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Cistercians, the, 76.
('lergy, the. See Church.
Climate and language, 45.
Club Parliament, the, 235.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, quoted,

328, 347, 373.
Colet, Dean, 289.
Combat, trial by, 61.
Comines, quoted, 234.
Composition. superiority of Saxon
words in, 58; importance of meth-

od in, 338.
Compurgation, custom of, 60.
Comus, quoted and criticised, 478.
Confessio Amantis, 182.
Conscience, 393.
Conversation, the law of, 376.
Copernicus, 329.
Court of the Hundred, 60; of the

County, 60.
Courts of Love, the, 107.
Council of Sens, 87.
Coverdale, revises New Testament,

327.
Cranmer, as reformer, 279; Bible of,

327; quoted, 350.
Creation, process of the Divine, 131,

492.
Creeds, the age of, 435.
Cromwell, Oliver, 402; quoted, 403;

characterized, 433.
Cromwell, Thomas, quoted,

270;
Bible, 327.
Crusades, influence of, 12.
('ulture, end of, 392.
Custoin, influence of, 157.
Cymbeline, or Cunobelin, 15.
Cymbeline, quoted, 378.
Daisy, the, 226, 230.
Dance of Death, 246.
Daniel, Samuel, quoted, 302; chron-

icler, 323.
Danish Conquest, 8; Cæsar quoted

concerning. 15; influence, 18, 52.
Dante, quoted, 79, 198.
Dark Ages, the, 185.
Death, universal sense of, 100, 413,

414; popular explanation of the
origin of, 122; reflections on, 28,

146, 391, 432, 433, 470.
Decker, Thomas, quoted, 425.
Defense of Poesy, quoted and criti-

cised, 342.
Degerando, quoted, 471.
Deluge, 305.
Descartes, philosophy of, 441.
Destiny, Teutonic belief in, 30, 98.

Destruction of Troy, 245.
Devil, the, 123. See Satan, and

Witchcraft.
Dialects, 46.
Diodorus, concerning the Gauls, 17.
D’Israeli, Isaac, quoted, 139.
Donne, Dr. John, quoted and criti-

cised, 412.
Dooms of Alfred, 154.
Douglas, Gawin, quoted, 307.
Drama, product of the English Re-

naissance, 304; origin and growth,
304; the Mysteries, 304; the Mo-
ralities, 305; the Interlude, 307;
first English comedy, 308; first
English tragedy, 309: ascendaney
of, 311; the theatre, 311; the l'ni-
ties, 320; how affected by Puritan-

ism, 415.
Drake, explorer, 267.
Draper, Dr. John W., quoted, 463

(note).
Drayton, Michael, quoted, 302.
Druids, the, 14.
Drummond, of Hawthornden, quoted,

413.
Drunkenness, 107.
Dryden, John, quoted, 472.
Duchess of Malfi, quoted and criti-

cised, 423.
Dunbar. William, quoted, 247.
Duty, the idea of fundamental to

the Germanic race, 36, 276.
Dwarfs, the, 25.

Ecclesiastical History of the English

Nation, Bede's, 146; Alfred's

translation, 149.
Ecclesiastical Polity, 325.
Edda, the, 143, 432.
Eden, the garden of, 196.
Edward, the Confessor, 8, 128, 330.
Edward I, jury under, 61.
Edward II, weakness of, 165; brutal-

ity, 168.
Eduard II, quoted and criticised,

314.
Edward III, order of, 189.
Edward IV, violence, 233; charter,

257.
Edward VI, counsellors of, 265.
El Dorado, 352.
Elizabeth, Queen, administration of,

266,
Embla, myth of, 24.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, quoted, 402.
England, geography of, 1, 2: etymol-

ogy of name, q; political and

social development of, in the
Formative Period, 60; in the four-
teenth century, 164; in the fif-
teenth, 233; in the sixteenth, 265;
in the seventeenth, 401. See Brit-

ain.
English language, effect of Conquest

upon, 11; persistency of, 12; ele-
ments, 51; basis, 53; originally
inflected, 53; transition, 54; pro-
gress of, illustrated, 55; organic
features, 56; history in word-forms
of, 57; superiority of Saxon, 57;
general view of, 59; state of, in
thirteenth century, 88; in the
fourteenth, 175; in the fifteenth,

244; in the sixteenth, 293–296.
Envy, Spenser's portrait of, 365.
Epithalamion, quoted and criticised,

367.
Erasmus, quoted, 275, 289, 290, 324.
Erigena, on hell-fire, 125; a Platon-

ist, 130.
Essex, settled, 6.
Ethics, condition of, in theological

ages, 126, 191, 256, 327; funda-
mental distinctions of, 126; basis
of, according to Scotus, 126; ac-
cording to Abelard, 126; accord-
ing to Occam, 191; true basis of,
327; gradual severance from the-
ology. 437; method of, suggested

by Bacon, 437.
Eucharist, the, 191.
Euphuism, 315.
Every Man, 306.
Every Man in his IIumour, quoted

and criticised, 446.
Evil, popular genesis of, 191.
Evolution of language, 40.
Exclusive Salvation, effect of belief

in, 328.

Faustus, quoted and criticised, 315.
Feltham's Resolves, 437.
Feudalism, introduction and charac-

ter of, 9, 10; evanescence of, 332.
Fiction, romantic, origin of, 102.
Fight at Finsburg, war-song, 99.
Fletcher, Giles, 413.
Fletcher, John. See Beaumont.
Florent, quoted and criticised, 185.
Ford, John, quoted and character-

ized, 421.
Formative Period, the general view

of, 192.
Fortescue, 236, 245, 253.
Four P's, quoted and criticised, 307.
Fox's Book of Martyrs, quoted, 277.
France, genesis of modern, 46.
Free agency, 392.
Freeman, Edward A., quoted, 148.
French language, supersedes Eng-

lish, 10; formation of, 46, 47;
influence, 52; predominance, 88;
dialects, 110; decline of, in Eng-

land, 175.
French poetry, introduction of, into

England, 11; predominance, 102;

illustrated, 110; decline, 186.
Friar, the, 76; Chaucer's portrait of,

220, 227.
Froissart, 174, 182.
Froude, James Anthony, quoted, 60,

164.
Fuller, Doctor, 428, 444.
Future, the, a vision of, 340.

Fabliaux, the, 108.
Fahyan, Robert, quoted, 254.
Fairy Queen, quoted and criticised,

285.
Faithful Shepherdess, quoted and

criticised, 418.
Fall of Princes, 245.
False One, quoted and criticised,

419.
Fame, transitoriness of, 209.
Famous History of Fryer Bacon, 161.
Fancy, the Celtic, 17.
Fate, right use of, 32.
Fathers, the Christian, and philoso-

phy, 130; evanescence of, 332.

Galileo, 329, 438.
Games and Gambling in Early Eng-

land, 70.
Genius and Talent, 147, 329.
Geoffrey of Monmouth, 119.
Germans, origin of, 21; character-

ized, 46; language of, 50.
Gesta Romanorum, discussed and

quoted, 107.
Gibbon, Edward, quoted, 150.
Gilbert, on magnetism, 330.
Gleeman, Saxon minst rel, 90.
God, the existence of, 131, 133, 441;

essence of, 373; Plato's conception

of, 285.
Goethe, quoted, 60; Faust of, 318.
Gorbodue, characterized and quoted,

30.
Gosson, Stephen, quoted, 322.
Gower, Thomas, quoted and criti-

cised, 182, 1.90.
Graal, the Holy, 105.
Grave, the, 100, 137.

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Holy Graal, the, 105.
Holy Sepulchre, the church of, 195.
Homer, quoted, 156; translated by

Chapman, 425.
Hooker, Richard, quoted, 325; influ-

ence on ethics. 328; biography and

criticism, 347–351.
Howard, Earl of Surrey, 298.
House of Fame, quoted and criti-

cised, 209.
Houses, in the Middle Ages, 69, 166,

236.
Hudibras, quoted, 408.
Hume, David, quoted, 60, 351.
Hundred, court of, 60.
Hundred Years' War, 233.
Hydriotaphia, 100.
Ideal, the, law of, 95; power and

necessity of, 310, 372.
Idealization, 161.
1 Penseroso, quoted and criticised,

477.
Imagination, character of Northern,

100; activity of, in the infancy of

races, 102.
Imposture in the Roman Church,

238.
Indo-European races, 49; languages,

49-51.
Induction, the, quoted and criticised,

310.
Influence, immortality of, 156, 203.
Inquiries into Vulgar Errors, quoted,

440.
Instauratio Magna, 457.
Interlude, the, 307.
Ireland, geography of, 1, 2; subju-

gation of, 164; barbarism, 403.
Irish, the ancient, 3, 14.
Italian language, 46, 47; literature,

287.

Hakluyt, Richard, 321.
Hales, Dr. Alexander, 133, 435.
Hall

, Bishop, quoted, 428.
Hallam, Henry, quoted, 358, 459.
Hamlet, 379, 386.
Happiness, Decker's conception of,

425.
Harrison, quoted, 268, 291.
Harvey, 433.
Hastings, battle of, 9.
Havelock, 107.
Hell, 29, 83, 124, 141, 475; Milton's,

480.
Hell-gates, 482.
Henry I, and Saxon dynasty, 12;

charter granted by, 63.
Henry II, reign of, 67; and priests,
Henry II, quoted, 376.
Henry III, murders under, 79; pro-

clamation of, in vernacular, 89.
Henry IV, inaugurates Lancastrian

rule, 233.
Flenry IV, quoted, 380.
Henry V, his dream of empire in

France, 233; quoted on progress
of language, 244.
Henry VI, career of, 233.
Henry VII, marks a new era, 234.
Henry VIII, tyranny of, 265: agency

of, in the Reformation, 278; and

medical science, 330.
Heptarchy, formation of, 7.
Herbert, George, quoted and criti-

cised, 413.
Heresy, 123, 127, 438.
Hero, the, of the Middle Ages, 95,

249.
Ilerrick, Robert, quoted and criti-

cised, 410.
Heywood, Thomas, quoted and criti-

cised, 307; quoted, 373.
Highways in thirteenth century, 69.
Hill, Thomas, 330.
History, method of, in the ages of

faith, 118, 187, 254, 323; true con-
ception of, 188; partisan character

of, 431.
Holinshed, 270, 321, 323.

79.

James, of Scotland, quoted, 247.
James I, of England, 401.
Jewel, Bishop, 325.
Jew of Malta, quoted and criticised,

314.
Jews, as capitalists, 69; their expul-

sion, 70.
John of Salisbury, quoted, 87.
Johnson, Dr. Samuel, quoted, 48,

444.
Jonson, Ben, 398, 416; biography

and criticism, 444–456.
Judith, quoted, 99.
Jury, trial by, 61.
Jutes, coming of, 6.

Lydgate, John, quoted and criticised,

245.

Kent, settled, 6.
Kepler, laws of, 438.
King Horn, 107, 115.
King Lear, 120.
King Lear, 378, 383.
King's Evil, 128.
Koran, the, 327.

Labor and Capital, 169.
Lackpenny, quoted, 246.
L'Allegro, quoted and criticised, 477.
Land of Cockaigne, 115.
Langland, William, quoted and criti-

cised, 177.
Language, fossil history in, 11; mys-

tery of, 39; origin, 40; legends
concerning, 40, 41; principles of
developinent, 41; diversities, 43;
dialects, 46; idioms, 48; classifica-

tion, 49.
Langue D'Oc, 110.
Langue D'Oyl, 110.
Latimer, Bishop, quoted, 271, 273,

275, 277, 292, 326.
Latin race, 46; language, 47, 52, 100,

137, 175; versification of, 108. See

Learning and Renaissance.
Layamon, quoted, 112.
Lawyer, the, popular hatred of, in

fourteenth century, 178; Chaucer's

portrait of, 220, 227.
Learning, state of, during Formative

Period, 82; in the fourteenth cen-
tury, 173; in the fifteenth, 242; in

the sixteenth, 284.
Legends, 40, 41; formation of, 105.
Liberty of Prophesying, 436.
Life, Saxon conception of, 29, 37; a

dream, 385, 391; true mode of
estimating. 431, 469; on the con-

duct of, 437.
Life of Richard III, 335.
Lily, John, quoted. 321.
Literature, how affected during For-

mative Periodi, 193; and life, 272;

eras of, how discriminated, 444.
Lollards, 172. See Religion.
Lombard, Peter, 129, 137.
Long Parliament, the, 402.
Lord's Prayer, versions of, in succes-

sive centuries, 55, 56, 175, 244.
Love, idealized by the worship of the

Virgin, 106; in romance poetry,
105, 110, 181; woes of, 212; power
of, 213; apostrophe to, 344; Bacon

concerning, 464; Jonson, 453.
Love-Courts, the, 182.
Luther, Martin, 272, 273, 324.

Macaulay. Thomas B., 462 (note),

492 (note).
Macbeth, quoted, 380; and criticised,

384.
Mad Lover, quoted and criticised,

419.
Magna Charta, 63.
Maid of Orleans, 290.
Maisters of Oxford's Catechism, 127.
Malory, Sir Thomas, quoted and

criticised, 253.
Mammon, palace of, 363.
Man, creation of, in Norse mythology,

24.
Mandeville, Sir John, biography and

criticism, 194–199.
Manning, Robert, quoted and criti-

cised. 180.
Map, Walter, 79.
Marlowe, Christopher, quoted and

criticised, 313.
Marriage, in the age of chivalry, 107;

song of, 367; reflections on, 399,

42:, 432, 464.
Marston, John, quoted, 426.
Mary, Bloody. 266.
Maryland, statute of, 406.
Mass, ceremonial of the, 240.
Massinger, Philip, quoted and criti-

cised, 420.
Mathematics in thirteenth century,

127.
Matter and spirit, unity of, 492.
May-day, 237, 272.
Medicine, theory and practice of,

128, 189, 257.
Meditations, quoted. 428.
Melancholy, the inspiration of genius,

430.
Mercia, settled, 7.
Merlin, legend of, 7; prophecy of, 120.
Metaphor, discussed and illustrated,

41; the language of excitement,

396.
Metre, in Chaucer, 206.
Middleton, Thomas, quoted, 426.
Midland dialect, 54.
Midsummer Night's Dream, quoted

and criticised, 389.
Milton, John, 141, 199, 372, 404, 415,

4:36; biography and criticism, 472-

495.
Mirror for Magistrates, 310.
Monasteries, the, 76, 174, 241. See

Religion,

Monasticism, some beautiful aspects

of, 75, 84.
Monks, 75, 226, 241. See Church.'
Months, names of, 15.
Moralities, the, 306.
Morals. See Ethics.
More, Sir Thomas, 269, 270, 290, 321;

biography and criticism, 33+-40.
Morte d'Arthur, quoted, 253.
Mulcaster, quoted, 295, 321.
Mundinus, 190.
Muspel, 24.
Mysteries, the, 304.
Mythology, Norse, 30.
Myths, radical similarity of, 103.
Napier, 439.
Nash, Thomas, 321.
Nature, love of, 116, 238; in Chau-

cer, 218, 226, 229, 230.
New Atlantis, 459.
New Hampshire, statute of, 406.
Newton, Sir Isaac, 438.
Niflheim, 24.
Sominalism, 131, 188.
Normans, invade Britain, 8; effects

of invasion, 9; culture and influ-
ence of, 19; language of, 52.
Northmen, the, 8, 33.
Northumberland, settled. 7.
Nut-brown Maid, 117, 245.

Paris, influence of university of, 87.
Parliament, rise and development of,

62, 163, 234, 205, 401.
Parson, Chaucer's portrait of the, 223.
Pascal, quoted, 158.
Passionate Pilgrim, 375.
Passionate Shepherd, quoted, 318.
Paston Letters, 252.
Pathway of knowledge, 330.
Pecock, Peynold, 245, 255.
Pelagius, theological tenets of, 125.
Perfection, the desire of, 191.
Persecution, 242, 328.
Persian language,50; mythology, 104.
Personification, 102.
Petrarch, concerning the Church,

171; debt of the Renaissance to,

174; quoted, 330.
Philaster, quoted and criticised, 416.
Philosophy, characterization of, from

Proclus to Bacon, 129; the Scho-
lastic, 130; Realistic and Nominal-
istic schools of, 131; state of, in
the fourteenth century, 188; in the
fifteenth, 257; in the sixteenth,

331; in the seventeenth, 440.
Phænir, quoted, 93.
Physician, Chaucer's portrait of the,

2:27.
Picts, the, 5.
Piers the Ploughman, 172.
Piety, essential to character, 154.
Plantagenet, 233.
Plato, his doctrine of Ideas, 131;

spirit and influence of his philoso-
phy, 284.
Plouman's Creed, 180.
Poetry, earliest form of literature,

89; Saxon, 91; religious tone of,
in England, 99; romantic, 108;
characterization of, in fourteenth
century, 176; low state of English,
in fifteenth century, 245; revival

of, 298; sentimentalism of, 409.
Polities. See England.
Prayer, power of, 431.
Predestination, defined, 324.
Presbyterians, 436.
Printing, origin of, 244 (note).
Prose, order of production, 117;

parentage of English, 117; general
view of, in the fourteenth century,
181; in the fifteenth, 252; in the
sixteenth, 321; in the seventeenth,
427. See History, Theology, Eth-
ies, Science, Philosophy.
Proverbs, of Alfred, 152.
Pulei, quoted, 288.

Occam, 188, 191, 327.
Occleve, Thomas, 245.
Odin, 24, 25, 104.
Onomatopeia, 41.
Opus Majus, 157.
Original English, 53.
Originality, 395.
Orin, 113.
Ormulum, quoted, 114, 137.
Orosius' Universal History, 149.
Orpheus and his harp, legend of, 151.
Othello, quoted, 378; and criticised,

382.
Oul and Nightingale, 116, 137,
Oxford, university of, 87, 174, 242,

289.

Paganism and Christianity, 124.
Palamon and Arcite, quoted and

criticised, 217.
Paradise, the Norse, 28, 83.
Paradise Lost, quoted and criticised,
Paradise Regained, 487.
Paraphrase, by Cædmon, 140.
Paris, Matthew, 78, 119.

480.

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