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LONDON:

Printed by Schulze and Co., 13, Poland Street.

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PLAN OF SUMMER HILL AND LEWIS POND CREEKS Frontispiece.

PREFACE.

The present Work commences with a brief review of Australia generally, and a narrative of the discovery of the coasts and the interior of the great island continent. But the main design of my work is confined to the colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. A journey through those important and highly-favoured British provinces, in pursuit of health, has enabled me to collect information which I believe will be of practical use to the emigrant on his arriving in Australia, and also of service to the merchants and manufacturers of Britain who trade

with the settlers.

In preparing the Work for the press, I have purposely addressed myself to the middle classes of society ; and my object has been not so much to amuse as to instruct; and all exaggeration has been scrupulously avoided.

To aid the reader in forming a just estimate of everyday life, both in the town and country districts of Australia, he will find a minute description of the social condition, the manners, and customs of the colonists—in fact, of life as it really exists in the great southern continent.

There are chapters on the climate, the Aborigines, the zoology, the botany, the mineralogy, the gold and copper mines, and the colonial methods of agriculture, horticulture and vine culture, which I trust will be read with advantage by persons requiring information on those subjects. To sheep and cattle farming I have devoted but little space, the subject having already been fully and ably treated by others.

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