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OF THE POPULATION, &c. OF LINCOLNSHIRE, As published by authority of Parliament, in 1801; with the names
of the Divisions, Hundreds, Towns, &c.
}|1,327 3,418 3,575 1,699
Brought over .... 19,791' 48,301 49,509 26,418 12,758 97,810 Bolingbroke Soke, East
1,343 3,231 3,39+ 3,303 634 6,625 and West Bradley Haverstoe, Wa. 2
649 6,993 pentake... Calceworth, Hundred,
Marsh and Wold Di. 1,482 3,562 3,713 2,148 4761 7,275
visions Candleshoe, Wapentake,
Marsh and Wold Di 999 2,651 2,797 1,690 473 5,448
visions Corringham, Wapentake.... 2,128 4,440 4,773 2,048 1,323 9,213 Gartree, do. N. and S. Di.
912 2,427 visions
2,361 1,424 222 4,788 Hill, Hundred
898 142 2,313 Horncastle, Soke..
1,003 2,475 2,508 1,208) 468 4,983 Lawress, Wapentake 1,088 2,527 2,703 1,593 406
5,230 Looth Eske,
Hundred, Marsh and Wold Di 1,986 4,655) 4,869 2,173 761 9,524
visions Ludborough, Wapentake 216!
530 451 42 1,051 Manley, do. 1st, 2d, and 3d Divisions
3,345 7,942 8,223 6,450 1,878 16,165 Walshcroft, do. N. and S.
869 2,362 2,295 1,488 393 Divisions
4,655 Well, do. 462 1,073 1,098 1,204
2,171 Wraggoe, do. East and
855! 2,279 2,248 1,749 326 4,527 West Divisions. . Yarborough, do. E. S. and N. Divisions...
2,682 6,295 6,465 3,849 1,343| 12,758 Lincoln, City
1,574 3,474 3,924 718 1,698 7,398
42,489 102,445 106,1121 60,584) 24,263'208,557
In the “ Abstract of the answers and returns made, pursuant to an Act (43 Geo. III.) for procuring returns relative to the. maintenance of the Poor in England,” it is observed, respecting LINCOLNSHIRE, “ That in the year 1776, Returns were received from 691 · Parishes or Places;' in 1785 the Returns were 693; and those of the year 1803 were 701.” It is then further stated, that “ One liundred and thirty-one parishes or places maintain all, or part of, their Poor in workhouses. The number of persons so maintained, during the year ending Easter, 1803, was 1,112; and the expence incurred therein, amounted to 14,9361. 11s. 4d. being at the rate of 131. 8s. 7d. for each person so maintained. By the returns of 1776, there were then forty-seven worklouses, capable of accommodating 1,114 persons.--The number of persons relieved, out of workhouses, was 17,733, besides 3,091 who were not parishioners. The expence incurred in the relief of the poor, not in workhouses, amounted to 80,638). 10s. 8gd. A large proportion of those who were not parishioners, appear to have been vagrants; and therefore it is probable that the relief given to this class could not exceed two shillings each, amounting to 309l. 2s. which, being deducted from the 80,6381. 10s. 8d. leaves 80,3291. 85. 8 d. being at the rate of 41. 10s. 7d. for each parishioner relieved out of any workhouse.--The number of persons relieved in and out of workhouses was 18,845, besides those who were not parishioners. Excluding the expence supposed to be incurred in the relief of this class, all other expences, relative to the maintenance of the poor, amounted to 100,5861. 8s. 5d. being at the rate of 51. 6s. 9d. for each parishioner relieved.—The resident population of the county of Lincoln, in the year 1801, appears, from the Population Abstract, to have been 208,557 ; so that the number of parishioners relieved from the poor's rate appears to be nine in a hundred of the resident population.—The number of persons belonging to friendly societies appears to be four in a hundred of the resident population. The amount of the total money raised by rates appears to average at 14s. per
head on the Pp 4
population. The amount of the whole expenditure, on account of the poor, appears to average at 9s, 8d. per
population.--The expenditure in suits of law, removal of paupers, and expencés of overseers and other officers, amounts to 5,3201. 8s. 4£d. The aniount of such expenditure, by the return of 1785, was 2,1681. 103. 3d.--The expenditure in purchasing materials for employing the poor, amounts to 948l. 39. 42d.. The amount of such expenditure in 1785 was 4791. 198. 9d.—The poor of eighteen parishes or places in this county are farmied, or maintained under contract.-The poor of the city of Lincoln are maintained and employed under the regulations of a special act of parliament."
LINDSEY, or as called by Bede, Lindissi, is the largest of the three DIVISIONS of Lincolnshire, and occupies nearly one half of the county, extending from the sea on the east, to Nottinghamshire on the west ; and from the river Witham, which intersects the county from east to west, to the river Humber on the north, This area extends about forty-five miles, on an average, each way; and contains nearly 1,042,560 square acres of land. The soils are much varied, and its geographical features marked by many inequalities. High lands, called the Wolds, occupy a long ridge of it from Spilsby to the Humber, having a rich tract of marsh land to the east, between it and the sea; another ridge of high land, called Lincoln Heath, extends up the western side of this division from Lincoln to Brigg. The greater part of the latter district has, for time immemorial, been uncultivated, and appropriated almost solely to the breeding of rabbits; but within a few years past, most of it has been inclosed, and rendered subservient to more useful and profitable cultivation. At the northwestern extremity is the river island of Axholme, a low tract of land, formerly a morass; but, from the operations of imbanking and draining, is now a very fertile spot. The river Trent bounds
the eastern side of this island, whilst the rivers Idle, Dun, and Torn, environ the southern and western sides. The property of this district is divided among many small proprietors.
In the preceding tables is specified the number of hundreds, or wapentakes, which is included within Lindsey division; and it has been already stated, that the Bertie family derive the title of Marquis from the name of this district.
An ancient City, and a place of considerable note in the ecclesiastical and military annals of England, is singularly situated on the top and side of a high hill, which slopes with a deep descent to the south, where the river Witham runs at its base. A large part of the city or rather suburbs, extends, in a long street, from the foot of the bill' to the south. On the northern side of it, without the walls, is another suburb, called Newport, supposed to have been an outwork of the Roman station. Cam, den, and some other antiquaries, state, that this place was occupied as a station, or strong hold, by the Britons, anterior to the Roman colonization of the island; and that it then bore the name of " Lindcoit, from the woods, (for which some copies have, corruptly, Lintcoit).” By Ptolony and Antoninus, the name of the place is written Lindum; and from having the privilege of a colony, was called Lindum-colonia *. Bede appears to have identified the spot, by the names of Lindecollinum and Lindecollina; and in the Saxon annals it is called Lindocollyne and
*“ Towns of this class were occupied by Romans, and mostly by legionary soldiers, who received portions of land in the neighbourhood, as a reward for their services, and as an encouragement to be vigilant in suppressing any attempts of the natives to recover their liberty. Their constitution, their courts of justice, and all their offices, were copied from Rome; and the inliabitants were Roman citizens, and governed by Roman laws.”-Macpherson's Annals of Commerce, Vol. I. p. 197.