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Act Creating the State of Ohio.
or if it be deemed more expedient, the said convention shall provide by ordinance for electing representatives to form a constitution or frame of government; which said representatives shall be chosen in such manner, and in such proportion, and shall meet at such time and place, as shall be prescribed by the said ordinance; and shall form for the people of the said state, a constitution and state government; provided the same shall be republican, and not repugnant to the ordinance of the thirteenth of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, between the original states and the people and states of the territory northwest of the river Ohio.
SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That until the next general census shall be taken, the said state shall be entitled to one representative in the House of Representatives of the United States.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the following propositions be, and the same are hereby offered to the convention of the eastern state of the said territory, when formed, for their free acceptance or rejection, which, if accepted by the convention, shall be obligatory upon the United States.
First. That the section number sixten, in every township, and where such section has been sold, granted or disposed of, other lands equivalent thereto and most contiguous to the same, shall be granted to the inhabitants of such township, for the use of schools.
Second. That the six miles reservation including the salt springs, commonly called the Scioto salt springs, the salt springs near the Muskinguim river, and in the military tract, with the sections of land which include the same, shall be granted to the said state for the use of the people thereof, the same to be used under such terms and conditions and regulations as the legislature of the said state shall direct:Provided : the said legislature shall never sell nor lease the same for a longer period than ten years.
Third. That one twentieth part of the nett proceeds of the lands lying within the said state sold by Congress, from and after the thirtieth day of June next, after deducting all expenses incident to the same, shall be applied to the laying out and making public roads, leading from the navigable waters emptying into the Atlantic, to the Ohio, to the said state, and through the same, such roads to be laid out under the authority of Congress, with the consent of the several states through which the road shall pass: Provided always, that the three foregoing propositions herein offered, are on the conditions that the convention of the state shall provide, by an ordinance irrevocable, without the consent of the United States, that every and each tract of land sold hy Congress, from and after the thirtieth day of June next, shall be and remain
Supplementary Act Creating the State of Ohio.
exempt from any tax laid by order or under authority of the state, whether for state, county, township or any other purpose whatever, for the term of five years from and after the day of sale.
APPROVED APRIL 30, 1802. (U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 2, P. 173.)
SUPPLEMENTARY ACT OF MARCH 3, 1803.
AN ACT IN ADDITION TO, AND IN MODIFICATION OF, THE PROPOSITIONS
CONTAINED IN THE ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT TO ENABLE TIIE PEOPLE
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following several tracts of land in the state of Ohio, be, and the same are hereby appropriated for the use of schools in that state, and shall, together with all the tracts of land heretofore appropriated for that purpose, be vested in the legislature of that state, in trust for the use aforesaid, and for no other use, intent or purpose whatever, that is to say:
First.—The following quarter townships in that tract commonly called the “United States military tract," for the use of schools within the same, viz: the first quarter of the third township in the first range the first quarter of the first township in the fourth range, the fourth quarter of the first township and the third quarter of the fifth township in the fifth range, the second quarter of the third township in the sixth range, the fourth quarter of the second township in the seventh range, the third quarter of the third township in the eighth range, the first quarter of the first township and the first r urter of the third township in the ninth range, the third quarter of the first township in the tenth range, the first and fourth quarters of the third township in the eleventh range, the fourth quarter of the fourth township in the twelfth range, the second and third quarters of the fourth township in the fifteenth range, the third quarter of the seventh township in the sixteenth range, and the first quarter of the sixth township and third quarter of the seventh township in the eighteenth range, being the one thirrty-sixth part of the estimated whole amount of lands within that tract.
Secondly.—The following quarter townships in the same tract for the use of schools in that tract commonly called the Connecticut reserve, Supplementary Act Creating the State of Ohio.
viz: the third quarter of the ninth township and the fourth quarter of the tenth township in the first range, the first and second quarters of the ninth township in the second range, the second and third quarters of the ninth township in the third range, the first quarter of the ninth township and the fourth quarter of the tenth township in the fourth range, the first quarter of the ninth township in the fifth range, the first and fourth quarters of the ninth township in the sixth range, the first and third quarters of the ninth township in the seventh range, and the fourth quarter of the ninth township in the eighth range.
Thirdly.—So much of that tract, commonly called the “Virginia military reservation,” as will amount to one thirty-sixth part of the whole tract, for the use of schools within the same, and to be selected by the legislature of the state of Ohio, out of the unlocated lands in that tract after the warrants issued from the state of Virginia shall have been satisfied; it being however understood, that the donation is not to exceed the whole amount of the above-mentioned residue of such unlocated lands, even if it shall fall short of one thirty-sixth part of the said tract.
Fourthly.—One thirty-sixth part of all the lands of the United States lying in the state of Ohio, to which the Indian title has not been extinguished, which may hereafter be purchased of the Indian tribes by the United States, which thirty-sixth part shall consist of the section No. sixteen, in each township, if the said lands shall be surveyed in townships of six miles square, and shall, if the lands be surveyed in a different manner, be designated by lot.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury shall, from time to time, and whenever the quarterly accounts of the receivers of public monies of the several land offices shall be settled, pay three per cent of the nett proceeds of the lands of the United States, lying within the state of Ohio, which since the thirtieth day of June last have been or hereafter may be sold by the United States, after deducting all expenses incidental to the same, to such person or persons as may be authorized by the legislature of the said state to receive the same, which sums thus paid, shall be applied to the laying out, opening and making roads within the said state, and to no other purpose whatever; and an annual account of the application of the same shall be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury, by such officer of the state as the legislature thereof shall direct; and it is hereby declared, that the payments thus to be made, as well as the several appropriations for schools made by the preceding section, are in conformity with, and in consideration of the conditions agreed on by the state of Ohio, by the ordinance of the convention of said state, bearing date the twentyninth day of November last.
Supplementary Act Creating the State of Ohio.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the sections of land here tofore promised for the use of schools, in lieu of such of the sections No. 16, as have been otherwise disposed of, shall be selected by the Secre tary of the Treasury, out of the unappropriated reserved sections in the most contiguous townships.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That one complete township in the state of Ohio, and district of Cincinnati, or so much of any one complete township within the same, as may then remain unsold, together with as many adjoining sections as shall have been sold in the said township, so as to make in the whole thirty-six sections, to be located under the direction of the legislature of the said state, on or before the first day of October next, with the register of the land office in Cincinnati, be, and the same is hereby vested in the legislature of the state of Ohio, for the purpose of establishing an academy, in lieu of the township already granted for the same purpose, by virtue of the act entituled "An act authorizing the grant and conveyance of certain lands to John Cleves Symmes and his associates :" Provided, however, that the same shall revert to the United States, if, within five years after the passing of this act, a township shall have been secured for the purpose, within the boundary of the patent granted by virtue of the above-mentioned act, to John Cleves Symmes, and his associates.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the attorney-general for the time being, be directed and authorized to locate and accept from the said John Cleves Symmes, and his associates, any one complete township within the boundaries of the said patent, so as to secure the same for the purpose of establishing an academy, in conformity to the provisions of the said patent, and in case of noncompliance, to take, or direct to be taken, such measures as will compel an execution of the trust: Provided, however, that John Cleves Symmes and his associates shall be released from the said trust, and the said township shall vest in them, or any of them, in fee simple, upon payment into the treasury of the United States, of Afteen thousand three hundred and sixty dollars, with interest from the date of the above mentioned patent, to the day of such payment.
APPROVED March 3, 1803.
THE ACT OF CONGRESS RECOGNIZING THE STATE OF
OHIO AS A MEMBER OF THE UNION.
(February 19, 1803.)
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE DUE EXECUTION OF THE LAWS OF THE UNI
TED STATES, WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO.
HEREAS, The people of the Eastern division of the territory
northwest of the river Ohio, did, on the twenty-ninth day of
November, one thousand eight hundred and two, form for themselves a constitution and state government, and did give to the said state the name of the “State of Ohio,” in pursuance of an act of Congress, intituled "An act to enable the people of the Eastern division of the territory northwest of the river Ohio, to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, and for other purposes," whereby the said state has become one of the United States of America; in order therefore to provide for the due execution of the laws of th United States within the said state of Ohio:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all the laws of the United States which are not locally inapplicable, shall have the same force and effect within the said state of Ohio, as elsewhere within the United States.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said state shall be one district, and be called the Ohio district; and a district court shall be held therein, to consist of one judge, who shall reside in the said district, and be called a district judge. He shall hold at the seat of government of the said state,* three sessions annually, the first to commence on the first Monday in June next, and the two other sessions progressively on the like Monday of every fourth calendar month afterwards, and he shall in all things have and exercise the same jurisdiction and powers which are by law given to the judge of the Kentucky district: he shall appoint a clerk for the said district, who, shall reside and keep the records of the court at the place of holding the same, and shall receive for the services performed by him, the same fees to which the clerk of the Kentucky district is entitled for similar services.
SEC. 3. Be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed to the judge of the said district court, the annual compensation of one thous
*By the act of March 26, 1810, the time for holding the district court in the district of Ohio, was changed from the terms and dates above given, to "the second Mondays of September and January annually."