The Present State of Europe: Explaining the Interests, Connections, Political and Commercial Views of Its Several Powers, Comprehending Also, a Clear and Concise History of Each Country, So Far as to Shew the Nature of Their Present Constitutions

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C. Hitch and L. Hawes, and T. Longman ; J. Rivington, 1761 - Всего страниц: 517
 

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Стр. 50 - Kings of Sweden and Poland were reconciled. In confequence of thefe Steps, the Face of Affairs in Sweden has been entirely changed, and from being one of the moft abfolute...
Стр. 17 - Portuguese perfected a new route to the Eaft-Indies by the Cape of Good Hope ; and about the fame time the Spaniards difcovered America, which threw the trade of Europe and its chief naval power into the hands of thofe nations, who, if they had known how to cultivate and ufe them with moderation, might not only have raifed it higher, but made it more • durable than it proved. But the boundlefs ambition, and cruel...
Стр. 22 - Europe, therefore, attempts to opprefs another, or betrays a delign of increafing its own ftrengch by weakening or conquering its neighbour, other potentates are ready to interpofe ; from a quick fenfe, not only of the inconveniencies that muft arife. from the incroachments made by fuch a power, but from the juft apprehenfions that thefe muft prove prejudicial to commerce in general, and to that of feveral nations in particular. "Whence it appears, that the balance of power is not an empty name,...
Стр. 423 - Subjedb, and if we take into our View the fecular and regular Clergy in the Church of Rome, the former bound by the moft -facred Ties, and the latter not by Vows only, but by their Interefts, to the Obedience of the Holy See, we cannot but entertain a high Idea of its Power, fince...
Стр. 358 - Portuguefe foldiers behaved but indifferently in that war, yet this ought not to be underftood as a national • reflection, farther than as long peace, great wealth, and much luxury, are capable of corrupting any people. While the war continued...
Стр. 360 - ... friends, to become his enemies, and to employ their naval power, which he knew to be fo much fuperior to his own, in taking that by force for which they now gave a proper equivalent. He farther reprefented that, whatever turn the war might take, Portugal...
Стр. 389 - Ceflions have been made him fince ; but with regard to the Uprightnefs of his Intention, and his fincere Defign of maintaining the refpe&ive Powers in Italy in the juft Enjoyment of their Rights, no Part of his Conduct has given the leaft Caufe to doubt it. After the Death of the late Emperor Charles VI. when Spain was determined to pufh her Pretenfions in Italy by Force, and had alfo fecured the Afliftance of France for that Purpofe, no Stone was left unturned to bring his Sardinian Majefty into...
Стр. 363 - Spain, he ratified it after his accefiion, and has fince actually carried it into execution upon this noble principle, that no confiderations of intereft ought ever to induce a monarch to break his word.
Стр. 24 - Europe to fupport each other's independency, and prevent whatever has the appearance of univerfal monarchy, or the introducing the influence of one court over the greateft part of the reft; becaufe this muft be detrimental to the whole, and injurious to the freedom, learning, arts, manufactures, and commerce of Europe in general. Without, therefore, urging more on this head, it appears, that peace and good neighbourhood, the encouragement of arts and fciences, and the purfuit of manufactures and...
Стр. 71 - Succefs in the Beginning of the next Year, but his good Fortune did not continue long ; for being defeated by the Swedes, in the famous Battle of Lunden, he was from that time never able to do much againft them by Land, though by Sea he was fortunate, but at laft made Peace with that Crown upon equal Terms.

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