Race, Racism, and Science: Social Impact and Interaction

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ABC-CLIO, 2004 - Всего страниц: 403

A provocative overview of the history of the race concept in European and American science, based on current research that shows how race and science grew together in Western thought.

What, historically, has the term 'race' meant? What is the relationship between the scientific study of race and racism? Race, Racism, and Science: Social Impact and Interaction explores these questions as it recaps the history of race-centered research from its origins in the late 1700s to Darwin's influential work on natural selection to the present. It is a compelling introduction to the way race science initially gained acceptance and how race studies both reflect and shape their times.

Readers will see how scientific and pseudoscientific explanations of racial differences (social Darwinism, eugenics, craniometry, scientific racism) provided intellectual cover for inhuman acts, and how Ashley Montagu, Richard Lewontin, and other 20th-century antiracists fought to refute the scientific support of bigotry.

* Extensive bibliographic essays citing not only original scientific papers dating back to the 18th century, but also current research into the social and historical contexts from which that work emerged

* Biographical sketches of the most important figures in race science, from François Bernier and Mamie Phipps Clark to Gordon W. Allport and Ashley Montagu

 

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Содержание

1 The Origins of Racial Science Antiquity1800
1
2 The Establishment of Racial Typology 18001859
29
3 Race and Evolution 18591900
61
4 The Hardening of Scientific Racism 19001945
97
5 The Retreat of Scientific Racism 18901940
129
6 The Liberal Orthodoxy 19401960
163
7 A Multicultural Science of Race 1965 to the Present
205
Chronology
237
Glossary
243
Documents
255
Bibliography
371
Index
387
About the Authors
403
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Об авторе (2004)

John P. Jackson, Jr., PhD, teaches in the Department of Communication at the University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO.

Nadine M. Weidman, PhD, teaches history of science at the Harvard University Extension School in Cambridge, MA.

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