« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
September, on a rich, light, soil, and transplanting the seedlings in rows a foot apart.
Bread-beans should be sown late in February or soon in March, in a warm, northerly aspect, for an early supply; and in the first or second week in May for a principal crop; in a strong, moist, clayey soil.
Beet. Sow red beet for summer crop in May or June; and for winter use about the middle of August. White beet succeeds best if sown in July. The soil should be rich, light
Scotch kale yields sprouts in succession the year round. It should be sown in May or June, and afterwards transplanted in rows with a distance of 2 feet 6 inches by 1 foot 6 inches between each plant. The brignal, or egg plant, is obtained by sowing the seed, in a warm spot, early in September ; and when the sprouts show the second rough leaf, transplanting them into rows 2 feet apart, and 18 inches distant in the rows. The soil should be rich, light and moist. Well water and shade the
plants from the sun until they are firmly rooted.
Broccoli succeeds well. The soil should be very rich and rather clayey. Sow the early purple in the middle of August, for an autumn crop; the sulphur in September, for a main crop; and the cape in December, for a spring supply. The subsequent culture is the same as in this country.
Cabbages are grown to tolerable perfection. For early use, sow the sugar-loaf, or early York, in April
, and transplant to an open warm spot, where the soil is tolerably rich. For a summer crop, sow the East Ham, or drum-head; plant in a soil strong, rich, and moist. For autumn use, sow the sugar-loaf in December in a moist, shaded spot, and transplant, if possible, in wet or cloudy weather.
Capsicums are sown in September, and afterwards transplanted.
Carrots may be sown from April until September. May, or early in June, is the best time for the principal crop. The soil should be a light, deep, sandy loam, rather rich, but not lately manured.
The cauliflower, if well cultivated, attains great perfection throughout the year. It may be sown in February, April, May, and September. The soil for it should be as rich as possible.
Celery should be sown in August, in a rich, moist, shaded spot; cultivate in manured trenches, as in Britain.
Cress may be sown any time, in a moist, shaded border.
Endive succeeds best in a light, humid soil. Sow the seeds any time from February until September. April and May are the months for a principal crop.
Garlic may be planted in April, in a light, rich, moderately moist soil.
Horseradish grows well, in a deep, moist loam. Plant in June or July.
Kidney beans. The scarlet runner will only grow in Australia under very favourable circumstances. The dwarf, or French bean, however, succeeds well.
Plant in the first week of September for an early crop, and make successional plantings until January. The late crops must be well sheltered from hot winds. The kidney bean prefers a rich, light, moist loam. In hot weather, spread litter or straw on the ground between the plants, to protect their roots from the burning sun.
The leek may be sown in February and May, in a rich, moist loam, and afterwards transplanted, as in Britain.
The lettuce prefers a soil rich, moist, and light. Sow the green coss in the last week of February, on a shaded spot. The Malta cabbage and tennis-ball, for a main crop, in April or May, and make monthly successional sowings until the end of September. The brown Dutch is the variety usually sown for a late crop.
Marjoram and mint grow freely; propagate them in July or August.
Mustard may be cultivated any time, in a moist, shaded spot.
The onion grows to greater perfection than in Britain ; the Spanish onion succeeds as well as in its native soil. Sow monthly successional crops from April until September, and the principal crop in the second week of May, in a light, rich loam.
Parsley should be sown in April or May, in a moist situation.
The parsnip requires the same general treatment as the carrot.
The pea grows well in any soil of tolerable quality. It may be sown, in favourable situations, when successional crops are required, any time between March and November. The best time for a principal crop is April or May. The summer crops must be sheltered from hot winds.
The potato will only succeed in cool, upland districts, where the soil is a rich, light, humid, free-working loam. Plant tubers six months old, in soil not recently manured, at the close of January, or commencement of February, for an autumn crop, and in July for a summer