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WRITTEN IN THE ALBUM AT ELBINGERODE,
IN THE HARTZ FOREST
She hears a rustling o'er the brook, She sees far off a swinging bough! • 'Tis He! 'Tis my betrothed Knight!
Lord Falkland, it is Thou!” She springs, she clasps bim round the
neck, She sobs a thousand hopes and fears, Her kisses glowing on his cheeks
She quenches with her tears.
I STOOD on Brocken's sovran height, and
“My friends with rude ungentle words
O shield and shelter me!
O Heaven! I gave thee all."
None statelier in the land.
The fairest shall be thine :
Beneath the twinkling stars!”" The dark? the dark ? Nol not the
dark ! The twinkling stars? How, Henry?
He pledged his sacred vow!
Strewing flowers before : “ But first the nodding minstrels go With music meet for lordly bowers, The children next in snow-white vests,
Strewing buds and flowers ! * And then my love and I shall pace, My jet black hair in pearly braids, Between our comely bachelors
And blushing bridal maids."
Woods crowding upon woods, hills over
hills, A surging scene, and only limited By the blue distance. Heavily my way Downward I dragged through fir groves
evermore, Where bright green moss heaves in
sepulchral forms Speckled with sunshine; and, but sel
dom heard, The sweet bird's song became an hollow
sound : And the breeze, murmuring indivisibly, Preserved its solemn murmur most dis
tinct From many a note of many a waterfall, And the brook's chatter; 'mid whose
islet-stones The dingy kidling with its tinkling bell Leaped frolicsome, or old romantic goat Sat, his white beard slow waving. I
moved on In low and languid mood : for I had
found That outward forms; the loftiest, still
receive Their finer influence from the Life
within ; Fair cyphers else : fair, but of import
vague Or unconcerning, where the heart not
finds History or prophecy of friend, or child, Or gentle inaid, our first and early love, Or father, or the venerable name Of our adored country! O thou Queen, Thou delegated Deity of Earth, O dear, dear England ! how my longing
eye Turned westward, shaping in the steady
clouds Thy sands and high white cliffs !
My native Land ! Filled with the thought of thee this
heart was proud, Yea, mine eye swam with tears : that
all the view From sovran Brocken, woods and woody
hills, Floated away, like a departing dream,
The present works of present manA wild and dream-like trade of blood
and guile, Too foolish for a tear, too wicked for a
smile! 1801, December 4, 1801.
DEJECTION : AN ODE 1
Late, late yestreen I saw the new Moon,
Ballad of Sir Patrick Spence.
Feeble and dim! Stranger, these im
pulses Blame thou not lightly ; nor will I pro
fane, With hasty judgment or injurious
doubt, That man's sublimer spirit, who can feel That God is everywhere! the God who
framed Mankind to be one mighty family, Himself our Father, and the World our
ODE TO TRANQUILLITY
To thee I gave my early youth, And left the bark, and blest the stead
fast shore, Ere yet the tempest rose and scared me
with its roar.
And dire Remembrance interlope, To vex the severish slumbers of the
mind : The bubble floats before, the spectre
clouds, Thou best the thought canst raise, the
heart attune, Light as the busy clouds, calm as the
I WELL! If the Bard was weather-wise,
who made The grand old ballad of Sir Patrick
Spence, This night, so tranquil now, will not
go hence Unroused by winds, that ply a busier
trade Than those which mould yon cloud in
lazy flakes, Or the dull sobbing draft, that moans
and rakes Upon the strings of this Æolian
lute, Which better far were mute. For lo ! the New-moon winter-bright! And overspread with phantom light, (With swimming phantom light o’er
spread But rimmed and circled by a silver
thread) I see the old Moon in her lap, foretelling The coming-on of rain and squally
blast, And oli ! that even now the gust were
swelling, And the slant night-shower driving
loud and fast ! Those sounds which oft have raised me,
whilst they awed,
And sent my soul abroad, Might now perhaps their wonted impulse
give, Might startle this dull pain, and make it
move and live!
1 This Ode was originally written to William Wordsworth, who was addressed as “Edmund" in the poem when first printed, on the day of Wordsworth's marriage, October 4, 1802. In that copy, the name "Edmund" occurs at every point where "Lady" is found in the later versions and also where the name “Otway" occurs, in the seventh stanza; there is a corresponding differ. ence of the personal pronouns, and some other slight differences of text, the most important of which is in the conclusion, as noted below.
O pure of heart! thou need'st not ask
11 A grief without a pang, void, dark, and
drear, A stifled, drowsy, unimpassioned grief, Which finds no natural outlet, no re
In word, or sigh, or tearO Lady! in this wan and heartless mood, To other thoughts by yonder throstle
woo'd, All this long eve, so balmy and serene, Have I been gazing on the western sky,
And its peculiar tint of yellow green; And still I gaze—and with how blank
an eye! And those thin clouds above, in flakes
and bars, That give away their motion to the stars : Those stars, that glide behind them or
between, Now sparkling, now bedimmed, but al
ways seen ; Yon crescent Moon, as fixed as if it grew In its own cloudless, starless lake of blue ; I see them all so excellently fair, I see, not feel, how beautiful they are !
What this strong music in the soul may
be! What, and wherein it doth exist, This light, this glory, this fair luminous
mist, This beautiful and beauty-making
power. Joy, virtuous Lady! Joy that ne'er
was given, Save to the pure, and in their purest
hour, Life, and Life's effluence, cloud at once
and shower, Joy, Larly! is the spirit and the power, Which wedding Nature to us gives in
dower, A new Earth and new Heaven, Undreamt of by the sensual and the
proudJoy is the sweet voice, Joy the luminous .
We in ourselves rejoice! And thence flows all that charms or ear
or sight, All melodies the echoes of that voice, All colors a suffusion from that light.
My genial spirits fail ;
And what can these avail
my breast ?
Though I should gaze for ever
west ; I may not hope from outward forms to
win The passion and the life, whose fountains are within.
IV O Lady! we receive but what we give, And in our life alone does Nature live ; Ours is her wedding-garment, ours her
shroud ! And would we aught behold, of higher
worth, Than that inanimate cold world allowed To the poor loveless ever-anxious crowd, Ah ! from the soul itself must issue
forth A light, a glory, a fair luminous cloud
Enveloping the EarthAnd from the soul itself must there be
sent A sweet and potent voice, of its own
birth, Of all sweet sounils the life and element!
There was a time when, though my path
was rough, This joy within me dallied with dis
tress, And all misfortunes were but as the stuff Whence Fancy made me dreams of
happiness : For hope grew round me, like the twin
ing vine, And fruits, and foliage, not my own,
seemed mine, But now afflictions bow me down to
earth: Nor care I that they rob me of my
But oh! each visitation Suspendis what nature gave me at my
birth, My shaping spirit of Imagination. For not to think of what I needs must
feel, But to be still and patient, all I can ; And haply by abstruse research to steal
From my own nature all the natural
Till that which suits a part infects the 'Tis of a little clrild whole,
Upon a lonesome wild, And now is almost grown the habit of Not far from home, but she hath lost her
And now moans low in bitter grief and VII
fear, Hence, viper thoughts, that coil around. And now screams loud, and hopes to my mind,
make her mother hear.
'Tis midnight, but small thoughts have
I of sleep:
Full seldom may my friend such vigils rav'st without,
keep ! Bare crag, or mountain-tairn,
Visit her, gentle Sleep! with wings of
healing, blasted tree, Or pine-grove whither woodman never
And may this storm be but a mounclomb,
tain-birth, Or lonely house, long held the witches'
May all the stars hang bright above her home,
dwelling, Methinks were fitter instruments for
Silent as though they watched the thee,
sleeping Earth! Mad Lutanist! who in this month of
With light heart may she rise, showers,
Gay fancy, cheerful eyes, Of dark-brown gardens, and of peeping
Joy list her spirit, joy attune her
voice; flowers, Mak'st Devils' yule, with worse than
To her may all things live, from pole to wintry song,
pole, The blossoms, buds, and timorous leaves
Their life the eddying of her living soul !
O simple spirit, guided from above, among Thou Actor, perfect in all tragic
Dear Lady! friend devoutest of my
choice, sounds! Thou mighty Poet, even to frenzy bold !
Thus mayest thou ever, evermore re. What tellist thou now about?
joice. 'Tis of the rushing of an host in rout,
April 4, 1802. October 4, 1802. With groans of trampled men, with smarting wounds
HYMN BEFORE SUNRISE, IN THE At once they groan with pain, and
VALE OF CHAMOUNI shudder with the cold ! But hush! there is a pause of deepest Besides the Rivers Arve and Arveiron, which silence!
have their sources in the foot of Mont Blanc, five And all that noise, as of a rushing conspicuous torrents rush down its sides; and
within a few paces of the glaciers the Gentiana crowd,
Major grows in immense numbers, with its With groans, and tremulous shudderings ** Howers of loveliest blue." (Coleridge.)
-all is over-It tells another tale, with sounds less
ILAST thou a charm to stay the morning.
star deep and loud! A tale of less ailright,
In his steep course? So long he seems And tempered with delight,
to pause As Otway's : self had framed the tender lay.
O EDMUND, friend of my devoutest choice,
( rais'd from anxious dread and busy care, 1 In the first printed copy, “ Edmund's," re.
By the immenseness of the good and fair
Which thou see'st everywhere, ferring to Wordsworth. The following lines are evidently an allusion to Worlsworth's Lucy
Joy lifts thy spirit, joy attunes thy voice, Gray. The conclusion is as follows in the first
To'thee do all things live from pole to pole, printed copy :
Their life the eddying of thy living soul !
O simple spirit, guided from above,
( lofty Poet, full of life and love,
Brother and friend of my devoutest choice, Aud sing his lofty song, and teach me to rejoice!
Thus may'st Thou ever, evermore rejoice!
On thy bald awful head, O sovran Who fill'd thy countenance with rosy BLANC !
light? The Arve and Arveiron at thy base Who made thee parent of perpetual Rave ceaselessly ; but thou, most awful
streams? Form ! Risest from forth thy silent sea of pines, And you, ye five wild torrents fiercely How silently! Around thee and above glad! Deep is the air and dark, substantial, Who called you forth from night and black,
utter death, An ebøn mass: methinks thou piercest From dark and icy caverns called you it,
forth, As with a wedge! But when I look Down those precipitous, black, jagged again,
rocks, It is thine own calm home, thy crystal For ever shattered and the same for shrine,
ever ? Tliy habitation from eternity!
Who gave you your invulnerable life, oiread and silent Mount ! I gazed upon Your strength, your speed, your fury, thee,
and your joy, Till thou, still present to the bodily | Unceasing thunder and eternal foam ? sense,
And who commanded (and the silence Didst vanish from my thought:
came), tranced in prayer
Here let the billows stiffen, and have I worshipped the Invisible alone.
rest? Yet, like some sweet beguiling melody,
Ye Ice-falls ! ye that from the mounSo sweet, we know not we are listening
tain's brow to it,
Arlown enormous ravines slope amainThou, the meanwhile, wast blending
Torrents, methinks, that heard a mighty with my Thought,
voice, Yea, with my Life and Life's own secret
And stopped at once amid their maddest joy:
plunge! Till the dilating Soul, enrapt, transfused,
Motionless torrents! silent cataracts! Into the mighty vision passing--there
Who made you glorious as the Gates of As in her natural form, swelled vast to
Beneath the keen full moon ? Who bade
the sun Awake, my soul ! not only passive praise
Clothe you with rainbows? Who, with Thou owest! not alone these swelling
living flowers tears,
of loveliest blue, spread garlands at Mute thanks and secret ecstasy! Awake,
your feet? Voice of sweet song! Awake, my heart,
God! let the torrents, like a shout of awake!
nations, Green vales and icy cliffs, all join my
Answer! and let the ice-plains echo,
GOD ! sing ye meadow-streams with Thou first and chief, sole sovereign of gladsome voice! the Vale!
Ye pine-groves, with your soft and soulO struggling with the darkness all the
like sounds! night,
And they too have a voice, yon piles of And visited all night by troops of stars, Or when they climb the sky or when And in their perilous fall shall thunder, they sink:
GOD! Companion of the morning-star at dawn, Thyself Earth's rosy star, and of the Ye living flowers that skirt the eternal dawn
frost ! Co-herald : wake, 0 wake, and utter Ye wild goats sporting round the eagle's praise !
nest! Who sank thy sunless pillars deep in Ye eagles, play-mates of the mountain Earth?