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heart. In its preparation, constant reference has been made to the elaborate catechetical works of former times, with the intention of copying their excellences and improving upon their construction and phraseology.”—Pp. 4, 5.
We concur most cordially in the wish expressed by the editor, that the study of this manual of Christian truth may become universal in our Sunday schools and in our families, and that the day will soon come when no person among us of sufficient age will be found ignorant of its contents, or unable to give a reason of the hope that is in him.”
(46.) OF the following pamphlets, &c., we can give nothing but the titles :
Twelfth Annual Catalogue of the Providence Conference Seminary, East Greenwich, R. I.
Annual Report of the Trustees and Superintendent of the Pennsylvania State Lunatic Hospital, at Harrisburgh, for the year 1852.
Tenth Annual Report of the Managers of the State Lunatic Asylum of New-York.
American Psychological Journal, vol. i, conducted by Edward Mead, M. D.
Report of the Majority of the Commissioners appointed to examine the affairs of Union College. Transmitted to the Legislature March 4, 1853.
The American and Foreign Christian Union, 1853.
Minutes of the Seventeenth Session of the New-Jersey Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, held at Bridgeton, April 13–20, 1853.
Common Schools Unsectarian. A Discourse delivered in the Methodist Episcopal Church at Ann Arbor, Michigan, March 6, 1853, by E. O. Haven.
Art. XI.-RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
Theological and Religious.
“ Die Christliche Kirche der drei ersten Phil. et Theol. Doctore." (Leipsig: 1853; Jahrhunderte: Vorlesungen von Dr. K. R. royal 8vo.) This part contains 320 pages, HAGENBACH, Prof. der Theologie in Basil." and carries the Lexicon down to the word (Leipsig : 1853 ; 8vo., pp. 349.) The first patalóopov. three of these lectures treat of the state
"Guielmi Gescnii Thesaurus Philologicus of the heathen and Jewish world immediately before and at the time of Christ's
Criticus Lingua Hebrave et Chaldææ Vet. T'es
tamenti." We have received the last fasadvent; the fourth lecture exhibits the
ciculus of the third volume of this great unevangelical narrative of Christ's birth and
work--the editio altera secundum radices life; the three following treat of the foundation of the Church and of its his
digesta, priore Germanica longe auctior et
emendatior-edited by Roediger. (Lips. : tory in the apostolic times; and the remainder of the work brings down the
1853 ; 3 Vogel, 4to.) The work is comrecord to the end of the third century. It pleted in 1522 quarto pages. is well worthy the attention of theological “ Pro Confessionis Religione adversus Constudents.
fessionum Theologiam, scripsit C.G.G. Theile, We have received Part I. of "Clavis Li- Theol. in Univ. Lips. Prof. (Lipsiæ: 1852; brorum Veteris Testamenti Apocryphorum 8vo., pp. 146.) The object of this tractate Philologica, auctore Christ. ABR. Wahl, is to show that religion and theology are
entirely distinct, and, if possible, to adjust MR. BLACKADER (13 Paternoster Ros, rightly the limits of each.
London) is publishing in monthly parts a The Church of England is constantly new edition of the “ Authorized Version sj affording illustrations of the inevitable the Bible." This edition is framed on the tendency of national Church establish- model of the Chronological New Testament, ments to corruption and peculation. By favourably noticed in this journal last the 6th and 7th William IV., chapter 77, year, under the conviction “tuat some (1836,) certain amounts of income were thing could be done to make our invaluaassigned to the different sees of England ble English Version more intelligible to and Wales-viz., £15,000 to Canterbury, devout students of the Word of God, by £10,000 to York and London, £8,000 to some little helps in arrangement and Durham, £5,500 to Ely, £5,000 to Salis- printing.” These helps were as follows:bury, Worcester, and others, and £4,200 I. The Text was newly divided into Parato St. Asaph. Accordingly, returns of their graphs and Sections; II. Dates and Places revenues were called for from the then in- of transactions were marked; IIL The cumbents of the different sees, and calcu- Translators' Marginal Renderings were lations made thereupon to determine the given; IV. The Parallel Illustrative Pasyearly sums payable to the commission by sages were quoted at length; V. Quoti. the archbishops and bishops consecrated or tions from the Old Testament were printed translated since January 1, 1836, so as to in capitals. In the present edition these leave them respectively the income con- improvements have been more completely templated by the legislature. For exam- carried out. And, in addition, the follozple, the annual charge thus fixed upon for ing have been attempted to be given :the Bishop of Durham was £11,200, the I. The most important Variations of the line commissioners having been led by his lord- sions, viz. : the Chaldee Paraphrases, Saship's representations to believe that the maritan, Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate, Ariaverage annual income of the see would bic, Persic, and Ethiopic. II. Critical Notes be £19,200. In fact, the estimated future from the best sources, Continental and British. net income of Durham was, in 1835, cal- The object has been to explain as clearly culated at £17,890 only. Well, the bishop and thoroughly as possible all difficult pashas so managed the estates that, from sages, and thus to put the English reader 1837 to 1850, his net annual income has in possession of those helps which moderu varied from £16,330 08. lld. to £34,767 research and scholarship hare produced. 12. 10d., and made a total of more than III. Elucidations from Modern Discoveries £342,000, instead of £268,000; so that and Travels. Great attention has been this self-denying prelate of the north has paid to the Geography and History of the had £74,000 more than what the legisla- Bible; and the best and most recent sources ture intended!
of information have been consulted-all The first two volumes of Smith's “ Sa. which sources are carefully given. cred Annals,” (published under the titles PROPOSALS have been issued (by Jacksos of the “ Patriarchal Age” and the “He- and Walford, 18 St. Paul's Church-yard, brew People,” by Messrs. Carlton & Phil- London) for the publication, by subscrip lips, 200 Mulberry-st., New-York,) have tion, of “ First Lince of Christina Theology, met with a very favourable reception in in the form of a Syllabus, prepared for the this country. The third volume is an- use of the Students in the Academy at nounced in London as in preparation, un- Homerton; with large additions and elu. der the title of “ The History and Religion cidations by the author, the late JOHS of the Gentile Nations that were placed in PYE SMITH, D. D., LL. D., F. R. S., Fifty Proximity to the Jewish People : containing Years Tutor of Homerton College; edited a Succinct Account of the Egyptians, As- from the original manuscripts, with some syrians, Babylonians, Medes, Persians, additional notes and references, and coGreeks, and Romans; carefully collected pious indexes, by William Farrer, LL B, from Ancient Authors and Holy Scripture, Secretary and Librarian of New College, with the best aid afforded by Recent Dis- London.” The work will appear in one coveries in Egyptian and Assyrian Inscrip- large volume, 8vo., price twelve shillings tions. Being the Third and concluding (sterling). For more than thirty ytars SETJES of Sacred Annals; with Indexes before his death, Dr. Smith adopted the and Tables adapted to the whole work: method of oral lecturing upon the Syllaand forming a complete connexion of the bus, which he was thus led to enrich with Sacred and Profane History, also a full a body of the most valuable additions, exElucidation of the fulfilment of Sacred pansions, and annotations. A consider. Proph us. By G10B4E SH, F. A. S.” able portion of the work was completeis
re-written. The volume, therefore, con- which is characterized by Dr. Kling, in tains ample, though condensed, discus- the Studien und Kritiken, as a uvia és sions of the topics which might be úci ; combining a most thorough search expected to occur in such a work.
into the sources, with a clear and sound The Catholic controversy waxes hotter
historical knowledge and judgment, and a in England. New books, pamphlets, and just and adequate appreciation of Anjournals are daily phenomena. One of the selm's theology. It is an indispensable most successful of the latter is
book to all engaged in such studies. Bulwark, or Reformation Journal," edited
We have received (but have not by Rev. Dr. Cunningham, Principal of the
had time to examine thoroughly) New College, Edinburgh, which has en
Hohelied Salomonis ausgelegt von E. W. tered upon its second year with a sub
Hengstenberg,” (The Song of Solomon, inscription list of thirty thousand.
terpreted by Professor Hengstenberg, The first two volumes of Clark's “ Theo Berlin, 1853, 8vo.; pp. 264,) which, besides logical Library” for 1853, were announced
the exposition, contains four supplemenfor publication in May, namely, Müller on tary dissertations :-1. On the unity of the Christian Doctrine of Sin, Vol. II, and the Song; 2. On its author; 3. On its Gieseler's Ecclesiastical History, Vol. III. historical starting-point; and 4. On the Thirty volumes of the series have now two methods of interpreting it—the literal been issued; forming a most valuable and the spiritual. We have also received collection of theological and Biblical liter- the first part of the second and enlarged ature.
edition of “ Die Geschichte der Heiligen The third and concluding part of that Schriften Neuen Testaments, von EDWARD most timely and valuable little book, Reuss.” (Braunschweig : 1853; 8vo., pp. “ The Restoration of Belief,” is just an
265.) nounced in London. It treats of the
THE “ Thirteenth Annual Report of the Miracles of the Gospels considered in
Wesleyan Committee of Education," (Lontheir relation to the principal features of
don: 1853 ; 8vo., pp. 191,)is a formidable the Christian Scheme.
document, indicative of the weight of its The Theologische Studien und Kritiken for contents. It furnishes abundant proof of April, 1853, contains the following arti- the vitality of Wesleyan Methodism, that cles :-1. On the position of the apocryphal it can carry on so vast a system of public books of the Old Testament in the Chris. instruction as that detailed in this report, tian canon, by Dr. Bleek; 2. On the temp- during the very heat and pressure of the tation of Christ, by F. W. Laufs ; 3. An disturbances which have of late years apology for Heathenism and attack on agitated the connexion. Still more sig. Christianity, (a curions article, written by nificant is a recent movement for the esthe Brahmin Mora Bhatta Dandekara, and tablishment of a “ Connexional Relief and translated into English by Wilson, in Extension Fund,” on that grand scale of Bombay, 1832 ;) 3. Systematic and operation which Methodism seems to dePractical Theology, by Dr. Kienlen, (a light in, both in England and America. brief paper fixing the logical position of At a meeting of Wesleyan ministers and apologetics and polemics in the circle of gentlemen from various parts of the kingtheological science;) 4. A Review of the dom, assembled at the Centenary Hall, second part of Hasse's Anselm of Canter- Bishopsgate-street, London, April 22d and bury, by Kling; 5. A Review of Dittmar's 23d, the Rev. John Scott, President of the “Geschichte der Welt vor und nach Chris- Conference, in the chair, it was unanitus," by Kayser; 6. On the effect of the mously agreed that measures should forthplans of Church-order by Bugenhagen, in with be taken to raise by subscription a the development of the German Church Connexional Relief and Extension Fund, and culture, by C. F. Jäger, of Tübingen ; to be devoted, under the direction of a 7. Programme of the Hague Society for special committee, to the following obthe defence of the Christian religion, for jects :- The payment of the debts at 1852.
present existing on the various connexIN 1843 Professor Hasse, of Bonn, ional funds, with a provision for facilitatpublished the first volume of his “ Anselm ing the operation of the plans adopted at con Canterbury,” containing the life of the meeting to prevent the recurrence of Anselm. Following literally the Horatian similar debts in future; and the reducrule nonum prematur in annum, he has just tion, according to plans to be hereafter issued the second volume, containing Die determined by the committee above-menLehre Anselm's, (Leipzig, 1852, pp. 663,) tioned, of debts upon the chapels of the
Connexion, with a provision for facilitat- rigid Lutherans or Reformed. They deing the erection of new chapels in import- mand from the Oberkirchenrath, above ant and destitute places. For these all other things, the establishment of important objects it was proposed that the a Lutheran senate in that court, and sum of one hundred thousand pounds at the abolition of the ecclesiastical conleast should be raised, over ten thousand stitution, issued for the evangelical conpounds of which were subscribed in two gregations, as containing too many days! Two years are allowed for the democratic enactments, whilst they overcompletion of the undertaking.
rate the ministry in
Catholic than Protestant. The OberLETTER FROM PROFESSOR JACOBI.
kirchenrath resists the former demand; Königsberg, March, 1853. but as to the execution of the eccleTue controversy concerning the continu- siastical constitution, it has long ago ation or dissolution of the union in the
made it dependent on the free will of the Established Church of Prussia has ex
pastors, patrons, and congregations. The tended still further during the last three constitution has been introduced in the months. A great many clergymen, even most suspected part of the monarchy-in of the province of Pommerania, the prin- two hundred and fifty congregations—and cipal seat of exact Lutheranism, hare, in the result has been favourable beyond all petitions sent to the Church-government, expectation. The newly-elected elders declared themselves in favour of uphold- have felt the obligation resting upon ing the Union between Lutherans and Re- them to take the lead by a Christian life formed, The “ Oberkirchenrath” (Su- and frequent attendance at church. They preme Ecclesiastical Court) is of opinion, have introduced a stricter discipline, and that the Union should be represented at a more attentive ministering to the wants least in the supreme court of the Church, of the poor, and in this and other respects so as not to allow any one to enter it with- obstacles have been orercome in a short out admitting the provision that it shall time, against which the pastors had long contain both Lutheran and Reformed mem- struggled in vain. A new interest in the bers, and agreeing to the common adminis- gospel begins to awaken. Some of the tration by the Plenum of the Oberkirchen- congregations in the farthest northeast rath. So it has also willingly admitted as a have been very much injured by Rationalmember, Dr. Nitzsch, who, like most of the ism, for the University of Königsberg, friends of the Union, considers the agree- where Kant had his seat, fostered Rationment of the Lutheran and Reformed confes- alistic views in clergymen and teachers. sions as the symbolic basis of the Church. But other congregations have preserved The united congregations of the Rhine pror- Christianity in traditional, and, more or ince have been reassured concerning the less, living forms. To those who uphold right of their united existence. And this a high degree of Christian piety, belong was a very wise and very necessary decision; the Lithuanian people, of which a confor these congregations arose amidst a siderable remnant here still exists. Sepapredominantly Catholic population, by the rated from the modern unchristian influuniting of Lutherans and Reformed into
ences by distance, language, and little one congregation. A dissolution of the cultivation, it has retained all its patriUnion would threaten also these congrega- archal piety. The state government and tions with dissolution. Meanwhile the the University of Königsberg take care opponents of the Union have not been in- of the education of preachers who are able active. They met in some provincial and to preach to them in the Lithuanian lanone general assembly at Wittenberg, (Sept. guage, which is still at least the language 28–30, 1852,) where a great zeal was mani- of the Church. In these Prussian cousfested, exhibiting more of Lutheranism tries, near the boundaries of Russia, the than of Christianity. To the theological Baptists are very active in spreading their faculties—men who have deserved of the sect. Here is the home of many MenChurch more than any of the assistants at nonites, a sect kindred to them and dwellthat assembly—they have answered with ing especially in the fruitful low countries strong invectives and weak reasonings; on the Vistula. These begin now to emisome have seen in the declarations in fa- grate often to Russia, where great privivour of the Union open apostasy from the leges are granted to these peaceable, inChurch, as they likewise formerly con- dustrious, and wealthy settlers. tended that the Union was revolution, and The Irvingites, who have already de that love for the Church and the native scended from the climax of favour they country was only found with the most found at Berlin, are now endeavouring to the Church of Asia Minor in the second
make proselytes in these distant tracts. very story of Papias, contained in the Two of their evangelists visited Königs- Prolegomena of the Spicilegium, should berg, (1852,) but were forced by the police be a fragment of the Clavis of Helito to quit the town. Of late, the police, see- of Sardis (170 p. Chr.) as the editor ing that the reasons for banishing them asserts, who promises to publish afterout of town were not valid, has not wards the whole book. Then opposed any obstacle to their return. So should know the contents of this book, one evangelist of the sect has again made mentioned by Eusebius, and understand his appearance at Königsberg; and since its name: it would be, as far as we in all large towns, idle reformers, vain and know, the first Biblical lexicographic confused pious people are found, there is essay in the Church; a noteworthy tesno doubt that they will find some adher- timonial of the scientific tendencies of ents here also.
century. The expressions of Papias are Spicilegium Solesmense, complectens sanc
understood figuratively, the vineyard as torum Patrum scriptorumque ecclesiasticorum anecdota hactenus opera, cur.
the Church, &c. To Irenæus M. Pitra,
according to the manuscript, attributes a Dom. T. B. Pitra, ord. S. Bened., Monacho e congregatione Gallica.
Syrian fragment, which, together with the
Tom. primus, (auctores sæculo V. antiquiores.)
other Syrian codices, has been brought Paris : 1852.
recently to the British Museum from the
Egyptian convents. It contains a deI wish to direct your attention to a work scription of the person and of the work which I cannot myself as yet fully character- of Christ, and there is nothing in it that ize to you, but which, by all that I know could not have been said by Irenæus. of it, manifests already its great import- His authorship is somewhat confirmed by ance. The learned French Benedictine, the reappearing of the same fragment in M. Pitra, has, with that assiduity which an Armenian manuscript at Venice, which always distinguished his order, compiled a also attributes it to Irenæus ; but the large work, which is a worthy continua- text has been made more uncertain by it; tion of the great collections of Mabillon for the Armenian has amplified the same and Montfaucon, and which, in recent subject. This very matter is treated of times, has been surpassed only by the in another Syrian piece attributed to him, treasures brought forth from the Vatican which is as it were an enlargement of the library by Angelo Mai. The libraries of second article of the Apostles' Creed; it Great Britain, France, and Belgium, have is distinguished from the other, especially been searched by him with great care; by the antitheses, in which the predimanuscripts, already often examined, have cates of Christ are enumerated. It is been again reviewed, and a rich gleaning noteworthy that the author states, explimade of ecclesiastical writers, from the citly in both pieces, that he gives only first centuries to the twelfth. At present what is taught by Holy Writ. There is I will mention a few of the contents, re- in it no appeal at all to ecclesiastical traserving other portions for a future article. dition, which the Roman Church likes so
The few words which are produced much to support by the authority of from a Latin translation of the letter of Irenæus. Clemens Romanus to the Corinthians, The editor joins to this a prologue to the have little. value, as also the translator five books of Irenæus Advers. Haeres., which cannot be ascertained; it is of interest he attributes, by a not unhappy accommoonly that he seems to translate the am- dation, to the deacon Florus, of Lyon, in biguous expression énivouń by forma. the ninth century; evidence concerning it Also, two short pieces, produced by Victor cannot be obtained, and the piece does not of Capua, (about 550 p. Chr.,) in a Latin deserve much inquiry in this regard. In translation of a Greek work, (liber res- the appendix M. Pitra adds a fragment ponsionum,) would not be much missed, of a practical explanation of Matthew the authorship of Polycarp, to whom he xx, 21, evidently a part of a larger pracattributes them, being very uncertain. tical exegetical work; the Armenian Of no greater importance is a millennial manuscript calls Ireneus the author, but story of Papias, extracted from an Arme- which he thinks rightly is very doubtful. nian Codex of a Convent of the Mechita With still more certainty the fragments rish at Venice, and narrated already by of Justinus Martyr, which are contained in Irenæus with by far too much importance. the Antirrheticos of Nicephorus, may be But it would be a very interesting cir- considered as spurious. Some pieces will cumstance, if a literal interpretation of this also remain uncertain, attributed to Hip