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BARROW, near Barton. George Uppleby, Esq.
now belongs to the Earl of Buckinghamshire.
Legne Gregory, Esq.
RISEHOLME, near Lincoln. Francis Chaplin, Esq. SCRIVELSBY, near Horncastle. The Honourable Champion
Dymocke, Esq. SOMERBY, near Brigg.
Weston, Esq. SOMERBY PARK, near Gainsborough. An old seat of the
Seaforth Family-now John Beckwith, Esq. STOKE ROCHFORT, near Grantham. Edmund Turnor, Esq. SWINHOP, near Castor on the Wolds. The Rev. Marmeluke
Alington. SUDBROOKE HOLME, near Lincoln. Richard Ellison, Esq.
M. P. STAINFIELD, near Barling's Abbey. Tyrwbit Family. TATHWELL, near Louth. C. Chaplin, Esq. M. P. TEMPLE BELLWOOD, Isle of Axholme. William Johnson, Esq. THORESBY, South, near Alford. W. Wood, Esq. TEALBY COTTAGE, near Rasin. George Tennyson, Esq. THONOCK, near Gainsborough. Mrs. Hickman. THORPHALL, near Louth. Captain Birch, UFFINGTON, near Stamford. WELL VALE, near Alford.
Dashwood, Esq. WELLINGORE, near Lincoln. Christopher Neville, Esq. WALCOT, near Winterton. Thomas Golton, Esq. WILLINGHAM HOUSE, near Rasin. Ayscough Boucherett, Esq. WOTTON, near Barton. John Appleby, Esq.
GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES, NATURAL CHARACTERISTICS, and AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES. This county, as well as those of Essex, Cambridge, and Norfolk, have been generally described, as particularly unfavourable to human healthfulness; and from their contiguity to the sea, with the numerous fens, meres, brooks, &c. with which they abound, are conmonly stigmatized as producing pestilential climates, unfit for human habitation, or only calculated to excite agues, cramps, and endless rheumatisms. These general maxims, though often originating in just and appropriate facts, are too commonly per
verted, or extended beyond all due bounds. Thus it happens, that a county, or a whole country, obtains a sort of provincial character, which originally applied perhaps only to a small district, or which, from natural or artificial improvements, has been rendered nugatory. Lincolnshire may be said to be in this predicament; for its name is very commonly associated with fens, agues, fatness, and bogs. Those who reside in, or have travelled over it, are enabled to appreciate and define its characteristics : and this is the duty of the impartial topographer.
Arthur Young has pointed out and described many features and places in the county, that may be referred to as partaking of the beautiful and picturesque: “About Belton,” says he," "are fine Views from the tower on Belmont; Lynn and the Norfolk Cliffs are visible, Nottingham Castle, the Vale of Belvoir, &c. And in going by the cliff towys to Lincoln there are many fine views. From Fullbeck to Leadenham, especially at the latter place, there is a most rich prospect over the vale of the Trent to the distant lands that bound it. These views, over an extensive vale, are striking, and of the same features are those from the cliffroad to the north of Lincoln, to Kirton, where is a great view both east and west to the wolds, and also to Nottinghamshire. Near Gainsborough there are very agreeable scenes; from the plantation of H. Dalton of Knaith, and from the chateau battery of Mr. Hutton of Burton, the view of the windings of the Trent, and the rich level plain of meadow, all alive with great herds of cattle, bounded by distant hills of cultivation, are features of an agreeable county. But still more beautiful is that about Trentfall; from Sir John Sheffield's lianging wood, and the Rev. Mr. Sheffield's ornamented walk, following the cliff to Alkborough, where Mr. Goulton's beautiful grounds command a great view of the three rivers; as the soil is dry, the woods lofty, and the county various, this must be esteemed a noble
scenery, perfect contrast to what Lincolnshire is often represented, by those who have only seen the parts of it that are very different. The whole line of the Humber hence to Grimsby, when viewed
from the higher wolds presents an object that must be interesting to all. This, with the very great plantation of Lord Yarborough, are seen to much advantage, from that most beautiful building the Mausoleum at Brocklesby*.” Many other places and parts of the county might be pointed out as presenting in themselves, or commanding, interesting scenery. The country around Grantham, also in the vicinity of Louth, and that more particularly between Bourn and the former place, including the noble and very spacious woods of Grimsthorpe, abounds with that inequality of surface, that diversified interchange of bill and dale, wood and lawn, which constitute the picturesque and beautiful in natural scenery.
Lincolnshire is a large county, and occupies an area, according to the best authorities, of about 2,814 square statute miles, or 1,800,880 statute acres. Arthur Young makes the total different;, but it must be observed, that for want of a good survey of the county, we cannot come to any satisfactory conclusion on this head. That gentleman ditides and estimates the contents of the county in the following manner:
178,400 . .776,960
Mr. Stone, in his agricultural survey of the county, gives the following statement respecting the extent and division of Lin-.. coloshire. The whole number of acres 1,893,100; of which he conjectures there may be 473,000 acres of inclosed, marsh, and fen lands, 200,000 of commons, wastes, and unembanked salt marshes, 268,000 of common fields, 25,000 of woodlands, and 927,120 of inclosed upland.
* General View, &c. p. 3.
Lincolnshire may be said to present three great natural features, each of which has a specific and nearly uniforin character. These are the Wolds, Heaths, and Fens. The latter occupies the south eastern side of the county, and though formerly a mere waste and perfectly sterile, has been, by means of draina age, &c. rendered subservient' to agriculture; many parts indeed may
be pronounced uncommonly fertile. On the sea coast, towards the north part of the county, this tract is narrow; near the Humber it contracts to a mere strip of land.
The Heaths, north and south of Lincoln, and the Wolds, are calcareous bills, whiclı, from their brows, command many fine views over the lower region. The rest of the county is not equally discriminated, either by fertility or elevation.
“ The Heath, now nearly enclosed, is a tract of high country, a sort of back-bone to the whole, in which the soil is a good sandy loam, but with clay enough in it to be slippery with wet, and tenacious under bad management; but excellent turnip and barley land, on a bed of limestones, at various depths, from six inches to several feet, commonly nine inches to eighteen. This bill slopes sharply to the west; the declivity of the same nature, but generally good; and this extends some distance in the flat vale, for the first line of villages, (built also as the soil lies in a longitudinal direction, north and south.) The soil is rich loam, containing much pasturage *.”
Between Gainsborough and Newark, for twenty-five miles, is a large tract of flat sandy soil, the greater part of which has been enclosed and partly drained. The soil of the isle of Acholme may be said to be among the finest in England. It consists of black sandy loams, warp land, brown sand, and rich loams of a soapy and tenacious quality. The under stratum at Stacey, Belton, &c. is, in many places, an imperfect plaster stone.
Respecting the general products of the county, it may be stated that its higher grounds are now mostly inclosed and appropriated
Young's View of the Agriculture of the county of Lincoln.