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word) into English, to write under the signature of Charles Thunder;" a name sufficiently unlike a pet name, one would certainly think! So much for the uniform and significant testimony of the examples of women who have had to do with publicity, on the question of the use in public, of girls' pet names.
Whilst we have criticised this practice as not being in accordance with sound taste, let us not be misunderstood as charging a want of good taste upon the young ladies themselves whose names are thus published in catalogues and programmes. They do but follow the
custom; no thought of impropriety is in AN INDIAN RAID IN EASTERN PENNSYLtheir gentle and innocent hearts. could find fault with them, as they stand radiant, happy and hopeful, on the platform to-day? Who can gaze upon them without a warm feeling of interest and sympathy, or reflect upon this crisis in their lives, in its relation to what has preceded and what is to follow, without a strong sense of its unutterable pathos? In the case of most of these young ladies, this is their first, and will be their last, appearance on the public platform, -the happier they for that? So, while all that we have said remains true, no harm has been done by them, and no harm will come to them, from this isolated act of using in public the endearing names they are known by in their own homes.. Moreover, this much is to be said, for some of these young ladies at least, that, in some instances, these pet names are the only names they have! These are their names, as actually-given by their parents when they were baptized. This shifts the responsibility, and reveals another objectionable practice, to call attention to which is our last point in this article. When parents name their children, in baptism, let the names they give be genuine and original names, in their proper form. Whatever "variation" of the name they may intend the child to be known by, in the family circle, let the name that is solemnly and formally given it in baptism, be a real name and not a pet name. What minister has not winced when asked to baptize a child Katie, or Sallie, or Lulie? There is need of a sounder taste in regard to this matter. It may be that this article will fall into the hands of parents who are intending to present
their child (the prettiest baby in all the world!) for baptism. One word to these fond parents. You have full liberty to express your affection for your little girl by giving her, in your own home, whatever endearing variation of her name you may prefer; but, when the minister, taking your fair child in his arms, and holding it over the font, says, solemniy, "Name this child," then say Mary, and not Mamie; or Elizabeth, and not Lizzie; or Sarah, and not Sadie.
BY THE EDITOR.
Many of our readers have no doubt heard of the Egypt church, in Lehigh county. Its records extend back unbroken for about one hundred and fifty years, and it may, therefore, evidently lay claim to considerable antiquity. There, on the west bank of the Lehigh river and in the fertile region drained by the Coplay creek, a number of sturdy Germans and Swiss made themselves homes early in the last century, and from them many of the most prominent and influential families of eastern Pennsylvania derive their lineage. Most of the families bearing such familiar names as Kern, Kohler, Troxel, Mickley, Deshler, Schreiber, Steckel, Burkhalter, Saeger, and Balliet are descended from the sturdy pioneers of Egypt.
At the time of the first settlement the Indians were still in the land. Gradually, it is true, they withdrew beyond the Blue mountains, but for many years isolated Indian families lingered on their old hunting grounds. The Shawano chief Kolapechka, called by the whites Coplay, resided for a long time after the first settlement near the source of the stream which has received his name. He was a good man, and was frequently employed by the government to carry important messages. It is also related that an Indian family occupied a wigwam on the farm of Jacob Kohler, remaining there until 1742, when by order of the Six Nations all the Delawares in this region were compelled to remove to Wyoming. Everything indicates that
the relations of the Germans and the Indians were for twenty years, at least, exceedingly pleasant.
It so happened, however, that Scotch-Irish settlement was formed a few miles away, on the opposite side of the Lehigh. The Irish and the Indians appear to have been from the first bitter enemies, and in several instances friendly Indians were shot without provocation, while on their way to Philadelphia or Bethlehem on official business. The most bitter enemy of the Indians was a certain Lieutenant Dodge, who had a fondness for collecting scalps, and was by no means particular as to the means which he employed in obtaining them. The Indians consequently became exasperated, and, Heckewelder informs us, a number of them agreed to take vengeance as soon as war should be declared. The French and Indian war excited the Indians along the whole border, and the animosity thus aroused continued to exist for many years. On October 7th, 1763, when the troubles were at their worst, Captain Jacob Wetterholt and a little company of soldiers left Bethlehem for Fort Allen. On the way they spent a night at the tavern of John Stenton in Allen township. They anticipated no danger, but a small party of Indians, who may have heard that their special enemy Lieut. Dodge was with the company, approached unperceived during the night, and when the door was opened in the morning by the servant of Capt. Wetterholt he was shot at and instantly killed. Capt. Wetterholt and Sergeant McGuire were also shot at and dangerously wounded, and John Stenton was shot dead. Capt. Wetterholt was taken to Bethlehem, and died next day.
The Indians did not attempt to enter the house, and thus the redoubtable Lieut. Dodge escaped with his life. That he felt himself in a critical position is evident from a letter which he found means to send to Timothy Horsfield, of Bethlehem, and which we give verbatim;
"John Stentons, Oct. the 8, 1763 Mr. Hosfield, Sir, Pray send me help for all my men are killed But one, and Capta. Wetterholt js amost Dead, he is shot through the Body, for god sake send me help. These from me to serve my country and king so long as j live
Send me help or I am a Dead man this from me Ljnt Dodge
Sargt. Meguire is shot through the body a-Pray send up the doctor for god sake.
After the attack on Stenton's house the Indians burned several houses in the neighborhood, and brutally murdered some six or eight persons. On the same day twelve Indians were seen wading across the Lehigh river at a place still called the "Indian Fall," just above Siegfried's Bridge, and taking their way westward through the woods in the direction of Egypt. It was subsequently believed that they intended to take vengeance on a storekeeper in the neighborhood, with whom they had quarreled, but that they failed to find the way. At any rate none of their victims had done anything to excite the enmity of their murderers.
On the northern border of the Egypt settlement there were three farms, occupied respectively by John Jacob Mickley,* Nicholas Marks, and John Schneider. Mickley's farm was nearest to the river, and was consequently first visited by the Indians. It was a beautiful morning, and three of the children were gathering chestnuts at some distance from the house. The children were John Peter, Henry, and Barbara; the eldest was eleven years old, the youngest seven. No doubt they were as happy as children always are when gathering nuts, but suddenly their joy was changed to terror. Out of the adjacent forest a band of painted savages came rushing upon them. Little Barbara could run but a few steps when she was overtaken and knocked down. Henry had reached the fence, but while he was climbing it an Indian
*John Jacob Mickley was born at Zweibrücken in the Palatinate in 1697, and came to America in 1733. The family is said to have been oriat first been written Michelet. John Jacob ginally of Huguenot origin, the name having Mickley, the elder, left three sons, besides several daughters. His eldest son, John Jacob, settled on a tract of land adjoining the site of the present villege of Hockendaqua, Lehigh that region are descended. The second son, county. From him most of the Mickleys in John Martin, removed to Adams county, where he has many descendants. John Peter, the third son, whose escape from the Indians, is here related, was a fifer in the war of the Revolution. He subsequently settled in Bedminster township. Bucks county, and has many descendants in that county and in Philadelphia.
threw a tomahawk and killed him instantly. Both of these children were scalped, but the little girl lived in an insensible condition until next morning. Peter reached the woods and hid himself between two large trees, surrounded by brushwood, where the Indians could not find him. Here he remained for some time, hardly daring to breathe, until hearing the screams of the Schneider family, he knew that the Indians were at that place, and that the coast was clear. Then, without returning home, he ran with all his might to tell the sad news to his brother John Jacob, who was at the house of Adam Deshler, where the neighbors often found a refuge in times of danger.
After killing the Mickley children the Indians, for some unexplained reason, did not attack the house of the parents. There is a tradition that the Mickleys had a very fierce dog, who had a special antipathy to Indians, and that the latter was afraid of him, though it is hardly to be supposed that a whole war party could be kept at bay by a single dog.
Passing by Mickley's house the Indians came to that of Nicholas Mark's. Here the family saw them coming and succeeded in making their escape. The Schneider family were, however, not so fortunate. Father, mother, and three children were ruthlessly murdered. Two daughters, who had attempted to escape, were overtaken and scalped, but subsequently recovered. As they were very poor the legislature voted them a small appropriation. Another daughter was carried away as a captive, and we are in ignorance of her final fate.
After setting fire to the houses of Marks and Schneider the Indians took a direct course for the Blue mountains. They must have known that the country had been aroused, and that their only safety lay in a speedy escape. Their expedition appears to have been from the first a mere raid, undertaken by individuals rather than by the tribe as whole. They sought to take vengeance on the whites for real or supposed wrongs, and only succeeded in injuring a people who haddone them nothing but good.
On the centennial anniversary of these occurrences Oct. 8th, 1863, a number of members of the Mickley family held a reunion at the ancestral homestead, and
Far'n langi Zeit scheint nix gericht-ken Blüthe un ken Frucht;
(Die Kersche un die Mäple-blüth, find jeder ohne g'sucht,) Doch endlich weisze Schwänzcher sich-recht
in de Blätter drin
Sel gebt di Blüthe (bass just uf!)-bis sie
'mol fertig sin.
Un dicht derbei, am frische Holz, wachs'n kleene Klettcher 'raus
Dort wachse 'mol die Keste drin-sel gebt ehr
Die ganz schö sach is so versteckt-'s schwetzt niemand leicht dervun,
Doch endlich wann's mol zeitg is, kummt alles 'S gehn ganze lange Woche hi, doch endlich
an die Sun.
gebts 'n Lust
Die Schwänzcher wachse lang un dick, de
em ke Füsz."
Guck just mol hi, des is 'n Lust-so Blüthe
wie des sin
'S sin dicke klumpe-breet un lang, un gar Die Süszigkeit bringt Käffer bei, un Mücke
ken Blätter drin!
Macht des mich bös üw'r so gezeug?--Ich bin
Des is 'n Genusz(gewisz ich leb!) far Aage,
Die Blüthe werre welk un brau, un falle
BY REV. T. G. APPLE, D. D.
It is felt on every side that fearful political corruption prevails in the management of our national aud state government, and that it has entered into the local government of county, city, and
(So gehts mit allem Blütheschmuck, zum diefe, stille Grab.)
Dann wachse erst die Bolle recht, die Stachle town. The subject has, indeed, become spitze sich
Reech net zu nächst mit deiner Hand, gewisz,
as trite as that of the weather in ordi
sie steche dich!
In jed're Boll sin Keste drin, die wachse nau
conversation. No matter how the general subject may be started, when the closing remark comes that terrible corruption has come to permeate and dominate all our politics, assent is readily given and so the conversation or discussion ends.
Un wann sie schutzlos wäre drin wär bal 'n
Wann dann die Keste weiter sin, un brau, wie
Springt jedi Boll in Kreuzform uf, in weite,
Doch net zu schnell, hab noch Geduld-'sis
immer noch net Zeit
Sie falle endlich deer zn Fusz, dann host du
sie net weit.
OUR POLITICAL DEGENERACY.
ALBUM LINES.-Miss Phoebe L--n once asked Sir David Brewster to contribute some lines to her album. In vain did the philosopher protest that verse-making was not his forte. The lady would accept no excuse. So Sir
David snatched a pen, and wrote:
Several thoughts are suggested by the subject which may be worthy the earnest into whose hands the direction of politiconsideration, especially of young men, cal affairs must soon pass.
I. Our first thought relates to the manner and spirit in which the men who are elected and appointed to hold offices of public trust are commonly spoken of. And the public press must come in here for a large share of responsibility-a responsibility that tells powerfully upon the rising generation. We refer to the universal habit of speaking disrespectfully of men who occupy public places, and of those who are aspirants for of fice. Of course the reply is ready at hand that a spirited and pungent criticism of public men is necessary in order to restrain the natural tendency towards corruption. But this necessity does not excuse the wholesale and slanderous abuse of those who occupy offices of
trust and honor. St. Peter (1 Peter
tions may not deserve commendation. greater in power and might, bring not Why then should not the same gentle- railing accusation against them before manly courtesy be observed towards the Lord" (2 Peter, ii. 11), or as St. those in office? Nay, why should not Jude has it (i. 9), "Yet Michael, the even greater care be observed to speak archangel, when contending with the of them personally with gentlemanly devil, durst not bring against him a respect, while their public acts are criti- railing accusation, but said, The Lord c zed, and if need be condemned? Re rebuke thee." spect and reverence for government lie at the basis of all civic virtue. But the public press is responsible to a large extent for the manner in which this is cultivated in the minds of the young. A man need only be brought forward for public office and at once his character is blackened in one way or another, even though it has previously stood fair in the estimation of his fellow-men. The higher the office the more bitter is the denunciation. Young persons are led to suppo-e from reading such denunciation from day to day that all who are in office and who are candidates for office, must in the nature of the case be bad and corrupt men. We drop titles in this country, but with them we often, nay generally, drop even a respectful address. The name of he president is bandied about like that of any Tom, Dick, and Harry, without even the usual "Mr." a tached to it.
There is no rational excuse for this prevailing disrespect of office and officeholders. The office and the man may be respectfully referred to even while honest criticism is made of whatever wrong may be connected with them. There is one point in reference to which reformation may begin. And one way to begin it is to introduce a different spirit and language into the family and the school. If the press considers it necessary to continue its language and style, let parents and teachers infuse into the minds of the young respect and reverence for the government, and for rulers as "ministers of God" (Rom. xii. 4). This will at least lay a foundation in the young for a respectful spirit towards the government, and go far towards counteracting the demoralizing spirit that will confront them in after years from other sources. It may be said, if the government is bad it ought to be denounced. We answer no; let the wrong be denounced, but the government be respected. The two are not the same. "Whereas angels, which are
II. Our second thought is, that in this unqualified defamation of our rulers there is a vast deal of exaggeration and downright falsehood. Ah, it is said, you do not know the amount of political corruption that prevails; all politicians are corrupt, and you cannot overdo the matter in denouncing office-holders. But here we dissent. The wilful and confirmed dishonest and corrupt officeholder is the exception, not the rule. Our presidents, senators and governors, our legislators and judges, as a class, are honest and upright men. They are so regarded and treated in private social life. How is it then that while in their private business and social relations they are trusted, honored, and esteemed, they must needs wear a totally opposite character the moment their hands touch the administration of the government We grant there are exceptions. Not al are honest and upright. Corruption in public places often comes to light; but we still maintain it is not the rule. It could not be while all the acts and measures of public men are constantly open to the observation and watchful criticism of the public.
With all its imperfections, faults, and corruption, our government and its administration are immeasurably superior in honesty, integrity, and purity, to most of the despotic and monarchical governments of the past. Wrong and oppression are not legalized as they were in many of those governments, and are even now by some of the governments of the old world. The people are less oppressed with taxes, less held under the despotic sway of the wealthy and the titled, more free to enjoy the fruits of their labor, than in the best governments of Europe with all its boasted civilization and culture.
And yet to listen to some of the purists and reformers of the day one would suppose that America is the most corrupt nation on the globe, and its government ready to fall to pieces on