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"How canst thou (arrant theefe) shew thy selfe so cruell and carelesse to such as doe thee honour, hast thou so little regard of such a noble lady, as humbleth her selfe to such a villaine as thou art, who without any respect either of her renowne or noble estate, canst be content to seeke the wracke and utter ruine of her honour, but frame thy selfe to make such satisfaction as she requireth, although I know vnworthy wretch, that thou art not able to make her the least part of amends, or I sweare by God, that thou shalt not escape the death which I will minister to thee with mine owne hands, and therefore aduise thee well what thou dooest.


Siluio hauing heard this sharpe sentence, fell downe on his knees before the duke crauing for mercie, desiring that he might be suffered to speake with the lady Iulina apart, promising to satisfie her according to her owne contentation.

"Well (quoth the duke) I take thy worde, and there withall I aduise thee that thou performe thy promise, or otherwise I protest before God, I will make thee such an example to the world, that all traitours shall tremble for feare, how they doe seeke the dishonouring of ladies.

"But now Iulina had conceiued so great griefe against Siluio, that there was much adoe, to perswade her to talke with him, but remembring her owne case, desirous to heare what excuse he could make, in the end she agreed, and being brought into a place seuerallie by themselves, Siluio began with a pitious voyce to say as followeth.

"I know not madam, of whom I might make complaint, whe ther of you or of my selfe, or rather of fortune, which hath conducted and brought vs both into so great aduersitie, I see that you receiue great wrong, and I am condemned against all right, you in perill to abide the bruite of spightfull tongues, and I in danger to loose the thing that I most desire; and although I could alledge many reasons to prooue my sayings true, yet I referre my selfe to the experience and bountie of your minde. And here with all loosing his garments downe to his stomacke, and shewed Iulina his breastes and prety teates, surmounting farre the whitenesse of snow it selfe, saying: Loe madam, beholde here the party whom you haue chalenged to be the father of your childe, see I am a woman the daughter of a noble duke, who onely for the loue of him, whom you so lightly have spoken of, haue forsaken my father, abandoned my countrey, and in manner as you see am become a seruing man, satisfying my selfe, but with the onely sight of my Apolonius, and now madam, if my passion were not vehement, and my tormentes without comparison, I would wish that my fained griefes might be laughed to scorne, and my dissembled paines to bee rewarded with floutes. But my loue beeing pure, my trauaile continuall, and my griefes endlesse, I trust madam you wil not only excuse me of crime, but also pitty my distresse, the

which I protest I would stil haue kept secret, if my fortune would so haue permitted.


“Iulina, did now thinke her selfe to be in a worse case then euer she was before, for now she knew not whom to challenge to be the father of her child, wherefore, when she had told the duke the verye certaintye of the discourse, which Siluio had made vnto her, shee departed to her owne house, with such griefe and sorrowe, that she purposed neuer to come out of her owne dores againe alive, to be a wonder and mocking stocke to the world.

"But the duke more amazed, to heare this straunge discourse of Siluio came vnto him, whom when he had viewed with bitter consideration, perceiued in deede that it was Silla, the daughter of Duke Pontus, and imbracing her in arme, he said

"Oh the branche of al vertue and the flowre of curtesie it selfe, pardon me I beseech you of all such discourtesies, as I have ignorantly committed towards you: desiring you that without farther memorie of auncient griefes, you will accept of me, who is more ioyfull and better contented with your presence, then if the whole world were at my commaundement. Where hath there euer bin founde such liberality in a louer, which hauing beene trained vp and nourished amongest the delicacies and banquets of the court, accompanied with traines of many faire and noble ladies liuing in pleasure, and in the middest of delights, would so prodigally aduenture your selfe, neither fearing mishaps, nor misliking to take such pains, as I knowe you haue not bin accustomed vnto. O liberality neuer heard of before! O fact that can neuer be sufficiently rewarded! O true loue most pure and vnfained: heere with all sending for the most artificiall workemen, he prouided for her sondry suites of sumpteous apparell, and the mariage day appointed, which was celebrated with great triumph through the whole citty of Constantinople, euery one praising the noblenesse of the duke, but so many as did behold the excellent beauty of Silla, gaue her the praise aboue all the rest of the ladies in the troupe.

"The matter seemed so wonderfull and straunge throughout al the parts of Grecia, in so much that it came to the hearing of Siluio, who as you haue heard, remained in those parts to enquire of his sister, he being the gladdest man in the world, hasted to Constantinople, where comming to his sister he was ioyfully receiued, and most louingly welcomed, and intertained of the duke, his brother in law. After he had remained there two or three daies, the duke reuealed vnto Siluio, the whole discourse how it happened, betweene his sister and the lady Iulina, and how his sister was chalenged, for getting a woman with child: Siluio blushing with these wordes, was striken with great remorse to make Iulina amends; vnderstanding her to bee a noble lady, and was left defamed to the world through his default, hee therefore bewraied the whole circumstance to the duke, whereof the duke beeing very ioyfull, immediately repaired with Siluio to the house of Ïulina,

who they found in her chamber, in great lamentation and mourning. To whom the duke saide, take courage madam for behold here a gentleman, that wil not sticke, both to father your child and to take you for his wife, no inferiour person, but the sonne and heyre of a noble duke, worthy of your estate and dignity.

"Iulina seeing Siluio in place, did know very well that he was the father of her childe, and was so rauished with ioy, that she knew not whether she were awake, or in some dreame. Siluio imbracing her in his armes, crauing forgiuenesse of all that was past concluded with her the marriage day, which was presently accomplished with great ioy and contentation to all parties and thus Siluio hauing attained a noble wife, and Silla his sister her desired husband, they passed the residue of their daies with such delight, as those that haue accomplished the perfections of their felicities." BOSWELL.

August 6, 1607, a comedy called What You Will, (which is the second title of this play,) was entered at Stationers' Hall by Tho. Thorpe. I believe, however, it was Marston's play with that name. Ben Jonson, who takes every opportunity to find fault with Shakspeare, seems to ridicule the conduct of TwelfthNight, in his Every Man out of his Humour, at the end of Act III. Sc. VI. where he makes Mitis say, "That the argument of his comedy might have been of some other nature, as of a duke to be in love with a countess, and that countess to be in love with the duke's son, and the son in love with the lady's waiting maid: some such cross wooing, with a clown to their serving man, better than be thus near and familiarly allied to the time." STEEVENS.

I suppose this comedy to have been written in 1607. Ben Jonson unquestionably could not have ridiculed this play in Every Man out of his Humour, which was written many years before it. See an Attempt to ascertain the Order of Shakspeare's Plays, vol. ii. MALONE.

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ORSINO, Duke of Illyria.

SEBASTIAN, a young Gentleman, Brother to Viola.
ANTONIO, a Sea Captain, Friend to Sebastian.
A Sea Captain, Friend to Viola.




Sir TOBY BELCH, uncle of Olivia.

Gentlemen attending on the Duke.

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Lords, Priests, Sailors, Officers, Musicians, and other Attendants.

SCENE, a City in Illyria; and the Sea-coast near it.





An Apartment in the Duke's Palace.

Enter DUKE, CURIO, Lords; Musicians attending.
DUKE. If musick be the food of love, play on,
Give me excess of it; that, surfeiting1,
The appetite may sicken, and so die.
That strain again;-it had a dying fall 2:

1 Give me EXCESS of it; that, SURFEITING, &c.] So, in The Two Gentlemen of Verona :

"And now excess of it will make me surfeit." STEEVENS.

2 That strain again;—it had a dying fall:

O, it came o'er my ear like the sweet south,

That breathes upon a bank of violets,

STEALING, and giving odour.] Milton, in his Paradise Lost, b. iv. has very successfully introduced the same image:


now gentle gales,

"Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense

"Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole

"Those balmy spoils." STEEVENS.

"That strain again;-it had a dying fall." Hence Pope, in his Ode on Saint Cecilia's Day :

"The strains decay,
"And melt away,

"In a dying, dying fall."

Again, Thomson, in his Spring, v. 722, speaking of the nightingale :


Still at every dying fall

"Takes up the lamentable strain." HOLT WHIte.

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