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masses, impenetrable mountain forests, and deep yawning chasms, meet the
every direction. The view from King's Table-land, 2,790 feet above the sea, is also highly imposing
Towns: Hartley, the chief town, is on the west bank of the river Lett, 78 miles from Sydney. The other towns are Emu, Bowenfells, Wilberforce, Rydal, and Colo. Rivers : Nepean, Hawkesbury, Cox, Colo, Grose, Warragamba and Lett.
Creeks : Wheeny, Cook, Mervo, Farmer, Billong, Walgan, Currency, Bowen and Wollinganby. Eminences, and their elevations: Mount Flay, 2,420 feet; Mount Tomah, 3,240 feet; Mount George, 3,620 feet. Population, 3,541.
Roxburgh county is bounded by Philip, Hunter, Cook, Westmoreland, Bathurst, and Wellington. Although very hilly, it has much rich pasture-land, which is occupied by squatters; and in the neighbourhood of the watercourses, which are numerous, there are fertile spots, yielding large crops of wheat and other grains. Its mountains and streams are rich in gold. Kelso, on the Macquarie river, 112 miles from Sydney, is the chief town, and Rydal the only other. Rivers : Macquarie, Turon, Fish, Cudgegong and Capertee.
Creeks: Muroo, Merinda, Pyramule, Tyramil, Tyrambil, Cunningham's, Oakey, Warragunnie, Umbiella, Cook's, Tabraboucha, Roundswamp, Antonia's, Coolamigel, Solitary, Wimburndale, and Mallamurra. Eminences : Mounts Ovens, Marsden, Rankin, Clandulla, and Tayan Pic. Population, 2,538.
Bathurst County. This transalpine region is bounded by King Georgiana, Westmoreland, Roxburgh, Wellington, and Lachlan. It consists in general of broken table-land, forming extensive, and mostly slightly undulating downs, quite bare of timber. These downs are well watered by streams from the Blue Mountains, and generally occupied as grazing grounds. The fertile Bathurst plains is a table-land 2,100 feet above the sea, and about 19 miles in length, by from 5 to 8 miles in breadth.
Bathurst, from its elevation, posseses a climate considerably cooler than that of the eastern districts near the coast, and, consequently, is more genial to the British emigrant. English fruits grow there to perfection, but the same tropical productions which thrive so well in the vicinity of Sydney cannot be successfully raised. The county is rich in gold and copper minerals. Bathurst, the county town, a thriving settlement, with its churches, literary institutions, well built stores, inns, and private dwellings, promises, from its proximity to the Turon and Ophir gold-fields, to become, in a short time, a formidable rival to Sydney. It is situate on the south bank of the Macquarie river, 121 miles from Sydney, by the great western road, on a well chosen, but exposed site. Although celebrated for its produce of fine wood, grain, cheese, &c., and for its very excellent society, the county of Bathurst, prior to the gold discoveries, boasted of but three towns, Bathurst before mentioned, Orange, and Carcoar, a small township near the Belubulu river, and 144 miles from Sydney. Now, however, the local government have laid out the townships of Ophir, on the east bank of Summer Hill Creek, and, from being in the very heart of the gold-fields, it is fast becoming a place of importance. Population, 6,405.
Rivers : Macquarie, Campbell, Lachlan, Abercrombie, and Belubulu. Creeks: Summer Hill, Lewis Ponds, Frederick Valley, Swallam, Rocky Bridge, Peppers, Emu Swamp, Charlotte's Vale, Queen, Coombul, Coombing, Foster Vale, Muramer, Cadiangullong, Mundoraman Ponds, Grubbenburn, Muringulla, Milburn, Pannara, Wangola, and Limestone. Plains: Bathurst, Pretty, Dunn's, King's, and Warwick's. Eminences : Canobolds, Lewis Hill, and Three Brothers.
Wellington County, famous for the beautiful and fertile Wellington Valley, situated 238 miles from Sydney, at the junction of the Macquarie and Bell rivers, contains much picturesque hilly table-land, which is principally occupied as sheep pastures and cattle runs. In this county there are caves in the limestone hills containing fossilized bones, supposed, by Professor Owen, to have belonged to gigantic kangaroos, now extinct. Gold is also abundant, the Turon, one of its rivers, being the chief seat of the New South Wales gold mines. Towns: Madgee, near the river Cudgegong ; Neura ; Tophala, a government township, laid out since the gold discovery on the Turon; Neuria, and the little hamlet or settlement at Wellington Valley. Rivers : The Macquarie, Bell, Cudgegong, Molong, and Turon.
Creeks: Cunningham’s, Pyramul, Priambil, Nandillion Ponds, Weandra, Nubrigyon, Currungaragh, Baduldarral, Cugaburgo, Moroo, Berragoon, Merinda, M’Donald, Piambong, and Warradugga. Eminences : Bocobel, Yammin, Boiga, and Corcalgong. Population, 609.
Bligh county lies to the north of Wellington County, and although hilly, is well watered, and contains a good amount of excellent soil, clothed with small“ barley-grass,” a herbage affording a rich feed for sheep. All the most available