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day we crossed the river. The Potomacited head-quarters and learned from General here is about one-fourth of a mile wide, and Hood that Evans's brigade had been attachat the time we crossed little over knee deep ed to our division, and as General Evans and as clear as crystal. As we came up, the ranked General Hood, the former was in men were ordered to move into the stream command of the whole of the new organiin column, many of them taking the oppor-zation. tunity to enjoy a bath as they crossed. There was, however, no demonstration of joy that we were going into the enemy's country, and
CHAPTER XXV. I do not remember a single cheer when we Upon crossing into Maryland, very strinlanded upon “Maryland-my Maryland.” gent orders were issued against committing This was remarked by numbers of the offi- depredations on the property of citizens of cers who were present.
that State. These orders were carried out The cavalry and infantry crossed first; in exceeding good faith, and during our then the artillery, and last the trains. It whole stay there I did not see any but one was late before our batteries could get over. case of infraction of them. Some few perThere was a small party of officers riding sons would take Confederate money for what together. As we placed our féet on the soil they had to sell, but most of them demanded of Maryland, a gentleman met us and asked gold and silver, and would take nothing else. us to drink with him, to the success of the The consequence was, in a majority of cases, invasion—inviting us, at the same time, to that our poor, half-starved soldiers had to go home with him and take supper. He was forego the pleasure of buying any thing they a native of the State, and seemed delighted needed. When one asked the price of an to see the “rebels.” As we marched along article, the almost invariable demand was: the next day, a good many people came out “What kind of money have you got ?" and to see us—especially ladies, who welcomed the expression became a by-word in the us to their State, and hoped we would drive army. One day I observed a soldier marchthe Yankees out.
ing along with a large piece of ham hanging About noon we passed through Buckeye- to his bayonet. Another soldier asked him town, and soon after came up with our di- to sell him a piece, whereupon the fortunate vision, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, possessor of the “bacon” inquired: “What near the Monocacy River. Theengineers were sort of money have you got?" and walked on making preparations to blow up the railroad without further notice of the applicant-to bridge over that stream, and we were direct- the great amusement of the bystanders. So ed to take position on a hill overlooking it. closely were the orders to respect private Observing some wagons on the top of the property observed, that, in this land of abunhill, I sent a courier with an order for them dance, I have seen whole regiments march. to move out of the way of the artillery. past orchards and gardens without touching Finding that the order was not obeyed, I a thing, and that when they were reduced rode up myself to see what was the matter. to half rations of bacon, and sometimes to There was no white man with the train-no rations at all: and this is the more reonly some negro teamsters. I asked one of markable because the inhabitants, in many them to whom the wagons belonged. He places, were very uncivil and abrupt in their replied: "La, Massa, I hardly knows myself; manners, and refused to sell for any thing but I bleve dey longs to what dey calls old but gold and silver. Mårs Pendleton's preserve artillery.” Several One day we halted near a large farm-yard attempts were made, during the evening, to filled with all kinds of poultry. One of our blow up the bridge, which was a splendid men applied to the owner, desiring to puriron structure, without success. Finally, chase a chicken for a “sick soldier.” The however, the preparations having been care- farmer at once replied: "No; I have no fully reärranged, the mines were again chickens to sell to any such people as you." sprung, the bridge suddenly lifted in the cen- There were a number of stragglers near, ter, and, toppling over to one side, the whole and in a very short time there was not, I structure fell, with a tremendous crash, into believe, a fowl of any kind left on the place; the river.
and nobody but the owner seemed to feel After the destruction of the bridge, I vis. I any great depth of sorrow at their removal.
This was the only time during our stay in of the enemy, thus placing McClellan fully Maryland, that I observed the slightest in- in possession of all of General Lee's views fraction of General Lee's orders.
and intentions, and enabling bim so to disIn some of the towns through which we pose his force as in a great measure to fruspassed a few people made a display of their trate them. The loss of this. order was not Union sentiments by hanging out Federal known to General Lee until it was too late flags from the windows of their houses and to repair the damage done by it. singing the “Star Spangled Banner.” Such It was past mid-day when we reached the displays were, however, confined exclusively foot of the mountain which forms the hights to the females, and were not very frequent. of Boonesboro. Slowly we toiled up its During a halt in the streets of Frederick- steep ascent until we reached the highest town, quite a good looking young woman ridge. Here a cool spring gushing from be. came out of a house near us with a Union neath some rocks by the road side invited flag pinned on her breast. She walked up the weary to rest, and a small party of ofland down the street several times, making cers dismounted near it. It was a calm, quite a display, and evidently bent on at- cloudless autumn evening — the deep vault tracting attention: but she did not elicit a of heaven smiling in its bright blue above single remark, and at length went off, appa- us, while far away in the western sky the rently disappointed at her want of success. the sun was calmly sinking to his rest. To Every right-thinking man in the army was the east, for miles away, the rich plains delighted that, in so vast a host, gathered over which we had just marched were spread from all parts of the Confederacy, there was out before us, dotted here and there with no man so low and degraded as to insult a little white hamlets which shone in beautiful woman!
contrast with the deep green that surroundIn one little village through which we ed them. The fleecy smoke from distant marched there was a number of school-girls villages floated lightly in the summer air, standing at the windows waving secession while away to the right the “Sugar Loaf" flags; and as we passed one of them called Mountain towered up like a giant sentinel out: “Hurrah for Jeff Davis !” On every keeping watch and ward over the valley behand we were told that the conduct of our low. Toward the west the scene was not men contrasted most favorably with that of less beautiful: broad plains girt with dim the “Union troops”: and if we did not suc- mountain peaks stretched toward the setting ceed in gaining their active sympathy, we at sun, while green pasture lands, dotted with least commanded their admiration and re- farms and woods and cottages, lay almost at spect.
our feet. Along the side of the mountain We remained in camp at the Monocacy a and far down into the valley were vast colday or two, and then took up our line of umns of troops in motion-the sheen of the march for Hagerstown by way of Boones- setting sun from their bright bayonets markboro. Before leaving, we learned that Gen- ing their way like the track of a huge fiery eral McClellan had been reinstated in the serpent. The red banner of war floated sicommand of the Yankee army, and that he lently over this moving host, and a band in was marching with a large force against us. the distance sent up its stirring strains in It was General Lee's intention to destroy the echoes through the mountains. Who then railroad, and then fall back beyond Hagers- thought that in a few short hours the same town, for the purpose of drawing the enemy echoes would wake to the thunder of artilas far as possible away from his base of sup-lery and the din of clashing arms; that the plies, and then offering battle. To enable charging steed and the ratiling car should him to do this it was necessary to occupy trample its rich verdure into gory mire; Martinsburg and reduce Harper's Ferry, so that the mountain slopes should run red as to open a line of communication with with the blood of the slain ; the song of the Richmond by way of Staunton and the Val- birds should be hushed in the yells, the ley. For this purpose Jackson's corps was screams, the curses of contending hosts; detached and moved against those places, that its beauty should be gone, and in its while we continued our march through Ma- stead the ghastly corpse, the mangled dead, ryland. Unfortunately an order detailing the grinning skeleton, alone should meet the the plan of the campaign fell into the hands / eye? Yet such is war. Beauty and bright
ness, and smiles, and joy, and gladness, flee changed his plans, and it was well for the away before its coming, and Death alone army that it was so. When orders came for holds revel in its path way!
us to march to Boonesboro, the men deOn reaching camp, I learned that General clared that they.would go under no other Hood had been placed under arrest by Gen. general, and that they would stack arms if eral Evans during the afternoon. There Hood was not restored to them. General was great dissatisfaction among the men at Hood immediately went among them and this intelligence, and some of them openly urged them to go. He had great difficulty declared they would not serve under any in inducing them to move, and succeeded other leader. The next morning we moved only by promising to go along with them, up near Hagerstown and encamped about a and, although not in command, to fight with mile from the village. During the afternoon them and die by them, if necessary. With a some two or three hundred Marylanders shout of approval the 1-90 resumed their joined us. They were the only recruits we arms and moved forward. The event proved received, so far as I learned. The next that they had judged rightly for themselves morning a small party of us went into Ha- and for the cause. gerstown. Most of the stores were closed, General Stuart had been left east of the and sentinels were stationed about in every mountains to observe the enemy in that didirection to preserve order. Some of the rection, while D. H. Hill was posted at party wanted to make some purchases. A Boonesboro to prevent those at Harper's friend took us through an alley into a store Ferry from escaping through Pleasant Valthat was closed, where we found no diffi- ley, and also to support Stuart, should it culty in purchasing such things as we'needed be necessary. McClellan's advance, up to at reasonable prices. After we had con- the time we left Fredericktown, was very cluded, the owner of the establishment in- slow-so slow, indeed, as to justify the Fited us to return with him to his house and belief that Harper's Ferry could be reduced partake of some refreshments. We at first and the army concentrated before he could declined; bnt he insisted on it so warmly possibly come up with us. In that event, it that we consented. He said that he had was not General Lee's intention to have opbeen desirous of offering some hospitality to posed his passage through South Montein, our people, but that he would suffer for it if as it was desirable to engage him as far as it was known to the Federal authorities. I possible from his base of supplies. heard of many similar instances during our In the mean time, events transpired which stay. Some of the people also told us that threatened to prevent the capture of Harwhen the Union troops passed through their per's Ferry. General McClellan being made State they would search out the Southern aware of the disposition of our forces, by sympathizers, and encamp upon their lands, the copy of one of General Lee's orders and destroy their stock, crops, and other falling into his hands, pushed forward rapproperty in the most wanton manner. I idly to the pass in South Mountain at saw many instances of this: a solitary plan- Boonesboro. The cavalry under Stuart fell tation would be literally torn to pieces, while back before him, materially impeding his the surrounding farms had been left un- advances by the gallant resistance they touched.
offered, and gaining time sufficient to bring On our return from town, a courier in- up Longstreet to Hill's support. By peneformed me that General Hood wished to see trating the mountain at this point, he would me. I went at once to his tent, which was have reached McLaws's rear and been enaon the opposite side of the meadow in which bled to relieve the garrison at Harper's we were encamped. He told me that he Ferry. was about leaving the army for Winchester, The morning of the 14th of September Va., where he would remain until the charge broke bright and clear, and the holy stillupon which he was arrested could be inves- ness of that Sabbath morn was broken only tigated. A small party of officers had as- by the sound of the bugle as it called the sembled to take leave of their favorite soldier to his daily duties. We had just leader. It was not generally known, or the finished breakfast, and the church bells in whole division would have gathered around the village were ringing out their first merry him. The events of the next day, however, I peal, when the boom of a single gun came
rolling up the valley—then another, and As we reached the scene of conflict, we met another, in quick succession. Soon a cour- the remnant of Garland's brigade in full reier dashed by at full speed, with the intelli- treat. Garland had been killed, and his gence that the enemy were moving on D. brigade greatly demoralized. Then we met H. Hill in heavy force, and that a fierce Drayton's brigade, also in retreat. Hood battle was already raging along the hights ordered them to halt, and asked where they at Boonesboro. In a moment the camp was were going. The Colonel commanding the all astir. Orders came to march at once to leading regiment replied: “We are moving Hill's support. In a few minutes long lines back to reform.". The answer was: “Reof infantry were moving from their recent form here, and move back into the fight.” bivouac to the scene of conflict, while the To enable us to reach our position, we had artillery and ordnance trains went rumbling to oblique to the right directly over the spur over the rocky roads. All day long we of the mountain. It was exceedingly rough, marched as rapidly as possible through the and every body was compelled to dismount 'heat and dust-each moment the din of bat- and lead his horse. As we descended on the tle growing louder and louder until, to- other side, we found the enemy in the woods ward eventide, we reached a small village just in front of us, and so near that we could at the foot of the mountain pass where the distinctly hear them talking. Our line was gallant Hill had been maintaining his fierce, quickly formed, and halting a few moments, though unequal, struggle.
General Hood said as he rode along it: I had been riding with General Hood for “Now, boys, when I give the order 'Forfor some time, at the rear of the column, ward,' I want you to advance rapidly, with when, just as we were passing out of the arms at the right shoulder shift. Fire as village, we came up with General Lee, who soon as you come in sight of the enemy, who had dismounted from his horse and was are just over there,” pointing, as he said so, sitting on a fence by the road side. As soon through the dense woods, "and then give as he saw General Hood, he called him to them the bayonet. Now I don't want any him, and as the column halted for a few of your little skirmishes, but just wade in moments, I saw them in deep and earnest and let us have a regular old he fight.” This conversation. A smile was resting on the was the longest speech that he was ever face of our brave young general as the order known to make-I believe the only one-and came for us to move on. Then our aid gal. it was responded to in a manner which loped up calling out: “Artillery, to the showed that the men appreciated its elofront.” The infantry opened to let us pass, quence. The words were hardly spoken and we moved up at a trot. We had reached when away went the line at a run. A ratthe top of the ridge when General Hood tling volley followed-a charge—a yell—and galloped up. As he passed he called out: the Yankees went pell mell down the oppo-. “I have come back to take command of my site hill! The position had been won, and division; should you receive any orders right gallantly too, and we were ordered to from me, you will know what to do." A halt. Our loss had been very slight, but wild yell of delight from our lines greeted among those who fell was Colonel McLathis announcement, and as we were now more, of the Fourth Alabama--a gallant and fully under fire, we were ordered to the left accomplished officer, whose untimely fate to support General Evans. The column had was a serious loss to the army. He was already gotten in motion, when General mortally wounded and taken from the field. Longstreet rode up and asked where Hood I was directed by the General to ride along was going. When told to the left to support the line to the left and see that it was well General Evans, he said: “Go to General closed up, and then take position on a hill Hood and tell him to move to the right, and in front and watch the enemy, giving him then come to me for instructions; and you notice, from time to time, of their movements, go with him and see if any artillery can be As I reached that portion of the line, occuused in that position. In a few minutes pied by Anderson's brigade, it became necesGeneral Hood returned to the head of the sary for me to halt for a few minutes in orcolumn. We moved directly to the right, der to speak to the commanding officer. The in front of the mountain, passing through a enemy were firing very rapidly, and the men wood which concealed us from the enemy. I had been ordered to lie down in order to
shelter them as much as possible. One of and Fredericktown road. Here a scene of them got up and approached me, saying: wild confusion met me. Hundreds of strag“Major, I wish you would get down off glers and slightly wounded men were pushthat horse; you will be killed if you do not: ing down the road, while a large crowd was they have been firing at all the mounted collected around the well, almost fighting in officers going this way.” I was replying to their struggles to get water. The old tavern him when the poor fellow was struck by a had been used as a temporary hospital, and minie ball. He threw his arms up and then long lines of ambulances were hurrying the sank down without a groan.
wounded off to the rear. It was evident The point of observation designated was that we were falling back, and I pushed on very exposed. The enemy occupied one side to join the artillery. of the hill, while our troops were on the
D. H. Hill had maintained his position other, and stray shots from both were con- with obstinate bravery for five hours, until stantly flying past. It afforded, however, a Longstreet came up, which was about 3 P.M., splendid view—the fighting along the whole and throwing his whole corps forward, confront being distinctly visible from it. As night tinued the battle until it was so dark that we came on the firing ceased, and I set off once could not distinguish friend from foe. The more to rejoin General Hood. The descent troops had fought with great determination, from the mountain was much easier on the and every attempt to force the pass had been east than on the west side. I determined repulsed with heavy loss to the Federals. to try it in that direction, thinking it more But McClellan's great superiority of numthan probable that Hood had advanced. bers enabled him to turn both flanks of the After much labor and trouble, the road was position. He had thus succeeded in gaining reached along which we had marched before the summit of the mountain on our left, and obliquing to the right, and pushing down it was gradually forcing our men back in that a short distance, I came to a small unplant- direction, when darkness put an end to the ed field. I was about crossing this, when I contest. Although not successful in forcing saw a man moving cautiously along the edge the mountain passes, it was evident that of the woods. I called out to him, when he without reinforcements we could not hazat once approached, saying in a whisper: ard a renewal of the contest in this position. “Major, is that you ?” " Who are you?” I Information had also been received that the asked. “Why don't you know me? I am enemy, in heavy force, had, during the afterone of General Hood's scouts." " Where is noon, forced their way through Crampton's the General ?” “Been gone more than half Gap, only five miles from McLaws's rear, an hour.” “What are you doing here?” who, with his own division and that of R. H. Watching the enemy. But don't speak so Anderson, was holding Maryland Hights, loud; they will hear you if you do,” he con- opposite Harper's Ferry, which had not yet tinued in a whisper. “They are just over been reduced, although closely invested by there," pointing to the other side of the field. Stonewall Jackson. Under these circumIt was so dark that I could see nothing; but stances it was determined to fall back to a moment after, I heard a loud voice call Sharpsburg, where McLaws's flank and rear out: “By the left flank-march.” “Who is could be more effectually covered, and where that?" I asked. “The Yankees," he replied. the army could be again concentrated with "Major, good-night; I'm off.” And suiting greater facility. his action to the words, he beat a hasty re I found our batteries parked in a field a treat to the adjacent woods. Wheeling short distance from Boonesboro; and hitcharound, I galloped up the road as fast as I ing my horse, laid down under a wagon to could; but my progress was rather slow, as get a few minutes' sleep before we should be the poor beast I was riding was quite lame ordered to move on again. I was soon from the effects of a spent ball which had awakened by some one calling my name. A struck him in the shoulder during the after- staff officer was standing near. “ Orders noon. Scrambling over rocks and fallen from General Longstreet for you,” he said, as timber, and frequently obliged to dismount I got up from my bed on the ground. “You and lead the horse over the most difficult are to hold your 'batteries in readiness to places, I at length reached the old tavern move as soon as the infantry have passed. on the top of the ridge on the Boonesboro | You will then follow, keeping prepared for