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favourite amusement was to read in the sylvan alive. The murderers afterwards suffered death glades, while the others engaged in the chase. for their crime when the story reached the ears His resolution to withdraw from the world was of the King. formed when he found he had excited the love Melrose seems to have suffered much during of a beautiful young lady, who presented him the unsettled period of Border History. It with a ring. Accordingly, he entered monastic was more than once pillaged and burnt. The life, and acquired a reputation for great sanctity. beautiful pile which now stands, admirable even After a residence in some of the English houses, in its ruins, was begun in the reign of Robert he was elected Abbot of Melrose. His reputa- the Bruce, and the revenues of the abbey were tion had then become very great, andinnumerable liberally augmented by him. It was fitting that miracles are attributed to him. Some were of the heart which had been so generous to the a most useful character. On one occasion, abbey should be deposited within its sacred during a severe famine, 4000 starving people walls. resorted to the monastery in the hope of obtain- Nearer the Reformation time the monastic ing food, and for want of other shelter even discipline had become considerably lax, Fastbuilt huts in adjacent fields. The benevolence ing gave place to feasting, and the jolly friars of the monks was sorely tried, for their own of Sir Walter's “Monastery,” are very fair specistock of corn was barely sufficient till harvest. mens of their class. Alas! the days of good A conterence of the brethren was held, and cheer were drawing to a close. The new docWaltheof asked them to accompany him, pro- trines spread, and the revenues of the abbey ceeded to two different farms, and sticking his were seized by the lords of the reformed party, staff in the one case into a heap of wheat, and in name of the government in 1559. The the other a heap of rye, prayed for a blessing Abbey seems to have amassed considerable on the heaps. Then he commanded daily wealth, when the old strict rules of the Cisterrations should be given from the blessed heaps tians became a dead letter. The revenues to the people, and the supply was not exhausted gone, the unfortunate monks were driven from during the period of the famine. On other their home by the iconoclastic spirit of the occasions when the monks agreed to share their times. Their beautiful abbey was soon in ruins. loaves with the hungry, by the blessing of Vandalism of a later period led to portions of Waltheof the loaves were no sooner cut in two, the ruins being put to such uses as furnishing than the half loaves became whole again. materials for building the local tolbooth, and Waltheof is credited with actual personal con repairing mills and sluices. flicts with the Evil One. Upon one occasion, Famous for its beauty, the abbey has then also when the worthy Abbot was engaged in silent considerable historicalandlegendary fame. Many prayer after the others had retired from the more interesting facts that concern it are to be church, the devil, for the pure purpose of dis- found in Border Annals and Border History. turbing his devotions, appeared to him in a

Jedburgh Abbey next month. variety of antic shapes, and finally becoming belligerent, assumed the form of a huge soldier

The Quarry Master. in complete armour, brandishing a spear, and

A BORDER STORY. breathing fire. Finding the sign of the cross unavailing to rid himself of his oppressor, the

CHAP. VIII. Abbot, seizing the pix with the consecrated

DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP. wafer, advanced boldly, exclaiming, “Behold, thou wicked soldier, thou base hireling, here is N our last chapter it was incidentally thy judge, who shall quickly send thee to the mentioned that an elderly gentleman and bottomless pit! Wait for him if thou darest !” - his two sons had arrived at the Black Bull At the words his adversary, baffled and over- on the outlook for a summer residence in the thrown, vanished amid blue flames.

Border Country. Learning from the landlady, One of the Abbots called Adam demanded a Mrs. Peacock, that Eildonlea was to sell or let, more equitable contribution of tithes from his and that it might probably suit, a messenger was flock, the rule of the Cistertians on this point despatched to John Watson, the forester, desiring having fallen into abeyance. On the people him to call at the Hotel next morning immediately refusing the exaction, he resorted to the harsh after breakfast. revenge of pronouncing sentence of excom The visitors at the Black Bull turned out to be munication on them. Infuriated by this, at Mr. Maclellan, head of the great publishing that period, dreadful doom, they surrounded house of Maclellan & Sons, publishers, Glasgow; his house and set fire to it, burning the Abbot while the two young gentlemen constituted the


remaining members of the firm. Conducted was employed to go round the subscribers with over the house and grounds of Eildonlea by the morning newspapers. “For this relief much John Watson, the party were so much pleased thanks," Tony found himself frequently quoting with all they saw that, before leaving St. Johns from Hamlet, his favourite study. Learning to next day, they called on the agents, Messrs. smoke, and deriving much comfort and comWilton & Wilson, writers, and arranged for a posure under the practice, Tony soon settled three years' lease.

down into the easy-going, jog-trot, humdrum Long before that lease had expired, the routine of life in St. Johns, and gradually ceased Glasgow publisher had taken a fancy for Tom to trouble himself about “that infernal quarry," Watson. “Would your son care to go to as he continued to designate the place whenever Glasgow ?" asked Mr. Maclellan of the forester it came to beincidentally mentioned or referred to. one day: “because if he would, there is a

CHAP. IX. vacancy in the Counting-house department of our firm at present, and the lad may have it if

TOM'S LANDLADY. he cares to go. I like his manner, I like his MEANTIME our story lies with Tom Watson, appearance, and I shall be delighted if I can be who went to Glasgow, and began life there as of any service to him.”

junior clerk in the counting-house of Maclellan “I thank ye kindly, Mr. Maclellan. I’se and Sons, Limited, publishers. Brought up in warrant Tom would like to gang to Glasgow. the country and never before having set foot in Puir man, he's sick tired o' gettin' the Quarry a great city, everything was new and strange to story cast up to him now and again. But ask Tom. After office hours in the summer evenings, him yoursel', Mr. Maclellan, and I'll lay my he found his greatest delight in getting on the word on't, he'll snap at your offer like a cock at top of a tramway car, and studying the life of the a grosset.”

streets from that elevated and advantageous John Watson was right. His son Tom was point of observation. These open-air evening delighted with the prospect of getting away, for excursions were afterwards, in his lodgings or a while at least, from the scene of his mortification “ diggings," all described in a series of weekly in the Quarry. The story had not been wholly letters which he wrote to his father at Eildonlea, forgotten : it seemed to be, until some unlucky who read them with the most extravagant manireference brought it back to life, and the whole festations of delight at the cleverness of his son. business was gone over again with additions and Just as these sketches were—fresh, untouched, illustrations.

and graphic-the forester took them to the Tom Watson's partner, Tony Wilky, was still editor of The Border Beacon who at once acmore sick of the Quarry story. He could not cepted them and asked for more. bear to hear it repeated, and he wished that it The mention of lodgings leads me to state that would never again on earth be repeated. Tom Tom Watson was fortunate in finding a landlady was not so far gone as all that: he had an idea who treated him as one of her own family. that, some way or other, his future was to be Mrs. Hamilton, the lady referred to, was “a associated with the Quarry. But he would go widow woman "who had “a sair fecht” to make to Glasgow, and if he did not make his fortune ends meet. She cleaned the offices of Messrs. as a publisher there, he would return to St. Johns Maclellan, and lived hard by the scene of her and cut that fortune out of the Quarry at labours. If anything, she was too effusive and Eildonlea. There was strength of will for you! talkative. She used to stand behind Tom's But Tony, poor fellow, had lost all faith in the chair while he was busy with breakfast, and Quarry. He was in the lowest spirits, “down entertain him with the history of her own family, among his boots," as he himself described the or with observations upon Tom's own observastate he had got into. He had no Glasgow tion on men and manners in Glasgow. Sometimes prospects like his friend : his visions of sitting Mrs. Hamilton was inclined to be personal. in the editorial chair of The Border Beacon had “Eh, Mr. Watson,” she observed to her young all vanished into the thinnest of atmosphere. lodger one morning, “I envy the sound sleep The Quarry partnership was finally dissolved, and that ye get every nicht.” there was nothing more to be said about it.

“How do you know that I sleep so well?” But there was “balm in Gilead” for the asked Tom laughing. “I hope you don't come miserable Tony. About the same time as Tom in to watch the process." Watson left for Glasgow, Tony got "a crib” in “No, no—there's no watching. It's a' from the office of Wilton & Wilson, writers, and observation, Mr. Watson. Ye just make wan bank agents, in St. Johns. His mother and hole in the bed!sister remained in the Post Office, while a boy “I must do you the credit of saying that your observation is quite correct. There is no We observe that the author of A Mist from tumbling or tossing with me.”

Yarrow refers, in the course of his story, to the “Exactly.

weel then_about your donner
Weel then-about your denner.

“Gonial Blast" ; but he spells it Gonyel.-ED. B.M. What would you like for your denner the day?"

“TAE.”_We cannot refrain from calling in “Oh, bother dinner, Mrs. Hamilton. Just

question the statement made by “Leister” when he make whatever you please. I'm easily pleased.” says that "in no part of Scotland is this word used

“Easy pleased! I never had a lodger that to represent the preposition to." In support of our was so easy pleased. But that only makes me assertion, we produce the following, as evidence to the mair anxious to please ye. About the prove that “ Leister" is not correct in what he has denner, however. The new tatties are comin'

stated. In a number of songs written by Robert

Tannahill, and published in 1876, edited by David in, I see. Will I try them alang wi' the bit

Semple, of Paisley, the author used “tae" instead chop ?”

of “to." “Yes, if you please."

Janet Hamilton, the Langloan poetess, employed 6 Wi' cheese as usual ? ”

“tae" in various poems, and in such connection “Yes, cheese to follow as usual.”

with other Scotch words that to have used "to" in “I see that your cheese is unco near the heel.

place of “tae," would have spoilt the music of her I'd better no get ye sic a big bit as ye had last.

rhythm. The readers of the Border Magazine who A pund, I daursay, would be eneuch at a time?"

are true natives of the Borderland, born, let us say,

in the homes of the Teris and the Souters, must Yes, enough."

often, in early years, have heard “tae” ringing from Now this heckling over the dinner question the lips of their parents. And from those who was getting to be too much for Tom Watson's gathered on the street, and cracked in hamely patience and good-nature. Once or twice he Doric, the word never was awanting. As a proof could have endured it, and laughed over it, but

of its use among the Souters, we would instance the when it came up for discussion every morning,

“Poems and Songs," of the late James Currie, a

native of Selkirk, in which “tae” frequently occurs his patience and good-nature (and Tom had a

in exactly the same sense as employed in the fair share of both) gave way, and he begged

ordinary language of the town. Mrs. Hamilton to say nothing more on the

ETTRICK. matter, but make ready for dinner anything she TAE.--I was glad to see that “Leister” pierced liked.

lan Maclaren's Scotch. In reference to this word Discomfited on the question of what was to

tae, however, “Leister" is not quite correct in be for dinner, Mrs. Hamilton landed on the

saying that the only proper use of the word is

instead of too. His example might be extended dinner itself. Scarcely had her lodger settled

thus ; –“ If ye'r gaun to Melrose, I'm gaun tae, but down to attack the “bit chop," when she

Jock wadna gang the length o his tae," which launched out on the subject of vegetables-new latter use of the word, I hold, is absolutely correct. potatoes, green peas, cabbage, etc.

As the use of tae is equivalent to too, would not "Oh, Lord, that'll do!” cried Tom Watson, the spelling tu, with the old Scots pronunciation, springing up from his chair and throwing down

as in gude, be more appropriate ?

What is even more shocking in the Drumtochty his dining implements. “I must change my

Scots is the continual use of a for the first personal quarters, Mrs. Hamilton, if I'm not allowed to

pronoun. All the world—the Scots world, at anytake dinner in peace and quietness."

rate, know that a' is the adjective all, as in “A Things did mend a little after this outbreak, man's a man for a' that." I quite agree with but gradually they returned to questions and “Leister” that Scots is a most correct language. discussions on fish, butcher-meat, fruit, and Indeed, I hold that the English of to-day is the provisions in general. The inevitable crisis

offspring of the pure English spoken at one time

from the Forth to the Thames : that what is called came in consequence. Acting on the advice

Scots is the true survival of that language, of which of “one of the fellows in the office," Tom

you may yet find many words in constant use in removed his “diggings” to Crosshill, and sub

Northumberland, Durham, and in North Yorkshire. sequently dined at Turky's famous restaurant One enthusiastic Scots author who, by the way, every day except Saturday and Sunday.

writes it very correctly, is a scholar and an LL.D., said in my house lately, “I don't doubt that

Shakespeare would have said his own words thus, Border Hotes and Queries. in Portia's address on Mercy, 'It is michtiest in .

the michty.REPLIES.

W. S. THE GONIAL BLAST-I can assure your corres

QUERIES. pondent, J. R., that I am in no way“mis-informed” The last Gipsy queen was crowned at Yetholm regarding the “Gonial Blast." Dead mutton over thirty years ago. I have heard that they used takes the name of “Gonial” when the blast is never a tin crown for the occasion. It would be interesting thought or spoken of.

to know what has become of the Gipsy regalia. G. M. R.

A. M.

Glasgow: Carter & Pratt, Printers.

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