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Leipzig 812 students, of whom 165 studied or that will more clearly inform him of theology; Würzburg 772, of whom 89 what is remarkable in the present state, studied theology. The aggregate num- and bearing on the past, of its chief monubers in the remaining universities were:

In a correspondence like this, Berlin 2171, Munich 1961, Prague 1346, much, of course, is omitted that the wholly Bonn 1,012, Breslau 864, Tübingen 774, unlearned might wish to know; while Göttingen 677, Halle 670, Jena 433, Giessen frequent reference is made to topics with 411, Gratz 399, Königsberg 339, Marburg which the studious alone are familiar. 315, Münster 302, Innspruck 257, Greifs. But it is pleasing to observe how clearly walde 204, Kiel 141, Rostock 106.

from these unaffected business-like reports, A German translation of the Latin My- chiefly occupied as they are with scientific thographers is proposed by Dr. Bunte of results, there is evolved a picture of the Vegesack, near Bremen. We have received actual face of the land, and something the first number, containing “ Lactantius

more than an outline of the primeval story Placidus, nebst Beiträgen zur Emendation des

which its ruins have been forced to reveal, Hyginus," (Bremen, 1852, 12mo., pp. 112.)

-sufficient to awaken interest in those We have barely room to record the receipt ground before. To all who are already in

even who have never approached the of " Oracula Sibyllina, ad fidem codd. quotquot exstant recensuit, prætextis prolegominis

some degree acquainted with it, the letters illustravit, cersione Germanica instruxit, an

will be in a high degree instructive and notationes criticas et indices rerum et ver

delightful." borum locupletissimos adjecit J. H. Fried. Anong the new works announced as in LIEB, D. D.” (Lipsiæ, 1852, 8vo., pp. 538); press and in preparation iu Great Britain of ** C. Cornelii Taciti de vita et moribus are the following: C. J. Agricolæ Liber: ad fidem codd. denuo

Memoir, Journal, and Correspondence of collat. recensuit et commentariis enarravit J. Carolcs Wex." (Brunsv., 1852, 8vo.,

Thomas Moore. Edited by the Right Hon.

Lord John Russell. With Portraits and pp. 337); of Beiträge zur Sprach- und

Vignette Illustrations :-Essays on Political Alterthumsforschung aus Jüdischen Quellen,

and Social Science. Contributed to the von Dr. Michael Sachs, erstes Heft.” (Ber: Edinburgh and other Reviews. By W. R. lin, 1852, 8vo., pp. 188); and of Eschyli Greg, Esq. 2 vols., 8vo. :—The Battle of Trayedia, recensuit G. HERMANN.” (Berlin, 1852, 2 vols., 8vo.) The latter is one of the Leipsic. By the Rev. G. R. Gleig, M. A.,

Chaplain-General of the Forces. 16mo.:most beautiful specimens of typography

The Australian Colonies; Their Origin and we have ever seen, and is adorned with a

Present Condition. By William Hughes, spirited and admirably executed portrait

F. R. G. S., Professor of Geography in the of the veteran philologist.

College for Civil Engineers. 16mo. :-'The The fourth volume of Mure's Critical

Fourth Volume of Colonel Mure's Critical History of the Language and Literature of History of the Language and Literature of Incient Greece comprises historical litera

Ancient Greece: comprising Historical ture from the rise of prose composition to Literature from the Rise of Prose Composi. the death of Herodotus.

tion to the Death of Herodotus. 8vo. :DE. LEPSIUS has recently published a Mrs. Jameson's Legends of the Madonna, volume intended more for general readers as represented in the Fine Arts : forming than the two previous ones. It is entitled, the Third and concluding Series of Sacred

Letters from Egypt, Ethiopia, and the Pen- and Legendary Art:-- Isis: an Egyptian insula of Sinai.” The object of these let- Pilgrimage. By J. A. St. John, Esq., Author ters, according to the Athenceum, was, in of Manners and Customs of Ancient Greece, the first place, to report the proceedings of 2 vols., post 8vo. :— The Civil Wars of Rome : the Expedition to those at home who had A School History. By the Rev. Charles a right to information respecting it ;—and Merivale, B. D. Fep. 8vo.:- The Light of for this reason, perhaps, although partaking the Forge. By the Rev. William Harrison, of the manner of familiar communications, M. A., Rector of Birch, Essex :-Goethe's they say less of the personal fortunes of Faust: With English Notes, Critical, Gramthe traveller than is usual in notes from matical, and Philological. By Falck Le. the Nile. Yet there are few accounts of bahn, Ph. D., Author of Practice in German, that region which will give the European &c. 8vo.:- The Principles of Mechanical reader a better view of its essential features, Philosophy applied to Industrial Mechanics. Vorträgen über das "Organ der menschLanguage. Being the Monuments of Egypt,

pp. 564.

By Thomas Tate, F. R. A. S. 8vo. :-Sicily, Zum Gebrauche bei Vorlesungen. Von Dr.
its Scenery and its Antiquities, Greek, Fr. Ludw. Keller, Prof. der Rechte in Berlin.
Saracenic, and Norman. By W.H. Bartlett, 1. Abth. Leipzig, 1852. 8vo., pp. 208.
Author of "Walks about Jerusalem," &c. Zur Runenlehre: zwei Abhandlungen
With 31 Steel Engravings and numerous von R. v. Liliencron und K. Müllenhoff,
Wood-cuts, in super-royal 8vo. :-An His- Professoren in Kiel. 8vo., pp. 64. Halle,
torical and Statistical Account of New 1852.
South Wales; including a Visit to the Gold

System der Staatswissenschaft. Von Regions, and a Description of the Mines, &c.

L. Stein. 1. Band. Stuttgart, 1852. 8vo., By J. D. Lang, M. A., D. D. 3d edition, (three-fourths of the work being entirely Dante's Leben und Werke. Kulturgenew,) bringing down the History of the

schichtlich dargestellt von Dr. Frz. X. Colony to the year 1852. 2 vols., post 8vo.;

Wegele, ausserord. Prof. an der Universität -also, by the same Author, Freedom and

zu Jena. Jena, 1852. 8vo., pp. 463. Independence for the Golden Lands of Australia; the Right of the Colonies, and

Das deutsche Volk, dargestellt in Verthe Interest of Britain and of the World. gangenheit

und Gegenwart zur Begründung Post 8vo.:-Narrative of a Visit to the Indian

der Zukunft. Leipzig, 1851. 6 Bände, Svo. Archipelago in H. M. S. “Meander;" with

J. Jak. Wagner's nachgelassene Schriften Portions of the Journals of Sir James

über Philosophie, herausgegeben von Dr. Brooke, K. C. B. By Capt. the Hon. Henry Ph. L. Adam. 1. Thl.-Auch unter d. Titel: Keppel, R. N., 8vo. :-History of the Ameri Metaphysik oder das Weltgesetz nebst Eincan Revolution. By George Bancroft, Authorleitung in die Philosophie, und Abriss der of “History of the United States," vol. ii., Geschichte der Philosophie. Nach dessen 8vo.: The Second Part of the Primeval

lichen Erkenntniss" und handschriftlichen and their Vestiges of Patriarchal Tradition.

Nachlass herausgegeben. Ulm, 1852. 8vo., By the Rev. Charles Foster, Rector of Stisted, Essex. 8vo. Illustrated Journal

Essai sur les fondements de nos conof a Landscape Painter in Calabria. By Ed. naissances et sur les caractères de la critique Lear, Author of “Illustrated Journal of a

philosophique, par A.A. Cournot, inspecteur Landscape Painter in Albania," &c. 8vo. général de l'instruction public. 2 vols.

Paris, 1852. 8vo., pp. 848. Among the books in general literature recently announced on the continent of

Die Religion und die Philosophie in ihrer Europe are the following :

weltgeschichtlichen Entwicklung und Stel

lung zu einander, nach den Urkunden dar Briefwechsel zwischen Goethe u. Knebel.

gelegt von A. Gladinch, Director und Prof. (1774–1832.) 2 Bände. Leipzig, 1851. Breslau, 1852. 8vo., pp. 235. 8vo., 378 und 412 pp.

Æschyli Tragediæ. Recensuit Godo. Der Römische Civilprocess und die fredus Hermannus. Vol. I, II. Lipsiæ, 1852. Actionen in summarischer Darstellung. 8vo., pp. 454 und 674.

pp. 144.

AMERICAN NEW MAGAZINE.--Messrs. George P. Put without fear or favour. When a subject nam & Co. have issued a prospectus for a needs illustration or pictorial example, new Monthly, to partake of the character such illustrations will be occasionally of the Magazine and Review. All articles given; but it is not expected that the admitted into the work are to be liberally success of the work is to depend on what paid for. It will be devoted to the interests are termed embellishments. Each number of literature, science, and art, in their best will contain one hundred and twenty. and pleasantest aspects. It will be open eight ample pages. Price $3 per annum, to competent writers for free discussion of or 25 cents per number. Among the writsuch topics as are deemed important and ers who will lend their coöperation in this of public interest. The critical department work, the following are mentioned : Irving, will be wholly independent of the publish- Hawthorne, Longfellow, Whipple, Dewey, ers, and, as far as possible, of all personal Bancroft, Bryant, Emerson, and serera influence or bias. Wholesome castigation female writers of repute.- Christian Inof public abuses will be allowed a fair field, quirer,

THE

METHODIST QUARTERLY REVIEW.

APRIL,

1853.

ART. I.-THE ECLIPSE OF FAITH.

The Eclipse of Faith ; or, a Visit to a Religious Sceptic. Boston, 1862.

This volume is published anonymously; but it is well known to be from the pen of Henry Rogers, author of several papers in the Edinburgh Review. It is one of the few books recently published that are destined to live,-full of thought, direct in its aim, conclusive in its reasoning. Its substratum is fictitious, the dramatis persone being creatures of the imagination; but the superstructure is truth-truth momentous and all-important. In a series of conversations and discussions between the supposed writer of the volume, his nephew Harrington, and Fellowes, a friend of the latter, the various theories of modern infidelity are examined with candour, and their objections to revealed religion shown to be futile and frivolous. The author has done for the disciples of Strauss, Newman, Parker, and the rationalists and spiritualists of the present age, what Butler did, and Paley, and Watson, for the sceptics of former times: he has swept away their subtle cavils, unveiled their sophistries, and shown the pillar of revelation unharmed by their malignity.

Harrington is a young man of wealth and education. He has travelled in Germany, and after having been driven about by the conflicting winds of opposing doctrines, is introduced to us as a sceptic of the straitest kind. He believes, religiously, nothing. He doubts, not only whether the Bible be true, but whether it be false. Fellowes, on the other hand, is a spiritualist of the modern school,—a disciple of Parker and Francis Newman. He has rejected all religious creeds, has abandoned the Bible as an authoritative revelation of God's will, and claims that spiritual truth is indigenous to the human heart. A few extracts from the first conversation

FOURTH SERIES, VOL. V.- 11

between these totally dissimilar friends will give the reader an insight into their characters, which are sustained with singular fidelity throughout the volume :

6 • I tell you,' said Harrington, that I believe absolutely no one religious dogma whatever; while yet I would give worlds, if I had them, to set my foot upon a rock. I should even be grateful to any one, who, if he did not give me truth, gave me a phantom of it which I could mistake for reality.'

“ If you merely meant,' replied Fellowes, that you did not retain any vestige of your early historical and dogmatical Christianity, why I retain just as little of it. I have rejected all creeds, and I have now found what the Scripture calls that peace which passeth all understanding. Though no Christian in the ordinary sense, I am, I hope, something better; and a truer Christian in the spirit than thousands of those in the letter.'

" " Letter and spirit !' said Harrington, — you puzzle me exceedingly: you tell me one moment that you do not believe in historical Christianity at all, either its miracles or dogmas,—these are fables; but in the next, why, no old Puritan could garnish such discourse with a more edifying use of the language of Scripture. I suppose you will next tell me that you understand the spirit of Christianity better even than Paul.

? “ • So I do,' was the reply. Paulo majora canamus : for, after all, he was but half delivered from his Jewish prejudices; and when he quitted the nonsense of the Old Testament—though in fact he never did thoroughly-he evidently believed the fables of the New just as much as the pure truths which lie at the basis of spiritual Christianity. We separate the dross of Christianity from its fine gold.'

In the further progress of this conversation Mr. Fellowes develops himself in the language of the modern spiritualists, and has, pat for his purpose at every turn, a quotation from the writings of his teachers. Indeed, he is the embodiment of Messrs. Newman and Parker; while, with logical acuteness, his antagonist, the avowed sceptic, after satirizing their perpetual usage of Bible phraseology, shows that their fundamental principles are identical with those of Lord Herbert, and the elder and more decent deists of that class. The latter, indeed, in one respect, have the advantage of the neophytes of the present day. “Spiritualism" doubts the immortality of the soul; Herbert and his followers took that for granted; while both agree in rejecting what they style the supernatural narratives of the Old and New Testaments, and treat as gross absurdities the doctrine of the Trinity, the Atonement, the General Resurrection, the Day of Judgment, and the Punishment of the Wicked in a future world. The name of “Deist," however, as well as that of “Rationalist," is unpleasant to the ears of the gentlemen of the new school. They prefer to be styled “Spiritualists,” and while rejecting the Bible as a revelation from God, they claim to be Christians par excellence-Christians, freed from the bondage of “ the letter;” and, as such, entitled to feel pity, bordering upon contempt, for those who cannot bask in the sunshine of their divine philosophy,” and are so old-fashioned as to bow submissively to the teachings of the inspired volume.

The inspired volume! Alas! has not Mr. Newman denied that there is any such thing? Even so. He claims to have proved that a book-revelation of moral and spiritual truth is an impossibility. The cardinal doctrine of the new school is that God reveals himself to us within, and not from without. In accordance with this sentiment, Fellowes, in the volume before us, directs his friend to “look inwards, that he may see by the direct gaze of the spiritual faculty, bright and clear, those great intuitions of spiritual truth which no book can teach.” Admitting for a moment the impossibility of a book-revelation, the sceptic rather poses his illuminated friend by adverting to the fact that, notwithstanding this inward light, the great mass of mankind have a remarkable facility for receiving the erroneous supposition.

* It seems strange,' says he, that men in general should believe things to be possible when they are impossible.'

«• It is,' replies Fellowes, because they have confounded what is historical or intellectual with moral and spiritual truth.'

“ • I am afraid that will not excuse their absurdity, because, as you admit, all book-revelation is impossible. But further, supposing men to have made this strange blunder, it only shows that the "moral and spiritual" could not be very clearly revealed within ; and no wonder men began to think that perhaps it might come to them from without! When men begin to mistake blue for red, and square for round, and chaff for wheat, I think it is high time that they repair to a doctor outside them to tell them what is the matter with their poor brains. Meantime an external revelation is impossible ?

4. Certainly.

4. But men, however, have somehow perversely believed it very possible, and that in some shape or other it has been given ??

“ • They have, I must admit.'

« « Unhappy race! thus led on by some fatality, though not by the constitution of their nature, (rather by some inevitable perversion of it,) to believe as possible that which is so plainly impossible. 'O that it did not involve a contradiction to wish that God would relieve them from such universal and pernicious delusions, by giving them a book-revelation to show them that all bookrevelations are impossible !""

The sceptic presses his point, and, with great gravity, says :** Pray permit me to ask, Did you always believe that a book-revelation is impossible

ů • How can you ask the question?' is the candid reply. You know that I was brought up, like yourself, in the reception of the Bible as the only and infallible revelation of God to mankind.'

“ • To what do you owe your emancipation from this grievous and universal error, which still infects, in this or some other shape, the myriads of the human race ?

“I think principally to the work of Mr. Newman on “ the Soul,” and his “ Phases of Faith.”)

“ Harrington replies: 'These have been to you, then, at least, a human book-revelation that a divine book-revelation is impossible-a truth which I

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