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FEAR OF DEATH.— It has always seemed thought that, all this time, my child was strange to me, that men who believe in the suffering excruciating agony. At the end of realities of heaven, and who profess to have the week, the invalid seemed miraculously made their peace with God, should be afraid recovering-snatched, as it were, from the to die. Very few, like St. Paul, long to go very jaws of death. From being delirious, hence. Why is it? True we see men over and seemingly racked with pain, she became whelmed with misfortune, or grief, who rational, and with no appearance of suffering. court death. But as long as a person retains One day, in my absence from the room, some a sana mens in sano corpore, so long, as a one told her how low she had been. When general rule, he desires to live, even when i I returned and took my seat by the bed-side, all his loved ones have gone before him. To she said : “Father, I didn't know I had been me, this is incomprehensible. Either the so sick:”—and went on to talk about her case. man is a hypocrite, who expresses such high She knew she had had a bad head-ache, but expectations of heaven, and yet fears to die, was not conscious of any thing else. She or God has implanted in his animal nature probably was conscious of the head-ache of a fear of death which he can not overcome, the first stages of the disease, but likely felt as a means of preserving earthly life for wise no pain during the subsequent stages, though purposes : for with the joys of heaven in she really seemed to be in great agony durview, who could afford to live upon earth ing her almost constant convulsions, and did not animal nature actually chain him continually emitted the heart-rending moans here?
peculiar to the disease that attacked her. Pains of DEATH.—Many learned men After the delusive tale of hope, that almost concur in the idea, that the pains of death always comes with an intermission of the are not near so great as they frequently violent symptoms of the disease of which I seem. I am inclined to agree with them in speak, still more violent convulsions, and this conclusion. In February, 1864, my apparentlý still more excruciating suffering oldest child, a daughter, then twelve years came, and my daughter died. If there could old, was stricken down with that most terri. be any consolation in that dark hour, beble of all diseases, cerebro-spinal meningitis. sides the hope which heaven gives, it was For one week she seemed to have the most the testimony which my child had borneterrible of all headaches, and convulsion after that she was not conscious of suffering durconvulsion followed in quick succession. Iling the severe paroxysms alluded to. VOL. IV.-No. 1. 31
ke The idea of honor is associated with
IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL.-Man longs in deadly conflict with the Turks, and the for immortality, and yet immortality is a Mexicans and Maximilian are engaged in a fearful, awful thing. To wish to die, and little bloody set-to, and Bismarck and Napoyet not be able to die—what is more solemn leon are threatening each other with the than this thought? He who reasons, and sword, and the Western Indians and the requires the proof of every thing he believes, Federal troops are scalping and burning can not be certain that the soul is immortal. each other's women and children, as well as He who implicitly believes every thing in each other, and so it goes. the Bible, and blindly follows faith, instead Whilom we had a goodly number of Peace of reason, is certain (in his own mind) that Societies—particularly in New Englandthe soul is immortal: I say he is certain (in flourishing among the American people, his own mind) that the soul is immortal, though we have not heard of one since 1860. whether it actually be so or not. But he But it is very interesting to know what so who regards the enunciations in the Bible distinguished and able a New England diconcerning man's immortality in the same vine as Dr. Channing used to say on the sublight that he does the arguments of Plato ject of Honor in War. The Doctor, on in favor of the same conclusion, will always this subject, did once discourse as follows: doubt. And yet the same skeptic will také counsel of his own longings, and hope, if he war. But to whom does the honor belong? does not believe in man's immortality, though If to any, certainly not to the mass of the he is not certain of it. The doctrine that the people, but to those who are particularly ensoul is immortal, is incomprehensible. Man gaged in it. The mass of a people, who stay can no more understand it than a child can at home and hire others to fight, who sleep understand Trigonometry. He cap no more in their warm beds and hire others to sleep understand it than he can understand God. on the cold and damp earth, who sit at their For me to fully comprehend a man, I must well-spread board and hire others to take the be the equal of that man. If man understood chance of starving, who nurse the slightest God, he would no longer be man, but a God. hurt in their own bodies, and hire others to And as he can not understand God, so he expose themselves to mortal wounds, and to can not yet understand that infinity_his linger in comfortless hospitals, certainly this own immortality-which is so much like mass reap little honor from war. The honor God. And yet man must be immortal. belongs to those who immediately engage in There are impulses in the human heart it. Let me ask, then, what is the chief business whose throbs are felt right up by the throne of war? It is to destroy human life, to manof Deity. There are Divine breathings some gle the limbs, to gash and hew the body, to times showered down upon man which ele- plunge the sword into the heart of a fellowvate him to heaven, and he can then walk creature, to strew the earth with bleeding and talk with God. Man must be immortal. frames and to trample them under foot with Of what avail are all his joys and sorrows, horses' hoofs. It is to batter down and burn all his pains and all his pleasures, if this be cities, to turn fruitful fields into deserts, to not so? Where is there a broken link in lepel the cottage of the peasant, and the magGod's universe? Where one, particularly nificent abode of opulence, to scourge nations in the material world? And if there be with famine, to multiply widows and ornone in the material, why any in the moral phans. Are these honorable deeds? Were world? Are the impulses of the heart, you called to name exploits worthy of deman's hopes and man's aspirations all to be mons, would you not naturally select such quenched in the grave? It can not be so. as these ? Grant that a necessity for them The chain can not be so broken. Every may exist. It is a dreadful necessity such as throb of the heart is but a link in the chain a good man must recoil from with instinctive that encircles eternity.
horror; and, though it may exempt them
from guilt, it can not turn them into glory. HONOR IN WAR.—God grant that there we have thought that it was honorable to had never been war! But war we Ameri- heal, to save, to mitigate pain, to snatch the cans have lately had, and war (a war of re-sick and sinking from the jaws of death. bellion) is now being waged in China, and We have placed among the revered benefacthe Cretans are as fighting rebels, engaged I tors of the human race the discoverer of arts
which alleviate human sufferings, which This seemed to be a stunner, and the editor prolong comfort, adorn and cheer human foundered through ever so much twattle to life; and if these arts be honorable, where parry what it was evident he considered the is the glory of multiplying and aggravating most home-thrust ever made against Univertortures and death?"
salism. It was plain that he was almost EARLY RISING.-A great deal of false convinced that if indeed there be no hell, philosophy has had its day on the subject of there should be one, just to burn the rebels. early rising. The true rule is for a person
And I have no doubt if his correspondent to get out of bed when he has had sleep continued to ply him at his weak point, the enough. It is very proper to rise early, if editor became convinced of the realities of you go to bed early. But it is essential to hell. Even if he has not yet become a conhealth that a person should have sleep vert, no doubt he will hereafter, if not here. enough. Many & child's health has been “THE BLUE Laws.”—The editors of Apruined by forcing him out of bed before he pleton's Nero American Cyclopedia devote has bad enough of
an article to the “Blue Laws." They say, "Tired nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep."
“This term is sometimes applied to the early It is just as unnatural and injurious to de-enactments of several of the New England prive him of bis food, as to deprive him of States, but is more frequently limited to the
laws of New Haven colony. The origin of his sleep. Sleep is natural-not artificialand when a man or boy has had what his the term is not exactly known. Various constitution requires of it, he will himself conjectures have been made, but the most awaken, and get out of bed. I am very well probable derivation is that given by Profesaware that the wise man inveighs against the sor Kingsley, who thinks the epithet “ blue" sluggard's lying in bed, and turning himself was applied to any one who in the times of
Charles II.) looked with disapprobation on as the door turns upon its hinges : but if all reports concerning Solomon be true, he him the licentiousness of the times. Thus, in
Hudibras, self must have spent no small part of his
" For his religion, it was fit time in bed. Whether he slept much, or not,
To match his learning and his wit; is another question.
'Twas Presbyterian true blue." THE UNIVERSALISTS AND THE REBELS.
That this epithet should find its way to the When I was arrested and taken over to Macon,
colonies, was a matter of course. It was here before General Wilson, for having expressed applied not only to persons, but to the cusmy mind too freely in The Countryman, by those who wished to render the prevailing
toms, institutions, and laws of the Puritans, after the surrender of the Confederate armies
, I had to run the gauntlet of several system ridiculous. Hence, probably, a belief subordinates, before I reached the General. known as the blue laws, must somewhere
with some, that a distinct system of laws One of these-a little Boston Irishman, or
have had a local habitation. The existence Irish Bostonian-after having been very in- of such a code of blue laws is fully disproved. sulting, finally became very gracious, and The only authority in its favor is Peters, who very conciliatory. (You see I had in my is notoriously untrustworthy. The traditions valise a bottle of very fine brandy, of my own manufacture, distilled from blackberry his stories, undoubtedly arose from the fact
upon this subject, from which Peters framed wine. Domestic manufacture was all we could get in those days. And after my
that the early settlers of New Haven were friend had imbibed a couple of times,
uncommonly strict in their application of
the “ general rules of righteousness.” Judge "Grim-visaged war then smoothed her wrinkled front.” | Smith, in his continuation of the history of At any rate, my friend gave me some Uni- New York, published in New York Historiversalist papers to read. One was published. cal Collections, vol. iv., gives evidence in Boston, and the editor thereof would al- against the existence of the blue laws, which low those who differed with him to discuss is particularly valuable, as it was put on rebis peculiar views in his own columns. One cord some 15 years before Peters's history was correspondent called upon the editor to published. He writes: "Few there are who know what would become of the Southern speak of the blue laws (a title of the origin rebels, if there were no hell to send them to. I of wbich the author is ignorant) who do not
imagine they form a code of rules drawn up pædists against the existence of the laws, I for future conduct, by an enthusiastic, pre- now present what argument is before me cise set of religionists; and if the inventions that this code of blue laws did not only exist of wits, humorists, and buffoons were to be in the decisions of the Puritan courts, but credited, they must consist of many large were actually digested into regular statute volumes. The author had the curiosity to law. resort to them, when the commissioners met at I have before me a small volume entitled New Haven, for adjusting a partition line be- as follows: tween New York and Massachusetts, in “The Code of 1650, being a Compilation 1767; and a parchment covered book of đemi- of the earliest Laws and Orders of the Genroyal paper was handed him for the laws eral Court of Connecticut: also the Constituasked for, as the only volume in the office tion or Civil Compact, entered into and passing under this odd title. It contains the adopted by the Towns of Windsor, Hartford, memorials of the first establishment of the and Wethersfield, in 1638–9. To which is colony, wbich consisted of persons who had added some Extracts from the Laws and wandered beyond the limits of the old char- Judicial Proceedings of New Haven Colony, ter of Massachusetts Bay, and who, as yet commonly called Blue Laws. Hartford : unauthorized by the crown to set up any Published by Silas Andrus. 1822." civil government in due form of law, resolv In the preface to the work before me, the ed to conduct themselves by the Bible. As a compiler says: "The following sheets connecessary consequence, the judges they chose, tain an exact copy of the constitution, or took up an authority which every religious form of civil government, as adopted by the man exercises over his own children and do- towns of Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersmestics. Hence their attention to the morals field, and the Code of 1650, as confirmed by of the people, in instances with which the the General Court of Connecticut. These civil magistrate can never intermeddle in a were both taken from the original records regular well-policed constitution, because, to remaining in the office of the Secretary for preserve liberty, they are recognizable only the State. The ancient orthography by parental authority." " The good men and has been accurately preserved.” good wives were admonished and fined for The following is the preamble to the liberties daily corrected, but never made “Constitution of 1683 :" criminal by the laws of large and well-poised “Forasmuch as it hath pleased the Alcommunities; and so far is the idea of the mighty God, by the wise disposition of his blue laws being a collection of rules from be- divine providence, so to order and dispose of ing true, that they are only records of con- things, that we the inhabitants and residents victions consonant, in the jugment of the of Windsor, Hartford, and Weathersfeild are magistrates, to the word of God, and the dic- now cohabiting and dwelling in, and uppon tates of reason."
the river of Conneticutt, and the lands thereThe Encyclopædists virtually admit that unto adjoining, and well knowing when a there were blue laws. They contend that people are gathered together, the word of there was no digested code of them, but they God requires, that to meinteine the peace and were “only records of convictions,” etc. union of such a people, there should bee an These records, then, according to the rule orderly and decent governement established concerning all recorded decisions of courts, according to God, to order and dispose of the did actually form a code of laws. But the affaires of the people at all seasons, as occaEncyclopædists contend that the Puritans sious shall require; doe therefore associate themselves did not call these laws or decisions and conjoine ourselves to bee as one publique the blue laws: and this is no doubt true. The STATE, OR COMMONWEALTH; and doe, for term “blue" was probably applied to the ourselves and our successors, and such as code of Connecticut in derision. The Puri- shall be adjoined to us at any time hereafter, tans and their friends are anxious to make it enter into combination and confederation appear that no such a code as the “bhie together, to meinteine and preserve the liblaws" ever had any existence: and this is berty and purity of the Gospell of our Lord not to be wondered at: for these laws are a Jesús, which we now profess, as also the disgrace to their cruel, puritanical concoctors. discipline of the churches, which, according
Having given the argument of the cyclo- to the truth of the said Gospell, is now prac
tised amongst us; as allso, in our civill “David Anderson was whipped for being affaires to be guided and governed according
drunke. to such lawes, rules, orders, and decrees, as “Goodman Leone was whipped and sent shall be made, ordered, and decreed, as fol- out of the plantation, being not onely a disloweth.”
orderly person himselfe, butt an incourager I will now present the reader with some of others to disorderly drinking meetings." extracts from the Code of 1650 :"
“A Courte holden the 1st of July, 1640.“If any man, after legali conviction, shall Thomas Parsons and John servants to have or worship any other God but the Lord Elias Parkmore, were whipped for their sinGod, hee shall bee put to death. Deut. xiii. full dalliance and folly with Lydia Browne." 6-xvii. 2; Ex. xxii. 20; Dcut. xviii. 10, 11.”
"A Court held at New Haven the 3rd of “If any man or woman bee a Witch, that the 7th month, 1642.-John Lobell, the miller, is, hath, or consulteth with a familliar spirritt, for sinful dalliance with a little wench of they shall bee put to death. Ex. xxii, 18; Goodman Hall's, was whipped." Levit. xx. 27; Deut. xviii. 10, 11."
I presume my readers have had enough of “If any person shall blaspheme the name the “blue laws ” for the present. The origin of God the ffather, Sonne, or Holy Ghost, of the term is probably that quoted from with direct, express, presumptuous, or high- Prof. Kingsley, in the beginning of these handed blasphemy, or shall curse in the like paragraphs on the ancient code of Connectimanner, hee shall bee put to death. Levit. cut. In giving his definitions of the word xxiv. 15, 16."
blue, Webster says, “ to look blue; to be con“If any person committeth adultery with founded, or terrified,” and quotes Grose as a married or espoused wife, the Adulterer authority. The "blue laws” imply severity and the Adulteress shall surely bee put to and terror. We speak of the blues as a condeath. Levit. xx. 10–xviii. 20; Deut. xxii. traction for the blue devils. We speak of rum 23, 24."
as blue ruin, and of a severe discharge of The Code contains a provision to the effect liglatning as a streak of blue lightning. I that “ fforasmuch as it is observed that many can't conceive why the term blue should be abuses are crept into, and committed, by used in this connection, unless it is because frequent taking of tobacko," therefore no brimstone burns with a bluish flame, and person under the age of twenty-one years, hell is represented as being full of burning “shall take any tobacko untill hee hath brimstone. Hence, perhaps, the term blue brought a certificate under the hands of
devils. some who are approved for knowledge and "LETTERS OF SHAHCOOLEN."--I have in skill in phisick, that it is usefull for him, and my library a book entitled “ Letters of Shahallso that hee hath received a lycence from coolen, a Hindu Philosopher residing in the courte for the same."
Philadelphia, to his Friend, El Hassan, an It is further provided that no one shall use Inhabitant of Delhi. Boston: Printed by tobacco, even under the foregoing “lycence,” Russell and Cutler, (Proprietors of the Work), “ publiquely in the streett, highwayes, or any 1802." These letters are intended to be after barne yardes, or uppon training dayes, in any the manner of Goldsmith's Citizen of the open places, under the penalty of six pence World, and were contributed originally to for each offence.”
the New York Commercial Advertiser. The Here are some extracts from “New Haven dedication runs as follows: Antiquities, or Blue Laws, extracted from “To the Hon. John Quincy Adams, the Ancient Records of New Haven:” Esquire, whose attainments as a scholar, and
“A General Court, 5th February, 1639.— intelligence as a statesman and civilian, have Isaiah, Captaine Turner's man, fined 5 lbs. I deservedly ranked him among the first politfor being drunk on the Lord's day.
ical and literary characters of America, this “Wm, Bromfield, Mr. Malbon's man, was volume, containing pure morals, correct polisett in the stocks for prophaning the Lord's tics, and elegant literature, is respectfully day, and stealing wine from his master, dedicated, as a testimony of the admiration which he drunk and gave to others.
and esteem of his obedient servants, the "Ellice, Mr. Eaton's boy, was whipped for publishers.” stealing a sow and goate from his master, I do not know who the author of Shahwhich he drunk, and gave to others.
coolen's Letters is, and he seems to have