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the Divine. Its emotion, though more intense and enduring than that of other men, is calmer, and therefore less observed. We have seen what susceptibility breathes in Milton's early poetry, not light or gay, indeed, but always healthful and bright. And later, in his essay on Education, he says:

In those vernal seasons of the year when the air is calm and pleasant, it were an injury and sullenness against Nature not to go out and see her riches, and partake in her rejoicing with heaven and earth.'

When old, tried, and sightless, he could turn from the stormy scenery of the infernal regions, and luxuriate in the loveliness of Paradise, the innocent joy of its inhabitants. There is no mistaking the fine sense of beauty and the pure deep affection of these exquisite lines, which the gentle Eve addresses to her lover in the shady bowers' of Eden:

Neither breath of Morn, when she ascends
With charm of earliest birds; nor rising Sun
On this delightful land; nor herb, fruit, flower,
Glist'ring with dew; nor fragrance after showers;
Nor grateful ev ning mild; nor silent Night
With this her solemın bird, nor walk by Moon,

Or glitt'ring star-light, without thee is sweet.' An Independent in politics and religion, a hero, a martyr, a recluse, a dweller in an ideal city, standing alone and aloof above his times, and, when eyes of flesh were sightless, wandering the more where the Muses haunt,'-- truly

* Thy soul was like a star, and dwelt apart.' Influence.- Such men are sent as soldiers of humanity. They use the sacred fire, divinely kindled within them, not to amuse men or to build up a reputation, but to awaken kindred greatness in other souls. What service Milton has rendered to mankind by his love of freedom and the high, brave morals he taught! On account of the learning necessary to their full comprehension, his works will never be popular in the sense in which those of Shakespeare are so, or Bunyan, or Burns, or even Pope and Cowper; but, like the Organum, they move the intellects which move the world. As culture spreads and approaches their spiritual heights, the more they will reveal their efficacy to purify, invigorate, and delight; the more will man aspire to emulate the zeal, the fortitude, the virtue, the toil, the heroism, of their author.

It is a Chinese maxim, that “a sage is the instructor of a hun.

dred ages.' Talk much with such a one, and you acquire his quality,- the habit of looking at things as he. From him proceeds mental and moral force, will he or not. He is of those who make a period, as well as mark it; who, without ceasing to help us as a cause, help us also as an effect; who reach so high, that age and comparison cannot rob them of power to inspire; who turn, by their moral alchemy,

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INDEX.

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Abelard, fame and influence, 87; and Arminius, theology of, 436.

Eloise, 111; on ethical good, 126; Arnold, Dr. Thomas, quoted, 1.
heresies, 132.

Art, sovereignty of, 145.
Elfric, translates Bible, 117.

Arthur, legends of, 7, 105, 107; the
Albion, ancient name of Britain, 3. death of, 113; a romance favorite,
Alchemy, 128, 189, 256.

120; in Fairy Queen, 360.
Alchemist, quoted and criticised, 447. Aryas, Aryan, the mother-race, 2;
Alcuin, quoted, 86; allusion to, 148. influence on language, 44, 49.
Alexander, 115.

Ascham, Roger, quoted, 292, 293; as
Alfred, laws of, 61, 66; position in critic, 321.

English prose, 117; biography and Asculanus, martyrdom of, 189.
criticism, 148–156.

Ask, myth of, 24.
Alliteration, 92, 180.

Asser, quoted, 153, 156.
Anatomy of Melancholy, quoted and Astrology, 127, 189, 250.
criticised, 427.

As You Like It, quoted and criti-
Ancren Riwle, quoted, 117.

cised, 377.
Aneurin, battle ode of, 17.

Atheism, foolishness of, 470.
Angelo, Michael, 287.

Augustine, St., on total depravity, 125.
Angles, coining of, 6.
Anglia, settled, 7.

Bacon, Sir Francis, quoted, 157; in-
Anglo-Norman history in word stitutes the essay form of composi-
forms, 57.

tion, 321; contributions of, to the
Anglo-Saxon language.

See Lan science of ethics, 328; biography
guage.

and criticism, 450–472.
Anglo-Saxons, origin, 21; orders of,

Bacon, Roger, biography and criti-
21; basis of society, 22; character cism, 156-163.
istics, 22, 33; government, 23; far.-

Baker's Chronicle, 434.
ily tic, 22; culture, 23; supersti-

Balder, the Good, 30.
tions, 23; theology, 24; burial cus Ballad, early, 247.
toms, 27; nomenclature for days of

Battle of Maldon, 91.
the week, 25; popular philosophy,

Beaumont and Fletcher, literary co-
30; savagery, 33; laws of, 34; com-

partnership, 416; quoted and criti-
pared with Celts, 35; with the Nor cised, 416.
mans, 36; persistent sentiments,

Beauty, vivid sense of. in the Re-
36; language of, 53.

naissance, 287; true source of, 366,
Anselin, Archbishop of Canterbury, 370.
influence of, 12; quoted, 118; on the

Becket, Thomas à, pilgrimages to the
being of God, 131.

shrine of, 216.
Antipodes, popular notions of, 129,

Bede, Alfred's translations of, 117;
191.

biography and criticism, 145-8.
Antony and Cleopatra, quoted, 378.

Bedford, Duke of, quoted, 240.
Apology, 325.

Beowulf, quoted and criticised, 95;
Aquinas, Thomas, perfects scholasti allusion to, 137.
cism, 132.

Berenger, on transubstantiation, 190.
Arcadia, quoted and criticised, 341.
Ariosto, 287.

Berkin's Cases of Conscience, 437.

Bernard, St., quoted, 132.
Aristotle, philosophy of, 331; opposed

Bible, influence upon English thought
by Bruno, 331.

and language, 326; translated by
32

guage, 51.

Ælfric, 117; by Wycliffe, 200; by
Tyndale, 327; revised by Cover-

dale, 327.
Bishop Golias, 79.
Boadicea, the warrior-queen, 15.
Boccaccio, relation to the Renais-

sance, 174; allusion to, 287.
Boethius' Consolations of Phiiosophy,

translated by Alfred, 150.
Book of Common Prayer, quoted, 276.
Book of Sentences, 132.
Books, manuscript form of early, and

their costliness, 83, 173, 237.
Borde, Andrew, quoted, 330.
Boyle, quoted, 435.
Breviary of Ilealth, quoted, 330.
Britain, geography of, 1; area, 2;

climate, 2; political divisions, 2;
Cæsar's invasion of, 4; Roman con-
quest of. 4; Anglo-Saxon conquest,
5; introduction of Christianity into,
5; Danish conquest, 8; Norman
conquest, 8; Celtic period of, 13;
Danish period, 18; Norman period,

19; Anglo-Saxon, 21.
Britons, prehistoric, 2; heroism, 4;

enervation under Roman rule, 6;
apply to the Jutes for aid, 6; dis-
possessed by the Teutons, 7. See
Celts.
Broken Ileart, quoted and criticised,

421.
Browne, Sir Thomas, allusion to the

Ilydriotaphia of, 100; quoted and
criticised, 429; in relation to ethics,
437; to science, 440; on the dig-

nity and destiny of man, 442.
Bruno, influence and martyrdom of,

329.
Brut, quoted and criticised, 112.
Brutus, legendary founder of Brit-

ain, 3.
Bryant, Thanatopsis, 100.
Brynhild, 27, 37.
Burbage, an actor, 374.
Burke, Edmund, quoted, 145, 456.
Burton, Robert, quoted and criti-

cised, 427.
Butler, Samuel, quoted, 408.
Byron, quoted, 317.
Cadmon, 101: biography and criti-

cism, 139-145.
Cæsar, Julius, invades Britain, 4;

quoted, 15.
Calvin, John, on predestination,

324.
Cambridge University, 174.

Canterbury Tales, quoted and criti-

cised, 216.
Caractacus, 16.
Carew, Thomas, quoted and criti-

cised, 410.
Cases of Conscience, 437.
Castle of knowledge, 330.
Castle of Perseverance, 306.
Cataline, quoted and criticised, 452.
Cavaliers, the, 402.
Caxton, William, 243; biography and

criticism, 259–264.
Celts, migrations of, into Europe, 3;

as Britons, 3; environment, 13;
customs, 14; religion, 14; aequired
refinement, 15; latent qualities of
art, 16; influence on English na-

tionality, 18, 138; on English lan-
Chapman, quoted, 425.
Character of a Happy Life, 413.
Charlemagne, as legendary hero, 104.
Charles I, 401.
Charles II, 402.
Charon, quoted, 158.
Charon, the Stygian ferryman, 101,

452.
Chaucer, quoted, 166, 175; in what

sense the father of English poetry,
187; biography and criticisin, 20+

232.
Cheke, 321.
Chery Chase, old ballad, 117.
Chillingworth, 435.
Chinese proverb, 39; royalty, 196;

printing, 244 (note); maxim, 494.
Chivalry, introduction of, 10; influ-

ence, 106, 167.
Christ, power of, as the ideal of

humanity. 82; Decker's characteri-

zation of, 425.
Christian Morals, 437.
Christianity, introduction of, into

England, 36; influence on Saxon
poetry, 99. See Church.
Chroniclers, early, their method, 137.
Church of Rome, organizes the Eng.

lish Church, 3; commanding
position in the Middle-age. 13;
monasticism, 15; the mendicant
Friars, 76; moral deterioration,
78; resistance to, in England, 79;
redeeming excellences, 80; condi-
tion in the fourteenth century, 171;
popular feeling against, 172; agen-
cy in the abolition of slavery, 173;
state of, in the fifteenth century,
238; persecutions, 242.

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