Изображения страниц

modating 1311 Persons. The number of persons relieved out of Workhouses was 18,200, besides 2,268 who were not parishioners. The expence incurred in the relief of the poor not in Workhouses, amounted to 69,1361. gs. 5d. A large proportion of those who were not Parishioners appear to have been Vagrants ; and therefore, it is probable, that the relief given to this class of poor could not exceed two shillings each, amounting to 2261. 16s. which being deducted from the above 69,1361. gs. 5d. leaves 68,9091. 13s. 5d. being at the rate of 31. 13. 8 d. for each parishioner relieved out of any Workhouse. The number of persons relieved, in and out of Workhouses, was 19,154, besides those that were not parishioners. Excluding the expence supposed to be incurred in the relief of this class of poor, all other expences, relative to the maintenance of the poor, amounted to 83,5791. 45. 10 d. being at the rate of 41. 7s. 3}d. for each parishioner relieved. The Resident Population of the County of Leicester, in 1801, appears from the Population Abstract to have been 130,081; so that the number of Parishioners relieved from the Poor's Rates appears to be fifteen in an hundred, of Resident Population.—The number of persons belonging to Friendly Socies appears to be eight in an hundred of Resident Population. The amount of the total money raised by Rates appears to average at 16s. 6 d. per head on the Population.--The amount of the whole expenditure on account of the Poor appears to average at 12s. 10d. per head on the Population.--The expenditure in suits of law, removal of paupers, and expences of overseers and other officers, according to the present abstract, amounts to 3,8951. Os. 6id. The amount of such expenditure, aceording to the returns of 1785, was then 1,5961. 18s. 2d. The expenditure in purchasing materials for employing the poor, by the present abstract, amounts to 3081. 19. 0.d. by the abstract of 1785, it was then 1651. 16s. 5d. The Poor of Eleven Parishes or Places in this county, are farmed, or maintained under contract.-It is not known that any Parish or Place in this county maintains its Poor under a special Act of Parliament.--One hundred Friendly


Societies have been enrolled at the Quarter Sessions of this county, pursuant to the Acts of 33d and 35th Geo. III.-The area of the county of Leicester (according to the latest authorities) appears to be 816 square statute iniles, equal to 522,240 statute acres : wherefore, the number of inhabitants in each square mile averages at 159 persons."

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Among the natives of eminence of this county, was Dr. RichARD PULTENEY, who was born at Loughborough, Feb. 17, 1730. Whilst at school, he' there formed a taste for natural history; and devoted his hours of relaxation to the study of plants. Having served an apprenticeship: to an apothecary, he first settled in business at Leicester, where religious animosities retarded his practice; but he sought consolation, and found it, in the study of botany, which he wished to render an object of more general attention than it hitherto had been. On this subject he, in 1750, commenced a correspondence, which continued many years, with the Gentleman's Magazine. The “Sleep of Plants," on which he wrote two Essays in that Magazine, he afterwards treated more scientifically in the Philosophical Transactions. He obtained a Doctor's degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1764; soon after which, having ineffectually endeavoured to obtain an establishment in London, he commenced practice as a physician at Blandford, in Dorsetshire: where, by his exemplary private and professional conduct, he soon acquired reputation and affluence. Having hitherto confined his literary undertakings to detached and occasional essays, in 1781 he appeared before the public as a regular author, by the publication of bis “General View of the Writings of Linnæus ;" the reception and effect of which were fully adequate to his wishes. Sanctioned by the approbation of all who were . conversant on the subject, the work soon attracted general notice ; the labours of Linnæus, and the


[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

sciences to which they related, became more correctly understood, and the doctor found himself among the first of Linnæan scholars, and philosophical naturalists. The work had an extensive sale ni this kingdom, and, being translated into French, acquired great celebrity on the Continent. Thus encouraged, be undertook a more original and laborious performance, entitled “Historical and Biographical Sketches of the Progress of Botany in England, from its Origin to the Introduction of the Linnæan System," which was published in 1790. Besides these literary labours, in which his reputation was more immediately involved, he furnished copious communications on the subjects to various contemporary authors. Among other publications of repute, Dr. Aikin's “ England Delineated." Mr. Gougli's edition of “ Hutchins's Dorsetshire," and Mr. Nichols's “ History of Leicestershire," acquired from his pen some ample and valuable materials. Having been admitted a member of many Scientific Societies, and having exercised the medical profession forty years, he died the 13th of October, 1801, and was buried at Langton, about a mile from Blandford. An elegant tablet to his memory was erected by his widow in Blandford church. A good portrait of him is given by Mr. Nichols. Dr. Maton has also furnished the public with a well written scientific Memoir of Dr. Pulteney, prefixed to which is another portrait of him.

The hundred of West GOSCOTE, according to Mr. Nichols, contains the following townships, which having been accidentally omitted in the introduction to the hundred, the list is now given, to correspond with the other hundreds. Ashby de la Zeuch, a vicar.' Bradgate-house and Park.

age; including Alton Grange, Bredon, a vicarage ; including and the hamlets of Balcroft, the hamlets of Newbold, Blackfordby, Brasthorpe, Staunton Harold, Tongue,

Culwarby, and Swartcliff Wilston, and Worthington. Beaumanor, extraparochial. Burstall, a chapelry. Belton, a vicarage; including Charley, extraparochial, Meril Grange.

Charnwood Forest. Vol. IX.



Castle Donington, a vicarage; Rothley, a vicarage and peculiar

including Wartoft Grange. jurisdiction; including the Cole Orton, a rectory.

chapelries of Caudwell, GadDiseworth, a vicarage.

desby, Grimstone, Keame, Dishley, a donative; including Mount sorell superior, WartThorpe Acre.

naby, and Wykeham. Garendon Abbey.

Rothley Temple, extraparochial. Gracedieu Nunnery.

Seile Nether, a rectory; includHathern, a rectory.

ing the hamlets of Over Seile, Kegworth, a rectory; including Donisthorpe, and Okethorpe.

the chapelry of Walton Iseley. Shepeshed, a vicarage. Langley Nunnery.

Stretton en le Field, a rectory. Leicester Abbey, and Abbey Swebston, a rectory; including Gate.

the hamlets of Newton BurLodington, a vicarage ; includ guland, and Snareston.

ing the chapelry of Heming- Swithland, a rectory. ton.

Thurcaston, a rectory; includ-
LOUGHBOROUGH, a rectory; ing the hamlets of Anstey

including the hamlets of and Cronston.
Knightthorpe and Wood-Ulvescroft Abbey, extraparo-
thorpe; Burley Park, and cbial.

Loughborough Old Park. Wanlip, a rectory.
Newton Linford, a chapelry. Whatton, Long, a rectory.
Osgathorpe, a rectory.

Whitwick, a vicarage ; includPackington, a vicarage; includ ing the hamlet of Swanninging the chapelry of Snibston. ton, and the

of Quorndon, a chapelry.

Thringston. Raunston, a rectory.

Woodhouse, a chapelry."

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]


The county of Lincoln presents to the topographer, antiquary, bistorian, naturalist, and agriculturalist, a theme replete with interest; and to each of these, the latter excepted ", it also unfolds a subject hitherto unexplored, and consequently full of novelty. Its topographical history having never been given to the public, renders it extremely difficult to collect into one focus the numerous rays of information that are now dispersed in various directions t; and to give a concise, but satisfactory account of the principal places, persons, and subjects, which peculiarly, and directly, belong to the county, is an arduous task; but it devolves to me as a duty, and I will en leavour to execute. it in a manner satisfactory to myself, and to the liberal readler. The present history must, however, be very brief, as its limits are bounded by the volume, and that must not be disproportionably large. Hence, if I omit some places, or am not satisfactorily copious respecting others, I hope to experience the indulgence of those gentlemen of the county whose local para tialities may have required, or anticipated, more circumstantial details.

LI 2


* On this subject we have had two large volumes; one entitled “ A General View of the Agriculture of the County of Lincoln.By ARTHUR YOUNG, 8vo. 1799. This was followed by another volume of about 440 pages, entitled, “ A Review of the corrected Agricultural Survey of Lincolnshirex" &c. by Thomas Srone, 8vo. 1800. This volume contains also, “ An Address to the Board of Agriculture, a Letter to its Secretary, and Remarks on the recent Publication of Sir John Somerville, and on the subject of Inclosures.”

+ At the end of the volume will be given a list of such books, &c, as have been published respecting the topography of this county.

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »