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horns of the Scofe * Stag, as they seem to agree with the description given of that animal by Camden. The largest of those heads had the horns fixed to the skull, which was entire. The length of the horn was three feet nine inches, the width between the extreniity of the tips three feet seven inches and half, the round of the beam seven inches and half, and the breadth of the palm four inches.

Great alterations appear to have taken place in this district: for Mr. West observes, “In the seventh year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the woods being greatly reduced, certain blomaries in High-Furness were suppressed at the common request of the tenants of Hawkshead and Colton, that the tops and croppings of these woods might be preserved for the nourishment of their cattle in winter. The blomaries, or iron smithies, were then leased by Éhristopher Sandys, Gent. and William Sawrey, who paid twenty pounds annually to the queen for the wood they consumed. At the suppression of the blomaries, the tenants charged themselves, and their successors, with the payment of this rent, which is called the bloosmithy, or wood-rent, and is rated and assessed amongst the customary tenants, at the discretion of four and twenty of that body, elected by a majority of the whole. Since the beginning of the eighteenth century, the re-introduction of furnaces and forges, for making and working iron, has advanced the value of wood considerably, and the tenants have found the means of improving part of their lands into meadows, and preserving their woods for the use of the furnaces +.” Among the trees of this district, the holly is sedulously cultivated and preserved; and its green leaves are given to the sheep during the long and hard winters.

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Is a small market town, seated on the eastern banks of the river Lune, over which there is a stone Bridge of three arches. The


A place in High Furness, noted for a breed of large deer or seghs.

+ West's Antiquities of Furness, 8vo. p. 33. &e.


views down the valley are extremely fine, and the winding river, with its wooded bauks, present various highly picturesque features. The cotton manufactures constitute the chief business of the place. A fair, or market, is held here every alternate Tuesday for cattle; and this, with an annual fair, occasion some bustle and trade in the town. A religious hospital, or priory, of Premonstratensian canons, was founded here, and made subject to the Abbey at Croxton, in Leicestershire, At the dissolution, it was granted to the Monteagle family, who possessed also an old baronial mansion called Hornby-Castle, which is seated on an eminence, about half a mile from the river. According to Cainden, this “noble castle was founded by N. de Mont Begon, and owned by the Harringe tons and Stanleys, barons of Mont-Eagle, descended from Thomas Stanley, first earl of Derby, who was advanced to that title by Henry the Eighth. Hornby castle is now the property and seat of John Marsden, Esq. and contains a large square tower, and a lofty round one. - The church, which is ! subordinate to Melling, is peat, and distinguished by an octagonal tower. Hornby has only eighty-seven houses, and 414 inhabitants. About two miles north of this town is THURLAND-CASTLÉ, which formerly belonged to the Tunstal family, who took that name from a village so denominated. The church at Tunstal formerly belonged to the Abbey of Croxton, but is now a vicarage in the gift of the proprietor of Thurland Castle. At the breaking out of the civil wars, this fortified mansion, with its domain, belonged to Sir Jolin Girlington, and by him was 'garrisoned for the king, in whose behalf it sustained a close siege for some time. A party of the kings forces came to relieve it, but were soon repulsed by some troops under Colonel Rigby, a Lancashire lawyer, and about Michaelmas, 1643, - it was obliged to surrender.

“ Girlington, stout Thurland his house maintain'd
'Gainst a sharp siege; yet was at length constrain'd
On terms for to surrender : Horuby too
Had yielded to the now prevailing foe*"

G 2
Cooper's Civil Wars, p. 91.


Sir John Girlington, who was colonel of a regiment of horse, was afterwards slain at Melton Mowbray, in Leicestershire. In 1719, this estate was possessed by Paul Burrand, Esq. and now belongs to a descendant of his family.

Near the village of Kellet is a natural curiosity called DUNALMILL-HOLE, which is a large cavern of very romantic aspect, and " extends for nearly 200 yards into the bowels of the hill. The entrance to the cave is near a mill, which, with the accompanying scenery, is extremely picturesque. The mouth of the cavern“ is romantically fringed with trees, which growing from the rocks, and impending over the entrance, contribute greatly to the awful gloom. Immense fragments of rocks hang from the roof of the orifice, as if ready to drop down, and crush the intruding visitor, forming altogether one of the rudest and most grotesque entrances imaginable. Nothing can be conceived more alarming than the appearance of this rugged cavern; the numberless large chinks and crevices grivning on every side; the dark passage before us unfathomable to the eye; the massy lumps of rock projecting from the roof and walls; and the dashing of the water from rock to rock, heard at a distance in awful yells--all conspire to alarm the stranger not accustomed to such scenes. This, however, is not always the case; for in dry seasons the cave may be explored, not only without danger, but with pleasure to those who are curious in viewing such singular works of nature*.” This cavern, like those at Wokey, Somersetshire, at Castleton, Derbyshire, and others in lime-stone bills, consists of several large and small apartments, or open spaces, with intermediate chasms: and its roof is bung with various stalactites and incrustations. A small rivulet which passes through, and issues from this cave, after running under ground for about two miles, again rises near the village of Cornforth, and there falls into Morecambe-bay. About five miles north of Hornby is the village of OVERBOROUGH, where the Roman


*“ A Descriptive Tour and Guide to the Lakes," &c. by John IIousinan,

8vo. 1802. p. 194.

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