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INDEX TO VOLUME XXXIII.
A Beautiful Letter.....
A Beautiful Incident.........
A Brave Little Daughter................ ........
A Japanese Hero. By Rev. R. Leigh-
An Indian Raid in Eastern Pennsyl-
10 Hope. By the Editor.........
Universal Dissatisfaction................................................... 184 Kissing the Ground.....
An Oid Boat.............
Catching Wild Pigeons. By Rev. Eli
George Stephenson's Trials and Tri-
John Newton and his Bible..............
La Salle and Tonti. By Rev. Cyrus Cort. 197
Old Scotch Servants, By the Editor..... 208
Our Political Degeneracy. By Rev. T.
Over Against the Treasury.....
54-56, 86-89, 114-116, 148-150, 185, 186,
Patent Outsides. By the Editor........... 142
Save "The Guardian".
Schools in Japan. By Masataka Yamanaka.......
Signs of Prosperity. From the Chinese..
20-36, 56-68, 90-100, 117-132, 187-196, 215-228, 251-259, 311-323, 344-356, 372-385. Swiss Valor........
The Holy Name........
The Indian Brave and the Missionary.
The Sabbath. By Rev. Cyrus Cort....... 49 342 The Seven Champions of Christendom. The Aeronaut. By Jane Taylor. 146 By the Editor........ The Altars of Childhood. By the Editor. 175 The Silent Searchers...... The Apple Tree. By the Editor.......... 337 The Stream. By the Editor................. 293 The Aged Minstrel. By the Editor...... 275 True Social Dignity......... The Chapel of Cannstadt. By the Editor. 233 The Day of Wrath. By Rev. Thomas C. Porter, D. D., LL. D......... 297 The Death of Tiberius. (A. D. 37.) After the German of Emanuel Geibel. By the Editor.........
The Unity of the Human Race. By the Editor.........
The Farmer and His Child. By the
The Legend of St. Martin. By the Editor. 358
Rev. H. H. W. Hibshman, D. D............ 334
The Mistress of a Hundred Isles. By
Rev. Edward A. Gernant........ 74, 104
The Queen of Prussia's Ride..................................
Thoughts for Reflection........
The Unwelcome Guest....
230 Washington Relics. By the Editor...... 47 366 Wedding Gifts.........
What did Washington know....
Winter's Flight. By the Editor.......... 104 Wordsworth's "Ode on Immortality." 180 By Rev. J. Spangler Kieffer..... 275 Zwingli's Last Words. By the Editor...
It is not a trifling matter to assume the editorial chair successively occupied by Dr. Harbaugh and Dr. Bausman. THE GUARDIAN has a special mission and requires peculiar work. For this kind of work the former editors had peculiar qualifications, which their successor cannot flatter himself that he possesses in the same degree. He can only hope to succeed by the earnest sympathy and coöperation of his breth
The editorship of THE GUARDIAN involves a precious trust. For thirtytwo years this little magazine has pursued its chosen path in humility and patience, dispensing life, light, and love. It has done much for the literary and social advancement of our people, and, best of all, it has encouraged thousands of young men and women to walk in the ways of righteousness. To these objects, it is hoped, THE GUARDIAN will prove as faithful in the future as it has been in the past; and the new editor devoutly joins in the prayer-first uttered by Dr. Harbaugh, thirty-one years ago, and repeated by Dr. Bausman, at the beginning of his editorial labors-that "the Spirit of purity may preside over these pages, and keep him from publishing
ZWINGLI'S LAST WORDS.
BY THE EDITOR.
When Ulric Zwingli, the first martyr
The new editor wishes the readers of THE GUARDIAN a Happy New Year. He takes this liberty because he does not regard himself as entirely a stranger. of the Reformed Church, laid down his Dr. Bausman has so kindly introduced life on the battle-field of Cappel, he him, that, even if he had not met many uttered the memorable words- "What of his readers on previous occasions, he does it matter? They may kill the would feel certain that his coming was body, but they cannot kill the soul!" not entirely unexpected, and that hos- These are words which ring like an an-• pitable friends would grant him a cor- cient prophecy, and every age in the dial welcome. history of the church witnesses their wonderful fulfillment.
We regret that the eleventh of October, 1881, the 350th anniversary of the death of the Swiss Reformer, was not more generally observed by the Reformed Churches. Such observance would not have justly laid us open to the charge of hero-worship. The Reformed church has never allowed herself to be named after any one of her great leaders, and she has never fixed her faith on the doctrines of any individual teacher. Henry Bullinger, the successor of Zwingli in the church of Zurich, said, not twenty years after the death of his great predecessor-" Many people call us Zwinglians, but we refuse to recognize the name. We are not baptized into the name of Zwingli. Our affection rests upon that noble man; but our faith does not depend upon his words. His is but human authority. Indeed, we do not depend upon Zwingli more implicitly than we do, for instance, upon Augustine, who himself insisted that men should not depend upon his person, but should contradict him as soon as his opinions were found to be contrary to the Sacred Scriptures. Call us, if you please, Christians, Christlovers, Evangelicals-such names we love to hear; but do not call us Zwinglians." While, therefore, the Reformed
"One line, which dying he could wish to blot." church cannot justly be accused of at
taching undue reverence to the name of Zwingli, it cannot be wrong to recall the last words of a teacher, whose fame will shine with the brightness of the firmament forever.
The whole life of Ulric Zwingli was an exemplification of the meaning of his dying words. He had heard and heeded the words of the Master: "Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life." He did not understand the Lord as merely requiring faithfulness to the end of life, but faithfulness even unto martyrdom. It was his consciousness of this high vocation that rendered him faithful in all the relations of life; that sustained him in innumerable trials; and that finally made him ready to die for the truth, in the full assurance of receiving a crown of glory in the world to come.
Zwingli was a faithful son. He was born in the village of Wildhaus, in the valley of Toggenburg, on the 1st of January, 1484, and was one of a family of nine children, who were carefully brought up by their parents in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. He spent his early years in the shadow of the Alps. "In the mountains," said his friend, Oswald Myconius," the spirit of Zwingli was exalted and glorified. When the thunder pealed from cliff to cliff he seemed to hear a voice saying to him, 'I am the Lord thy God. Abide in My fear forever.' When, at arly dawn, the glaciers glowed with rosy light, it seemed to him as though the Lord was treading upon the high places of the earth; and while the hem of His shining garments glorified the mountains, he heard anew the anthem that filled the soul of Isaiah: Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory."
When Zwingli was nine years old, his father determined to devote him to the ministry. By the advice of his uncle, who was a pious priest, he was succesFively sent to school at Basel, Bern, and Vienna. He enjoyed the best educational advantages the age could afford, and became an extraordinary classical scholar. He took great delight in music, and in athletic exercises; but was always regarded as a faithful student; so that he could say, in later years: "I never did anything of which I am
ashamed, and was never punished at school."
Zwingli was a faithful pastor. His biographies are full of incidents concerning his care for the poor of his flock. When the soldiers of Glarus went to fight in Italy, he accompanied them as their chaplain, though he disapproved of the war itself. In 1516 he became chief pastor of the monastery at Einsiedlen, and instead of encouraging the pilgrims in their superstitions, as his predecessors had done, he immediately sought to lead them to true repentance and faith. Here he began to preach the doctrines of the Reformation, before he had even heard the name of Martin Luther.
In 1519 Zwingli became pastor of the Cathedral church of Zurich. Here his work as a Reformer was continued and developed. In the midst of trials and temptations he pursued his way, according to the light which God had given him. Wealth and position were offered him in vain; he cared nothing for such things. Dangers could not terrify him; he cared nothing for those who kill the body. In some instances he may have contended too earnestly for doctrines which further study might have induced him to modify; but, like Luther, he could not do otherwise. Even his bitterest enemies have acknowledged his thorough honesty and his complete devotion to what he believed to be the truth.
In his social and civil relations his faithfulness was no less apparent. His family had implicit confidence in his sincerity, and for generations most of his descendants devoted themselves, in the most trying times, to the work of the ministry. His patriotism was unbounded. From his earliest youth the legends of Swiss patriotism and devotion had filled his soul. The circumstances of the times rendered him a civil as well as a religious leader, and in this two-fold capacity he accompanied the little band of Zurichers to the battle-field of Cappel, where he sacrificed his life. It is not true that he incited the war between the Protestant and Catholic Cantons; and there is abundant proof that he fully appreciated the almost hopeless nature of the conflict; but religion and patriotism alike