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Desiring God that all their illes may there consumed Lee ;
The Popish Kingdonie, fol. 54 b.
June 25. St. Prosper of Aquitain. St. Gulielmus
of Monte Vergine. St. Moloc. St. Aldebert. SS. Agoard and Aglibert, Martyrs.
rises at m. 43', and sets at viji. 17'. Naves coronatae convivia per Tiberim ducebunt-Rom. Cal. This was a water frolic on the Tiber, instituted by Servius Tullius, who founded the Temple of Fortis Fortuna. The yacht and pleasure boats were adorned with flowers, and the amusement may have resembled that on the Thames on the 9th of the gloomy November.
CHRONOLOGY.-The Battle of Bannockburn fought between the Scots commanded by Robert Bruce, and the English commanded by Edward II. anno 1314.
Francis Pizarro assassinated at Lima in 1541.
DIANA.- Under this term we comprehend, not only hunting, but all that relates to sporting of any sort. Fishing being now in season, we quote, from Gay, the following admonitions to select the proper flies for Trout in this and each succeeding month :
Mark well the various seasons of the year,
So just the colours shine through every part,
June 26. SS. John and Paul Martyrs. St. Maxen
tius Abbé. St. Vigilius Bp. M. St. Babolen. St. Anthelm. B. Raingarda Widow.
Solstitium.-Rom. Cal. FLORA.--Blue SowThistle Sonchus caeruleus is by this time in flower. This is not the British Blue Sowthistle of English botany, but is an exotic species introduced in 1807 by T. F. Forster, Esq. the author of Flora Tonbrigiensis. Now and then, in early years, a flower or two comes out on the Nasturtium or Great Indian Cress Tropoeolum majus. This is properly an aestival plant, and flowers through the declining Summer in full luxuriance, dropping its abundant seeds in Autumn. The Monkey Flower Mimulus luteus is now pretty plentifully in blow.
FAUNA.—Young birds are now seen about, and the old ones preparing for a second nidification. Milton has thus admirably described the various sorts, nests, and powers of birds, in his own powerful language and majestic cadences:-
The Eagle and the Stork
Between her white wings mantling proudly, rows
St. John Priest
St. Ladislas K. and C.
Jodis Statoris et Laris.-Rom. Cal.
The following day, the gods we Lares name,
Whose fane is visible near Mount Palatine. FLORA.-The grass is by this time ready for cutting in most parts of England and France; and if not cut already, we advise the farmer to avail himself of the least prospect of a few fair days to do it, in case of a wet July, which sometimes happens. See June 24 and July 15. This important part of the agricultural business of our district, the making of hay, is chiefly done about this time of year.
" I have no doubt,” says Mr. Howard, “ that this branch of rural economy has derived very considerable aid from the use of the barometer; and, in fact, that much less of valuable fodder is spoiled by wet now than in the days of our forefathers. But there is yet room for improvement in the knowledge of our farmers on the subject of the atmosphere. It must be a subject of great satisfaction and confidence to the husbandman, to know, at the beginning of a Summer, by the certain evidence of meteorological results on record, that the season, in the ordinary course of things, may be expected to be a dry and warm one; or to find, in a certain period of it, that the average quantity of rain to be expected for the month has already fallen. On the other hand, when there is reason, from the same source of information, to expect much rain, the man who has courage to begin his operations under an unfavourable sky, but with good ground to conclude, from the state of his instruments and his collateral knowledge, that a fair interval is approaching, may often be profiting by his observations; while his cautious neighbour, who waited for the weather to settle,' may find that he has let the opportunity go by. This superiority, however, is attainable by a very moderate share of applica
ion to the subject; and by the keeping of a plain diary of he barometer and raingauge with the hygrometer and the vane under his daily notice.'
In this respect, the rule of the distribution of rain according to the Moon's declination, see Howard's Climate of London, p. 251, may be kept in mind with some prospect of advantage.
Coelum.-Storms of thunder and lightning may be expected about this time, especially in hot weather: their prevalence too at this time, with a calm and warm air, and unattended by much rain, is rather an indication that a tolerably fair Summer will follow. See Prognostics recorded on March 5th and 9th.
June 28. St. Irenaeus Bp. M. St. Leo. II. Pope.
SS. Potamiana and Basilides Martyrs. SS. Plutarch &c. Martyrs.
Quirini Templum.-Rom. Cal. Quirinus is well known to have been a name given to Romulus after his deification--a process of conferring posthumous honour similar to the canonization of saints in subsequent times. Some protestant and many infidel writers have endeavoured more closely to assimilate these two ceremonies, in order to injure and depreciate any act of the Catholics.
FAUNA.-Frogs now are abundant; they inhabit all our stagnant pools, ponds, marsh ditches, and swamps, more or less all the Summer. About this time of year they are very numerous among the mowed grass, and the first finding them with their bright yellow skins is accounted a sign of a good haytime and fair weather.
Flora.—About this time Marygolds are plentifully in blow, and their flowers should be gathered and put up in some dry place for broths. This seems to have been as favourite a flower with the poets as the Violet or the Rose; and they seem also to have noticed its property of closing at eventide-a property possessed in common with most syngenesious plants. Chatterton says,
The Marybudde that shutteth with the light.
But, maiden, see the day is waxen old,
Shakespeare, in his Winter's Tale :
The Marygold that goes to bed with the Sun,
And with him rises weeping. In early seasons the Corn Marygold Chrysanthemum segetum, and the Garden Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum coronarium, begin to blow.
June 29. St. Peter Prince of the Apostles.
St. Hemma W. St. Peter the Apostle, son of Jonas and brother of St. Andrew, was the first consecrated bishop of the Catholic Church in the cathedral of Rome. From him, by a succession of ordinations, all the regular clergy have proceeded.See Butler's Lives, and the Apostolical Tree, by the Rev. J. Milner, in his End of Religious Controversy.
FLORA.—The Foxglove Digitalis purpurea begins to blow, and increasing in numbers through July, it then adorns the shady banks and hedges with its tall spike of pendent flowers of a lake colour.
The Papavareta or large fields of officinal Poppy, for the purposes of Opium, generally are, by this time, in flower; and large fields of this plant viewed at a distance, and intervening between other crops, have a very fanciful effect. The Smallheaded or Garden Poppy, being a very changing variety of the P. Somniferum, is now used for officinal purposes, as we noticed ear Amiens this present year. The large white variety is, however, the most common both in England and Flanders. ,
Hygeia. - The consideration of the Poppy leads us today to found our medical article on Opium, a drug which has been in general much misrepresented in its effects. So far from producing universal sleepiness, as it is usually thought to do, when given in proper doses, it causes a most happy feeling of easy comfort, and a mind ponderibus librata suis ; but though a much more agreeable stimulant than Wine and Alcohol, and indeed a less dangerous one, yet it requires the greatest management in its employment, its abuses leading often to an excitement of the nervous system of a character truly alarming, from its power to cause and perpetuate the most frightful dreams, reveries, and visions, of which so truly philosophic and ample an account is given in “ The Confessions of an English Opium Eater,” that we shall refer our readers to that work. Of its power to produce the gigantic imagery of dreams the author adduces many examples, as well as of waking visions of a similar nature. It is thus that the creative power of the mind, expressed in the following lines, seemed realized :Verses by a Modern Poet on an Appearance beheld in the Clouds.
The appearance, instantaneously disclosed,