leave the town for the purpose below, it behoved Douglas, if he were to be of of consulting the Guardian of Scotland on the any use to the besieged town, to advance upon method of operations, and to return to his post the enemy and attack them in their strong of duty unmolested. Accordingly, Keith held position. It seemed madness to attempt so a consultation with Douglas, and the latter at daring an enterprise. Only a hot-headed once declared his intention of attempting to Douglas could lead on to such a doom. Their relieve the town by means of a pitched battle. position was only slightly raised above the This was considered a rash decision, and one general level of the plain, and from this they from which the Scottish nobles tried to dissuade must descend into the low marsh that separated him. It was also against the advice of Bruce, them from the army of England, and climb the given shortly before his death, never to fight a steep ascent opposite, before a blow could be pitched battle with England. Douglas, however, struck on their own behalf, although they themwas resolute, and, retracing his steps Berwick selves would be exposed to that bitter scourge ward, crossed the Tweed, marched round the from which Scotland suffered so much the base of Halidon Hill, and took up his quarters English bow and arrow. In a few hours, the at Dunspark, a place which is now unknown. time stipulated for the capitulation of the town

Edward, seeing the advancing columns of the would have expired. At that crucial moment Scottish army, at once drew up his forces on the the battle must be lost or won. eminence of Halidon Hill. He saw the The Scots had advanced sufficiently near to advantage to be gained by possessing himself of enable them to scan the great southern host on such an excellent position. This eminence lies the heights above, and yet leaving sufficient space on the plain below to accommodate the and tended to retard their progress, without, English army should they be disposed to however, lessening their ardour or damping descend and decide the contest in open field, their enthusiasm. Taking advantage of this, under conditions allowing favour to neither the English archers, with sure and deadly aim, party. Edward, however, elected to remain. sent a shower of arrows amongst the struggling No one knew better how much the issues of that columns of Scottish infantry. Still with ranks day depended on the advantageous position he thinned they pressed forward. Their only hope then occupied. Thebesiegers hadalready become of success lay in as speedily as possible reaching weary of their task. Mutiny and desertion the enemy and engaging in a hand to hand had begun, slightly as yet, to tell upon the army combat. The Scottish army advanced in close of Edward. Even a slight reverse would have battalions, forming a compact mass, so that sufficed, it is thought, to dishearten the men almost every English shaft took effect. and drive them from Scottish soil. Repeated

(To be continued) efforts were made on the part of the Scots to draw Edward from the high ground, but to no purpose.

The Scene of "Lucy's Flittin'.” As the two armies stood thus facing each

BY “TWEEDSIDE LADDIE.” other, marshalled, eager and ready for the fray, 'Twas when the wan leaf frae the birk tree was fa'in', an incident occurred, similar in some respects

And Martimas dowie had wound up the year, to the affair of Bruce and De Bohun at Bannock

That Lucy row'd up her wee kist wi' her a' in',

And left her auld maister and neebours sae dear, burn. One Turnbull, a Scottish knight of great For Lucy had served in the Glen a' the simmer, strength and courage (the same, it is said, who, She cam'there afore the flower bloomed on the pea : some years before, saved Bruce from the

An orphan was she, and they had been gude till her,-savage attack of a wild bull), stepped forth from

Sure that was the thing brocht the tear to her e'e. the Scottish ranks, and by a herald, challenged

YF there is a Borderer who is unfamiliar with any Englishman to fight a mortal duel. At once William Laidlaw's beautiful song, of which a young Norfolk knight, Sir Robert Benhale, we have quoted the first eight lines, let asked leave of the English king to accept the him at once commit the whole song to memory challenge. This being granted, the two knights by way of penance. Having done so, his met on the open plain in full view of, and mid- penetential mood will soon disappear, for he way between, the two armies. A terrible struggle will discover that he has made a heart-companion ensued. It is said that, about the commence- of one of our most beautiful Scottish lyrics. ment of the fight, a huge black mastiff, belonging Believing that the Border Magazine is the to Turnbull, rushed upon the English knight, proper medium for the discussion, and, if possible, who, with one blow, “cut him asunder at the final settlement of any disputed points connected loins. Turnbull, though very powerful, was with our beloved Borderland and its wealth of much older than Benhale, and lacked the lore and literature, I have introduced the above dexterity and nimble adroitness of the latter subject in the hope that some new light may be To the surprise of the onlookers and the dismay thrown upon what has long been doubtful. of his own friends, Turnbull fell beneath the A great number of readers will at once say sword of his opponent. It is only fair to state “Why everyone knows that the scene of the that the truth of this story is open to grave song is The Glen, the beautiful home of Sir doubt. While it is given by several of the old Charles Tennant, Bart.," but it is just as well to chroniclers in graphic detail, most of our know that this opinion has long been questioned historians (and those the most reliable), in their and probably will be until some definite inforaccount of the battle, make no mention whatever mation is forthcoming which will sweep away the of such an incident.

numerous hearsays and conflicting statements. The trumpets sounded and the word of As far as we can gather, Lockhart and Hogg command was now given. The Scots advanced are silent on the subject, for though the latter on foot leaving their horses to the care of first published the song, he made no attempt to servants and valets. The uneven nature of the localise it. It is to be regretted that Dr. Russell ground, and the steep and rocky ascent, in his now classical “Reminicences of Yarrow," rendered it unsuitable for the use of cavalry. though mentioning William Laidlaw and his song With characteristic impetuosity the Scots eagerly makes no reference to the scene of the touching advanced through the marsh, which, on account story so sweetly told in the smooth flowing lines. of the soft and sinky nature of the surface, Not so, however, the Rev. Mr. Borland, of greatly impeded their movements. This at the Yarrow, for in his “Poets and Poetry of Yarrow” very outset threw them somewhat into confusion, he thus refers to the song :

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »