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d. h. m. Period of the 4th satellite equal to.. 13 12 0 5th
38 1 49 6th
..... 107 16 40 The orbits of these satellites are nearly perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic, and they all perform their revolutions in their orbits contrary to the order of the signs; that is, their real motion is retrograde. We are reminded, by the consideration of satellites, of Mrs. Barbauld's appropriate lines :
Seized in thought,
And guides their fiery wheels. Few considerations fill the mind with more admiration than that of the immensity of bodies that Astronomy has unfolded to us :
Unknown Suns to unknown systems rise,
St. James the Great. St. Christopher. SS. Thea and Valentina V. M. St. Cucufas. St. Nissen.
O rises at iv. 8. and sets at vir, 52'.
Furinalia.-Rom. Cal. CHRONOLOGY.--Battle of Bovines in 1214. Edward I. crowned in 1274.
Furina the goddess of robbers was worshipped at Rome. Some say that she is the queen of the Furies. Her festivals were called Furinalia. - Cic. de Nat. 3, c. 8. Varro de L. L. 5, c. 3.
On St. James's day, old style, Oysters come in, in London; and there is a popular superstition still in force, like that relating to Goose on Michaelmas day, that whoever eats Oysters on that day will never want money for the rest of the year. Hence Churchill:
July to whom, the Dogstar in her train,
St. James gives Oysters and St. Swithin Rain. St. James is called " the Great," either because he was much older than the other James, or because our Lord conferred upon him some peculiar honours and favours; he being one of the three disciples whom our Saviour admitted to the more intimate transactions of his life. He was brother to the beloved disciple, and they were called Boanerges, which signifies sons of thunder. He was put to death by the command of King Herod, nephew of Herod Antipas, who beheaded John the Baptist, and brother to the infamous Herodias. The Spaniards have the highest veneration for St. James; and, on account of his appearing armed cap a pie, mounted on a stately prancing white horse, and assisting them in their battles with the Moors, they have chosen him for their Patron Saint, and instituted a military order, which is called by his name.
Flora.—About this time, and through the next month, the Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria, ornaments the sides of ponds and brooks, and, by its tall spike of blue flowers, gives a rich appearance to the cooling retreats of riverbanks: it is intermixed with the Meadowsweet Spiraea ulmaria, the spicy fragrance of which scents the surrounding air.
The following lines on the flowers are from the classic pen of Percy Bysshe Shelley :
A sensitive plant in a garden grew
Thė Snowdrop, and then the Violet,
July 26. St. Anne Mother of the Virgin Mary.
St. Germanus. Hoc mense rutilae Canes Caniculae sacrificabuntur, Festum.-Rom. Cal.
CHRONOLOGY.-King Philip of Spain excluded from the sovereignty of the United Provinces at Utrecht in 1581.
POMONA.—The early Summer Fruits are now afforded in full profusion; Currants, Strawberries, Cherries of various sorts, besides early Apricots, and a few early melting Peaches, which begin to ripen, and afford a delicious repast. Peaches, before they be quite ripe, serve to make an excellent entrée called Charlotte des Pêches.
GYMNASIA.- The Grass being now cut and carried, many games of children which require space in fields commence; such as Cricket, various games with Ball, and particularly the favourite diversion of Aying Kites or Dragons
as they are called in France and in the county of Norfolkone of the prettiest of all our childish pastimes.
For the amusement of the day we insert a beautiful imitation of Catullus' Epithalamium of Julia and Manlius :
The Nuptial Felicitation.
Soon may a young Torquatus rise,
To bis known sire shall turn his eyes,
May the boy like the father shine!
Each well known mark, and stamp him thine!
From his dear mother's worth acquired,
The good Telemachus admired;
Enough in sport have we pursued :
Be love beyond the tomb renewed,
July 27. S. Pantaleon M. St. Congall. St. Luican.
rises at iv, 11'. and sets at vii. 49'.
CHRONOLOGY.-Battle of Talavera de la Reyna in 1809. Flora.—The Lythrum Salicaria is in full blow about this time, and its purple flowers adorn the steep banks of rivers, streams, and ditches. Verses on a Moonlight Walk by the Seaside in 1820,
imitated from the Anthologia.
Along the welkin fair,
In the roscid moonlight air.
The breast of Earth is prest,
While the mortal world is at rest.
Or a Pet Redbreast killed by a Fudourite Cat this Day in 1821.
Curruca' erat felix dominae dum cara manebat
Felina, in gremio ludere laeta tuo,
Dum digito morsus provocet illa suos:
Calcavit tereti dum salit ipsa pede ;
Nec doluit volucrem Lesbia pulchra magis.-P. FAUNA.-Multitudes of Mackerel are still taken on our coast; at times they sell exorbitantly dear, but chiefly in the opposite extreme. The first Brighton boat of Mackerel, sold the 14th of May, 1807, at Billingsgate, for forty guineas per hundred, seven shillings each, the highest price ever known at that market. The next boat that came in reduced their value to thirteen guineas per hundred. In 1808 these fish were caught so plentifully at Dover, that they sold sixty for a shilling. At Brighton, in June the same year, the shoal of Mackerel was so great, that one of the boats had the meshes of her nets so completely occupied by them, that it was impossible to drag them in. The fish and nets, therefore, in the end sank together; the fisherman thereby sustaining a loss of nearly sixty pounds, exclusive of what his cargo, could he have got it into the boat, would have produced. See Daniel's Sports.
At Hastings, and some other Fishing Towns of Britain, a very large number of fishing boats goes out every favourable evening to fish ; and it is very amusing to see them bring in their cargoes in the morning at this time of
The Jews kept today as a fast on account of the burning of the Temple.
FLORA.- Persons at this time of year should caution children against eating the berries of the Deadly Nightshade Atropa Belladonna, as several fatal accidents have occurred from their being devoured unthinkingly. Hemlock, Henbane, and several other plants which now flourish, also possess narcotic and poisonous qualities; of many of which we are reminded in the following Song of the Twelve Enchantresses:
1. I have been all day looking after
A Raven feeding upon a quarter;
2. I have been gathering Wolves' hairs,
The mad Dog's foam, and the Adder's ears,