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TWENTY-FIRST SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.
43. And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the
scribes and the elders.
44. And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomesoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely.
45. And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, Master; and kissed him.
46. And they laid their hands on him, and
JESUS BETRAYED AND FORSAKEN. MARK 14: 43-54.
47. And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.
48. And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are
1. BETRAYED. Vs. 43-45.
Ques. 44. Why is there added, "He descended into hell" (hades)?
Ans. That in my greatest temptations I may be assured, and wholly comfort myself in this, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by His inexpressi
October 29, 1882.
ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me?
49. I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the Scriptures must be fulfilled.
GOLDEN TEXT: "The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.” Mark 14: 41.
Verse 43. Great multitude. For fuller account read John 18: 1-9. 44. A token * * I shall kiss-perhaps the usual salutation between the Master and His disciples. 45. Master, &c. Here was hypocrisy of the meanest sort. "A Judas kiss" is the basest act of treachery. 47. One of them, i. e., Peter. Read Matt. 26: 52-54, in order to see what Jesus thought of the sword. The servant's name was Malchus. 48. Against a thief, who would strive to flee, or to defend himself. 50. All forsook Him, as He had foretold. Fled; Peter and John soon retraced their steps and followed Jesus to the place of trial. Read John 18: 15, 16. 51. A certain young man-perhaps Mark, the writer of our Gospel. 52. Naked-that is, without his outer garment or coat. 53. To the high priest-Annas. (John 18: 13). He and Caiaphas were both high priests. Later in the night" Annas sent Him bound unto Caiaphas" (John 18: 24). Was assembled--the Sanhedrin. 54. Followed afar off, as many do, and then deny Christ. 'Draw nigh."
50. And they all forsook him, and fled.
51. And there followed him a certain young man. having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young man laid hold on him:
52. And he left the linen cloth and fled from them naked.
53. And they led Jesus away to the high priest; and with him were assembled all the chief priests
and the elders and the scribes.
44. What token did the betrayer give? Had he often kissed Jesus before? Was this intended to deceive the Lord? Did Jesus know what the kiss meant? (Read Luke 22: 48).
54. And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.
ble anguish, pains, terrors, and hellish agonies, in which He was plunged during all His sufferings, but especially on the cross, hath delivered me from the anguish and torments of hell.
Verse 43. To whom was Jesus speaking | he get the sword? (Luke 22: 38). Did Jesus when the mob came? Who led the rabble? approve of Peter's act? What did He do to the What did they bear in their hands? Who ear of the servant? What was his name? sent them?
48-49. Against what did Jesus protest? Could He have resisted His arrest? Why did He allow Himself to be taken?
50. What did the disciples do?
51-52. What young man was in the crowd? Was he then already, perhaps, a friend of Jesus? Was he entirely naked?
45. What did he call Jesus? How does God regard hypocrisy?
46. What did the crowd do at first? (See John 18: 6). Why did they fall to the ground? For whom did Jesus intercede? (John 18: 8-9).
47. Who resisted the arrest? Where did
53-54. To whom did they lead Jesus? How was Annas related to Caiaphas? (John 18: 12-14). What two returned from flight and followed Jesus? Which one followed afar off? Did both enter into the court?
Oct. 29, 1882.
Twenty-first Sunday after Trinity. I. CHRIST BETRAYED. Vs. 43-45.
Whilst Jesus was speaking to His disciples in regard to their failure to watch and the certainty of His coming woes, and the certainty of His coming woes, Judas and his friends appeared upon the scene. He knew the place, for Jesus often resorted thither with His disciples. The band that came with him was composed of Roman soldiers, members of the Sanhedrin and servants of the priests. The signal which was to point out Jesus was a kiss. It would be quite natural for Judas to kiss Jesus, as he had no doubt often done so before. In vain did he think he could deceive the Master thus. Jesus at once said: Friend, wherefore art thou come? Betrayest thou the Son of Man with a kiss?, Thus the whole artifice was exposed by a word.
The betrayal of Jesus was done in a hypocritical manner. An enemy came under the garb of friendship. The kiss, the token of love, was perverted to an act of treason. Hence "a Judas kiss" is justly regarded as the lowest depth of wickedness.
II. CHRIST DEFENDED. Ve. 46-49.
After the kiss Jesus stepped forward and addressed the mob: Whom seek ye? Their reply was: Jesus of Nazareth. And He calmly assured them: I am He. There was such majesty in His presence that the crowd swayed back and fell to the ground. Jesus could then have taken His departure quietly and without disturbance. But He asked them again: Whom seek ye? I have told you that I am He. If ye seek Me, let my dis ciples go. Thus He cared for His own, even when about to suffer Himself. Then, assured by His gentleness and self-surrender, the mob laid hold of Him, and led Him away. But not without an heroic act in defence of the Master
The disciples asked: shall we smite with the sword? (Luke 22: 49). Peter
The first was under Annas, who was formerly high-priest. S. John informs us of this stage of the trial, (John 18: 13, 19-24), supplying what the others had omitted. A few years before Annas was deposed from his office, and Caiaphas, his son-in-law, was made highpriest.
After enduring a mock trial before the ex-high-priest Annas, Jesus was led to Caiaphas the second stage of the trial. Under both He was questioned as to but the innocence of Jesus only shone His doctrines. False witnesses appeared, the brighter.
Although Mark was the companion of Peter, and wrote under his oversight, he tells us that Peter followed afar off. Jesus, and also his fear. This showed his strong attachment to Well might he tremble, for he had used violence with the sword. He sat with the servants, or mob that had arrested Jesus. This was a mistake. It is never safe to be Him. with the enemies of Jesus, lest we deny Better follow Jesus boldly, as John did. "Draw nigh unto God, and He will draw nigh unto you."
Practical Lessons: 1. Shun hypocrisy, even in little things, lest you become a
2. Do not forsake Jesus and flee, when denger threatens His Church. Witness a good confession.
OUR BOOK TABLE.
VICTOR HUGO AND HIS TIMES-By Alfred
Victor Hugo is the most celebrated author of France, and his works which have been of ten translated, are read all over the world. For many years he has been prominent not only in literature but in politics, and his life is therefore possessed of the most varied interest. The present volume which is published in superb style is illustrated with many pictures executed by the most eminent French artists, also by reproductions of a great number of drawings by M. Hugo himself. It is an interesting book, and may be regarded not only as a sketch of the career of its distinguished subject but as a picture of literary and social life in France during the past half century.
way into almost every Sunday School library, and it is, therefore, not necessary to praise them. It is enough to say that in our opinion the present volume is equal to any one of its predecessors, and that the work of the transla
tor has been well done. The recent death of Franz Hoffman should call especial attention to this book, as one of the latest productions of his prolific pen.
HILDA, OR GOD LEADETH: By Franz Hoffman. Translated from the German by M. P. Butcher. Philadelphia, Lutheran Publication Society, 1882.
The "Fatherland" books have found their
THE YOUNG NIMRODS AROUND THE WORLD. A Book for Boys By Thomas W. Knox. Copiously Illustrated. New York, Harper & Brothers. Franklin Square, 1882. Price $2.50.
This book, which is Part Second of Hunting Adventures by Land and Sea, cannot fail to be a great favorite with the class for which it is intended. Boys are always fond of stories about hunting, and here they have them in the richest variety. With many of the engravings we are familiar, as they have already appeared in Magazine," in connection with Harpers' articles on travel and adventure. They are about three hundred in number, and are among the finest examples of wood engraving. This book would be a superb Christmas presLUTHER AT WARTBURG CASTLE. A Reformaent for a healthy boy.
THE OLD TAVERN. By Mary Dwinell Chellis New York; National Temperance and Pub lication House, 58 Reade St., 1882. This little book is the sixth of the Fife and Drum series. It is of the same general character with its predecessors, but is we think unThis book is composed of a series of essays usually interesting. As a Temperance story by Dinah Maria Mullock, who first became of the best kind we hope it will enjoy an ex-famous by writing "John Halifax Gentle
All her writings are distinguished by Plain Speaking "- the characteristic which she has been pleased to employ as the title of her volume. "Plain Speaking" is, in contents and style, a book of a superior kind, and we have no doubt it will be extensively read. THE ARK OF PRAISE; containing Sacred Songs and Hymns for the Sabbath School, Prayer Meetings, etc. Edited by John R. Sweney and J. Kirkpatrick. Philadelphia, John J. Hood, 1018 Arch St.
tion Story of 1521. By the Author of "Fifty Years in the Lutheran Ministry. Philadelphia, Lutheran Publication Society, 1881. This book is based on a minute study of an interesting portion of the life of Luther. The author, Dr. J. G. Morris, of Baltimore, has collected his facts from many authors, and has here reproduced them in the form most likely to be acceptable to the young.
PLAIN SPEAKING. By the author of John
The title of this book sufficiently indicates We have not had the nature of its contents. time to examine it minutely, but it appears to be well suited to its purpose. The hymns are accompanied by music, and we are glad to see that a very large proportion of them are hymns of praise which can properly be employed in worship.
PAMPHLETS. MY DUTY TO THE CHURCH OF
THE OLD MAN'S TREASURES.
BY THE EDITOR.
There are many precious treasures,
Where never a soul can see.
I have friends in distant regions-
And my very heart-strings thrill,
When the world around is still.
All dressed in the fairest raiment
Who dwell on a distant shore;
And show them all my store; For they add to my bright possessions, While they teach me wondrous lore.
I wear a suit of homespun,
And my locks are turning gray; But I smile when men would help me, Or turn in their pride away : They know not my blest communion With the hosts in bright array, Nor the gifts which my King has brought me From the endless realms of day.
THE YOUNG MAN'S OPPORTUNITY.
BY REV. D. VAN HORNE, d. d. Never before, perhaps, in the history of our race, have such grand opportu nities been presented to young men, as those to be found in this country at the present time. It may be that our young men do
not appreciate their many privileges. The apprenticeship part of life is seldom easy and pleasant. There is drudgery to be performed in evry vocation; and as there is no royal road to learning, so is there no royal road to permanent good standing in society, nor to honest and worthy success.
Under the stress of the discipline which we name the apprenticeship (Lehrzeit) of life, many discouragements must be endured, under which youth are tempted to give over their efforts for the great prize, which should ever be present to their minds. Thus they may be tempted to change one pursuit for another, only to find that the second is. not a whit better than the first, and the third as unsatisfactory as either of the others. By every change in occupation there is an unavoidable loss; and therefore the old " saws" have a great deal of truth in them; viz., "Look before you leap," and "Cobbler stick to your last."
If a young man has an opportunity to begin life with great wealth, it may be the cause of injury, rather than aid, to him in the future. In such case he may imagine that he has all that he needs, and so he may not be inclined to put forth great efforts. Poverty has its discomforts it is true, but it has also its stimulants. Lack of earthly means is no barrier to success.
In European countries no such opportunity is to be found as is to be found in the United States. This is why the tide of emigration is continually "setting in" upon our Eastern seaboard. Fathers and mothers in European countries realize that there is but little hope of success for their sons in their own land, hence they cheerfully endure the discomforts and dangers of emigration for their sakes. They be
lieve that their sons and daughters can do better here than they can in the old world. Some of these young emigrants What encouragement our young will have to acquire the English lan- men have for perseverance in their guage. They will have to begin at a low undertakings, in examples such as round on the ladder, and climb with the these. Notably they have such engreatest diligence in order to gain a couragement in view of the. career competency for the future. And in of the late President Garfield, who that respect native-born youth have a rose from the humblest walks of great advantage over those from foreign life to the highest office in the gift of his lands. countrymen. Since we are all fami iar with his history we cau see at a glance the great opportunities in this country, when even a canal-boy may become President. With pluck aud perseverance, and honor and religion, a young man can make his way upward in this land, if he will only begin, and then plod on, until the apprenticeship of life is faithfully fulfilled.
In European countries the idea of caste still lingers and exerts its influence so that a young man can seldom rise above the sphere in which he was born He must, usually, win a name and place either by entering the army or navy, or by some successful marriage or adventure. But if this land a youth depending upon his own efforts, under Providence, may come to the enjoyment of well-earned property, and well-earned bonor, and there is no false sentiment to discourage him in his effort.
The numerous examples of great sucress, achieved by those who began life in the most humble manner are full of encouragements to our young men. "Longfellow's Psalm of Life," could not have been written elsewhere than in America.
"Lives of great men all remind us, We can make our lives sublime, And departing leave behind us,
Footprints on the sands of time:
Sailing o'er life's solemn main
him to attain a good position, with affluence, and even lasting fame.
A T. Stewart, the merchant prince, began life as a clerk, and Commodore Vanderbilt used to row a boat across the East River, containing his mother, with a cargo of vegetables for her market-stall in New York. The late Dr. J. G. Holland was a poor farmer boy, and then became a school teacher in the South, and a starving young physician waiting for patients; but at last his persevering industry as a writer enabled
But it should be understood that religion is no barrier to success. On the other hand, a good character is the first -tep, or round, on the ladder of life. Men of large business connections, firms having interests of extensive trade in hand, do not, and will not, employ a young man of dissipated habits, if known to be the fact. They seek out youth of good habits, who keep in good company, and to them they intrust the management of their affair3. It is a great mist ke therefore to suppose that loyalty to the cause of God is a hindrance or drawback to the real prosperity of any young man.
And not only does uprightness of life and integrity of character further the prospects in a business point of view, but it gives the possessor courage and cheer. For, if a young man has the con
The success of such a man as Benja min Franklin, who came to Philadel-sciousness that he is doing right, that e phia without means, and began life work as a poor p.inter; atraining, at last the position of a venerable publisher and statesman, is a great encouragement to all our youth.
is on the side of truth and of God he need not fear for the future. Opportunities are in the keeping of divine Providence. And a young man who has faith in Providence will not be discouraged though he cannot see the way to prosperity at once opening beneath his feet. He will trust God for the future, and, look for brighter days to come; for he counts that God is not slack concerning His promise, as men count slackness, but is long-suffering and patient, though He sometimes holds us in suspense.
But above all every young man has an opportunity to put on Christ. We learn that when the rich young ruler