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supply; and, if possible, well irrigate them. The following is the colonial mode of storing potatoes, where no coal-cellar or shed is in use : Lay the potatoes, when dry, in a long, triangular, prism-shaped heap, having a base of 4 or 5 feet; after which spread a coating of dry straw or rubbish over the two upper surfaces of the heap; then cut a trench round the whole, so as to allow the water to run off, cover the straw with the earth taken from the trench to the depth of 5 or 6 inches, and render the whole as solid as possible, by beating it round with a spade.

Radishes may be sown at any time, in a moist, mellow loam. They must be well watered, and in summer protected from the

hot sun's rays.

Sage, and winter and summer savory, succeed in any common soil.

Plant them in May or June.

Sea kale grows well in rich, light soil. Sow the seeds, or plant cuttings, in July or August, in a cool, moist, shaded spot.

The shalot should be planted in April, in a very rich, light soil. Keep the ground free from weeds, and no further attention will be required until the leaves wither, when the bulbs must be taken up, dried in the sun, and housed for use.

Spinach succeeds best in a shaded, humid spot. Sow the round-leaved early in March, and the prickly in June.

Thyme should be sown or planted in May. It will grow in any common soil.

The tomato, or love-apple, grows freely when planted in a rich, light soil. Sow the seeds early in September, and when the seedlings are 2 inches high, transplant them in rows 2 feet apart, and 18 inches from plant to plant.

Turnips grow in perfection all the year round, where the situation is cool, moist, and shaded, and the soil a rich, sandy loam; in less favoured spots the seed may be sown at any time, from April until September. The early crops will be the finest.

VOL. I.

G

Vegetable marrow may be sown in a moist spot, late in January, or early in February; and in a warm, sheltered situation, at the close of August, or commencement of September.

CHAPTER V.

The Seasons--Sunrise and Sunset-Australian Nights

-The Climate--Intense Heat-Winds.

As that portion of Australia known as Northern, or Tropical Australia, can scarcely be recommended for location to the intending emigrant, the remarks in this chapter will not apply to it, but only to the country lying to the southward of the parallel of 33° S. lat., which includes most of the available portions of South Australia, the whole of Victoria, and the more southern and temperate districts of New South Wales, including Sydney, the metropolis.

The seasons in Australia are the reverse of

ours, July is mid-winter, January, mid-summer. The spring and autumn are brief, and the transition from one season to the other is so imperceptible, that it is difficult to say when the one begins or the other ends. Spring sets in early in September, when the atmosphere acquires a delightful warmth ; as the season advances, the fall of rain decreases, the heat increases, and about the middle of November, summer commences. The heat now becomes great, and by the end of December, nearly all the rivers are dried up, vegetation has ceased, and the country assumes the appearance of an arid desert. At the close of February a diminution of temperature commences, autumn beginning about the middle of March, and early in April, genial showers carpet the country with bright verdure, and the atmosphere becomes pleasantly cool and buoyant.

Early in June, the season that can only be called winter from its situation in the calendar, commences, and by the middle of July, torrents of rain have inundated the country, and

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